Abstract

We present three operation regimes with an L-band erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode-locked by a graphene oxide saturable absorber (GOSA) that is fabricated by using a wet chemical method. One is a stable state of single soliton emission with pulse duration of 426 fs, which is the shortest pulse duration ever achieved with an L-band design by employing GOSA as the mode-locker. The other two operation regimes include bound-state soliton and dual-wavelength nanosecond pulse generation, which are demonstrated for the first time by using the GOSA mode-locker. Our results further indicate the practical potential of GOSA in ultrafast fiber lasers for achieving various mode-locking regimes.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  37. X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, and Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3615–3618 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2014 (1)

Z. Yu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Dong, J. Tian, and Y. Song, “A 66 fs highly stable single wall carbon nanotube mode locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 24, 015105 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (6)

2012 (12)

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L-band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 896–900 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, “74-fs nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Jung, J. Koo, P. Debnath, Y. W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “A mode-locked 1.91  μm fiber laser based on interaction between graphene oxide and evanescent field,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 112702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “10  GHz fundamental mode fiber laser using a graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, J. Liu, S. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Graphene oxide mode-locked femtosecond erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20, 15474–15480 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, S. Wu, H. Li, J. Liu, R. Sun, F. Tan, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Dissipative soliton generation from a graphene oxide mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 23653–23658 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Qu, J. Liu, and Y. H. Tsang, “Graphene oxide absorbers for watt-level high-power passive mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser operating at 1  μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3259–3262 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, and J. Tang, “A highly efficient graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers,” Nanotechnology 22, 455203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, and Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3615–3618 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhao, Z. B. Liu, W. B. Yan, Y. Wu, X. L. Zhang, Y. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics and saturable absorption of solution-processable few-layered graphene oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. B. Liu, X. Y. He, and D. N. Wang, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with few-layered graphene oxide solution,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3024–3026 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferraria, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, “All-fiber normal-dispersion femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express 16, 11453–11458 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “5-GHz pulsed fiber Fabry–Pérot laser mode-locked using carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750–752 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016616 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 51–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. M. Soto-Crespo, V. V. Afanasjev, N. N. Akhmediev, and G. E. Town, “Dual-frequency pulses in fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun. 130, 245–248 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. L. Dennis and I. N. Duling, “Experimental study of sideband generation in femtosecond fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1469–1477 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

B. K. Garside and T. K. Lim, “Laser mode locking using saturable absorbers,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2335–2342 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Abramski, K. M.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Afanasjev, V. V.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, V. V. Afanasjev, N. N. Akhmediev, and G. E. Town, “Dual-frequency pulses in fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun. 130, 245–248 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, Y. H.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N. N.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, V. V. Afanasjev, N. N. Akhmediev, and G. E. Town, “Dual-frequency pulses in fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun. 130, 245–248 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bae, S.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Baek, I. H.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Balakrishnan, K.

Bao, Q.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Q. L.

Basko, D. M.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boguslawski, J.

Bonaccorso, F.

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, T. H. Runcorn, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, E. M. Dianov, D. Popa, S. Milana, T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Bonaccorso, Z. Jiang, E. Flahaut, B. H. Chapman, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Mid-infrared Raman-soliton continuum pumped by a nanotube-mode-locked sub-picosecond Tm-doped MOPFA,” Opt. Express 21, 23261–23271 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chapman, B. H.

Chen, H. R.

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, and J. Tang, “A highly efficient graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers,” Nanotechnology 22, 455203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

X. Zhao, Z. B. Liu, W. B. Yan, Y. Wu, X. L. Zhang, Y. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics and saturable absorption of solution-processable few-layered graphene oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, H.

Cho, W. B.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, “74-fs nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Debnath, P.

M. Jung, J. Koo, P. Debnath, Y. W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “A mode-locked 1.91  μm fiber laser based on interaction between graphene oxide and evanescent field,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 112702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, M. L.

M. L. Dennis and I. N. Duling, “Experimental study of sideband generation in femtosecond fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1469–1477 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

Dong, X.

Z. Yu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Dong, J. Tian, and Y. Song, “A 66 fs highly stable single wall carbon nanotube mode locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 24, 015105 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Du, J.

