Abstract

Orbital angular momentum (OAM) is one of the photon’s degrees of freedom in infinite-dimensional Hilbert space. In this paper, we use this photon property to propose a modified version of the deterministic two-way quantum key distribution protocol, known as ping-pong protocol, based on the OAM of light. The advantage of the protocol is that it does not require Bell measurement for decoding the information being transmitted, which makes the protocol more flexible and feasible for practical applications. We propose an implementation setup and show how the channel capacity of the protocol can be easily increased. The security of the protocol is analyzed and the probability of detecting Eve in a general incoherent attack is obtained.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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