Abstract

We propose an efficient and compact plasmonic surface-enhanced terahertz generation scheme based on nonlinear difference-frequency generation inside a metal–insulator–metal structure. Gold nanowire arrays are planted on top of the surface of a lithium niobate (LN) substrate with second-order nonlinearity to enhance both the nonlinear wavelength conversion and waveguide terahertz waves at the same time. Our numerical simulations show that our structures are capable of generating both tunable continuous and ultrafast-pulsed terahertz sources. We also discuss further improvements on the conversion efficiency by combining with Ti-diffusing LN waveguides.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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