Abstract

In this paper, we design a polarization splitter by combining a photonic crystal waveguide and internal polarization-selective rods leading to a spatial separation of two orthogonal polarizations for mid-infrared applications. The performance of the splitter is investigated by tuning the length of the polarization-selection rods or defect rods for both the polarization extinction ratio (PER) and degree of polarization (DoP). At optimized parameter of the selective rods, the DoP obtained a high value as 1 and the PER obtained a higher value greater than 30 dB for both TE- and TM-polarized lights.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. R. Villeneuve and M. Piche, “Photonic band gaps in two-dimensional square and hexagonal lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 4969–4972 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. R. Villeneuve and M. Piche, “Photonic band gaps in two-dimensional square lattices-square and circular rods,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 4973–4975 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P.-K. Wei and W. Wang, “A TE-TM mode splitter on lithium niobate using Ti, Ni, and MgO diffusions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 245–248 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. B. Soldano, A. H. Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, “Mach–Zehnder interferometer polarization splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402–405 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Rostami, F. Nazari, H. Alipour, and A. Bahrami, “A novel proposal for DWDM design using modified-T photonic crystal structure,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 8, 14–22 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Jia, L. Y. Jiang, K. Chen, and X. Y. Li, “Design of photonic crystal power beam splitters via grating-like surfaces,” Opt. Commun. 283, 4078–4084 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. Zabelin, L. A. Dunbar, N. L. Thomas, and R. Houdre, “Self-collimating photonic crystal polarization beam splitter” Opt. Lett. 32, 530–532 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. B. Yu, X. Q. Jiang, Q. H. Liao, W. Qi, J. Y. Yang, and M. H. Wang, “Self-imaging effect in photonic crystal multimode waveguides exhibiting no band gaps,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 690–692 (2007).
  9. Y. Y. Tsuji, Y. Morita, and K. Hirayama, “Photonic crystal waveguide based on 2-D photonic crystal with absolute photonic band gap,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 982–984, (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. R. Solli, C. F. McCormick, R. Y. Chiao, and J. M. Hickmann, “Photonic crystal polarizers and polarizing beam splitters,” J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9429–9431 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. K. Mondal and B. J. H. Stadler, “Novel designs for integrating YIG/Air photonic crystal slab polarizers with waveguide faraday rotators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 127–129 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Cassagne, C. Jouanin, and D. Bertho, “Hexagonal photonic-band-gap structures,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 7134–7142 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Z. Y. Li, B. Y. Gu, and G. Z. Yang, “Large absolute band gap in 2D anisotropic photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2574–2577 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. W. Wang, W. Lu, X. S. Chen, M. Zhou, and X. C. Shen, “Photonic band gap in two-dimensional anisotropic photonic crystal with rectangular bars,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 24, 963–971 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. M. Anderson and K. P. Giapis, “Larger two-dimensional photonic band gaps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2949–2952 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Trifonov, L. F. Marsal, A. Rodŕıguez, J. Pallaŕes, and R. Alcubilla, “Effects of symmetry reduction in two dimensional square and triangular lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235112 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. N. Malkova, S. Kim, T. Dilazaro, and V. Gopalon, “Symmetrical analysis of complex two-dimensional hexagonal photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 125203 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. P. Chang and S. L. Yang, “Photonic band gap of two-dimensional triangular photonic crystals with broken structural and rotational symmetries,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 073104 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. T. Pan and Z. Y. Li, “The effect of etching interfacial layers on the absolute photonic band gap in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Solid State Commun. 128, 187–191 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. T. Trifonov, L. F. Marsal, A. Rodriguez, J. Pallares, and R. Alcubilla, “Analysis of photonic band gap in two dimensional photonic crystals with rods covered by a thin interfacial layer,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 195108 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  21. T. Pan, F. Zhuang, and Z. Y. Li, “Absolute photonic band gaps in a two-dimensional photonic crystal with hollow anisotropic rods,” Solid State Commun. 129, 501–506 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  22. B. Rezaei and M. Klafi, “Engineering absolute band gap in anisotropic hexagonal photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 266, 159–163 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Eckhardt, C. Bruzzone, D. Aastuen, and J. Ma, “3M PBS for high-performance LCOS optical engine,” Proc. SPIE 5002, 106–110 (2003).
  24. G. D. Bernard and R. Wehner, “Functional similarities between polarization vision and color vision,” Vision Res. 17, 1019–1028 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  25. T. W. Cronin, N. Shashar, R. L. Caldwell, J. Marshall, A. G. Cheroske, and T.-H. Chiou, “Polarization vision and its role in biological signaling,” Integr. Comp. Biol. 43, 549–558 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  26. Y.-D. Wu, H.-Y. Jiang, J.-J. Lee, T.-T. Shih, and C.-L. Liu, “New design of the polarization beam splitter based on photonic crystals,” in the 16th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) (IEEE, 2011).
  27. R. K. Sinha and Y. Kalra, “Design of photonic bandgap polarizer,” Opt. Eng. Lett. 45, 110503 (2006).

