Abstract

It is widely believed that spontaneous emission (SE) is necessary to remove entropy from an atomic sample during laser cooling. In fact, SE is needed for energy removal when laser cooling is done with single-frequency light, but with more than one frequency, both energy and entropy can be removed using only stimulated processes. Our experimental demonstration of this phenomenon works by restricting the atom–light interaction to a time short compared to a cycle of absorption followed by natural decay [Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 043002 (2015) [CrossRef]  ]. We present here additional information on these results, in particular, simulations of the motion of atoms under the bichromatic force that compare well with our data. This accomplishment is of interest to direct laser cooling of molecules or in experiments where working space or time is limited.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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