Abstract

In this paper, we present a simple, compact, and efficient Yb:CALGO laser system that can produce sub-100 fs pulses easily tunable over a 38 nm wide wavelength range between 1034 and 1072 nm. The laser is passively mode locked with a semiconductor saturable absorber and generates up to 90 mW output power (for 230 mW absorbed pump), using a single prism for both tuning and dispersion compensation.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. R. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average output power,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2302–2304 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Yoshida, A. Schmidt, V. Petrov, C. Fiebig, G. Erbert, J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and U. Griebner, “Diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:YCOB laser generating 35 fs pulses,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4425–4427 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. O. H. Heckl, C. Kränkel, C. R. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Südmeyer, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Continuous-wave and modelocked Yb:YCOB thin disk laser: first demonstration and future prospects,” Opt. Express 18, 19201–19208 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, J. Aus der Au, and A. Guandalini, “40 fs Yb:CaGdAlO4 laser pumped by a single-mode 350 mW laser diode,” Opt. Express 20, 10077–10082 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Guandalini, G. Greborio, and J. Aus der Au, “Sub 100 fs pulses with 12.5 W from Yb:CALGO based oscillators,” Proc. SPIE 8235, 823511 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Ricaud, A. Jaffres, K. Wentsch, A. Suganuma, B. Viana, P. Loiseau, B. Weichelt, M. Abdou-Ahmed, A. Voss, T. Graf, D. Rytz, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, P. Georges, and F. Druon, “Femtosecond Yb:CaGdAlO4 thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3984–3986 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Kopf, G. J. Spühler, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Mode-locked laser cavities with a single prism for dispersion compensation,” Appl. Opt. 35, 912–915 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Boudeile, F. Druon, M. Hanna, P. Georges, Y. Zaouter, E. Cormier, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “Continuous-wave and femtosecond laser operation of Yb:CaGdAlO4 under high-power diode pumping,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1962–1964 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Y. Fan and A. Sanchez, “Pump source requirements for end-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 311–316 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Hönninger, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, U. Keller, L. R. Brovelli, and C. Harder, “Efficient and tunable diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:glass lasers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 126–128 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Rivier, A. Schmidt, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Ultrashort pulse Yb:LaSc3(BO3)4 mode-locked oscillator,” Opt. Express 15, 15539–15544 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2012

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, J. Aus der Au, and A. Guandalini, “40 fs Yb:CaGdAlO4 laser pumped by a single-mode 350 mW laser diode,” Opt. Express 20, 10077–10082 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Guandalini, G. Greborio, and J. Aus der Au, “Sub 100 fs pulses with 12.5 W from Yb:CALGO based oscillators,” Proc. SPIE 8235, 823511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ricaud, A. Jaffres, K. Wentsch, A. Suganuma, B. Viana, P. Loiseau, B. Weichelt, M. Abdou-Ahmed, A. Voss, T. Graf, D. Rytz, C. Hönninger, E. Mottay, P. Georges, and F. Druon, “Femtosecond Yb:CaGdAlO4 thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 37, 3984–3986 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Femtosecond Nd:glass lasers pumped by single-mode laser diodes and mode-locked with carbon nanotube or semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 74–80 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

2007

1998

1996

1990

T. Y. Fan and A. Sanchez, “Pump source requirements for end-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 311–316 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Abdou-Ahmed, M.

Agnesi, A.

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Femtosecond Nd:glass lasers pumped by single-mode laser diodes and mode-locked with carbon nanotube or semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 74–80 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, J. Aus der Au, and A. Guandalini, “40 fs Yb:CaGdAlO4 laser pumped by a single-mode 350 mW laser diode,” Opt. Express 20, 10077–10082 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Aus der Au, J.

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, J. Aus der Au, and A. Guandalini, “40 fs Yb:CaGdAlO4 laser pumped by a single-mode 350 mW laser diode,” Opt. Express 20, 10077–10082 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Guandalini, G. Greborio, and J. Aus der Au, “Sub 100 fs pulses with 12.5 W from Yb:CALGO based oscillators,” Proc. SPIE 8235, 823511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Baer, C. R.

Boudeile, J.

Brovelli, L. R.

Caird, J. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. Y.

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Femtosecond Nd:glass lasers pumped by single-mode laser diodes and mode-locked with carbon nanotube or semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 74–80 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cormier, E.

Druon, F.

Erbert, G.

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan and A. Sanchez, “Pump source requirements for end-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 311–316 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fiebig, C.

Georges, P.

Giesen, A.

A. Giesen and J. Speisen, “Fifteen years of work on thin-disk lasers: results and scaling laws,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598–609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Goldner, P.

Golling, M.

Graf, T.

Greborio, A.

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Femtosecond Nd:glass lasers pumped by single-mode laser diodes and mode-locked with carbon nanotube or semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 74–80 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, J. Aus der Au, and A. Guandalini, “40 fs Yb:CaGdAlO4 laser pumped by a single-mode 350 mW laser diode,” Opt. Express 20, 10077–10082 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Greborio, G.