2010

A. Rostami, F. Nazari, H. Alipour, and A. Bahrami, “A novel proposal for DWDM design using modified-T photonic crystal structure,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 8, 14–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Jia, L. Y. Jiang, K. Chen, and X. Y. Li, “Design of photonic crystal power beam splitters via grating-like surfaces,” Opt. Commun. 283, 4078–4084 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

Y. Y. Tsuji, Y. Morita, and K. Hirayama, “Photonic crystal waveguide based on 2-D photonic crystal with absolute photonic band gap,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 982–984, (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

R. K. Sinha and Y. Kalra, “Design of photonic bandgap polarizer,” Opt. Eng. Lett. 45, 110503 (2006).

K. P. Chang and S. L. Yang, “Photonic band gap of two-dimensional triangular photonic crystals with broken structural and rotational symmetries,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 073104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Rezaei and M. Klafi, “Engineering absolute band gap in anisotropic hexagonal photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 266, 159–163 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

S. K. Mondal and B. J. H. Stadler, “Novel designs for integrating YIG/Air photonic crystal slab polarizers with waveguide faraday rotators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 127–129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

T. Trifonov, L. F. Marsal, A. Rodŕıguez, J. Pallaŕes, and R. Alcubilla, “Effects of symmetry reduction in two dimensional square and triangular lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235112 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Trifonov, L. F. Marsal, A. Rodriguez, J. Pallares, and R. Alcubilla, “Analysis of photonic band gap in two dimensional photonic crystals with rods covered by a thin interfacial layer,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 195108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Pan, F. Zhuang, and Z. Y. Li, “Absolute photonic band gaps in a two-dimensional photonic crystal with hollow anisotropic rods,” Solid State Commun. 129, 501–506 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

T. Pan and Z. Y. Li, “The effect of etching interfacial layers on the absolute photonic band gap in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Solid State Commun. 128, 187–191 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Eckhardt, C. Bruzzone, D. Aastuen, and J. Ma, “3M PBS for high-performance LCOS optical engine,” Proc. SPIE 5002, 106–110 (2003).

T. W. Cronin, N. Shashar, R. L. Caldwell, J. Marshall, A. G. Cheroske, and T.-H. Chiou, “Polarization vision and its role in biological signaling,” Integr. Comp. Biol. 43, 549–558 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Malkova, S. Kim, T. Dilazaro, and V. Gopalon, “Symmetrical analysis of complex two-dimensional hexagonal photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 125203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Wang, W. Lu, X. S. Chen, M. Zhou, and X. C. Shen, “Photonic band gap in two-dimensional anisotropic photonic crystal with rectangular bars,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 24, 963–971 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. F. McCormick, R. Y. Chiao, and J. M. Hickmann, “Photonic crystal polarizers and polarizing beam splitters,” J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9429–9431 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998

Z. Y. Li, B. Y. Gu, and G. Z. Yang, “Large absolute band gap in 2D anisotropic photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2574–2577 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

D. Cassagne, C. Jouanin, and D. Bertho, “Hexagonal photonic-band-gap structures,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 7134–7142 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Anderson and K. P. Giapis, “Larger two-dimensional photonic band gaps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2949–2952 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

P.-K. Wei and W. Wang, “A TE-TM mode splitter on lithium niobate using Ti, Ni, and MgO diffusions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 245–248 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Soldano, A. H. Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, “Mach–Zehnder interferometer polarization splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402–405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

P. R. Villeneuve and M. Piche, “Photonic band gaps in two-dimensional square and hexagonal lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 4969–4972 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Villeneuve and M. Piche, “Photonic band gaps in two-dimensional square lattices-square and circular rods,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 4973–4975 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1977

G. D. Bernard and R. Wehner, “Functional similarities between polarization vision and color vision,” Vision Res. 17, 1019–1028 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Aastuen, D.

