Z. Wang, A. X. Chen, Y. Bai, W. X. Yang, and R. K. Lee, “Coherent control of optical bistability in an open Λ-type three-level atomic system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2891–2896 (2012).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Yuan, W. K. Feng, P. Y. Li, X. Zhang, Y. Q. Zhang, H. B. Zheng, and Y. P. Zhang, “Controllable vacuum Rabi splitting and optical bistability of multi-wave-mixing signal inside a ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 063820 (2012).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Zhang, Z. G. Wang, Z. Q. Nie, C. B. Li, H. X. Chen, K. Q. Lu, and M. Xiao, “Four-wave mixing dipole soliton in laser-induced atomic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, A. X. Chen, R. K. Lee, and Y. Wu, “Matched slow optical soliton pairs via biexciton coherence in quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013835 (2011).

[CrossRef]

M. Sahrai, S. H. Asadpour, H. Mahrami, and R. Sadighi-Bonabi, “Controlling the optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level N-type atomic system,” J. Lumin. 131, 1682–1686 (2011).

[CrossRef]

U. Khadka, Y. P. Zhang, and M. Xiao, “Control of multitransparency windows via dark-state phase manipulation,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023830 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Z. P. Wang and H. Fan, “Phase-dependent optical bistability and multistability in a semiconductor quantum well system,” J. Lumin. 130, 2084–2088 (2010).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, J. M. Hou, Y. Y. Lin, and R. K. Lee, “Detuning management of optical solitons in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033825 (2009).

[CrossRef]

H. B. Wu, J. Gea-Banacloche, and M. Xiao, “Observation of intracavity electromagnetically induced transparency and polariton resonances in a doppler-broadened medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 173602 (2008).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, J. M. Hou, and R. K. Lee, “Ultraslow bright and dark solitons in semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 033838 (2008).

[CrossRef]

X.-Y. Lü, J.-H. Li, J.-B. Liu, and J.-M. Luo, “Optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level atomic medium,” J. Phys. B 39, 5161–5171 (2006).

J. F. Dynes and E. Paspalakis, “Phase control of electron population, absorption, and dispersion properties of a semiconductor quantum well,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 233305 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J.-H. Li, X.-Y. Lü, J.-M. Luo, and Q.-J. Huang, “Optical bistability and multistability via atomic coherence in an N-type atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 035801 (2006).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of spontaneously generated coherence on the dynamics of multi-level atomic systems,” Phys. Lett. A 325, 30–36 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in double-Λ system in ultraslow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, S. Gong, X. Fan, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of spontaneously generated coherence induced bistability,” Opt. Commun. 239, 383–388 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, M. G. Payne, E. W. Hagley, and L. Deng, “Preparation of multiparty entangled states using pairwise perfectly efficient single-probe photon four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 063803 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Bai, H. Guo, H. Sun, D. Han, C. Liu, and X. Chen, “Effects of spontaneously generated coherence on the conditions for exhibiting lasing without inversion in a V system,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043814 (2004).

[CrossRef]

D. Cheng, C. Liu, and S. Gong, “Optical bistability and multistability via the effect of spontaneously generated coherence in a three-level ladder-type atomic system,” Phys. Lett. A 332, 244–249 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and L. Deng, “Achieving multifrequency mode entanglement with ultraslow multiwave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1144–1146 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, M. G. Payne, E. W. Hagley, and L. Deng, “Efficient multiwave mixing in the ultraslow propagation regime and the role of multiphoton quantum destructive interference,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2294–2296 (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi and M. Xiao, “Optical multistability in three-level atoms inside an optical ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143904 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, A. Brown, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlling optical bistability in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 041801(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of spontaneously generated coherence on optical bistability in three-level Λ-type atomic system,” Phys. Lett. A 315, 203–207 (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, “Coherent control of molecular dynamics,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 859 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of quantum interference on optical bistability in the three-level V-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 015806 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Wu and J. Y. Gao, “Phase control of light amplification without inversion in a Λ system with spontaneously generated coherence,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 063807 (2002).

[CrossRef]

J. Evers, D. Bullock, and C. H. Keitel, “Dark state suppression and narrow fluorescent feature in a laser-driven Λ atom,” Opt. Commun. 209, 173–179 (2002).

[CrossRef]

X. M. Hu and Z. Z. Xu, “Phase control of amplitude-fluctuation-induced bistability,” J. Opt. B Quant. Semiclass. Opt. 3, 35–38 (2001).

[CrossRef]

X.-M. Hu and J.-S. Peng, “Quantum interference from spontaneous decay in Lamba systems: realization in the dressed-state picture,” J. Phys. B 33, 921–931 (2000).

