Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrate novel properties in the phenomenology of supercontinuum generation in sapphire with diffractive lenses and provide a complete spatial, spectral, and temporal characterization of the so-generated pulses. Filament formation inside the sample is analyzed and related to the measured spectra, finding that clipping of the filament results in blueshifted spectra. For comparison, filament formation with refractive lenses is also examined, and the roles of diffraction and extension of the focusing region are inspected. The tunability achieved in the anti-Stokes side of the spectrum is also extended to the ultraviolet by frequency mixing with infrared femtosecond pulses.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-μJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 561–574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Systematic study of highly efficient white light generation in transparent materials using intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 61–66 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

M. Ziolek, R. Naskrecki, and J. Karolczak, “Some temporal and spectral properties of femtosecond supercontinuum important in pump-probe spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 241, 221–229 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Urey, “Spot size, depth-of-focus, and diffraction ring intensity formulas for truncated Gaussian beams,” Appl. Opt. 43, 620–625 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (5)

P. Tzankov, T. Fiebig, and I. Buchvarov, “Tunable femtosecond pulses in the near-ultraviolet from ultrabroadband amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 517–519 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Fang and T. Kobayashi, “Evolution of a super-broadened spectrum in filament generated by an ultrashort intense laser pulse in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 167–170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Physical factors limiting the spectral extent and band gap dependence of supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 043905 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wu, H. Jiang, Q. Sun, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Filamentation and temporal reshaping of a femtosecond pulse in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 063820 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1–18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, J. Klebniczki, M. Csatári, and I. N. Ross, “Demonstration of high gain amplification of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1704–1706 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Nagura, A. Suda, H. Kawano, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Generation and characterization of ultrafast white-light continuum in condensed media,” Appl. Opt. 41, 3735–3742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

F. Rotermund and V. Petrov, “Generation of the fourth harmonic of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1040–1042 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Band-gap dependence of the ultrafast white-light continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4406–4409 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

V. Moreno, J. F. Román, and J. R. Salgueiro, “High efficiency diffractive lenses: deduction of kinoform profile,” Am. J. Phys. 65, 556–562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

Q. Xing, K. M. Yoo, and R. R. Alfano, “Conical emission by four-photon parametric generation by using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2087–2089 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Baronavski, H. D. Ladouceur, and J. K. Shaw, “Analysis of cross correlation, phase velocity mismatch, and group velocity mismatches in sum-frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 580–589 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Emission in the region 4000 to 7000 A via four-photon coupling in glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584–587 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1961 (1)

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

Alonso, B.

Andrés, P.

Ashcom, J. B.

Averchi, A.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baronavski, A. P.

A. P. Baronavski, H. D. Ladouceur, and J. K. Shaw, “Analysis of cross correlation, phase velocity mismatch, and group velocity mismatches in sum-frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 580–589 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Baum, P.

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-μJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 561–574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Borrego-Varillas, R.

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2008).

Bradler, M.

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-μJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 561–574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brodeur, A.

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast white-light continuum generation and self-focusing in transparent condensed media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 637–650 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Band-gap dependence of the ultrafast white-light continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4406–4409 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Buchvarov, I.

P. Tzankov, T. Fiebig, and I. Buchvarov, “Tunable femtosecond pulses in the near-ultraviolet from ultrabroadband amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 517–519 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Camino, A.

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1–18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chekalin, S. V.

Chin, S. L.

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast white-light continuum generation and self-focusing in transparent condensed media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 637–650 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Band-gap dependence of the ultrafast white-light continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4406–4409 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Climent, V.

Couairon, A.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Csatári, M.

K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, J. Klebniczki, M. Csatári, and I. N. Ross, “Demonstration of high gain amplification of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1704–1706 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dachraoui, H.

H. Dachraoui, C. Oberer, M. Michelswirth, and U. Heinzmann, “Direct time-domain observation of laser pulse filaments in transparent media,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 043820 (2010).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1–18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dharmadhikari, A. K.

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Systematic study of highly efficient white light generation in transparent materials using intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 61–66 (2005).
[CrossRef]

di Trapani, P.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dormidonov, A. E.

Faccio, D.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fang, X.

X. Fang and T. Kobayashi, “Evolution of a super-broadened spectrum in filament generated by an ultrashort intense laser pulse in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 167–170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fiebig, T.

P. Tzankov, T. Fiebig, and I. Buchvarov, “Tunable femtosecond pulses in the near-ultraviolet from ultrabroadband amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 517–519 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Franken, P. A.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Gattass, R. R.

Gong, Q.

Z. Wu, H. Jiang, Q. Sun, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Filamentation and temporal reshaping of a femtosecond pulse in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 063820 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heinzmann, U.

H. Dachraoui, C. Oberer, M. Michelswirth, and U. Heinzmann, “Direct time-domain observation of laser pulse filaments in transparent media,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 043820 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hernández-Toro, J.

Hill, A. E.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

Z. Wu, H. Jiang, Q. Sun, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Filamentation and temporal reshaping of a femtosecond pulse in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 063820 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kandidov, V. P.

Karolczak, J.

M. Ziolek, R. Naskrecki, and J. Karolczak, “Some temporal and spectral properties of femtosecond supercontinuum important in pump-probe spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 241, 221–229 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kartazaev, V.

Katona, G.

M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Physical factors limiting the spectral extent and band gap dependence of supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 043905 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kawano, H.

Klebniczki, J.