S. Eckhardt, C. Bruzzone, D. Aastuen, and J. Ma, “3M PBS for high-performance LCOS optical engine,” Proc. SPIE 5002, 106–110 (2003).

Alcubilla, R.

T. Trifonov, L. F. Marsal, A. Rodŕıguez, J. Pallaŕes, and R. Alcubilla, “Effects of symmetry reduction in two dimensional square and triangular lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235112 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Trifonov, L. F. Marsal, A. Rodriguez, J. Pallares, and R. Alcubilla, “Analysis of photonic band gap in two dimensional photonic crystals with rods covered by a thin interfacial layer,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 195108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Alipour, H.

A. Rostami, F. Nazari, H. Alipour, and A. Bahrami, “A novel proposal for DWDM design using modified-T photonic crystal structure,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 8, 14–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, C. M.

C. M. Anderson and K. P. Giapis, “Larger two-dimensional photonic band gaps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2949–2952 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bahrami, A.

A. Rostami, F. Nazari, H. Alipour, and A. Bahrami, “A novel proposal for DWDM design using modified-T photonic crystal structure,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 8, 14–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bernard, G. D.

G. D. Bernard and R. Wehner, “Functional similarities between polarization vision and color vision,” Vision Res. 17, 1019–1028 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bertho, D.

D. Cassagne, C. Jouanin, and D. Bertho, “Hexagonal photonic-band-gap structures,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 7134–7142 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bruzzone, C.

S. Eckhardt, C. Bruzzone, D. Aastuen, and J. Ma, “3M PBS for high-performance LCOS optical engine,” Proc. SPIE 5002, 106–110 (2003).

Caldwell, R. L.

T. W. Cronin, N. Shashar, R. L. Caldwell, J. Marshall, A. G. Cheroske, and T.-H. Chiou, “Polarization vision and its role in biological signaling,” Integr. Comp. Biol. 43, 549–558 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cassagne, D.

D. Cassagne, C. Jouanin, and D. Bertho, “Hexagonal photonic-band-gap structures,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 7134–7142 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chang, K. P.

K. P. Chang and S. L. Yang, “Photonic band gap of two-dimensional triangular photonic crystals with broken structural and rotational symmetries,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 073104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K.

W. Jia, L. Y. Jiang, K. Chen, and X. Y. Li, “Design of photonic crystal power beam splitters via grating-like surfaces,” Opt. Commun. 283, 4078–4084 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. S.

S. W. Wang, W. Lu, X. S. Chen, M. Zhou, and X. C. Shen, “Photonic band gap in two-dimensional anisotropic photonic crystal with rectangular bars,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 24, 963–971 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cheroske, A. G.

T. W. Cronin, N. Shashar, R. L. Caldwell, J. Marshall, A. G. Cheroske, and T.-H. Chiou, “Polarization vision and its role in biological signaling,” Integr. Comp. Biol. 43, 549–558 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chiao, R. Y.

D. R. Solli, C. F. McCormick, R. Y. Chiao, and J. M. Hickmann, “Photonic crystal polarizers and polarizing beam splitters,” J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9429–9431 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chiou, T.-H.

T. W. Cronin, N. Shashar, R. L. Caldwell, J. Marshall, A. G. Cheroske, and T.-H. Chiou, “Polarization vision and its role in biological signaling,” Integr. Comp. Biol. 43, 549–558 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cronin, T. W.

T. W. Cronin, N. Shashar, R. L. Caldwell, J. Marshall, A. G. Cheroske, and T.-H. Chiou, “Polarization vision and its role in biological signaling,” Integr. Comp. Biol. 43, 549–558 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dilazaro, T.

N. Malkova, S. Kim, T. Dilazaro, and V. Gopalon, “Symmetrical analysis of complex two-dimensional hexagonal photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 125203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dunbar, L. A.

Eckhardt, S.

S. Eckhardt, C. Bruzzone, D. Aastuen, and J. Ma, “3M PBS for high-performance LCOS optical engine,” Proc. SPIE 5002, 106–110 (2003).

Giapis, K. P.

C. M. Anderson and K. P. Giapis, “Larger two-dimensional photonic band gaps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 2949–2952 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gopalon, V.

N. Malkova, S. Kim, T. Dilazaro, and V. Gopalon, “Symmetrical analysis of complex two-dimensional hexagonal photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 125203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Groen, F. H.

L. B. Soldano, A. H. Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, “Mach–Zehnder interferometer polarization splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402–405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gu, B. Y.