[CrossRef]

F. Ghafoor, S. Y. Zhu, and M. S. Zubairy, “Amplitude and phase control of spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 013811 (2000).

[CrossRef]

P. Zhou and S. Swain, “Phase-dependent spectra in a driven two-level atom,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2500 (1999).

[CrossRef]

E. Paspalakis and P. L. Knight, “Phase control of spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 293–296 (1998).

[CrossRef]

S. Menon and G. S. Agarwal, “Effects of spontaneously generated coherence on the pump-probe response of a Λ system,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 4014 (1998).

[CrossRef]

S. Y. Zhu, H. Chen, and H. Huang, “Quantum interference effects in spontaneous emission from an atom embedded in a photonic band gap structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 205 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. A. G. Martinez, P. R. Herezfeld, C. Samuels, L. M. Narducci, and C. H. Keitel, “Quantum interference effects in spontaneous atomic emission: dependence of the resonance fluorescence spectrum on the phase of the driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 4483 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Effective two-level model for a three-level atom in the Ξ configuration,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 2443–2446 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, “Simple algebraic method to solve a coupled-channel cavity QED model,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4534–4543 (1996).

[CrossRef]

S. Gong, S. Du, Z. Xu, and S. Pan, “Optical bistability via a phase fluctuation effect of the control field,” Phys. Lett. A 222, 237–240 (1996).

[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, “Normal modes for electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 52 (1994).

[CrossRef]

J. Javanainen, “Effect of state superpositions created by spontaneous emission on laser-driven transitions,” Europhys. Lett. 17, 407 (1992).

[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully and M. Fleischhauer, “High-sensitivity magnetometer based on index-enhanced media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1360 (1992).

[CrossRef]

K. Hakuta, L. Marmet, and B. P. Stoicheff, “Electric-field-induced second-harmonic generation with reduced absorption in atomic hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 596 (1991).

[CrossRef]

N. A. Ansari, J. Gea-Banacloche, and M. S. Zubairy, “Phase-sensitive amplification in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 5179 (1990).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Lugiato, “II theory of optical bistability,” Prog. Opt. 21, 69–216 (1984).

[CrossRef]

S. Menon and G. S. Agarwal, “Effects of spontaneously generated coherence on the pump-probe response of a Λ system,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 4014 (1998).

[CrossRef]

N. A. Ansari, J. Gea-Banacloche, and M. S. Zubairy, “Phase-sensitive amplification in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 5179 (1990).

[CrossRef]

S. H. Asadpour, M. Jaberi, and H. R. Soleimani, “Phase control of optical bistability and multistability via spin coherence in a quantum well waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 1815–1820 (2013).

[CrossRef]

M. Sahrai, S. H. Asadpour, H. Mahrami, and R. Sadighi-Bonabi, “Controlling the optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level N-type atomic system,” J. Lumin. 131, 1682–1686 (2011).

[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, A. X. Chen, Y. Bai, W. X. Yang, and R. K. Lee, “Coherent control of optical bistability in an open Λ-type three-level atomic system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2891–2896 (2012).

[CrossRef]

Y. Bai, H. Guo, H. Sun, D. Han, C. Liu, and X. Chen, “Effects of spontaneously generated coherence on the conditions for exhibiting lasing without inversion in a V system,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043814 (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, A. Brown, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlling optical bistability in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 041801(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, “Coherent control of molecular dynamics,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 859 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. Evers, D. Bullock, and C. H. Keitel, “Dark state suppression and narrow fluorescent feature in a laser-driven Λ atom,” Opt. Commun. 209, 173–179 (2002).

[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, A. X. Chen, Y. Bai, W. X. Yang, and R. K. Lee, “Coherent control of optical bistability in an open Λ-type three-level atomic system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2891–2896 (2012).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, A. X. Chen, R. K. Lee, and Y. Wu, “Matched slow optical soliton pairs via biexciton coherence in quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013835 (2011).

[CrossRef]

S. Y. Zhu, H. Chen, and H. Huang, “Quantum interference effects in spontaneous emission from an atom embedded in a photonic band gap structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 205 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Zhang, Z. G. Wang, Z. Q. Nie, C. B. Li, H. X. Chen, K. Q. Lu, and M. Xiao, “Four-wave mixing dipole soliton in laser-induced atomic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).

[CrossRef]

Y. Bai, H. Guo, H. Sun, D. Han, C. Liu, and X. Chen, “Effects of spontaneously generated coherence on the conditions for exhibiting lasing without inversion in a V system,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043814 (2004).

