Abstract

We report on the hyperfine-structure splitting of the 716 nm R(90)310 molecular iodine transition. We show that this particular iodine line provides a very useful frequency reference in the context of a laser cooling experiment of iron atoms, an atomic species that has so far never been laser cooled and trapped to our knowledge. We provide experimental values for the hyperfine constants ΔeQq and ΔC of the investigated iodine transition. Dispersive signals of this transition are also presented and used to lock the frequency of a Ti:sapphire laser. The reported stabilization performance is fully compatible with the requirements of a laser cooling experiment of iron atoms.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  19. S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, and J. Verges, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 7220–11200 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1993).
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  21. S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Description of the absorption spectrum of iodine recorded by means of Fourier transform spectroscopy : the (B–X) system,” J. Phys. 46, 867–881 (1985).
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  23. E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 063112 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
  26. Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of I2127 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5015 Å: I—main resonances,” J. Phys. 42, 1393–1411 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  27. B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Widely usable interpolation formulas for hyperfine splittings in the I2127 spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D 19, 31–44 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  28. D. E. Blackwell, A. D. Petford, and M. J. Shallis, “Precision measurement of relative oscillator strengths—VI. Measures of Fe I transitions from levels a F1–55 (0.86–1.01  eV) with an accuracy of 0.5 percent,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 186, 657–668(1979).

2012 (1)

W. Vassen, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, M. Leduc, D. Boiron, C. I. Westbrook, A. Truscott, K. Baldwin, G. Birkl, P. Cancio, and M. Trippenbach, “Cold and trapped metastable noble gases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 175–210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

S. Krins, S. Oppel, N. Huet, J. von Zanthier, and T. Bastin, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure of the Fe I 372 nm resonance line,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 062508 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

B. Smeets, R. C. M. Bosch, P. Van der Straten, E. Te Sligte, R. E. Scholten, H. C. W. Beijerinck, and K. A. H. Van Leeuwen, “Laser frequency stabilization using an Fe–Ar hollow cathode discharge cell,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 815–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Widely usable interpolation formulas for hyperfine splittings in the I2127 spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D 19, 31–44 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. E. Wieman, D. E. Pritchard, and D. J. Wineland, “Atom cooling, trapping, and quantum manipulation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, S253–S262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

S. Chu, “Nobel lecture: the manipulation of neutral particles,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 685–706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, “Nobel lecture: manipulating atoms with photons,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 707–719 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Phillips, “Nobel lecture: laser cooling and trapping of neutral atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 721–741 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

C. S. Edwards, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, F. Rodríguez-Llorente, and W. R. C. Rowley, “Frequency-stabilised diode lasers in the visible region using Doppler-free iodine spectra,” Opt. Commun. 132, 94–100 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

G. Nave, S. Johansson, R. C. M. Learner, A. P. Thorne, and J. M. Brault, “A new multiplet table for Fe I,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 94, 221–459 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Kremser, B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Frequency stabilization of diode lasers to hyperfine transitions of the iodine molecule,” Opt. Commun. 110, 708–716(1994).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Description of the absorption spectrum of iodine recorded by means of Fourier transform spectroscopy : the (B–X) system,” J. Phys. 46, 867–881 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of I2127 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5015 Å: I—main resonances,” J. Phys. 42, 1393–1411 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (2)

H. J. Foth and F. Speiweck, “Hyperfine structure of the R(98), 58-1 line of the I2127 at 514.5 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 347–352 (1979).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Blackwell, A. D. Petford, and M. J. Shallis, “Precision measurement of relative oscillator strengths—VI. Measures of Fe I transitions from levels a F1–55 (0.86–1.01  eV) with an accuracy of 0.5 percent,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 186, 657–668(1979).

1975 (1)

1971 (1)

N. Grevesse, H. Nussbaumer, and J. Swings, “[Fe I] Lines: their transition probabilities and occurrence in sunspots,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 151, 239–252 (1971).

1936 (1)

L. Gillespie and L. Fraser, “The normal vapor pressure of crystalline iodine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 58, 2260–2263 (1936).
[CrossRef]

Baba, M.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Baldwin, K.

