Abstract

The latest achievements in high-order harmonic generation of ultrashort pulses in plasma plumes are reviewed. These studies demonstrate the attractiveness of this advanced approach of coherent extreme ultraviolet radiation generation. We analyze early studies in this field and review the application of quasi-phase matching, extended plasma plumes, cluster-containing ablation, etc., for improvement of the harmonic generation from partially ionized plasmas.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (9)

M. Chini, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, H. Wang, Y. Wu, E. Cunningham, P.-C. Li, J. Heslar, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Coherent phase-matched VUV generation by field-controlled bound states,” Nat. Photonics 8, 437–441 (2014).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, G. S. Boltaev, I. A. Kulagin, N. K. Satlikov, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Resonance enhancement of harmonic generation of 1064  nm picosecond radiation in lead plasma,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 436–442 (2014).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Enhanced harmonic generation using different second-harmonic sources for the two-color pump of extended laser-produced plasmas,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31, 911–918 (2014).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Quasi-phase-matching of high-order harmonics in multiple plasma jets,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 033821 (2014).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “High-order harmonic enhancement using the quasi-phase-matching in laser plasma,” JETP Lett. 99, 368–372 (2014).
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R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, P. V. Redkin, and H. Kuroda, “Quasi-phase-matching of laser harmonics using variable multi-jet plasmas,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 23, 1450013 (2014).
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R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Quasi-phase-matching induced enhancement of high-order harmonics during two-color pump of multi-jet plasmas,” J. Phys. B 47, 105401 (2014).
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R. A. Ganeev, Z. Abdelrahman, F. Frank, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, D. Fabris, C. Hutchison, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Spatial coherence measurements of non-resonant and resonant high harmonics generated in laser ablation plumes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 021122 (2014).
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H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, M. Kumar, J. A. Chakera, and P. D. Gupta, “Enhanced coherent extreme ultraviolet emission through high order harmonic generation from plasma plumes containing nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 115, 033104 (2014).
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2013 (9)

M. Kumar, H. Singhal, J. A. Chakera, P. A. Naik, R. A. Khan, and P. D. Gupta, “Study of the spatial coherence of high order harmonic radiation generated from preformed plasma plumes,” J. Appl. Phys. 114, 033112 (2013).
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S. Haessler, V. Strelkov, L. B. Elouga Bom, M. Khokhlova, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, F. Lepetit, M. Perdrix, T. Ozaki, and P. Salières, “Phase distortions of attosecond pulses produced by resonance-enhanced high harmonic generation,” New J. Phys. 15, 013051 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Andreev, R. A. Ganeev, H. Kuroda, S. Y. Stremoukhov, and O. A. Shoutova, “High-order harmonic generation cut-off in atomic silver irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses: theory and experiment,” Eur. Phys. J. D 67, 22 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, C. Hutchison, M. Castillejo, I. Lopez-Quintas, F. McGrath, D. Y. Lei, and J. P. Marangos, “Ablation of nanoparticles and efficient harmonic generation using 1  kHz laser,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 033803 (2013).
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R. A. Ganeev, C. Hutchison, T. Witting, F. Frank, S. Weber, W. A. Okell, E. Fiordilino, D. Cricchio, F. Persico, A. Zaïr, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Harmonic generation in fullerenes using few- and multi-cycle pulses of different wavelengths,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 7–12 (2013).
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L. Z. Liu, K. O’Keeffe, and S. M. Hooker, “Quasi-phase-matching of high-order-harmonic generation using multimode polarization beating,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 023810 (2013).
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R. A. Ganeev, C. Hutchison, T. Witting, F. Frank, S. Weber, W. A. Okell, E. Fiordilino, D. Cricchio, F. Persico, A. Zaïr, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Harmonic generation in fullerenes using few- and multi-cycle pulses of different wavelengths,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 7–12 (2013).
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R. A. Ganeev, “New approaches in frequency conversion of laser radiation in plasma plumes,” Opt. Photonics J. 3, 259–277 (2013).

