Three methods for distortion-free enhancement of electro-optic sampling measurements of terahertz signals are tested. In the first part of this two-paper series [J. Opt. Soc. Am B 31, 904–910 (2014)], the theoretical framework for describing the signal enhancement was presented and discussed. As the applied optical bias is decreased, individual signal traces become enhanced but distorted. Here we experimentally show that nonlinear signal components that distort the terahertz electric field measurement can be removed by subtracting traces recorded with opposite optical bias values. In all three methods tested, we observe up to an order of magnitude increase in distortion-free signal enhancement, in agreement with the theory, making possible measurements of small terahertz-induced transient birefringence signals with increased signal-to-noise ratio.
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Fabian D. J. Brunner, Jeremy A. Johnson, Sebastian Grübel, Andrés Ferrer, Steven L. Johnson, and Thomas Feurer
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(4) 904-910 (2014)
Naoya Yasumatsu and Shinichi Watanabe
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(11) 2940-2951 (2013)
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(10) 2045-2050 (2016)