A. Guandalini, G. Greborio, and J. Aus der Au, “Sub 100 fs pulses with 12.5 W from Yb:CALGO based oscillators,” Proc. SPIE 8235, 823511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Femtosecond Nd:glass lasers pumped by single-mode laser diodes and mode-locked with carbon nanotube or semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 74–80 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Yoshida, A. Schmidt, V. Petrov, C. Fiebig, G. Erbert, J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and U. Griebner, “Diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:YCOB laser generating 35 fs pulses,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4425–4427 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Rivier, A. Schmidt, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Ultrashort pulse Yb:LaSc3(BO3)4 mode-locked oscillator,” Opt. Express 15, 15539–15544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guandalini, A.

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, J. Aus der Au, and A. Guandalini, “40 fs Yb:CaGdAlO4 laser pumped by a single-mode 350 mW laser diode,” Opt. Express 20, 10077–10082 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Guandalini, G. Greborio, and J. Aus der Au, “Sub 100 fs pulses with 12.5 W from Yb:CALGO based oscillators,” Proc. SPIE 8235, 823511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, M.

Harder, C.

Heckl, O. H.

Hönninger, C.

Huber, G.

Jaffres, A.

Keller, U.

Klehr, A.

Kopf, D.

Kränkel, C.

Krupke, W. F.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Loiseau, P.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Moser, M.

Mottay, E.

Payne, S. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Petit, J.

Petrov, V.

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Femtosecond Nd:glass lasers pumped by single-mode laser diodes and mode-locked with carbon nanotube or semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 74–80 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Yoshida, A. Schmidt, V. Petrov, C. Fiebig, G. Erbert, J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and U. Griebner, “Diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:YCOB laser generating 35 fs pulses,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4425–4427 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Rivier, A. Schmidt, C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Ultrashort pulse Yb:LaSc3(BO3)4 mode-locked oscillator,” Opt. Express 15, 15539–15544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pirzio, F.

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, J. Aus der Au, and A. Guandalini, “40 fs Yb:CaGdAlO4 laser pumped by a single-mode 350 mW laser diode,” Opt. Express 20, 10077–10082 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Femtosecond Nd:glass lasers pumped by single-mode laser diodes and mode-locked with carbon nanotube or semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 74–80 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ramponi, A. J.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G.

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Femtosecond Nd:glass lasers pumped by single-mode laser diodes and mode-locked with carbon nanotube or semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 74–80 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, J. Aus der Au, and A. Guandalini, “40 fs Yb:CaGdAlO4 laser pumped by a single-mode 350 mW laser diode,” Opt. Express 20, 10077–10082 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ricaud, S.

Rivier, S.

Rotermund, F.

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Femtosecond Nd:glass lasers pumped by single-mode laser diodes and mode-locked with carbon nanotube or semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 74–80 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rytz, D.

Sanchez, A.

T. Y. Fan and A. Sanchez, “Pump source requirements for end-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 311–316 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Saraceno, C. J.

Schmidt, A.

Speisen, J.

A. Giesen and J. Speisen, “Fifteen years of work on thin-disk lasers: results and scaling laws,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598–609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Spühler, G. J.

Staber, P. R.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Südmeyer, T.

Suganuma, A.

Ugolotti, E.

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Femtosecond Nd:glass lasers pumped by single-mode laser diodes and mode-locked with carbon nanotube or semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 74–80 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

Voss, A.

Wang, J.

Weichelt, B.

Weingarten, K. J.

Wentsch, K.

Weyers, M.

Yoshida, A.

Zaouter, Y.

Zhang, H.

Zorn, M.

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Y. Fan and A. Sanchez, “Pump source requirements for end-pumped lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 311–316 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, E. Ugolotti, G. Reali, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Femtosecond Nd:glass lasers pumped by single-mode laser diodes and mode-locked with carbon nanotube or semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 74–80 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Giesen and J. Speisen, “Fifteen years of work on thin-disk lasers: results and scaling laws,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598–609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

A. Guandalini, G. Greborio, and J. Aus der Au, “Sub 100 fs pulses with 12.5 W from Yb:CALGO based oscillators,” Proc. SPIE 8235, 823511 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Cavity setup for cw and mode-locking (ML) experiments. L1, 6.24 mm focal collimating aspheric lens. C1, C2: 3× cylindrical telescope for slow axis expansion. LD, laser diode; HWP, half-wave plate at 980 nm used for rotating the pump from σ to π polarization; PBS, polarizing beam splitter used for changing the pump power; and OC, output coupler. L2, 75 mm (or 60 mm) focal focusing spherical lens. M1, M2: concave mirrors high reflecting (HR) at 1000–1100 nm, high transmitting (HT) at 980 nm (radius of curvature: M1=50mm; M2=100mm). For cw operation, the prism P is extracted and a HR mirror is placed in the other arm while, for ML experiments, the prism is inserted in the cavity and the HR mirror is replaced by the SESAM.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output power versus absorbed pump power in cw with different OCs. (a) 5% doped, 1.5 mm long crystal and (b) 2% doped, 3 mm long crystal.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Autocorrelation trace and optical spectrum of shortest pulse for the widely tunable laser (setup employing 2% doped, 3 mm long crystal, SF10 prism).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Tuning range with the 1.6% transmission OC.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Autocorrelation trace and optical spectrum of the shortest pulses obtained with the 1.5 mm long, 5% doped Yb:CALGO crystal and FS prism.

Equations (1)

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Δλeffwg|dx/dλ|,

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