R. A. Ganeev, “Recent progress and perspectives of plasma harmonics,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 22, 1350027 (2013).
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2012 (9)

C. M. Heyl, J. Güdde, A. L’Huillier, and U. Höfer, “High-order harmonic generation with μJ laser pulses at high repetition rates,” J. Phys. B 45, 074020 (2012).
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A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature 482, 68–71 (2012).
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R. A. Ganeev, G. S. Boltaev, N. K. Satlikov, I. A. Kulagin, and T. Usmanov, “High-order harmonic generation of picosecond laser radiation in carbon-containing plasmas,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 3286–3292 (2012).
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X. Wang, M. Chini, Q. Zhang, K. Zhao, Y. Wu, D. A. Telnov, S.-I. Chu, and Z. Chang, “Mechanism of quasi-phase-matching in a dual-gas multijet array,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 021802 (2012).
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R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, M. Tudorovskaya, M. Lein, W. A. Okell, A. Zaïr, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Isolated sub-fs XUV pulse generation in Mn plasma ablation,” Opt. Express 20, 25239–25248 (2012).
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R. A. Ganeev, “Harmonic generation in laser-produced plasma containing atoms, ions and clusters: a review," J. Mod. Opt. 59, 409–439 (2012).
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C. Hutchison, R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, F. Frank, W. A. Okell, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Stable generation of high-order harmonics of femtosecond laser radiation from laser produced plasma plumes at 1  kHz pulse repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2064–2066 (2012).
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Y. Pertot, S. Chen, S. D. Khan, L. B. Elouga Bom, T. Ozaki, and Z. Chang, “Generation of continuum high-order harmonics from carbon plasma using double optical gating,” J. Phys. B 45, 074017 (2012).
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S. Haessler, L. B. Elouga Bom, O. Gobert, J.-F. Hergott, F. Lepetit, M. Perdrix, B. Carré, T. Ozaki, and P. Salières, “Femtosecond envelope of the high-harmonic emission from ablation plasmas,” J. Phys. B 45, 074012 (2012).
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2011 (9)

Y. Pertot, L. B. Elouga Bom, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Pencil lead plasma for generating multimicrojoule high-order harmonics with a broad spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 101104 (2011).
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L. B. Elouga Bom, Y. Pertot, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Multi-μJ coherent extreme ultraviolet source generated from carbon using the plasma harmonic method,” Opt. Express 19, 3077–3085 (2011).
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L. B. Elouga Bom, S. Haessler, O. Gobert, M. Perdrix, F. Lepetit, J.-F. Hergott, B. Carré, T. Ozaki, and P. Salières, “Attosecond emission from chromium plasma,” Opt. Express 19, 3677–3685 (2011).
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A. Willner, F. Tavella, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, C. Kamperidis, M. Bakarezos, D. Adams, M. Schulz, R. Riedel, M. C. Hoffmann, W. Hu, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, N. A. Papadogiannis, M. Tatarakis, B. Dromey, and M. Zepf, “Coherent control of high-harmonic generation via dual-gas multijet arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 175002 (2011).
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S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Observation of high-order harmonic generation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Phys. 7, 138–141 (2011).
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P. V. Redkin, M. K. Kodirov, and R. A. Ganeev, “Investigation of resonant nonperturbative high-order harmonic generation in indium vapors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 165–170 (2011).
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R. A. Ganeev, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, H. Singhal, N. C. Pramanik, P. A. Abraham, N. Rani Panicker, M. Kumar, and P. D. Gupta, “Carbon aerogel plumes as an efficient medium for higher harmonic generation in 40–90  nm range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 360–364 (2011).
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R. A. Ganeev, J. A. Chakera, P. A. Naik, H. Singhal, R. A. Khan, and P. D. Gupta, “Resonance enhancement of single even harmonic in tin-containing plasma using intensity variation of two-color pump,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1055–1061 (2011).
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G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics 5, 655–663 (2011).
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2010 (5)