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L-band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 896–900 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Duling, I. N.

M. L. Dennis and I. N. Duling, “Experimental study of sideband generation in femtosecond fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1469–1477 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A. C.

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, T. H. Runcorn, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, E. M. Dianov, D. Popa, S. Milana, T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Bonaccorso, Z. Jiang, E. Flahaut, B. H. Chapman, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Mid-infrared Raman-soliton continuum pumped by a nanotube-mode-locked sub-picosecond Tm-doped MOPFA,” Opt. Express 21, 23261–23271 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, “74-fs nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferraria, A. C.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferraria, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Flahaut, E.

Garside, B. K.

B. K. Garside and T. K. Lim, “Laser mode locking using saturable absorbers,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2335–2342 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Y. P.

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L-band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 896–900 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, T.

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, T. H. Runcorn, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, E. M. Dianov, D. Popa, S. Milana, T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Bonaccorso, Z. Jiang, E. Flahaut, B. H. Chapman, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Mid-infrared Raman-soliton continuum pumped by a nanotube-mode-locked sub-picosecond Tm-doped MOPFA,” Opt. Express 21, 23261–23271 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, “74-fs nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferraria, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

He, X. Y.

Hennrich, F.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Holdynski, M.

Hong, B. H.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, W. F.

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, and J. Tang, “A highly efficient graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers,” Nanotechnology 22, 455203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, K.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “5-GHz pulsed fiber Fabry–Pérot laser mode-locked using carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750–752 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “5-GHz pulsed fiber Fabry–Pérot laser mode-locked using carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750–752 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jablonski, M.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “5-GHz pulsed fiber Fabry–Pérot laser mode-locked using carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750–752 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 51–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jagiello, J.

Jiang, Z.

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jung, M.

M. Jung, J. Koo, P. Debnath, Y. W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “A mode-locked 1.91  μm fiber laser based on interaction between graphene oxide and evanescent field,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 112702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Kieu, K.

Kobtsev, S.

Koo, J.

M. Jung, J. Koo, P. Debnath, Y. W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “A mode-locked 1.91  μm fiber laser based on interaction between graphene oxide and evanescent field,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 112702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kotake, T.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “5-GHz pulsed fiber Fabry–Pérot laser mode-locked using carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750–752 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kozinski, R.

Kukarin, S.

Latkin, A.

Lee, H. W.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

M. Jung, J. Koo, P. Debnath, Y. W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “A mode-locked 1.91  μm fiber laser based on interaction between graphene oxide and evanescent field,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 112702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, G. Q.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Li, H. F.

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L-band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 896–900 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. Q.

J. Q. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, S. C. Ruan, G. L. Zhang, H. Q. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “An L-band graphene-oxide mode-locked fiber laser delivering bright and dark pulses,” Laser Phys. 23, 075105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. L.

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L-band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 896–900 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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B. K. Garside and T. K. Lim, “Laser mode locking using saturable absorbers,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 2335–2342 (1973).
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Lipinska, L.

Liu, C.

Liu, J.

Liu, Z.

Liu, Z. B.

Z. B. Liu, X. Y. He, and D. N. Wang, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser based on a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber filled with few-layered graphene oxide solution,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3024–3026 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhao, Z. B. Liu, W. B. Yan, Y. Wu, X. L. Zhang, Y. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics and saturable absorption of solution-processable few-layered graphene oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Loh, K. P.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17, 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Luan, X. N.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, and Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3615–3618 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z.

Ma, X. M.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, A.

A. Martinez and Z. Sun, “Nanotube and graphene saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7, 842–845 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “10  GHz fundamental mode fiber laser using a graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mashinsky, V. M.

Medvedkov, O. I.

Meng, Y. C.

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L-band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 896–900 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Milana, S.

Milne, W. I.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ni, Z.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Norwood, R. A.

Okhotnikov, O.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paletko, P.

Pessa, M.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

Popa, D.