[CrossRef]

D. Cheng, C. Liu, and S. Gong, “Optical bistability and multistability via the effect of spontaneously generated coherence in a three-level ladder-type atomic system,” Phys. Lett. A 332, 244–249 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and L. Deng, “Achieving multifrequency mode entanglement with ultraslow multiwave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1144–1146 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, M. G. Payne, E. W. Hagley, and L. Deng, “Efficient multiwave mixing in the ultraslow propagation regime and the role of multiphoton quantum destructive interference,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2294–2296 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, M. G. Payne, E. W. Hagley, and L. Deng, “Preparation of multiparty entangled states using pairwise perfectly efficient single-probe photon four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 063803 (2004).

[CrossRef]

S. Gong, S. Du, Z. Xu, and S. Pan, “Optical bistability via a phase fluctuation effect of the control field,” Phys. Lett. A 222, 237–240 (1996).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Dynes and E. Paspalakis, “Phase control of electron population, absorption, and dispersion properties of a semiconductor quantum well,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 233305 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. Evers, D. Bullock, and C. H. Keitel, “Dark state suppression and narrow fluorescent feature in a laser-driven Λ atom,” Opt. Commun. 209, 173–179 (2002).

[CrossRef]

Z. P. Wang and H. Fan, “Phase-dependent optical bistability and multistability in a semiconductor quantum well system,” J. Lumin. 130, 2084–2088 (2010).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, S. Gong, X. Fan, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of spontaneously generated coherence induced bistability,” Opt. Commun. 239, 383–388 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Yuan, W. K. Feng, P. Y. Li, X. Zhang, Y. Q. Zhang, H. B. Zheng, and Y. P. Zhang, “Controllable vacuum Rabi splitting and optical bistability of multi-wave-mixing signal inside a ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 063820 (2012).

[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully and M. Fleischhauer, “High-sensitivity magnetometer based on index-enhanced media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1360 (1992).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Wu and J. Y. Gao, “Phase control of light amplification without inversion in a Λ system with spontaneously generated coherence,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 063807 (2002).

[CrossRef]

H. B. Wu, J. Gea-Banacloche, and M. Xiao, “Observation of intracavity electromagnetically induced transparency and polariton resonances in a doppler-broadened medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 173602 (2008).

[CrossRef]

N. A. Ansari, J. Gea-Banacloche, and M. S. Zubairy, “Phase-sensitive amplification in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 5179 (1990).

[CrossRef]

F. Ghafoor, S. Y. Zhu, and M. S. Zubairy, “Amplitude and phase control of spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 013811 (2000).

[CrossRef]

D. Cheng, C. Liu, and S. Gong, “Optical bistability and multistability via the effect of spontaneously generated coherence in a three-level ladder-type atomic system,” Phys. Lett. A 332, 244–249 (2004).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, S. Gong, X. Fan, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of spontaneously generated coherence induced bistability,” Opt. Commun. 239, 383–388 (2004).

[CrossRef]

S. Gong, S. Du, Z. Xu, and S. Pan, “Optical bistability via a phase fluctuation effect of the control field,” Phys. Lett. A 222, 237–240 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. Bai, H. Guo, H. Sun, D. Han, C. Liu, and X. Chen, “Effects of spontaneously generated coherence on the conditions for exhibiting lasing without inversion in a V system,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043814 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, M. G. Payne, E. W. Hagley, and L. Deng, “Efficient multiwave mixing in the ultraslow propagation regime and the role of multiphoton quantum destructive interference,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2294–2296 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, M. G. Payne, E. W. Hagley, and L. Deng, “Preparation of multiparty entangled states using pairwise perfectly efficient single-probe photon four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 063803 (2004).

[CrossRef]

K. Hakuta, L. Marmet, and B. P. Stoicheff, “Electric-field-induced second-harmonic generation with reduced absorption in atomic hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 596 (1991).

[CrossRef]

Y. Bai, H. Guo, H. Sun, D. Han, C. Liu, and X. Chen, “Effects of spontaneously generated coherence on the conditions for exhibiting lasing without inversion in a V system,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043814 (2004).

[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, “Normal modes for electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 52 (1994).

[CrossRef]

M. A. G. Martinez, P. R. Herezfeld, C. Samuels, L. M. Narducci, and C. H. Keitel, “Quantum interference effects in spontaneous atomic emission: dependence of the resonance fluorescence spectrum on the phase of the driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 4483 (1997).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, J. M. Hou, Y. Y. Lin, and R. K. Lee, “Detuning management of optical solitons in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033825 (2009).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, J. M. Hou, and R. K. Lee, “Ultraslow bright and dark solitons in semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 033838 (2008).

[CrossRef]

X. M. Hu and Z. Z. Xu, “Phase control of amplitude-fluctuation-induced bistability,” J. Opt. B Quant. Semiclass. Opt. 3, 35–38 (2001).