B. W. J. McNeil and N. R. Thompson, “X-ray free-electron lasers,” Nat. Photonics 4, 814–821 (2010).
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P. Emma, R. Akre, J. Arthur, R. Bionta, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, A. Brachmann, P. Bucksbaum, R. Coffee, F.-J. Decker, Y. Ding, D. Dowell, S. Edstrom, A. Fisher, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, J. Hastings, G. Hays, P. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, M. Messerschmidt, A. Miahnahri, S. Moeller, H.-D. Nuhn, G. Pile, D. Ratner, J. Rzepiela, D. Schultz, T. Smith, P. Stefan, H. Tompkins, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, G. Yocky, and J. Galayda, “First lasing and operation of an angstrom-wavelength free-electron laser,” Nat. Photonics 4, 641–647 (2010).
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T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “The attosecond nonlinear optics of bright coherent X-ray generation,” Nat. Photonics 4, 822–832 (2010).
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A. Bahabad, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Quasi-phase-matching of momentum and energy in nonlinear optical processes,” Nat. Phys. 4, 570–575 (2010).

M. Oujja, R. de Nalda, M. López-Arias, R. Torres, J. P. Marangos, and M. Castillejo, “CaF2 ablation plumes as a source of CaF molecules for harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043841 (2010).
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2009 (5)

H. Singhal, V. Arora, B. S. Rao, P. A. Naik, U. Chakravarty, R. A. Khan, and P. D. Gupta, “Dependence of high-order harmonic intensity on the length of preformed plasma plumes,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023807 (2009).
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R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, J. A. Chakera, M. Tayyab, R. A. Khan, and P. D. Gupta, “Enhancement of high-order harmonic generation using two-color pump in plasma plumes,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033845 (2009).
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R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, M. Tayyab, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and P. D. Gupta, “Variation of harmonic spectra in laser-produced plasmas at variable phase modulation of femtosecond laser pulses of different bandwidth,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 2143–2151 (2009).
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F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163–234 (2009).
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U. Teubner and P. Gibbon, “High-order harmonics from laser-irradiated plasma surfaces,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 445–479 (2009).
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2008 (11)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 325–333 (2008).
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R. A. Ganeev and D. B. Milošević, “Comparative analysis of the high-order harmonic generation in the laser ablation plasmas prepared on the surfaces of complex and atomic targets,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1127–1134 (2008).
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R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, “Application of beryllium plasma for the high-order harmonic generation of Ti:sapphire laser radiation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 2096–2100 (2008).
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Y. Yu, X. Song, Y. Fu, R. Li, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Theoretical investigation of single attosecond pulse generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field,” Opt. Express 16, 686–694 (2008).
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J. Kim, G. H. Lee, S. B. Park, Y. S. Lee, T. K. Kim, C. H. Nam, T. Mocek, and K. Jakubczak, “Generation of submicrojoule high harmonics using a long gas jet in a two-color laser field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021125 (2008).
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X.-S. Liu and N.-N. Li, “Efficient extension and enhancement of high-order harmonics of He+ by combined laser pulses,” J. Phys. B 41, 015602 (2008).
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D. Charalambidis, P. Tzallas, E. P. Benis, E. Skantzakis, G. Maravelias, L. A. A. Nikolopoulos, A. P. Conde, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Exploring intense attosecond pulses,” New J. Phys. 10, 025018 (2008).
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A. L. Lytle, X. Zhang, R. L. Sandberg, O. Cohen, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Quasi-phase matching and characterization of high-order harmonic generation in hollow waveguides using counter-propagating light,” Opt. Express 16, 6544–6566 (2008).
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A. Pirri, C. Corsi, and M. Bellini, “Enhancing the yield of high-order harmonics with an array of gas jets,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 011801 (2008).
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V. Tosa, V. S. Yakovlev, and F. Krausz, “Generation of tunable isolated attosecond pulses in multi-jet systems,” New J. Phys. 10, 025016 (2008).
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L.-B. Elouga-Bom, F. Bouzid, F. Vidal, J.-C. Kieffer, and T. Ozaki, “Correlation of plasma ion densities and phase matching with the intensities of strong single high-order harmonics,” J. Phys. B 41, 215401 (2008).
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2007 (12)

