Abstract

Planar periodic plasmonic structures encased in a magnetic host revealed an unexpected polarization transformation. In the proposed thin periodic gold–garnet layer, the near fields strongly modify (enhance) the magneto-optical response of garnet. We show that the configuration of near fields in the magnetized layer can be engineered so that the layer converts the linear polarization to elliptical (or circular) or rotates the plane of polarization over a large angle in the transmission (or Faraday) geometry. Since the helicity of elliptically (circularly) polarized light (or the polarization rotation angle) is altered by reversing the magnetization of garnet, the considered plasmonic structure acts as a tunable wave plate.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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