[CrossRef]

X.-M. Hu and J.-S. Peng, “Quantum interference from spontaneous decay in Lamba systems: realization in the dressed-state picture,” J. Phys. B 33, 921–931 (2000).

[CrossRef]

S. Y. Zhu, H. Chen, and H. Huang, “Quantum interference effects in spontaneous emission from an atom embedded in a photonic band gap structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 205 (1997).

[CrossRef]

J.-H. Li, X.-Y. Lü, J.-M. Luo, and Q.-J. Huang, “Optical bistability and multistability via atomic coherence in an N-type atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 035801 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. Javanainen, “Effect of state superpositions created by spontaneous emission on laser-driven transitions,” Europhys. Lett. 17, 407 (1992).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of spontaneously generated coherence on the dynamics of multi-level atomic systems,” Phys. Lett. A 325, 30–36 (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of quantum interference on optical bistability in the three-level V-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 015806 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of spontaneously generated coherence on optical bistability in three-level Λ-type atomic system,” Phys. Lett. A 315, 203–207 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi and M. Xiao, “Optical multistability in three-level atoms inside an optical ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143904 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, A. Brown, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlling optical bistability in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 041801(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. Evers, D. Bullock, and C. H. Keitel, “Dark state suppression and narrow fluorescent feature in a laser-driven Λ atom,” Opt. Commun. 209, 173–179 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. A. G. Martinez, P. R. Herezfeld, C. Samuels, L. M. Narducci, and C. H. Keitel, “Quantum interference effects in spontaneous atomic emission: dependence of the resonance fluorescence spectrum on the phase of the driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 4483 (1997).

[CrossRef]

U. Khadka, Y. P. Zhang, and M. Xiao, “Control of multitransparency windows via dark-state phase manipulation,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023830 (2010).

[CrossRef]

E. Paspalakis and P. L. Knight, “Phase control of spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 293–296 (1998).

[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, A. X. Chen, Y. Bai, W. X. Yang, and R. K. Lee, “Coherent control of optical bistability in an open Λ-type three-level atomic system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2891–2896 (2012).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, A. X. Chen, R. K. Lee, and Y. Wu, “Matched slow optical soliton pairs via biexciton coherence in quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013835 (2011).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, J. M. Hou, Y. Y. Lin, and R. K. Lee, “Detuning management of optical solitons in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033825 (2009).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, J. M. Hou, and R. K. Lee, “Ultraslow bright and dark solitons in semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 033838 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Zhang, Z. G. Wang, Z. Q. Nie, C. B. Li, H. X. Chen, K. Q. Lu, and M. Xiao, “Four-wave mixing dipole soliton in laser-induced atomic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).

[CrossRef]

J. S. Peng and G. Li, Introduction to Modern Quantum Optics (World Scientific, 1998).

X.-Y. Lü, J.-H. Li, J.-B. Liu, and J.-M. Luo, “Optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level atomic medium,” J. Phys. B 39, 5161–5171 (2006).

J.-H. Li, X.-Y. Lü, J.-M. Luo, and Q.-J. Huang, “Optical bistability and multistability via atomic coherence in an N-type atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 035801 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Yuan, W. K. Feng, P. Y. Li, X. Zhang, Y. Q. Zhang, H. B. Zheng, and Y. P. Zhang, “Controllable vacuum Rabi splitting and optical bistability of multi-wave-mixing signal inside a ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 063820 (2012).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, J. M. Hou, Y. Y. Lin, and R. K. Lee, “Detuning management of optical solitons in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033825 (2009).

[CrossRef]

D. Cheng, C. Liu, and S. Gong, “Optical bistability and multistability via the effect of spontaneously generated coherence in a three-level ladder-type atomic system,” Phys. Lett. A 332, 244–249 (2004).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, S. Gong, X. Fan, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of spontaneously generated coherence induced bistability,” Opt. Commun. 239, 383–388 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Bai, H. Guo, H. Sun, D. Han, C. Liu, and X. Chen, “Effects of spontaneously generated coherence on the conditions for exhibiting lasing without inversion in a V system,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043814 (2004).

[CrossRef]

X.-Y. Lü, J.-H. Li, J.-B. Liu, and J.-M. Luo, “Optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level atomic medium,” J. Phys. B 39, 5161–5171 (2006).

Y. P. Zhang, Z. G. Wang, Z. Q. Nie, C. B. Li, H. X. Chen, K. Q. Lu, and M. Xiao, “Four-wave mixing dipole soliton in laser-induced atomic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).

[CrossRef]

X.-Y. Lü, J.-H. Li, J.-B. Liu, and J.-M. Luo, “Optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level atomic medium,” J. Phys. B 39, 5161–5171 (2006).