X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kaptayn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Quasi-phase-matching and quantum-path control of high-harmonic generation using counterpropagating light,” Nat. Phys. 3, 270–275 (2007).
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T. Auguste, B. Carré, and P. Salières, “Quasi-phase-matching of high-order harmonics using a modulated atomic density,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 011802 (2007).
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J. Seres, V. S. Yakovlev, E. Seres, C. H. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, C. H. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Coherent superposition of laser-driven soft-X-ray harmonics from successive sources,” Nat. Phys. 3, 878–883 (2007).
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M. Zepf, B. Dromey, M. Landreman, P. Foster, and S. M. Hooker, “Bright quasi-phase-matched soft-x-ray harmonic radiation from argon ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 143901 (2007).
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R. A. Ganeev, P. A. Naik, H. Singhal, J. A. Chakera, H. Kuroda, and P. D. Gupta, “Tuning of the high-order harmonics generated from laser plasma plumes and solid surfaces by varying the laser spectrum, chirp, and focal position,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1138–1143 (2007).
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R. A. Ganeev, L. B. Elouga Bom, J.-C. Kieffer, and T. Ozaki, “Optimum plasma conditions for the efficient high-order harmonic generation in platinum plasma,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1319–1323 (2007).
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M. Suzuki, M. Baba, R. A. Ganeev, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, “Observation of single harmonic enhancement due to quasi-resonance conditions with the tellurium ion transition in the range of 29.44  nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2686–2689 (2007).
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R. A. Ganeev, L. B. Elouga Bom, T. Ozaki, and P. V. Redkin, “Maximizing the yield and cutoff of high-order harmonic generation from plasma plume,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2770–2778 (2007).
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M. Suzuki, R. A. Ganeev, L. B. Elouga Bom, M. Baba, T. Ozaki, and H. Kuroda, “Extension of cutoff in high-harmonic by using doubly charged ions in a laser-ablation plume,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2847–2852 (2007).
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R. A. Ganeev, P. A. Naik, H. Singhal, J. A. Chakera, and P. D. Gupta, “Strong enhancement and extinction of single harmonic intensity in the mid- and end-plateau regions of the high harmonics generated in low-excited laser plasmas,” Opt. Lett. 32, 65–67 (2007).
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R. A. Ganeev, L. B. Elouga Bom, J.-C. Kieffer, and T. Ozaki, “Demonstration of the 101st harmonic generated from laser-produced manganese plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 023831 (2007).
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G. P. Zhang, “High harmonic generation in atoms, molecules and nanostructures,” Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 21, 5167–5185 (2007).
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2006 (6)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, T. Ozaki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, “Strong resonance enhancement of a single harmonic generated in extreme ultraviolet range,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1699–1701 (2006).
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R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Optimization of harmonic generation from boron plasma,” J. Appl. Phys. 99, 103303 (2006).
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R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, “Analysis of the nonlinear self-interaction of femtosecond pulses during high-order harmonic generation in laser-produced plasma,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1332–1337 (2006).
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R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, “Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
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J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 013001 (2006).
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T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multi-cycle driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett. 31, 975–977 (2006).
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2005 (5)

J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, “Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
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R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, “High-order harmonic generation from carbon plasma,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1927–1933 (2005).
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R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “High-order harmonic generation from silver plasma,” Phys. Lett. A 339, 103–109 (2005).
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R. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, “High-order harmonic generation from boron plasma in the extreme-ultraviolet range,” Opt. Lett. 30, 768–770 (2005).
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I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, “Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
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2004 (1)

H. Kjeldsen, F. Folkmann, B. Kristensen, J. B. West, and J. E. Hansen, “Absolute cross section for photoionization of Mn+ in the 3p region,” J. Phys. B 37, 1321–1330 (2004).
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A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421, 51–54 (2003).
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2001 (1)