Z. Y. Li, B. Y. Gu, and G. Z. Yang, “Large absolute band gap in 2D anisotropic photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2574–2577 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hickmann, J. M.

D. R. Solli, C. F. McCormick, R. Y. Chiao, and J. M. Hickmann, “Photonic crystal polarizers and polarizing beam splitters,” J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9429–9431 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hirayama, K.

Y. Y. Tsuji, Y. Morita, and K. Hirayama, “Photonic crystal waveguide based on 2-D photonic crystal with absolute photonic band gap,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 982–984, (2008).
[CrossRef]

Houdre, R.

Jia, W.

W. Jia, L. Y. Jiang, K. Chen, and X. Y. Li, “Design of photonic crystal power beam splitters via grating-like surfaces,” Opt. Commun. 283, 4078–4084 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.-Y.

Y.-D. Wu, H.-Y. Jiang, J.-J. Lee, T.-T. Shih, and C.-L. Liu, “New design of the polarization beam splitter based on photonic crystals,” in the 16th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) (IEEE, 2011).

Jiang, L. Y.

W. Jia, L. Y. Jiang, K. Chen, and X. Y. Li, “Design of photonic crystal power beam splitters via grating-like surfaces,” Opt. Commun. 283, 4078–4084 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X. Q.

Jouanin, C.

D. Cassagne, C. Jouanin, and D. Bertho, “Hexagonal photonic-band-gap structures,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 7134–7142 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kalra, Y.

R. K. Sinha and Y. Kalra, “Design of photonic bandgap polarizer,” Opt. Eng. Lett. 45, 110503 (2006).

Kim, S.

N. Malkova, S. Kim, T. Dilazaro, and V. Gopalon, “Symmetrical analysis of complex two-dimensional hexagonal photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 125203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Klafi, M.

B. Rezaei and M. Klafi, “Engineering absolute band gap in anisotropic hexagonal photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 266, 159–163 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-J.

Y.-D. Wu, H.-Y. Jiang, J.-J. Lee, T.-T. Shih, and C.-L. Liu, “New design of the polarization beam splitter based on photonic crystals,” in the 16th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) (IEEE, 2011).

Li, X. Y.

W. Jia, L. Y. Jiang, K. Chen, and X. Y. Li, “Design of photonic crystal power beam splitters via grating-like surfaces,” Opt. Commun. 283, 4078–4084 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z. Y.

T. Pan, F. Zhuang, and Z. Y. Li, “Absolute photonic band gaps in a two-dimensional photonic crystal with hollow anisotropic rods,” Solid State Commun. 129, 501–506 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Pan and Z. Y. Li, “The effect of etching interfacial layers on the absolute photonic band gap in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Solid State Commun. 128, 187–191 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Li, B. Y. Gu, and G. Z. Yang, “Large absolute band gap in 2D anisotropic photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2574–2577 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Q. H.

Liu, C.-L.

Y.-D. Wu, H.-Y. Jiang, J.-J. Lee, T.-T. Shih, and C.-L. Liu, “New design of the polarization beam splitter based on photonic crystals,” in the 16th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) (IEEE, 2011).

Lu, W.

S. W. Wang, W. Lu, X. S. Chen, M. Zhou, and X. C. Shen, “Photonic band gap in two-dimensional anisotropic photonic crystal with rectangular bars,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 24, 963–971 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

S. Eckhardt, C. Bruzzone, D. Aastuen, and J. Ma, “3M PBS for high-performance LCOS optical engine,” Proc. SPIE 5002, 106–110 (2003).

Malkova, N.

N. Malkova, S. Kim, T. Dilazaro, and V. Gopalon, “Symmetrical analysis of complex two-dimensional hexagonal photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 125203 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Marsal, L. F.

T. Trifonov, L. F. Marsal, A. Rodriguez, J. Pallares, and R. Alcubilla, “Analysis of photonic band gap in two dimensional photonic crystals with rods covered by a thin interfacial layer,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 195108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Trifonov, L. F. Marsal, A. Rodŕıguez, J. Pallaŕes, and R. Alcubilla, “Effects of symmetry reduction in two dimensional square and triangular lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235112 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, J.

T. W. Cronin, N. Shashar, R. L. Caldwell, J. Marshall, A. G. Cheroske, and T.-H. Chiou, “Polarization vision and its role in biological signaling,” Integr. Comp. Biol. 43, 549–558 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McCormick, C. F.

