Abstract

We have experimentally demonstrated a general method to perform high-precision refractive index spectrum measurement using phase-shifting interferometry in a phase-tunable Mach–Zehnder interferometer. We observed coherent amplification on the refractive spectrum, across the Lamb dips of ground hyperfine states in a Doppler-broadened Rb87 vapor. Most importantly, the spectrum still has a large signal-to-noise ratio when the probe power is in the dark light level under which the method using a single interferogram fails. This experimental scheme is efficient for refractive spectrum measurements and could be extended for 2D phase imaging. It provides many potential applications for optical phase measurements in linear, nonlinear, and quantum optics.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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