J.-H. Li, X.-Y. Lü, J.-M. Luo, and Q.-J. Huang, “Optical bistability and multistability via atomic coherence in an N-type atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 035801 (2006).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Lugiato, “II theory of optical bistability,” Prog. Opt. 21, 69–216 (1984).

[CrossRef]

J.-H. Li, X.-Y. Lü, J.-M. Luo, and Q.-J. Huang, “Optical bistability and multistability via atomic coherence in an N-type atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 035801 (2006).

[CrossRef]

X.-Y. Lü, J.-H. Li, J.-B. Liu, and J.-M. Luo, “Optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level atomic medium,” J. Phys. B 39, 5161–5171 (2006).

M. Sahrai, S. H. Asadpour, H. Mahrami, and R. Sadighi-Bonabi, “Controlling the optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level N-type atomic system,” J. Lumin. 131, 1682–1686 (2011).

[CrossRef]

K. Hakuta, L. Marmet, and B. P. Stoicheff, “Electric-field-induced second-harmonic generation with reduced absorption in atomic hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 596 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. A. G. Martinez, P. R. Herezfeld, C. Samuels, L. M. Narducci, and C. H. Keitel, “Quantum interference effects in spontaneous atomic emission: dependence of the resonance fluorescence spectrum on the phase of the driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 4483 (1997).

[CrossRef]

S. Menon and G. S. Agarwal, “Effects of spontaneously generated coherence on the pump-probe response of a Λ system,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 4014 (1998).

[CrossRef]

M. A. G. Martinez, P. R. Herezfeld, C. Samuels, L. M. Narducci, and C. H. Keitel, “Quantum interference effects in spontaneous atomic emission: dependence of the resonance fluorescence spectrum on the phase of the driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 4483 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Zhang, Z. G. Wang, Z. Q. Nie, C. B. Li, H. X. Chen, K. Q. Lu, and M. Xiao, “Four-wave mixing dipole soliton in laser-induced atomic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).

[CrossRef]

S. Gong, S. Du, Z. Xu, and S. Pan, “Optical bistability via a phase fluctuation effect of the control field,” Phys. Lett. A 222, 237–240 (1996).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Dynes and E. Paspalakis, “Phase control of electron population, absorption, and dispersion properties of a semiconductor quantum well,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 233305 (2006).

[CrossRef]

E. Paspalakis and P. L. Knight, “Phase control of spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 293–296 (1998).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, M. G. Payne, E. W. Hagley, and L. Deng, “Preparation of multiparty entangled states using pairwise perfectly efficient single-probe photon four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 063803 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, M. G. Payne, E. W. Hagley, and L. Deng, “Efficient multiwave mixing in the ultraslow propagation regime and the role of multiphoton quantum destructive interference,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2294–2296 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. S. Peng and G. Li, Introduction to Modern Quantum Optics (World Scientific, 1998).

X.-M. Hu and J.-S. Peng, “Quantum interference from spontaneous decay in Lamba systems: realization in the dressed-state picture,” J. Phys. B 33, 921–931 (2000).

[CrossRef]

M. Sahrai, S. H. Asadpour, H. Mahrami, and R. Sadighi-Bonabi, “Controlling the optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level N-type atomic system,” J. Lumin. 131, 1682–1686 (2011).

[CrossRef]

M. Sahrai, S. H. Asadpour, H. Mahrami, and R. Sadighi-Bonabi, “Controlling the optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level N-type atomic system,” J. Lumin. 131, 1682–1686 (2011).

[CrossRef]

M. A. G. Martinez, P. R. Herezfeld, C. Samuels, L. M. Narducci, and C. H. Keitel, “Quantum interference effects in spontaneous atomic emission: dependence of the resonance fluorescence spectrum on the phase of the driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 4483 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully and M. Fleischhauer, “High-sensitivity magnetometer based on index-enhanced media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1360 (1992).

[CrossRef]

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, “Coherent control of molecular dynamics,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 859 (2003).

[CrossRef]

K. Hakuta, L. Marmet, and B. P. Stoicheff, “Electric-field-induced second-harmonic generation with reduced absorption in atomic hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 596 (1991).

[CrossRef]

Y. Bai, H. Guo, H. Sun, D. Han, C. Liu, and X. Chen, “Effects of spontaneously generated coherence on the conditions for exhibiting lasing without inversion in a V system,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043814 (2004).

[CrossRef]

P. Zhou and S. Swain, “Phase-dependent spectra in a driven two-level atom,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2500 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, A. Brown, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlling optical bistability in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 041801(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Zhang, Z. G. Wang, Z. Q. Nie, C. B. Li, H. X. Chen, K. Q. Lu, and M. Xiao, “Four-wave mixing dipole soliton in laser-induced atomic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).