W. Vassen, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, M. Leduc, D. Boiron, C. I. Westbrook, A. Truscott, K. Baldwin, G. Birkl, P. Cancio, and M. Trippenbach, “Cold and trapped metastable noble gases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 175–210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Barwood, G. P.

C. S. Edwards, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, F. Rodríguez-Llorente, and W. R. C. Rowley, “Frequency-stabilised diode lasers in the visible region using Doppler-free iodine spectra,” Opt. Commun. 132, 94–100 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bastin, T.

S. Krins, S. Oppel, N. Huet, J. von Zanthier, and T. Bastin, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure of the Fe I 372 nm resonance line,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 062508 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beijerinck, H. C. W.

B. Smeets, R. C. M. Bosch, P. Van der Straten, E. Te Sligte, R. E. Scholten, H. C. W. Beijerinck, and K. A. H. Van Leeuwen, “Laser frequency stabilization using an Fe–Ar hollow cathode discharge cell,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 815–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Birkl, G.

W. Vassen, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, M. Leduc, D. Boiron, C. I. Westbrook, A. Truscott, K. Baldwin, G. Birkl, P. Cancio, and M. Trippenbach, “Cold and trapped metastable noble gases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 175–210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Blackwell, D. E.

D. E. Blackwell, A. D. Petford, and M. J. Shallis, “Precision measurement of relative oscillator strengths—VI. Measures of Fe I transitions from levels a F1–55 (0.86–1.01  eV) with an accuracy of 0.5 percent,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 186, 657–668(1979).

Bodermann, B.

B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Widely usable interpolation formulas for hyperfine splittings in the I2127 spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D 19, 31–44 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Kremser, B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Frequency stabilization of diode lasers to hyperfine transitions of the iodine molecule,” Opt. Commun. 110, 708–716(1994).
[CrossRef]

Boiron, D.

W. Vassen, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, M. Leduc, D. Boiron, C. I. Westbrook, A. Truscott, K. Baldwin, G. Birkl, P. Cancio, and M. Trippenbach, “Cold and trapped metastable noble gases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 175–210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bordé, Ch. J.

Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of I2127 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5015 Å: I—main resonances,” J. Phys. 42, 1393–1411 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Bosch, R. C. M.

B. Smeets, R. C. M. Bosch, P. Van der Straten, E. Te Sligte, R. E. Scholten, H. C. W. Beijerinck, and K. A. H. Van Leeuwen, “Laser frequency stabilization using an Fe–Ar hollow cathode discharge cell,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 815–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brault, J. M.

G. Nave, S. Johansson, R. C. M. Learner, A. P. Thorne, and J. M. Brault, “A new multiplet table for Fe I,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 94, 221–459 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Camy, G.

Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of I2127 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5015 Å: I—main resonances,” J. Phys. 42, 1393–1411 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Cancio, P.

W. Vassen, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, M. Leduc, D. Boiron, C. I. Westbrook, A. Truscott, K. Baldwin, G. Birkl, P. Cancio, and M. Trippenbach, “Cold and trapped metastable noble gases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 175–210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chevillard, J.

S. Gerstenkorn, J. Verges, and J. Chevillard, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 11000–14000 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1982).

Chu, S.

S. Chu, “Nobel lecture: the manipulation of neutral particles,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 685–706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chui, H.-C.

Cohen-Tannoudji, C.

W. Vassen, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, M. Leduc, D. Boiron, C. I. Westbrook, A. Truscott, K. Baldwin, G. Birkl, P. Cancio, and M. Trippenbach, “Cold and trapped metastable noble gases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 175–210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, “Nobel lecture: manipulating atoms with photons,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 707–719 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Decomps, B.

Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of I2127 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5015 Å: I—main resonances,” J. Phys. 42, 1393–1411 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Descoubes, J.-P.

Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of I2127 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5015 Å: I—main resonances,” J. Phys. 42, 1393–1411 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Donley, E. A.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dubé, P.

Edwards, C. S.

