Abstract

A mechanism for laser cooling of crystals doped with rare-earth ions is proposed. The mechanism involves two-photon Raman scattering through the dipole-allowed 5d ion level, electron–phonon transitions between the Stark-split sublevels, and fluorescence from the excited ion level. It is shown that, under the conditions of coherent pumping, the total population of the ground level is transferred to the excited level of the rare-earth ion, thus increasing the cooling power and accelerating the cooling process. The involvement of dipole-allowed transitions yields an increase in the cooling efficiency by 14% compared to the efficiency of direct pumping at transitions between the 4f levels. Estimations show that the temperature of the sample cooled by the proposed mechanism can reach 82.9 K for current materials with a background absorption coefficient of 4.0×104cm1.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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