[CrossRef]

Z. P. Wang and B. Yu, “Optical bistability via dual electromagnetically induced transparency in a coupled quantum-well nanostructure,” J. Appl. Phys. 113, 113101 (2013).

[CrossRef]

Z. P. Wang and H. Fan, “Phase-dependent optical bistability and multistability in a semiconductor quantum well system,” J. Lumin. 130, 2084–2088 (2010).

[CrossRef]

H. B. Wu, J. Gea-Banacloche, and M. Xiao, “Observation of intracavity electromagnetically induced transparency and polariton resonances in a doppler-broadened medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 173602 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Wu and J. Y. Gao, “Phase control of light amplification without inversion in a Λ system with spontaneously generated coherence,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 063807 (2002).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, A. X. Chen, R. K. Lee, and Y. Wu, “Matched slow optical soliton pairs via biexciton coherence in quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013835 (2011).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, M. G. Payne, E. W. Hagley, and L. Deng, “Preparation of multiparty entangled states using pairwise perfectly efficient single-probe photon four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 063803 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in double-Λ system in ultraslow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and L. Deng, “Achieving multifrequency mode entanglement with ultraslow multiwave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1144–1146 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, M. G. Payne, E. W. Hagley, and L. Deng, “Efficient multiwave mixing in the ultraslow propagation regime and the role of multiphoton quantum destructive interference,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2294–2296 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Effective two-level model for a three-level atom in the Ξ configuration,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 2443–2446 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, “Simple algebraic method to solve a coupled-channel cavity QED model,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4534–4543 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Zhang, Z. G. Wang, Z. Q. Nie, C. B. Li, H. X. Chen, K. Q. Lu, and M. Xiao, “Four-wave mixing dipole soliton in laser-induced atomic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).

[CrossRef]

U. Khadka, Y. P. Zhang, and M. Xiao, “Control of multitransparency windows via dark-state phase manipulation,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023830 (2010).

[CrossRef]

H. B. Wu, J. Gea-Banacloche, and M. Xiao, “Observation of intracavity electromagnetically induced transparency and polariton resonances in a doppler-broadened medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 173602 (2008).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of spontaneously generated coherence on the dynamics of multi-level atomic systems,” Phys. Lett. A 325, 30–36 (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of quantum interference on optical bistability in the three-level V-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 015806 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of spontaneously generated coherence on optical bistability in three-level Λ-type atomic system,” Phys. Lett. A 315, 203–207 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi and M. Xiao, “Optical multistability in three-level atoms inside an optical ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143904 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, A. Brown, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlling optical bistability in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 041801(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, S. Gong, X. Fan, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of spontaneously generated coherence induced bistability,” Opt. Commun. 239, 383–388 (2004).

[CrossRef]

S. Gong, S. Du, Z. Xu, and S. Pan, “Optical bistability via a phase fluctuation effect of the control field,” Phys. Lett. A 222, 237–240 (1996).

[CrossRef]

X. M. Hu and Z. Z. Xu, “Phase control of amplitude-fluctuation-induced bistability,” J. Opt. B Quant. Semiclass. Opt. 3, 35–38 (2001).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of spontaneously generated coherence on the dynamics of multi-level atomic systems,” Phys. Lett. A 325, 30–36 (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of quantum interference on optical bistability in the three-level V-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 015806 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of spontaneously generated coherence on optical bistability in three-level Λ-type atomic system,” Phys. Lett. A 315, 203–207 (2003).

[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, A. X. Chen, Y. Bai, W. X. Yang, and R. K. Lee, “Coherent control of optical bistability in an open Λ-type three-level atomic system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2891–2896 (2012).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, A. X. Chen, R. K. Lee, and Y. Wu, “Matched slow optical soliton pairs via biexciton coherence in quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013835 (2011).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, J. M. Hou, Y. Y. Lin, and R. K. Lee, “Detuning management of optical solitons in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033825 (2009).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, J. M. Hou, and R. K. Lee, “Ultraslow bright and dark solitons in semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 033838 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in double-Λ system in ultraslow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Effective two-level model for a three-level atom in the Ξ configuration,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 2443–2446 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Z. P. Wang and B. Yu, “Optical bistability via dual electromagnetically induced transparency in a coupled quantum-well nanostructure,” J. Appl. Phys. 113, 113101 (2013).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Yuan, W. K. Feng, P. Y. Li, X. Zhang, Y. Q. Zhang, H. B. Zheng, and Y. P. Zhang, “Controllable vacuum Rabi splitting and optical bistability of multi-wave-mixing signal inside a ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 063820 (2012).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Yuan, W. K. Feng, P. Y. Li, X. Zhang, Y. Q. Zhang, H. B. Zheng, and Y. P. Zhang, “Controllable vacuum Rabi splitting and optical bistability of multi-wave-mixing signal inside a ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 063820 (2012).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Yuan, W. K. Feng, P. Y. Li, X. Zhang, Y. Q. Zhang, H. B. Zheng, and Y. P. Zhang, “Controllable vacuum Rabi splitting and optical bistability of multi-wave-mixing signal inside a ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 063820 (2012).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Zhang, Z. G. Wang, Z. Q. Nie, C. B. Li, H. X. Chen, K. Q. Lu, and M. Xiao, “Four-wave mixing dipole soliton in laser-induced atomic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).