D. R. Solli, C. F. McCormick, R. Y. Chiao, and J. M. Hickmann, “Photonic crystal polarizers and polarizing beam splitters,” J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9429–9431 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Metaal, E. G.

L. B. Soldano, A. H. Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, “Mach–Zehnder interferometer polarization splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402–405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mondal, S. K.

S. K. Mondal and B. J. H. Stadler, “Novel designs for integrating YIG/Air photonic crystal slab polarizers with waveguide faraday rotators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 127–129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Morita, Y.

Y. Y. Tsuji, Y. Morita, and K. Hirayama, “Photonic crystal waveguide based on 2-D photonic crystal with absolute photonic band gap,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 982–984, (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nazari, F.

A. Rostami, F. Nazari, H. Alipour, and A. Bahrami, “A novel proposal for DWDM design using modified-T photonic crystal structure,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 8, 14–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pallares, J.

T. Trifonov, L. F. Marsal, A. Rodŕıguez, J. Pallaŕes, and R. Alcubilla, “Effects of symmetry reduction in two dimensional square and triangular lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235112 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Trifonov, L. F. Marsal, A. Rodriguez, J. Pallares, and R. Alcubilla, “Analysis of photonic band gap in two dimensional photonic crystals with rods covered by a thin interfacial layer,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 195108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pan, T.

T. Pan, F. Zhuang, and Z. Y. Li, “Absolute photonic band gaps in a two-dimensional photonic crystal with hollow anisotropic rods,” Solid State Commun. 129, 501–506 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Pan and Z. Y. Li, “The effect of etching interfacial layers on the absolute photonic band gap in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Solid State Commun. 128, 187–191 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Piche, M.

P. R. Villeneuve and M. Piche, “Photonic band gaps in two-dimensional square and hexagonal lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 4969–4972 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Villeneuve and M. Piche, “Photonic band gaps in two-dimensional square lattices-square and circular rods,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 4973–4975 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Qi, W.

Rezaei, B.

B. Rezaei and M. Klafi, “Engineering absolute band gap in anisotropic hexagonal photonic crystals,” Opt. Commun. 266, 159–163 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, A.

T. Trifonov, L. F. Marsal, A. Rodŕıguez, J. Pallaŕes, and R. Alcubilla, “Effects of symmetry reduction in two dimensional square and triangular lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235112 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Trifonov, L. F. Marsal, A. Rodriguez, J. Pallares, and R. Alcubilla, “Analysis of photonic band gap in two dimensional photonic crystals with rods covered by a thin interfacial layer,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 195108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rostami, A.

A. Rostami, F. Nazari, H. Alipour, and A. Bahrami, “A novel proposal for DWDM design using modified-T photonic crystal structure,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Applic. 8, 14–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shashar, N.

T. W. Cronin, N. Shashar, R. L. Caldwell, J. Marshall, A. G. Cheroske, and T.-H. Chiou, “Polarization vision and its role in biological signaling,” Integr. Comp. Biol. 43, 549–558 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shen, X. C.

S. W. Wang, W. Lu, X. S. Chen, M. Zhou, and X. C. Shen, “Photonic band gap in two-dimensional anisotropic photonic crystal with rectangular bars,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 24, 963–971 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shih, T.-T.

Y.-D. Wu, H.-Y. Jiang, J.-J. Lee, T.-T. Shih, and C.-L. Liu, “New design of the polarization beam splitter based on photonic crystals,” in the 16th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) (IEEE, 2011).

Sinha, R. K.

R. K. Sinha and Y. Kalra, “Design of photonic bandgap polarizer,” Opt. Eng. Lett. 45, 110503 (2006).

Smit, M. K.

L. B. Soldano, A. H. Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, “Mach–Zehnder interferometer polarization splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402–405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Soldano, L. B.

L. B. Soldano, A. H. Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, “Mach–Zehnder interferometer polarization splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402–405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Solli, D. R.

D. R. Solli, C. F. McCormick, R. Y. Chiao, and J. M. Hickmann, “Photonic crystal polarizers and polarizing beam splitters,” J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9429–9431 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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P.-K. Wei and W. Wang, “A TE-TM mode splitter on lithium niobate using Ti, Ni, and MgO diffusions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 245–248 (1994).
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Wu, Y.-D.

Y.-D. Wu, H.-Y. Jiang, J.-J. Lee, T.-T. Shih, and C.-L. Liu, “New design of the polarization beam splitter based on photonic crystals,” in the 16th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) (IEEE, 2011).