C. S. Edwards, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, F. Rodríguez-Llorente, and W. R. C. Rowley, “Frequency-stabilised diode lasers in the visible region using Doppler-free iodine spectra,” Opt. Commun. 132, 94–100 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Foth, H. J.

H. J. Foth and F. Speiweck, “Hyperfine structure of the R(98), 58-1 line of the I2127 at 514.5 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 347–352 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Fraser, L.

L. Gillespie and L. Fraser, “The normal vapor pressure of crystalline iodine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 58, 2260–2263 (1936).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, N.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Fujiwara, C.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Gerstenkorn, S.

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Description of the absorption spectrum of iodine recorded by means of Fourier transform spectroscopy : the (B–X) system,” J. Phys. 46, 867–881 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 14000–15600 cm−1” (Éditions du C.N.R.S., France, 1978).

S. Gerstenkorn, J. Verges, and J. Chevillard, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 11000–14000 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1982).

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, and J. Verges, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 7220–11200 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1993).

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 14800–20000 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1978).

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 19700–20035 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1983).

Gill, P.

C. S. Edwards, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, F. Rodríguez-Llorente, and W. R. C. Rowley, “Frequency-stabilised diode lasers in the visible region using Doppler-free iodine spectra,” Opt. Commun. 132, 94–100 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gillespie, L.

L. Gillespie and L. Fraser, “The normal vapor pressure of crystalline iodine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 58, 2260–2263 (1936).
[CrossRef]

Grevesse, N.

N. Grevesse, H. Nussbaumer, and J. Swings, “[Fe I] Lines: their transition probabilities and occurrence in sunspots,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 151, 239–252 (1971).

Heavner, T. P.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huet, N.

S. Krins, S. Oppel, N. Huet, J. von Zanthier, and T. Bastin, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure of the Fe I 372 nm resonance line,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 062508 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ikeuchi, M.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Ishikawa, K.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Jefferts, S. R.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, S.

G. Nave, S. Johansson, R. C. M. Learner, A. P. Thorne, and J. M. Brault, “A new multiplet table for Fe I,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 94, 221–459 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kabir, M. H.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Kasahara, S.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Kato, H.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Kimura, Y.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Knöckel, H.

C.-C. Liao, K.-Y. Wu, Y.-H. Lien, H. Knöckel, H.-C. Chui, E. Tiemann, and J.-T. Shy, “Precise frequency measurements of the I2127 lines in the wavelength region 750–780 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1208–1214 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Widely usable interpolation formulas for hyperfine splittings in the I2127 spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D 19, 31–44 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Kremser, B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Frequency stabilization of diode lasers to hyperfine transitions of the iodine molecule,” Opt. Commun. 110, 708–716(1994).
[CrossRef]

Kremser, S.

S. Kremser, B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Frequency stabilization of diode lasers to hyperfine transitions of the iodine molecule,” Opt. Commun. 110, 708–716(1994).
[CrossRef]

Krins, S.

S. Krins, S. Oppel, N. Huet, J. von Zanthier, and T. Bastin, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure of the Fe I 372 nm resonance line,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 062508 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuwano, H.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Learner, R. C. M.

G. Nave, S. Johansson, R. C. M. Learner, A. P. Thorne, and J. M. Brault, “A new multiplet table for Fe I,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 94, 221–459 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Leduc, M.

W. Vassen, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, M. Leduc, D. Boiron, C. I. Westbrook, A. Truscott, K. Baldwin, G. Birkl, P. Cancio, and M. Trippenbach, “Cold and trapped metastable noble gases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 175–210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Levi, F.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liao, C.-C.

Lien, Y.-H.

Luc, P.

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Description of the absorption spectrum of iodine recorded by means of Fourier transform spectroscopy : the (B–X) system,” J. Phys. 46, 867–881 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 14000–15600 cm−1” (Éditions du C.N.R.S., France, 1978).

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, and J. Verges, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 7220–11200 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1993).

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 19700–20035 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1983).

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 14800–20000 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1978).

Matsunobu, Y.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Misono, M.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Nave, G.

G. Nave, S. Johansson, R. C. M. Learner, A. P. Thorne, and J. M. Brault, “A new multiplet table for Fe I,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 94, 221–459 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nussbaumer, H.

N. Grevesse, H. Nussbaumer, and J. Swings, “[Fe I] Lines: their transition probabilities and occurrence in sunspots,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 151, 239–252 (1971).

O’Reilly, J.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Oppel, S.

S. Krins, S. Oppel, N. Huet, J. von Zanthier, and T. Bastin, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure of the Fe I 372 nm resonance line,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 062508 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Petford, A. D.

D. E. Blackwell, A. D. Petford, and M. J. Shallis, “Precision measurement of relative oscillator strengths—VI. Measures of Fe I transitions from levels a F1–55 (0.86–1.01  eV) with an accuracy of 0.5 percent,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 186, 657–668(1979).

Phillips, W. D.

W. D. Phillips, “Nobel lecture: laser cooling and trapping of neutral atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 721–741 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pritchard, D. E.

C. E. Wieman, D. E. Pritchard, and D. J. Wineland, “Atom cooling, trapping, and quantum manipulation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, S253–S262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rodríguez-Llorente, F.

C. S. Edwards, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, F. Rodríguez-Llorente, and W. R. C. Rowley, “Frequency-stabilised diode lasers in the visible region using Doppler-free iodine spectra,” Opt. Commun. 132, 94–100 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rowley, W. R. C.

C. S. Edwards, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, F. Rodríguez-Llorente, and W. R. C. Rowley, “Frequency-stabilised diode lasers in the visible region using Doppler-free iodine spectra,” Opt. Commun. 132, 94–100 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Scholten, R. E.

B. Smeets, R. C. M. Bosch, P. Van der Straten, E. Te Sligte, R. E. Scholten, H. C. W. Beijerinck, and K. A. H. Van Leeuwen, “Laser frequency stabilization using an Fe–Ar hollow cathode discharge cell,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 815–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shallis, M. J.

D. E. Blackwell, A. D. Petford, and M. J. Shallis, “Precision measurement of relative oscillator strengths—VI. Measures of Fe I transitions from levels a F1–55 (0.86–1.01  eV) with an accuracy of 0.5 percent,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 186, 657–668(1979).

Shimamoto, T.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Shinano, T.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Shy, J.-T.

Smeets, B.

B. Smeets, R. C. M. Bosch, P. Van der Straten, E. Te Sligte, R. E. Scholten, H. C. W. Beijerinck, and K. A. H. Van Leeuwen, “Laser frequency stabilization using an Fe–Ar hollow cathode discharge cell,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 815–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, J. J.

Speiweck, F.

H. J. Foth and F. Speiweck, “Hyperfine structure of the R(98), 58-1 line of the I2127 at 514.5 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 347–352 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Swings, J.

N. Grevesse, H. Nussbaumer, and J. Swings, “[Fe I] Lines: their transition probabilities and occurrence in sunspots,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 151, 239–252 (1971).

Takahashi, R.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Tataw, M. O.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Te Sligte, E.

B. Smeets, R. C. M. Bosch, P. Van der Straten, E. Te Sligte, R. E. Scholten, H. C. W. Beijerinck, and K. A. H. Van Leeuwen, “Laser frequency stabilization using an Fe–Ar hollow cathode discharge cell,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 815–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thorne, A. P.

G. Nave, S. Johansson, R. C. M. Learner, A. P. Thorne, and J. M. Brault, “A new multiplet table for Fe I,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 94, 221–459 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tiemann, E.

C.-C. Liao, K.-Y. Wu, Y.-H. Lien, H. Knöckel, H.-C. Chui, E. Tiemann, and J.-T. Shy, “Precise frequency measurements of the I2127 lines in the wavelength region 750–780 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1208–1214 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Widely usable interpolation formulas for hyperfine splittings in the I2127 spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D 19, 31–44 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Kremser, B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Frequency stabilization of diode lasers to hyperfine transitions of the iodine molecule,” Opt. Commun. 110, 708–716(1994).
[CrossRef]

Trinczek, M.