[CrossRef]

U. Khadka, Y. P. Zhang, and M. Xiao, “Control of multitransparency windows via dark-state phase manipulation,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023830 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Yuan, W. K. Feng, P. Y. Li, X. Zhang, Y. Q. Zhang, H. B. Zheng, and Y. P. Zhang, “Controllable vacuum Rabi splitting and optical bistability of multi-wave-mixing signal inside a ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 063820 (2012).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Yuan, W. K. Feng, P. Y. Li, X. Zhang, Y. Q. Zhang, H. B. Zheng, and Y. P. Zhang, “Controllable vacuum Rabi splitting and optical bistability of multi-wave-mixing signal inside a ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 063820 (2012).

[CrossRef]

P. Zhou and S. Swain, “Phase-dependent spectra in a driven two-level atom,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2500 (1999).

[CrossRef]

F. Ghafoor, S. Y. Zhu, and M. S. Zubairy, “Amplitude and phase control of spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 013811 (2000).

[CrossRef]

S. Y. Zhu, H. Chen, and H. Huang, “Quantum interference effects in spontaneous emission from an atom embedded in a photonic band gap structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 205 (1997).

[CrossRef]

F. Ghafoor, S. Y. Zhu, and M. S. Zubairy, “Amplitude and phase control of spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 013811 (2000).

[CrossRef]

N. A. Ansari, J. Gea-Banacloche, and M. S. Zubairy, “Phase-sensitive amplification in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 5179 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. Javanainen, “Effect of state superpositions created by spontaneous emission on laser-driven transitions,” Europhys. Lett. 17, 407 (1992).

[CrossRef]

Z. P. Wang and B. Yu, “Optical bistability via dual electromagnetically induced transparency in a coupled quantum-well nanostructure,” J. Appl. Phys. 113, 113101 (2013).

[CrossRef]

Z. P. Wang and H. Fan, “Phase-dependent optical bistability and multistability in a semiconductor quantum well system,” J. Lumin. 130, 2084–2088 (2010).

[CrossRef]

M. Sahrai, S. H. Asadpour, H. Mahrami, and R. Sadighi-Bonabi, “Controlling the optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level N-type atomic system,” J. Lumin. 131, 1682–1686 (2011).

[CrossRef]

X. M. Hu and Z. Z. Xu, “Phase control of amplitude-fluctuation-induced bistability,” J. Opt. B Quant. Semiclass. Opt. 3, 35–38 (2001).

[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, A. X. Chen, Y. Bai, W. X. Yang, and R. K. Lee, “Coherent control of optical bistability in an open Λ-type three-level atomic system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2891–2896 (2012).

[CrossRef]

S. H. Asadpour, M. Jaberi, and H. R. Soleimani, “Phase control of optical bistability and multistability via spin coherence in a quantum well waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 1815–1820 (2013).

[CrossRef]

X.-Y. Lü, J.-H. Li, J.-B. Liu, and J.-M. Luo, “Optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level atomic medium,” J. Phys. B 39, 5161–5171 (2006).

X.-M. Hu and J.-S. Peng, “Quantum interference from spontaneous decay in Lamba systems: realization in the dressed-state picture,” J. Phys. B 33, 921–931 (2000).

[CrossRef]

J. Evers, D. Bullock, and C. H. Keitel, “Dark state suppression and narrow fluorescent feature in a laser-driven Λ atom,” Opt. Commun. 209, 173–179 (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, S. Gong, X. Fan, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of spontaneously generated coherence induced bistability,” Opt. Commun. 239, 383–388 (2004).

[CrossRef]

S. Gong, S. Du, Z. Xu, and S. Pan, “Optical bistability via a phase fluctuation effect of the control field,” Phys. Lett. A 222, 237–240 (1996).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of spontaneously generated coherence on the dynamics of multi-level atomic systems,” Phys. Lett. A 325, 30–36 (2004).

