Abstract

We investigated the switching between the transmittance and absorption of the 5S1/2(F=2)5P1/2(F=1) transition of Rb87 in a paraffin-coated Rb vapor cell in the Hanle configuration. When the laser polarization was changed from linear to circular, the coherent population trapping (CPT) spectrum, with a spectral width of 0.12 mG due to the Ramsey effect, transformed into a narrow absorption spectrum with a sub-milligauss spectral width of 0.2 mG. The CPT and narrow absorption spectra were numerically calculated for both polarizations by considering the degenerate magnetic sublevels of the 5S1/25P1/2 transition in the antirelaxation-coated atomic vapor cell. This narrow absorption spectrum was revealed to be magnetic-field-induced absorption due to the residual transverse magnetic field and preservation time of the ground-state coherent spin states.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 2996–3002 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Vanier, “Atomic clocks based on coherent population trapping,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 421–442 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Budker, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, “Nonlinear magneto-optic effects with ultranarrow widths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5788–5791 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Budker, L. Hollberg, D. F. Kimball, J. Kitching, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Microwave transitions and nonlinear magneto-optical rotation in anti-relaxation-coated cells,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 012903 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. S. Guzman, A. Wojciechowski, J. E. Stalnaker, K. Tsigutkin, V. V. Yashchuk, and D. Budker, “Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation and Zeeman and hyperfine relaxation of potassium atoms in a paraffin-coated cell,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053415 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Klein, M. Hohensee, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in paraffin-coated vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 013826 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Kim and H. S. Moon, “Electromagnetically induced absorption with sub-kHz spectral width in a paraffin-coated Rb vapor cell,” Opt. Express 19, 168–174 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Bandi, C. Affolderbach, and G. Mileti, “Laser-pumped paraffin-coated cell rubidium frequency standard,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 124906 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Budker and M. Romalis, “Optical magnetometry,” Nat. Phys. 3, 227–234 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Klein, I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow light in paraffin-coated Rb vapour cells,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 2583–2591 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys. 7, 13–16 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. J. Yu, H. J. Lee, I.-H. Bae, H.-R. Noh, and H. S. Moon, “Level-crossing absorption with narrow spectral width in Rb vapor with buffer gas,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023416 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a four-state system,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011802 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153–1201 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Calculated Hanle transmission and absorption spectra of the 87Rb D1 line with residual magnetic field for arbitrarily polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033407 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

T. Bandi, C. Affolderbach, and G. Mileti, “Laser-pumped paraffin-coated cell rubidium frequency standard,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 124906 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

M. Klein, M. Hohensee, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in paraffin-coated vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 013826 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim and H. S. Moon, “Electromagnetically induced absorption with sub-kHz spectral width in a paraffin-coated Rb vapor cell,” Opt. Express 19, 168–174 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Calculated Hanle transmission and absorption spectra of the 87Rb D1 line with residual magnetic field for arbitrarily polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033407 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys. 7, 13–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Yu, H. J. Lee, I.-H. Bae, H.-R. Noh, and H. S. Moon, “Level-crossing absorption with narrow spectral width in Rb vapor with buffer gas,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

D. Budker and M. Romalis, “Optical magnetometry,” Nat. Phys. 3, 227–234 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

M. Klein, I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow light in paraffin-coated Rb vapour cells,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 2583–2591 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Guzman, A. Wojciechowski, J. E. Stalnaker, K. Tsigutkin, V. V. Yashchuk, and D. Budker, “Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation and Zeeman and hyperfine relaxation of potassium atoms in a paraffin-coated cell,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, L. Hollberg, D. F. Kimball, J. Kitching, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Microwave transitions and nonlinear magneto-optical rotation in anti-relaxation-coated cells,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 012903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Vanier, “Atomic clocks based on coherent population trapping,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 421–442 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153–1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a four-state system,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011802 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

D. Budker, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, “Nonlinear magneto-optic effects with ultranarrow widths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5788–5791 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 2996–3002 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Affolderbach, C.

T. Bandi, C. Affolderbach, and G. Mileti, “Laser-pumped paraffin-coated cell rubidium frequency standard,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 124906 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Akulshin, A. M.

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 2996–3002 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Alexandrov, E. B.

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Andreeva, C.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bae, I.-H.

Y. J. Yu, H. J. Lee, I.-H. Bae, H.-R. Noh, and H. S. Moon, “Level-crossing absorption with narrow spectral width in Rb vapor with buffer gas,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Balabas, M. V.

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bandi, T.

T. Bandi, C. Affolderbach, and G. Mileti, “Laser-pumped paraffin-coated cell rubidium frequency standard,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 124906 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Barreiro, S.

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 2996–3002 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Biancalana, V.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K. J.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Budker, D.

