Abstract

A detailed investigation of the nonlinear multimodal interference in a short graded-index multimode optical fiber is presented. The analysis is performed for a specific device geometry, where the light is coupled in and out of the multimode fiber via single-mode fibers. The same device geometry was recently used to obtain ultra-low-loss coupling between two single-mode optical fibers with very different mode-field diameters. Our results indicate the potential application of this simple geometry for nonlinear devices, such as in nonlinear switching, optical signal processing, or as saturable absorbers in mode-locked fiber lasers. Saturable absorption in this all-fiber configuration is discussed and it is shown that it provides attractive properties that can potentially be used in high pulse energy mode-locked fiber lasers.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (2)

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

X. Zhu, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, and N. Peyghambarian, “Generation of controllable nondiffracting beams using multimode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 201102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

J. Proctor and J. N. Kutz, “Nonlinear mode-coupling for passive mode-locking: application of waveguide arrays, dual-core fibers, and/or fiber arrays,” Opt. Express 13, 8933–8950 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Liu, B. M. Liang, Q. Li, and G. L. Jin, “Beam propagation in nonlinear multimode interference waveguide,” J. Opt. A 7, 457–462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

D. N. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, “Discretizing light behaviour in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices,” Nature 424, 817–823 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Mehta, W. S. Mohammed, and E. G. Johnson, “Multimode interference based fiber optic displacement sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1129–1131 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

F. Kartner, J. aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Slow and fast saturable absorbers for modelocking of solid state lasers—what’s the difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1990 (1)

G. I. Stegeman and E. M. Wright, “All-optical waveguide switching,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 95–122 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

1983 (1)

M. I. Dzhibladze, Z. G. Esiashvili, E. S. Teplitskii, S. K. Isaev, and V. R. Sagaradze, “Mode-locking in a fiber laser,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 10, 432–434 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1975 (1)

1973 (1)

D. Gloge and E. A. J. Marcatili, “Multimode theory of graded-core fibers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 1563–1578 (1973).

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 5th ed. (Academic, 2012).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 4th ed. (Wiley, 2011).

Ashkin, A.

aus der Au, J.

F. Kartner, J. aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Slow and fast saturable absorbers for modelocking of solid state lasers—what’s the difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Botineau, J.

Buckley, J.

Chong, A.

Christodoulides, D. N.

D. N. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, “Discretizing light behaviour in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices,” Nature 424, 817–823 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dzhibladze, M. I.

M. I. Dzhibladze, Z. G. Esiashvili, E. S. Teplitskii, S. K. Isaev, and V. R. Sagaradze, “Mode-locking in a fiber laser,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 10, 432–434 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Esiashvili, Z. G.

M. I. Dzhibladze, Z. G. Esiashvili, E. S. Teplitskii, S. K. Isaev, and V. R. Sagaradze, “Mode-locking in a fiber laser,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 10, 432–434 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Farahi, F.

M. Mayeh and F. Farahi, “Laser beam shaping and mode conversion in optical fibers,” Photonic Sens. 1, 187–198 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Farrell, G.

Gloge, D.

D. Gloge and E. A. J. Marcatili, “Multimode theory of graded-core fibers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 1563–1578 (1973).

Gu, X.

Han, L.

Hofmann, P.

Isaev, S. K.

M. I. Dzhibladze, Z. G. Esiashvili, E. S. Teplitskii, S. K. Isaev, and V. R. Sagaradze, “Mode-locking in a fiber laser,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 10, 432–434 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Jin, G. L.

G. J. Liu, B. M. Liang, Q. Li, and G. L. Jin, “Beam propagation in nonlinear multimode interference waveguide,” J. Opt. A 7, 457–462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, E. G.

Kartner, F.

F. Kartner, J. aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Slow and fast saturable absorbers for modelocking of solid state lasers—what’s the difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

F. Kartner, J. aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Slow and fast saturable absorbers for modelocking of solid state lasers—what’s the difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kutz, J. N.

Lederer, F.

D. N. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, “Discretizing light behaviour in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices,” Nature 424, 817–823 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Li, L.

Li, Q.

G. J. Liu, B. M. Liang, Q. Li, and G. L. Jin, “Beam propagation in nonlinear multimode interference waveguide,” J. Opt. A 7, 457–462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liang, B. M.

G. J. Liu, B. M. Liang, Q. Li, and G. L. Jin, “Beam propagation in nonlinear multimode interference waveguide,” J. Opt. A 7, 457–462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, G. J.

G. J. Liu, B. M. Liang, Q. Li, and G. L. Jin, “Beam propagation in nonlinear multimode interference waveguide,” J. Opt. A 7, 457–462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mafi, A.

Marcatili, E. A. J.

D. Gloge and E. A. J. Marcatili, “Multimode theory of graded-core fibers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 1563–1578 (1973).

Mayeh, M.

M. Mayeh and F. Farahi, “Laser beam shaping and mode conversion in optical fibers,” Photonic Sens. 1, 187–198 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mehta, A.

Mohammed, W. S.

Mollenauer, L. F.

Moloney, J. V.

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2006).

Olshansky, R.

Peyghambarian, N.

Proctor, J.

Ramachandran, S.

Renninger, W.

Sagaradze, V. R.

M. I. Dzhibladze, Z. G. Esiashvili, E. S. Teplitskii, S. K. Isaev, and V. R. Sagaradze, “Mode-locking in a fiber laser,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 10, 432–434 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Salvin, C.

Salvin, C. J.

Schülzgen, A.

Silberberg, Y.

D. N. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, “Discretizing light behaviour in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices,” Nature 424, 817–823 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. W. E.

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman and E. M. Wright, “All-optical waveguide switching,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 95–122 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

Sumetsky, M.

Teplitskii, E. S.

M. I. Dzhibladze, Z. G. Esiashvili, E. S. Teplitskii, S. K. Isaev, and V. R. Sagaradze, “Mode-locking in a fiber laser,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 10, 432–434 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Tiess, T.

Walton, D. T.

Wang, Q.

Wei, H.

Winful, H. G.

Wise, F.

Wright, E. M.

G. I. Stegeman and E. M. Wright, “All-optical waveguide switching,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 95–122 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yilmaz, Y. O.

Zhu, X.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Zhu, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, and N. Peyghambarian, “Generation of controllable nondiffracting beams using multimode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 201102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

D. Gloge and E. A. J. Marcatili, “Multimode theory of graded-core fibers,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 52, 1563–1578 (1973).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Kartner, J. aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Slow and fast saturable absorbers for modelocking of solid state lasers—what’s the difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Mehta, W. S. Mohammed, and E. G. Johnson, “Multimode interference based fiber optic displacement sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1129–1131 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Opt. A (1)

G. J. Liu, B. M. Liang, Q. Li, and G. L. Jin, “Beam propagation in nonlinear multimode interference waveguide,” J. Opt. A 7, 457–462 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kvantovaya Elektron. (1)

M. I. Dzhibladze, Z. G. Esiashvili, E. S. Teplitskii, S. K. Isaev, and V. R. Sagaradze, “Mode-locking in a fiber laser,” Kvantovaya Elektron. 10, 432–434 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

D. N. Christodoulides, F. Lederer, and Y. Silberberg, “Discretizing light behaviour in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices,” Nature 424, 817–823 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. I. Stegeman and E. M. Wright, “All-optical waveguide switching,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 22, 95–122 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Photonic Sens. (1)

M. Mayeh and F. Farahi, “Laser beam shaping and mode conversion in optical fibers,” Photonic Sens. 1, 187–198 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2006).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 4th ed. (Wiley, 2011).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 5th ed. (Academic, 2012).

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