Abstract

A soliton explosion is an instability whereby a dissipative soliton undergoes a sudden structural collapse but remarkably returns back to its original shape after a short transient. We recently reported the first experimental observation of this effect in a fiber laser [Optica 2, 36 (2015) [CrossRef]  ]. Here, we expand on our initial work, presenting a more detailed experimental and numerical study of the characteristics and dynamics of soliton explosions in passively mode-locked fiber lasers. Specifically, we explore different cavity configurations and gain levels, observing and characterizing explosion events using spectral and temporal real-time single-shot techniques. Our results highlight that the explosion characteristics observed in experiments depend critically on the position in the cavity where the output coupler is located. Furthermore, we find that the probability with which explosions occur depends on the pump power. We also identify a new kind of “partial” explosion, where strong spectral interference fringes appear on the pulse spectra, but a full collapse is avoided. Finally, we perform numerical simulations based on a realistic iterative cavity map and obtain results that are in good qualitative agreement with experimental measurements. Careful analysis of the simulation results provides strong credence to the interpretation that soliton explosions can be linked to a multipulsing instability.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Observation of soliton explosions in a passively mode-locked fiber laser

Antoine F. J. Runge, Neil G. R. Broderick, and Miro Erkintalo
Optica 2(1) 36-39 (2015)

Successive soliton explosions in an ultrafast fiber laser

Meng Liu, Ai-Ping Luo, Yu-Rong Yan, Song Hu, Yi-Chen Liu, Hu Cui, Zhi-Chao Luo, and Wen-Cheng Xu
Opt. Lett. 41(6) 1181-1184 (2016)

Vector dynamics of incoherent dissipative optical solitons

Katarzyna Krupa, K. Nithyanandan, and Philippe Grelu
Optica 4(10) 1239-1244 (2017)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (5)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription