Abstract

We propose a scheme to realize a multiqubit tunable phase gate in a circuit QED setup where two resonators, each coupling with a qudit, are interconnected to a common qudit (d=4). In this proposal, only two levels of each qudit serve as the logical states and the other two levels are used for the gate realization. The proposal is efficient and simple because only a classical microwave pulse is needed, no matter how many qudits are involved, which significantly reduces experimental difficulty. In a nonresonant case, the tunable phase gate can be achieved readily, while under the resonant condition, a π-phase gate can be realized after a full cycle of Rabi oscillation where the gate speed is rather fast due to the resonant interaction. We have shown that the resulting effective dynamics allows for the creation of a high-fidelity phase gate. The influence of various decoherence processes such as the decay of the resonator mode and the relaxation of the qudits is investigated. Moreover, the proposed scheme can be easily generalized to realize an N-qubit phase gate.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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