D. Budker and M. Romalis, “Optical magnetometry,” Nat. Phys. 3, 227–234 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Guzman, A. Wojciechowski, J. E. Stalnaker, K. Tsigutkin, V. V. Yashchuk, and D. Budker, “Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation and Zeeman and hyperfine relaxation of potassium atoms in a paraffin-coated cell,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, L. Hollberg, D. F. Kimball, J. Kitching, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Microwave transitions and nonlinear magneto-optical rotation in anti-relaxation-coated cells,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 012903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153–1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, “Nonlinear magneto-optic effects with ultranarrow widths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5788–5791 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Burchianti, A.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cartaleva, S.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dancheva, Y.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fernholz, T.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys. 7, 13–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gawlik, W.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153–1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Graf, M. T.

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guzman, J. S.

J. S. Guzman, A. Wojciechowski, J. E. Stalnaker, K. Tsigutkin, V. V. Yashchuk, and D. Budker, “Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation and Zeeman and hyperfine relaxation of potassium atoms in a paraffin-coated cell,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hohensee, M.

M. Klein, M. Hohensee, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in paraffin-coated vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 013826 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

D. Budker, L. Hollberg, D. F. Kimball, J. Kitching, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Microwave transitions and nonlinear magneto-optical rotation in anti-relaxation-coated cells,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 012903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Imamoglu, A.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, K.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys. 7, 13–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kerner, K.

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

Kimball, D. F.

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, L. Hollberg, D. F. Kimball, J. Kitching, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Microwave transitions and nonlinear magneto-optical rotation in anti-relaxation-coated cells,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 012903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153–1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kitching, J.

D. Budker, L. Hollberg, D. F. Kimball, J. Kitching, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Microwave transitions and nonlinear magneto-optical rotation in anti-relaxation-coated cells,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 012903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M.

M. Klein, M. Hohensee, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in paraffin-coated vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 013826 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Klein, I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow light in paraffin-coated Rb vapour cells,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 2583–2591 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krauter, H.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys. 7, 13–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. J.

Y. J. Yu, H. J. Lee, I.-H. Bae, H.-R. Noh, and H. S. Moon, “Level-crossing absorption with narrow spectral width in Rb vapor with buffer gas,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lezama, A.

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 2996–3002 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Marinelli, C.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mariotti, E.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mileti, G.

T. Bandi, C. Affolderbach, and G. Mileti, “Laser-pumped paraffin-coated cell rubidium frequency standard,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 124906 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Moi, L.

C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moon, H. S.

H. Kim and H. S. Moon, “Electromagnetically induced absorption with sub-kHz spectral width in a paraffin-coated Rb vapor cell,” Opt. Express 19, 168–174 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Calculated Hanle transmission and absorption spectra of the 87Rb D1 line with residual magnetic field for arbitrarily polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033407 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Yu, H. J. Lee, I.-H. Bae, H.-R. Noh, and H. S. Moon, “Level-crossing absorption with narrow spectral width in Rb vapor with buffer gas,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, B. M.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys. 7, 13–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Noh, H.-R.

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Calculated Hanle transmission and absorption spectra of the 87Rb D1 line with residual magnetic field for arbitrarily polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033407 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Yu, H. J. Lee, I.-H. Bae, H.-R. Noh, and H. S. Moon, “Level-crossing absorption with narrow spectral width in Rb vapor with buffer gas,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Novikova, I.

M. Klein, I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow light in paraffin-coated Rb vapour cells,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 2583–2591 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Owari, M.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys. 7, 13–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, D. F.

M. Klein, M. Hohensee, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in paraffin-coated vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 013826 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Klein, I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow light in paraffin-coated Rb vapour cells,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 2583–2591 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Plenio, M. B.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys. 7, 13–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Polzik, E. S.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys. 7, 13–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pustelny, S.

D. Budker, L. Hollberg, D. F. Kimball, J. Kitching, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Microwave transitions and nonlinear magneto-optical rotation in anti-relaxation-coated cells,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 012903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rochester, S. M.

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153–1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Romalis, M.

D. Budker and M. Romalis, “Optical magnetometry,” Nat. Phys. 3, 227–234 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Serafini, A.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys. 7, 13–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stalnaker, J. E.

J. S. Guzman, A. Wojciechowski, J. E. Stalnaker, K. Tsigutkin, V. V. Yashchuk, and D. Budker, “Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation and Zeeman and hyperfine relaxation of potassium atoms in a paraffin-coated cell,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Taichenachev, A. V.

A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a four-state system,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011802 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tsigutkin, K.

J. S. Guzman, A. Wojciechowski, J. E. Stalnaker, K. Tsigutkin, V. V. Yashchuk, and D. Budker, “Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation and Zeeman and hyperfine relaxation of potassium atoms in a paraffin-coated cell,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tumaikin, A. M.

A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a four-state system,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011802 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vanier, J.

J. Vanier, “Atomic clocks based on coherent population trapping,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 421–442 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Walsworth, R. L.

M. Klein, M. Hohensee, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in paraffin-coated vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 013826 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Klein, I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow light in paraffin-coated Rb vapour cells,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 2583–2591 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wasilewski, W.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys. 7, 13–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Weis, A.

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153–1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wojciechowski, A.