[CrossRef]

D. Cheng, C. Liu, and S. Gong, “Optical bistability and multistability via the effect of spontaneously generated coherence in a three-level ladder-type atomic system,” Phys. Lett. A 332, 244–249 (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of spontaneously generated coherence on optical bistability in three-level Λ-type atomic system,” Phys. Lett. A 315, 203–207 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Wu and J. Y. Gao, “Phase control of light amplification without inversion in a Λ system with spontaneously generated coherence,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 063807 (2002).

[CrossRef]

Y. Bai, H. Guo, H. Sun, D. Han, C. Liu, and X. Chen, “Effects of spontaneously generated coherence on the conditions for exhibiting lasing without inversion in a V system,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 043814 (2004).

[CrossRef]

N. A. Ansari, J. Gea-Banacloche, and M. S. Zubairy, “Phase-sensitive amplification in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 5179 (1990).

[CrossRef]

M. A. G. Martinez, P. R. Herezfeld, C. Samuels, L. M. Narducci, and C. H. Keitel, “Quantum interference effects in spontaneous atomic emission: dependence of the resonance fluorescence spectrum on the phase of the driving field,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 4483 (1997).

[CrossRef]

S. Menon and G. S. Agarwal, “Effects of spontaneously generated coherence on the pump-probe response of a Λ system,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 4014 (1998).

[CrossRef]

F. Ghafoor, S. Y. Zhu, and M. S. Zubairy, “Amplitude and phase control of spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 013811 (2000).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of quantum interference on optical bistability in the three-level V-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 015806 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J.-H. Li, X.-Y. Lü, J.-M. Luo, and Q.-J. Huang, “Optical bistability and multistability via atomic coherence in an N-type atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 035801 (2006).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in double-Λ system in ultraslow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004).

[CrossRef]

U. Khadka, Y. P. Zhang, and M. Xiao, “Control of multitransparency windows via dark-state phase manipulation,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023830 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, M. G. Payne, E. W. Hagley, and L. Deng, “Preparation of multiparty entangled states using pairwise perfectly efficient single-probe photon four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 063803 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, “Simple algebraic method to solve a coupled-channel cavity QED model,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4534–4543 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Effective two-level model for a three-level atom in the Ξ configuration,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 2443–2446 (1997).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, J. M. Hou, and R. K. Lee, “Ultraslow bright and dark solitons in semiconductor quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 033838 (2008).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, J. M. Hou, Y. Y. Lin, and R. K. Lee, “Detuning management of optical solitons in coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033825 (2009).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, A. X. Chen, R. K. Lee, and Y. Wu, “Matched slow optical soliton pairs via biexciton coherence in quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013835 (2011).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, A. Brown, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlling optical bistability in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 041801(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. M. Yuan, W. K. Feng, P. Y. Li, X. Zhang, Y. Q. Zhang, H. B. Zheng, and Y. P. Zhang, “Controllable vacuum Rabi splitting and optical bistability of multi-wave-mixing signal inside a ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 063820 (2012).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Dynes and E. Paspalakis, “Phase control of electron population, absorption, and dispersion properties of a semiconductor quantum well,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 233305 (2006).

[CrossRef]

H. B. Wu, J. Gea-Banacloche, and M. Xiao, “Observation of intracavity electromagnetically induced transparency and polariton resonances in a doppler-broadened medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 173602 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Zhang, Z. G. Wang, Z. Q. Nie, C. B. Li, H. X. Chen, K. Q. Lu, and M. Xiao, “Four-wave mixing dipole soliton in laser-induced atomic gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 093904 (2011).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi and M. Xiao, “Optical multistability in three-level atoms inside an optical ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143904 (2003).

[CrossRef]

P. Zhou and S. Swain, “Phase-dependent spectra in a driven two-level atom,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2500 (1999).

[CrossRef]

E. Paspalakis and P. L. Knight, “Phase control of spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 293–296 (1998).

[CrossRef]

S. Y. Zhu, H. Chen, and H. Huang, “Quantum interference effects in spontaneous emission from an atom embedded in a photonic band gap structure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 205 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully and M. Fleischhauer, “High-sensitivity magnetometer based on index-enhanced media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 1360 (1992).

[CrossRef]

K. Hakuta, L. Marmet, and B. P. Stoicheff, “Electric-field-induced second-harmonic generation with reduced absorption in atomic hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 596 (1991).

[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, “Normal modes for electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 52 (1994).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Lugiato, “II theory of optical bistability,” Prog. Opt. 21, 69–216 (1984).

[CrossRef]

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, “Coherent control of molecular dynamics,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66, 859 (2003).

[CrossRef]

D. Steck, http://steck.us/alkalidata .

J. S. Peng and G. Li, Introduction to Modern Quantum Optics (World Scientific, 1998).