G. Duffy and P. Dunne, “The photoabsorption spectrum of an indium laser produced plasma,” J. Phys. B 34, L173–L178 (2001).
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E. Cormier and M. Lewenstein, “Optimizing the efficiency in high-order harmonic generation optimization by two-color fields,” Eur. Phys. J. D 12, 227–233 (2000).
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1999 (1)

E. Constant, D. Garzella, P. Breger, E. Mével, C. Dorrer, C. Le Blanc, F. Salin, and P. Agostini, “Optimizing high harmonic generation in absorbing gases: model and experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1668–1671 (1999).
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1997 (4)

R. A. Ganeev, V. I. Redkorechev, and T. Usmanov, “Optical harmonics generation in low-temperature laser produced plasma,” Opt. Commun. 135, 251–256 (1997).
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K. Krushelnick, W. Tighe, and S. Suckewer, “Harmonic generation from ions in underdense aluminum and lithium-fluorine plasmas,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1687–1691 (1997).
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1992 (1)

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1988 (1)

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, X. F. Li, L. A. Lompré, G. Mainfray, and G. Manus, “Multiple-harmonic conversion of 1064  nm radiation in rare gases,” J. Phys. B 21, L31–L36 (1988).
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R. A. Ganeev, Z. Abdelrahman, F. Frank, T. Witting, W. A. Okell, D. Fabris, C. Hutchison, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Spatial coherence measurements of non-resonant and resonant high harmonics generated in laser ablation plumes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 021122 (2014).
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Abel, M. J.

Abraham, P. A.