J. S. Guzman, A. Wojciechowski, J. E. Stalnaker, K. Tsigutkin, V. V. Yashchuk, and D. Budker, “Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation and Zeeman and hyperfine relaxation of potassium atoms in a paraffin-coated cell,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, M. M.

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys. 7, 13–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wong, C.

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yashchuk, V. V.

J. S. Guzman, A. Wojciechowski, J. E. Stalnaker, K. Tsigutkin, V. V. Yashchuk, and D. Budker, “Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation and Zeeman and hyperfine relaxation of potassium atoms in a paraffin-coated cell,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, L. Hollberg, D. F. Kimball, J. Kitching, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Microwave transitions and nonlinear magneto-optical rotation in anti-relaxation-coated cells,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 012903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153–1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, “Nonlinear magneto-optic effects with ultranarrow widths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5788–5791 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. J.

Y. J. Yu, H. J. Lee, I.-H. Bae, H.-R. Noh, and H. S. Moon, “Level-crossing absorption with narrow spectral width in Rb vapor with buffer gas,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a four-state system,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011802 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zolotorev, M.

D. Budker, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, “Nonlinear magneto-optic effects with ultranarrow widths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5788–5791 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Vanier, “Atomic clocks based on coherent population trapping,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 421–442 (2005).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Bandi, C. Affolderbach, and G. Mileti, “Laser-pumped paraffin-coated cell rubidium frequency standard,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 124906 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

M. Klein, I. Novikova, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Slow light in paraffin-coated Rb vapour cells,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 2583–2591 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (2)

K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik, “Quantum memory for entangled continuous-variable states,” Nat. Phys. 7, 13–16 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker and M. Romalis, “Optical magnetometry,” Nat. Phys. 3, 227–234 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. A (9)

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Calculated Hanle transmission and absorption spectra of the 87Rb D1 line with residual magnetic field for arbitrarily polarized light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033407 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Yu, H. J. Lee, I.-H. Bae, H.-R. Noh, and H. S. Moon, “Level-crossing absorption with narrow spectral width in Rb vapor with buffer gas,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Taichenachev, A. M. Tumaikin, and V. I. Yudin, “Electromagnetically induced absorption in a four-state system,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 011802 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Akulshin, S. Barreiro, and A. Lezama, “Electromagnetically induced absorption and transparency due to resonant two-field excitation of quasidegenerate levels in Rb vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 2996–3002 (1998).
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C. Andreeva, S. Cartaleva, Y. Dancheva, V. Biancalana, A. Burchianti, C. Marinelli, E. Mariotti, and L. Moi, “Coherent spectroscopy of degenerate two-level systems in Cs,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 012502 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker, L. Hollberg, D. F. Kimball, J. Kitching, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Microwave transitions and nonlinear magneto-optical rotation in anti-relaxation-coated cells,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 012903 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Guzman, A. Wojciechowski, J. E. Stalnaker, K. Tsigutkin, V. V. Yashchuk, and D. Budker, “Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation and Zeeman and hyperfine relaxation of potassium atoms in a paraffin-coated cell,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 053415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Klein, M. Hohensee, D. F. Phillips, and R. L. Walsworth, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in paraffin-coated vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 013826 (2011).
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K. J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
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D. Budker, V. V. Yashchuk, and M. Zolotorev, “Nonlinear magneto-optic effects with ultranarrow widths,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5788–5791 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

D. Budker, W. Gawlik, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, V. V. Yashchuk, and A. Weis, “Resonant nonlinear magneto-optical effects in atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 1153–1201 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Energy-level diagram for the 5S1/25P1/2 transitions of Rb87(I=3/2). The Zeeman sublevels of the 5S1/2(F=2)5P1/2(F=1) transition are given on the right. (b) Schematic of the experimental setup for CPT and MIA in the paraffin-coated vapor cell. ECLD, external cavity laser diode; IS, isolator; PBS, polarizer beam splitter; HWP, half-wave plate; QWP, quarter-wave plate; PD, photodiode; P, linear polarizer; SAS, saturated absorption spectroscopy.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Total CPT spectrum and (b) narrow Ramsey-CPT spectrum of the 5S1/2(F=2)5P1/2(F=1) transition of Rb87 in the paraffin-coated vapor cell, where the horizontal axis gives the longitudinal magnetic field generated by the solenoid coil.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transformation of the Ramsey-CPT into MIA in the paraffin-coated Rb vapor cell according to the laser polarization. The degree is the angle between the direction of linear polarization and the fast axis of the quarter-wave plate.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) MIA spectrum obtained with circular polarization in the Hanle configuration and (b) transition configurations between the Zeeman sublevels at longitudinal magnetic fields of 0 and 1.5 mG of the 5S1/2(F=2)5P1/2(F=1) transition of Rb87. The magnitudes of red-dot present the relative atomic populations of the Zeeman sublevels of the ground state.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Numerically calculated results showing (a) CPT interference fringes (upper curves) for various atomic velocities and the integrated CPT spectrum (lower curve) and (b) MIA signals (upper curves) for various atomic velocities and the integrated MIA (lower curve).

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