Abstract

Filamentation during simultaneous space-time focusing in bulk fused silica is investigated numerically. We model the use of a pair of concentric gratings to transform a common femtosecond laser pulse with a Gaussian spatial profile into a radially chirped, annular beam shape that is focused into the bulk of silica by a lens. By varying the energy and/or time-chirp of the incident pulse, we capture the pulse dynamics and material response that yields material modification and damage in the nonlinear focus. The results show rich pulse dynamics, enhanced damage/modification site localization, and suggest novel approaches to laser machining of solids.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (2)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1: MOV (5187 KB)      Development of the kw-spectrum during the nonlinear focus. 0.7 uJ, b2 = 1100 fs^2.
» Visualization 2: MOV (7212 KB)      Development of the pulse intensity during the nonlinear focus. 0.5 uJ, b2 = 1100 fs^2.

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