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A. Willner, F. Tavella, M. Yeung, T. Dzelzainis, C. Kamperidis, M. Bakarezos, D. Adams, M. Schulz, R. Riedel, M. C. Hoffmann, W. Hu, J. Rossbach, M. Drescher, N. A. Papadogiannis, M. Tatarakis, B. Dromey, and M. Zepf, “Coherent control of high-harmonic generation via dual-gas multijet arrays,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 175002 (2011).
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Agostini, P.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Observation of high-order harmonic generation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Phys. 7, 138–141 (2011).
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A. V. Andreev, R. A. Ganeev, H. Kuroda, S. Y. Stremoukhov, and O. A. Shoutova, “High-order harmonic generation cut-off in atomic silver irradiated by femtosecond laser pulses: theory and experiment,” Eur. Phys. J. D 67, 22 (2013).
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R. A. Ganeev, C. Hutchison, M. Castillejo, I. Lopez-Quintas, F. McGrath, D. Y. Lei, and J. P. Marangos, “Ablation of nanoparticles and efficient harmonic generation using 1  kHz laser,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 033803 (2013).
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R. A. Ganeev, G. S. Boltaev, N. K. Satlikov, I. A. Kulagin, and T. Usmanov, “High-order harmonic generation of picosecond laser radiation in carbon-containing plasmas,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 3286–3292 (2012).
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R. A. Ganeev, J. A. Chakera, P. A. Naik, H. Singhal, R. A. Khan, and P. D. Gupta, “Resonance enhancement of single even harmonic in tin-containing plasma using intensity variation of two-color pump,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1055–1061 (2011).
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P. V. Redkin, M. K. Kodirov, and R. A. Ganeev, “Investigation of resonant nonperturbative high-order harmonic generation in indium vapors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 165–170 (2011).
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R. A. Ganeev, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, H. Singhal, N. C. Pramanik, P. A. Abraham, N. Rani Panicker, M. Kumar, and P. D. Gupta, “Carbon aerogel plumes as an efficient medium for higher harmonic generation in 40–90  nm range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 360–364 (2011).
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R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, M. Tayyab, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and P. D. Gupta, “Variation of harmonic spectra in laser-produced plasmas at variable phase modulation of femtosecond laser pulses of different bandwidth,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 2143–2151 (2009).
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R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, J. A. Chakera, M. Tayyab, R. A. Khan, and P. D. Gupta, “Enhancement of high-order harmonic generation using two-color pump in plasma plumes,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033845 (2009).
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R. A. Ganeev and D. B. Milošević, “Comparative analysis of the high-order harmonic generation in the laser ablation plasmas prepared on the surfaces of complex and atomic targets,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1127–1134 (2008).
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R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, “Application of beryllium plasma for the high-order harmonic generation of Ti:sapphire laser radiation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 2096–2100 (2008).
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R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 325–333 (2008).
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R. A. Ganeev, L. B. Elouga Bom, J.-C. Kieffer, and T. Ozaki, “Optimum plasma conditions for the efficient high-order harmonic generation in platinum plasma,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1319–1323 (2007).
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M. Suzuki, M. Baba, R. A. Ganeev, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, “Observation of single harmonic enhancement due to quasi-resonance conditions with the tellurium ion transition in the range of 29.44  nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2686–2689 (2007).
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R. A. Ganeev, P. A. Naik, H. Singhal, J. A. Chakera, H. Kuroda, and P. D. Gupta, “Tuning of the high-order harmonics generated from laser plasma plumes and solid surfaces by varying the laser spectrum, chirp, and focal position,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1138–1143 (2007).
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R. A. Ganeev, P. A. Naik, H. Singhal, J. A. Chakera, and P. D. Gupta, “Strong enhancement and extinction of single harmonic intensity in the mid- and end-plateau regions of the high harmonics generated in low-excited laser plasmas,” Opt. Lett. 32, 65–67 (2007).
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R. A. Ganeev, L. B. Elouga Bom, J.-C. Kieffer, and T. Ozaki, “Demonstration of the 101st harmonic generated from laser-produced manganese plasma,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 023831 (2007).
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R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, I. A. Kulagin, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, “Harmonic generation from indium-rich plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 063824 (2006).
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R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Optimization of harmonic generation from boron plasma,” J. Appl. Phys. 99, 103303 (2006).
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R. A. Ganeev, P. A. Naik, H. Singhal, J. A. Chakera, H. Kuroda, and P. D. Gupta, “Tuning of the high-order harmonics generated from laser plasma plumes and solid surfaces by varying the laser spectrum, chirp, and focal position,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1138–1143 (2007).
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M. Suzuki, M. Baba, R. A. Ganeev, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, “Observation of single harmonic enhancement due to quasi-resonance conditions with the tellurium ion transition in the range of 29.44  nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2686–2689 (2007).
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R. A. Ganeev, L. B. Elouga Bom, T. Ozaki, and P. V. Redkin, “Maximizing the yield and cutoff of high-order harmonic generation from plasma plume,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2770–2778 (2007).
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M. Suzuki, R. A. Ganeev, L. B. Elouga Bom, M. Baba, T. Ozaki, and H. Kuroda, “Extension of cutoff in high-harmonic by using doubly charged ions in a laser-ablation plume,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2847–2852 (2007).
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R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 325–333 (2008).
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R. A. Ganeev and D. B. Milošević, “Comparative analysis of the high-order harmonic generation in the laser ablation plasmas prepared on the surfaces of complex and atomic targets,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1127–1134 (2008).
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R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, “Application of beryllium plasma for the high-order harmonic generation of Ti:sapphire laser radiation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 2096–2100 (2008).
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R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, M. Tayyab, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and P. D. Gupta, “Variation of harmonic spectra in laser-produced plasmas at variable phase modulation of femtosecond laser pulses of different bandwidth,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 2143–2151 (2009).
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P. V. Redkin, M. K. Kodirov, and R. A. Ganeev, “Investigation of resonant nonperturbative high-order harmonic generation in indium vapors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 165–170 (2011).
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R. A. Ganeev, P. A. Naik, J. A. Chakera, H. Singhal, N. C. Pramanik, P. A. Abraham, N. Rani Panicker, M. Kumar, and P. D. Gupta, “Carbon aerogel plumes as an efficient medium for higher harmonic generation in 40–90  nm range,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 360–364 (2011).
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R. A. Ganeev, J. A. Chakera, P. A. Naik, H. Singhal, R. A. Khan, and P. D. Gupta, “Resonance enhancement of single even harmonic in tin-containing plasma using intensity variation of two-color pump,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 1055–1061 (2011).
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Phys. Lett. A (1)

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Phys. Rev. A (11)

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Elements of the periodic table (in squares) that were studied for HHG in the ablation plumes. Modified from [18].