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, T. H. Runcorn, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, E. M. Dianov, D. Popa, S. Milana, T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Bonaccorso, Z. Jiang, E. Flahaut, B. H. Chapman, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Mid-infrared Raman-soliton continuum pumped by a nanotube-mode-locked sub-picosecond Tm-doped MOPFA,” Opt. Express 21, 23261–23271 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, “74-fs nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferraria, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S. V.

Privitera, G.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qu, B.

Qu, Z.

Qu, Z. S.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rozhin, A. G.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, S. C.

J. Q. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, S. C. Ruan, G. L. Zhang, H. Q. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “An L-band graphene-oxide mode-locked fiber laser delivering bright and dark pulses,” Laser Phys. 23, 075105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Runcorn, T. H.

Scardaci, V.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Set, S. Y.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “5-GHz pulsed fiber Fabry–Pérot laser mode-locked using carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750–752 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 51–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Z. X.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, S.

Sobon, G.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y.

Z. Yu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Dong, J. Tian, and Y. Song, “A 66 fs highly stable single wall carbon nanotube mode locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 24, 015105 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. W.

M. Jung, J. Koo, P. Debnath, Y. W. Song, and J. H. Lee, “A mode-locked 1.91  μm fiber laser based on interaction between graphene oxide and evanescent field,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 112702 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, V. V. Afanasjev, N. N. Akhmediev, and G. E. Town, “Dual-frequency pulses in fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun. 130, 245–248 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sotor, J.

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Su, L. B.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sun, R.

Sun, Z.

M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, T. H. Runcorn, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, E. M. Dianov, D. Popa, S. Milana, T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Bonaccorso, Z. Jiang, E. Flahaut, B. H. Chapman, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Mid-infrared Raman-soliton continuum pumped by a nanotube-mode-locked sub-picosecond Tm-doped MOPFA,” Opt. Express 21, 23261–23271 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez and Z. Sun, “Nanotube and graphene saturable absorbers for fibre lasers,” Nat. Photonics 7, 842–845 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, “74-fs nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferraria, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4, 611–622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016616 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tan, F.

Tanaka, D.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “5-GHz pulsed fiber Fabry–Pérot laser mode-locked using carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750–752 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 51–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, and Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3615–3618 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17, 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016616 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tang, J.

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, and J. Tang, “A highly efficient graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers,” Nanotechnology 22, 455203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Tian, J.

Z. Yu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Dong, J. Tian, and Y. Song, “A 66 fs highly stable single wall carbon nanotube mode locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 24, 015105 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Tian, J. G.

X. Zhao, Z. B. Liu, W. B. Yan, Y. Wu, X. L. Zhang, Y. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics and saturable absorption of solution-processable few-layered graphene oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Torrisi, F.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, “74-fs nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferraria, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Town, G. E.

J. M. Soto-Crespo, V. V. Afanasjev, N. N. Akhmediev, and G. E. Town, “Dual-frequency pulses in fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun. 130, 245–248 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, Y. H.

J. Q. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, S. C. Ruan, G. L. Zhang, H. Q. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “An L-band graphene-oxide mode-locked fiber laser delivering bright and dark pulses,” Laser Phys. 23, 075105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Qu, J. Liu, and Y. H. Tsang, “Graphene oxide absorbers for watt-level high-power passive mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser operating at 1  μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3259–3262 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S.

Wang, D. N.

Wang, F.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, “74-fs nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4, 803–810 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferraria, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

Wang, P.

Wang, X. M.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Z. Yu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Dong, J. Tian, and Y. Song, “A 66 fs highly stable single wall carbon nanotube mode locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 24, 015105 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, L. Wang, and Y. Wang, “Sub-100 fs and passive harmonic mode-locking of dispersion-managed dissipative fiber laser with carbon nanotubes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 3719–3725 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, Z. Qu, J. Liu, and Y. H. Tsang, “Graphene oxide absorbers for watt-level high-power passive mode-locked Nd:GdVO4 laser operating at 1  μm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3259–3262 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. G.

J. Q. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, S. C. Ruan, G. L. Zhang, H. Q. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “An L-band graphene-oxide mode-locked fiber laser delivering bright and dark pulses,” Laser Phys. 23, 075105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, and J. Tang, “A highly efficient graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers,” Nanotechnology 22, 455203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wen, X. M.