K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, J. Klebniczki, M. Csatári, and I. N. Ross, “Demonstration of high gain amplification of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1704–1706 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

X. Fang and T. Kobayashi, “Evolution of a super-broadened spectrum in filament generated by an ultrashort intense laser pulse in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 167–170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kolesik, M.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Physical factors limiting the spectral extent and band gap dependence of supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 043905 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kompanets, V. O.

Kurdi, G.

K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, J. Klebniczki, M. Csatári, and I. N. Ross, “Demonstration of high gain amplification of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1704–1706 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ladouceur, H. D.

A. P. Baronavski, H. D. Ladouceur, and J. K. Shaw, “Analysis of cross correlation, phase velocity mismatch, and group velocity mismatches in sum-frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 580–589 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lancis, J.

Lotti, A.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martí-López, L.

Mathur, D.

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Systematic study of highly efficient white light generation in transparent materials using intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 61–66 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

Méndez, C.

Mendoza-Yero, O.

Michelswirth, M.

H. Dachraoui, C. Oberer, M. Michelswirth, and U. Heinzmann, “Direct time-domain observation of laser pulse filaments in transparent media,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 043820 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

Minguez-Vega, G.

Mínguez-Vega, G.

Moloney, J. V.

D. Faccio, A. Averchi, A. Lotti, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, A. Couairon, and P. di Trapani, “Generation and control of extreme blueshifted continuum peaks in optical Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033825 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Physical factors limiting the spectral extent and band gap dependence of supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 043905 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, V.

V. Moreno, J. F. Román, and J. R. Salgueiro, “High efficiency diffractive lenses: deduction of kinoform profile,” Am. J. Phys. 65, 556–562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nagura, C.

Naskrecki, R.

M. Ziolek, R. Naskrecki, and J. Karolczak, “Some temporal and spectral properties of femtosecond supercontinuum important in pump-probe spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 241, 221–229 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Obara, M.

Oberer, C.

H. Dachraoui, C. Oberer, M. Michelswirth, and U. Heinzmann, “Direct time-domain observation of laser pulse filaments in transparent media,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 043820 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Osvay, K.

K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, J. Klebniczki, M. Csatári, and I. N. Ross, “Demonstration of high gain amplification of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1704–1706 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peters, C. W.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Rajgara, F. A.

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Systematic study of highly efficient white light generation in transparent materials using intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 61–66 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ramos de Campos, J. A.

Riedle, E.

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-μJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 561–574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Román, J. F.

V. Moreno, J. F. Román, and J. R. Salgueiro, “High efficiency diffractive lenses: deduction of kinoform profile,” Am. J. Phys. 65, 556–562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Romero, C.

Roso, L.

Ross, I. N.

K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, J. Klebniczki, M. Csatári, and I. N. Ross, “Demonstration of high gain amplification of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1704–1706 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

Salgueiro, J. R.

V. Moreno, J. F. Román, and J. R. Salgueiro, “High efficiency diffractive lenses: deduction of kinoform profile,” Am. J. Phys. 65, 556–562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

San Román, J.

Shaffer, C. B.

Shapiro, S. L.

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Emission in the region 4000 to 7000 A via four-photon coupling in glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584–587 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, J. K.

A. P. Baronavski, H. D. Ladouceur, and J. K. Shaw, “Analysis of cross correlation, phase velocity mismatch, and group velocity mismatches in sum-frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 580–589 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Smetanina, E. O.

Sola, I. J.

Suda, A.

Sun, Q.

Z. Wu, H. Jiang, Q. Sun, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Filamentation and temporal reshaping of a femtosecond pulse in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 063820 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tzankov, P.

P. Tzankov, T. Fiebig, and I. Buchvarov, “Tunable femtosecond pulses in the near-ultraviolet from ultrabroadband amplification,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 517–519 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Urey, H.

Vázquez de Aldana, J. R.

Weinreich, G.

P. A. Franken, A. E. Hill, C. W. Peters, and G. Weinreich, “Generation of optical harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118–119 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

M. Kolesik, G. Katona, J. V. Moloney, and E. M. Wright, “Physical factors limiting the spectral extent and band gap dependence of supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 043905 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z.

Z. Wu, H. Jiang, Q. Sun, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Filamentation and temporal reshaping of a femtosecond pulse in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 063820 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xing, Q.

Yang, H.

Z. Wu, H. Jiang, Q. Sun, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, “Filamentation and temporal reshaping of a femtosecond pulse in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 063820 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, K. M.

Ziolek, M.

M. Ziolek, R. Naskrecki, and J. Karolczak, “Some temporal and spectral properties of femtosecond supercontinuum important in pump-probe spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 241, 221–229 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Am. J. Phys. (1)

V. Moreno, J. F. Román, and J. R. Salgueiro, “High efficiency diffractive lenses: deduction of kinoform profile,” Am. J. Phys. 65, 556–562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

A. K. Dharmadhikari, F. A. Rajgara, and D. Mathur, “Systematic study of highly efficient white light generation in transparent materials using intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 61–66 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Fang and T. Kobayashi, “Evolution of a super-broadened spectrum in filament generated by an ultrashort intense laser pulse in fused silica,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 167–170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Bradler, P. Baum, and E. Riedle, “Femtosecond continuum generation in bulk laser host materials with sub-μJ pump pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 561–574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, J. Klebniczki, M. Csatári, and I. N. Ross, “Demonstration of high gain amplification of femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1704–1706 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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