Abstract

The implementation of an optical system universal logic-qubit controlled-NOT gate of decoherence-free subspaces (DFSs) using the cross-Kerr nonlinearity effect is discussed. Both the control qubit and the target qubit contain two photons, the states of which are DFSs of collective-rotating noise or collective-dephasing noise. A three-qubit parity-check circuit, which is the most important unit of the quantum gate, is proposed first, and only one ancillary photon is needed in our scheme. A single-photon source, linear optical apparatus, and quantum nondemolition detector are used to perform the process. Its efficiency may approach 100% with a feed-forward process. The experimental feasibility of the strategy with current technology is also considered.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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