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, and J. Tang, “A highly efficient graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers,” Nanotechnology 22, 455203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

Wu, D.

Wu, S.

Wu, X.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, and Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3615–3618 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

X. Zhao, Z. B. Liu, W. B. Yan, Y. Wu, X. L. Zhang, Y. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics and saturable absorption of solution-processable few-layered graphene oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Yaguchi, H.

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “5-GHz pulsed fiber Fabry–Pérot laser mode-locked using carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750–752 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137–146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, “Laser mode locking using a saturable absorber incorporating carbon nanotubes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 51–56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “10  GHz fundamental mode fiber laser using a graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “5-GHz pulsed fiber Fabry–Pérot laser mode-locked using carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750–752 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yan, P. G.

J. Q. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, S. C. Ruan, G. L. Zhang, H. Q. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “An L-band graphene-oxide mode-locked fiber laser delivering bright and dark pulses,” Laser Phys. 23, 075105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yan, W. B.

X. Zhao, Z. B. Liu, W. B. Yan, Y. Wu, X. L. Zhang, Y. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics and saturable absorption of solution-processable few-layered graphene oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yan, Y.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q. H.

Ye, C.

Yeom, D.

I. H. Baek, H. W. Lee, S. Bae, B. H. Hong, Y. H. Ahn, D. Yeom, and F. Rotermund, “Efficient mode-locking of sub-70-fs Ti:sapphire laser by graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Express 5, 032701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yin, L.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Z.

Z. Yu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Dong, J. Tian, and Y. Song, “A 66 fs highly stable single wall carbon nanotube mode locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 24, 015105 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Zdrojek, M.

Zhang, G. L.

J. Q. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, S. C. Ruan, G. L. Zhang, H. Q. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “An L-band graphene-oxide mode-locked fiber laser delivering bright and dark pulses,” Laser Phys. 23, 075105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17, 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, M.

Zhang, Q.

X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, and Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3615–3618 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. M.

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L-band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 896–900 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Z. Yu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Dong, J. Tian, and Y. Song, “A 66 fs highly stable single wall carbon nanotube mode locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 24, 015105 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. L.

X. Zhao, Z. B. Liu, W. B. Yan, Y. Wu, X. L. Zhang, Y. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics and saturable absorption of solution-processable few-layered graphene oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

Zhao, B.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016616 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J. Q.

J. Q. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, S. C. Ruan, G. L. Zhang, H. Q. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “An L-band graphene-oxide mode-locked fiber laser delivering bright and dark pulses,” Laser Phys. 23, 075105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, S. Z.

X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

X. Zhao, Z. B. Liu, W. B. Yan, Y. Wu, X. L. Zhang, Y. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics and saturable absorption of solution-processable few-layered graphene oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, L. H.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y.

Zhu, G.

Zhu, X.

ACS Nano (1)

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[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, and D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed laser,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

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Appl. Phys. Express (2)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

D. Popa, Z. Sun, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, F. Wang, and A. C. Ferraria, “Sub 200 fs pulse generation from a graphene mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 203106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “10  GHz fundamental mode fiber laser using a graphene saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 041118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, “74-fs nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhao, Z. B. Liu, W. B. Yan, Y. Wu, X. L. Zhang, Y. Chen, and J. G. Tian, “Ultrafast carrier dynamics and saturable absorption of solution-processable few-layered graphene oxide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121905 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, and A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Sobon, J. Sotor, and K. M. Abramski, “Passive harmonic mode-locking in Er-doped fiber laser based on graphene saturable absorber with repetition rates scalable to 2.22  GHz,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161109 (2012).
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[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, K. Hsu, T. Kotake, H. Yaguchi, D. Tanaka, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, “5-GHz pulsed fiber Fabry–Pérot laser mode-locked using carbon nanotubes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 750–752 (2005).
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X. Li, G. Q. Li, S. Z. Zhao, X. M. Wang, L. Yin, H. Huang, and X. M. Ma, “Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser passively Q-switched with graphene oxide spin coated on ITO substrate,” Laser Phys. 22, 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Q. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, P. G. Yan, S. C. Ruan, G. L. Zhang, H. Q. Li, and Y. H. Tsang, “An L-band graphene-oxide mode-locked fiber laser delivering bright and dark pulses,” Laser Phys. 23, 075105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yu, Y. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Dong, J. Tian, and Y. Song, “A 66 fs highly stable single wall carbon nanotube mode locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 24, 015105 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Du, S. M. Zhang, H. F. Li, Y. C. Meng, X. L. Li, and Y. P. Hao, “L-band passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on a graphene saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 896–900 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Graphene oxide absorber for 2 μm passive mode-locking Tm:YAlO3 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 15–19 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (1)