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Z. Y. Li, B. Y. Gu, and G. Z. Yang, “Large absolute band gap in 2D anisotropic photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 2574–2577 (1998).
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Zabelin, V.

Zhou, M.

S. W. Wang, W. Lu, X. S. Chen, M. Zhou, and X. C. Shen, “Photonic band gap in two-dimensional anisotropic photonic crystal with rectangular bars,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 24, 963–971 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

P.-K. Wei and W. Wang, “A TE-TM mode splitter on lithium niobate using Ti, Ni, and MgO diffusions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 245–248 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Soldano, A. H. Vreede, M. K. Smit, B. H. Verbeek, E. G. Metaal, and F. H. Groen, “Mach–Zehnder interferometer polarization splitter in InGaAsP/InP,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 402–405 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Tsuji, Y. Morita, and K. Hirayama, “Photonic crystal waveguide based on 2-D photonic crystal with absolute photonic band gap,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 982–984, (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Mondal and B. J. H. Stadler, “Novel designs for integrating YIG/Air photonic crystal slab polarizers with waveguide faraday rotators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 127–129 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves

S. W. Wang, W. Lu, X. S. Chen, M. Zhou, and X. C. Shen, “Photonic band gap in two-dimensional anisotropic photonic crystal with rectangular bars,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 24, 963–971 (2003).
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J. Appl. Phys.

K. P. Chang and S. L. Yang, “Photonic band gap of two-dimensional triangular photonic crystals with broken structural and rotational symmetries,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 073104 (2006).
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[CrossRef]

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R. K. Sinha and Y. Kalra, “Design of photonic bandgap polarizer,” Opt. Eng. Lett. 45, 110503 (2006).

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Phys. Rev. B

P. R. Villeneuve and M. Piche, “Photonic band gaps in two-dimensional square and hexagonal lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 4969–4972 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Villeneuve and M. Piche, “Photonic band gaps in two-dimensional square lattices-square and circular rods,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 4973–4975 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. Trifonov, L. F. Marsal, A. Rodriguez, J. Pallares, and R. Alcubilla, “Analysis of photonic band gap in two dimensional photonic crystals with rods covered by a thin interfacial layer,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 195108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Cassagne, C. Jouanin, and D. Bertho, “Hexagonal photonic-band-gap structures,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 7134–7142 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Trifonov, L. F. Marsal, A. Rodŕıguez, J. Pallaŕes, and R. Alcubilla, “Effects of symmetry reduction in two dimensional square and triangular lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 235112 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Solid State Commun.

T. Pan, F. Zhuang, and Z. Y. Li, “Absolute photonic band gaps in a two-dimensional photonic crystal with hollow anisotropic rods,” Solid State Commun. 129, 501–506 (2004).
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T. Pan and Z. Y. Li, “The effect of etching interfacial layers on the absolute photonic band gap in two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Solid State Commun. 128, 187–191 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vision Res.

G. D. Bernard and R. Wehner, “Functional similarities between polarization vision and color vision,” Vision Res. 17, 1019–1028 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Other

Y.-D. Wu, H.-Y. Jiang, J.-J. Lee, T.-T. Shih, and C.-L. Liu, “New design of the polarization beam splitter based on photonic crystals,” in the 16th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC) (IEEE, 2011).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of a polarization beam splitter in a two-dimensional PhC with a square lattice composed of tellurium rods with air holes.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Band diagram for the PBG structure composed of solid tellurium rods. The dotted blue and dotted red lines represent the bands of TE and TM polarizations, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Band diagram for the PBG structure composed of tellurium material rods with air holes. The dotted blue and dotted red lines represent the polarization bands of TE and TM polarizations, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Length of the defect rods variation at 3.63 μm with (a) DoP and (b) PER. Dotted and solid lines are for TM and TE waves, respectively.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Effect of frequency on (a) DoP and (b) PER. Defect rods length at port 2 and port 3 are chosen to be 0.33a and 0.5a, respectively.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Snapshot wave propagation by PhC polarization splitter at 3.69 μm for (a) TE mode (TE passed and TM blocked) and (b) TM mode (TM passed and TE blocked).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Output average transmittance profile over the bandgap frequency range with solid line for TE mode at port 3 and dotted line TM mode at port 2.

Equations (2)

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εeffTE=Ωεe(r)·Ez2(r)d2rΩEz2(r)d2rneffTE=εeffTE,
εeffTM=Ωε02(r)·Ex,y2(r)d2rΩε0(r)·Ex,y2(r)d2rneffTM=εeffTM.

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