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental scheme for harmonic generation in the extended plasma plumes. FDP, femtosecond-driving pulse; PHP, picosecond heating pulse; SL, spherical lens; CL, cylindrical lens; VC, vacuum chamber; W, windows of vacuum chamber; C, BBO crystal; T, target; EPP, extended plasma plume; S, slit; XUVS, extreme ultraviolet spectrometer; CM, cylindrical mirror; FFG, flat field grating; MCP, movable micro-channel plate; CCD, charge-coupled device camera. Reproduced from [49] with permission from the Optical Society of America.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Harmonic spectra using the single-color (upper panel) and two-color (bottom panel) pumps of Mn plasma in the case of using a 0.7-mm-long BBO crystal. (b) Higher-order harmonic spectra obtained from the Mn plasma using the two-color (802nm+401nm) pump (upper panel) and single-color pump when only 401 nm pulses were used for HHG (bottom panel). Reproduced from [49] with permission from Optical Society of America.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Images of plasma formations. 1, five-jet plasma formed on the silver target; 2, single-jet plasma produced by shielding all but one open area between the strips of the multislit shield; 3, extended plasma plume produced by removing the multislit shield from the path of heating radiation. Reproduced from [75] with permission from the American Physical Society. Copyright 2014.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Normalized spectra from the 6-mm-long plasma (thick line) and five 0.5-mm-long plasma jets (thin line). Reproduced from [75] with permission from the American Physical Society. Copyright 2014.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Experimental setup for measuring the spatial coherence of the harmonics generated in ablation plasma plumes and gas targets. A CPA system with a hollow fiber pulse compressor was used to produce the few-cycle pulses to drive HHG. A beam-splitter (BS) was use to pick off part of the stretched laser pulse for ablation. A rotating target setup allows operation at 1 kHz pulse repetition rate. The harmonics were analyzed using a spatially resolving XUV spectrometer with an MCP detector. Double slits could be introduced into the harmonic beam to produce an interference pattern on the detector, from which the coherence of the radiation was determined. Reprinted with permission from [84]. Copyright 2014. AIP Publishing LLC.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Resonantly enhanced high-order harmonic generated in a zinc plasma plume. (a) Spatially resolved HHG spectrum showing interference fringes from the double slits, (b) spectral line out showing enhancement of the 11th harmonic due to its overlap with a plasma transition line in Zn+ at 18.3 eV, and (c) spatial line out of the resonant harmonic. The average visibility of fringes near the center of the pattern is V=0.74. Reprinted with permission from [84]. Copyright 2014. AIP Publishing LLC.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Experimental setup for ablation of a rotating rod coated by a layer of metallic nanoparticles, with further harmonic generation in the plasma plume. The nanoparticles were glued on the surface of the rod on the area limited by the two curved white lines. Reproduced from [88] with permission from the American Physical Society. Copyright 2013.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

(a) Raw images of harmonic spectra in a laser plasma produced by ablation with 160 ps pulses of 25 nm Ag nanoparticle-based (upper panel) and bulk Ag (bottom panel) targets. (b) Relative intensities of the harmonics generated in the silver nanoparticle (thick curve) and atomized (thin curve) plumes. Reproduced from [88] with permission from the American Physical Society. Copyright 2013.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

(a) Raw images of harmonic spectra in the plasma produced by ablation of 20 nm Al nanoparticles (upper panel) and bulk Al (bottom panel) targets. (b) Relative intensities of the harmonics generated in the aluminum nanoparticle (thick curve) and atomized (thin curve) plumes. Reproduced from [88] with permission from the American Physical Society. Copyright 2013.

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