Y. G. Wang, H. R. Chen, X. M. Wen, W. F. Hsieh, and J. Tang, “A highly efficient graphene oxide absorber for Q-switched Nd:GdVO4 lasers,” Nanotechnology 22, 455203 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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X. Wu, D. Y. Tang, X. N. Luan, and Q. Zhang, “Bound states of solitons in a fiber laser mode locked with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun. 284, 3615–3618 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (8)

C. Liu, C. Ye, Z. Luo, H. Cheng, D. Wu, Y. Zheng, Z. Liu, and B. Qu, “High-energy passively Q-switched 2 μm Tm3+-doped double-clad fiber laser using graphene-oxide-deposited fiber taper,” Opt. Express 21, 204–209 (2013).
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J. Xu, J. Liu, S. Wu, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Graphene oxide mode-locked femtosecond erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 20, 15474–15480 (2012).
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G. Sobon, J. Sotor, J. Jagiello, R. Kozinski, M. Zdrojek, M. Holdynski, P. Paletko, J. Boguslawski, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Graphene oxide vs. reduced graphene oxide as saturable absorbers for Er-doped passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 19463–19473 (2012).
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J. Xu, S. Wu, H. Li, J. Liu, R. Sun, F. Tan, Q. H. Yang, and P. Wang, “Dissipative soliton generation from a graphene oxide mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 23653–23658 (2012).
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S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, S. Smirnov, S. Turitsyn, and A. Latkin, “Generation of double-scale femto/pico-second optical lumps in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 20707–20713 (2009).
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M. Zhang, E. J. R. Kelleher, T. H. Runcorn, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, E. M. Dianov, D. Popa, S. Milana, T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Bonaccorso, Z. Jiang, E. Flahaut, B. H. Chapman, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Mid-infrared Raman-soliton continuum pumped by a nanotube-mode-locked sub-picosecond Tm-doped MOPFA,” Opt. Express 21, 23261–23271 (2013).
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Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016616 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) GOSA sample and its cutting process. (b) Schematic of the GO mode-locked fiber laser. WDM, wavelength division multiplexer; CS980 and SMF-28, two types of single-mode fibers from Corning Inc.; EDF, erbium-doped fiber; ISO, isolator; OC, output coupler; PC, polarization controller; GOSA, GO-based SA.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Measurement setup for the nonlinear absorbance characteristics of GOSA. VOA, variable optical attenuator. (b) Nonlinear absorbance of the utilized GOSA.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output characteristics from the stably mode-locked fiber laser. (a) AC trace, with sech2 fitting. (b) Typical output spectrum with 3 dB bandwidth of 6.58nm. (c) RF spectrum around the fundamental repetition rate. Inset: RF spectrum with 1 GHz span.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Output spectrum with the dual bound-state soliton operation; Inset: AC trace of the dual bound-state soliton. (b) RF spectrum around the fundamental repetition rate. Inset: RF spectrum with 1 GHz span.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Typical output at 446mW pump power. (a) Output spectrum. (b) Typical output pulse train. (c) Single pulse. (d) RF spectrum around the fundamental repetition rate. Inset: RF spectrum with 1 GHz span.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Average output power with respect to the launched pump power with different regions: 1, no laser emission; 2, CW laser operation; 3, single-soliton operation; 4, bound-state soliton; 5, unstable multiple pulse generation; 6, dual-wavelength operation.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

α(I)=α0(1+IIsat)1+αns,
Δτ=λ2/(cΔλ),

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