Trippenbach, M.

W. Vassen, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, M. Leduc, D. Boiron, C. I. Westbrook, A. Truscott, K. Baldwin, G. Birkl, P. Cancio, and M. Trippenbach, “Cold and trapped metastable noble gases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 175–210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Truscott, A.

W. Vassen, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, M. Leduc, D. Boiron, C. I. Westbrook, A. Truscott, K. Baldwin, G. Birkl, P. Cancio, and M. Trippenbach, “Cold and trapped metastable noble gases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 175–210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ushino, M.

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Van der Straten, P.

B. Smeets, R. C. M. Bosch, P. Van der Straten, E. Te Sligte, R. E. Scholten, H. C. W. Beijerinck, and K. A. H. Van Leeuwen, “Laser frequency stabilization using an Fe–Ar hollow cathode discharge cell,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 815–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Van Leeuwen, K. A. H.

B. Smeets, R. C. M. Bosch, P. Van der Straten, E. Te Sligte, R. E. Scholten, H. C. W. Beijerinck, and K. A. H. Van Leeuwen, “Laser frequency stabilization using an Fe–Ar hollow cathode discharge cell,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 815–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vassen, W.

W. Vassen, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, M. Leduc, D. Boiron, C. I. Westbrook, A. Truscott, K. Baldwin, G. Birkl, P. Cancio, and M. Trippenbach, “Cold and trapped metastable noble gases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 175–210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Verges, J.

S. Gerstenkorn, J. Verges, and J. Chevillard, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 11000–14000 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1982).

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, and J. Verges, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 7220–11200 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1993).

Vigué, J.

Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of I2127 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5015 Å: I—main resonances,” J. Phys. 42, 1393–1411 (1981).
[CrossRef]

von Zanthier, J.

S. Krins, S. Oppel, N. Huet, J. von Zanthier, and T. Bastin, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure of the Fe I 372 nm resonance line,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 062508 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, C. I.

W. Vassen, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, M. Leduc, D. Boiron, C. I. Westbrook, A. Truscott, K. Baldwin, G. Birkl, P. Cancio, and M. Trippenbach, “Cold and trapped metastable noble gases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 175–210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wieman, C. E.

C. E. Wieman, D. E. Pritchard, and D. J. Wineland, “Atom cooling, trapping, and quantum manipulation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, S253–S262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wineland, D. J.

C. E. Wieman, D. E. Pritchard, and D. J. Wineland, “Atom cooling, trapping, and quantum manipulation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, S253–S262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, K.-Y.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

B. Smeets, R. C. M. Bosch, P. Van der Straten, E. Te Sligte, R. E. Scholten, H. C. W. Beijerinck, and K. A. H. Van Leeuwen, “Laser frequency stabilization using an Fe–Ar hollow cathode discharge cell,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 815–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. (1)

G. Nave, S. Johansson, R. C. M. Learner, A. P. Thorne, and J. M. Brault, “A new multiplet table for Fe I,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 94, 221–459 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. J. Foth and F. Speiweck, “Hyperfine structure of the R(98), 58-1 line of the I2127 at 514.5 nm,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 65, 347–352 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Widely usable interpolation formulas for hyperfine splittings in the I2127 spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D 19, 31–44 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

L. Gillespie and L. Fraser, “The normal vapor pressure of crystalline iodine,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 58, 2260–2263 (1936).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. (2)

Ch. J. Bordé, G. Camy, B. Decomps, J.-P. Descoubes, and J. Vigué, “High precision saturation spectroscopy of I2127 with argon lasers at 5145 Å and 5015 Å: I—main resonances,” J. Phys. 42, 1393–1411 (1981).
[CrossRef]

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Description of the absorption spectrum of iodine recorded by means of Fourier transform spectroscopy : the (B–X) system,” J. Phys. 46, 867–881 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (2)

N. Grevesse, H. Nussbaumer, and J. Swings, “[Fe I] Lines: their transition probabilities and occurrence in sunspots,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 151, 239–252 (1971).

D. E. Blackwell, A. D. Petford, and M. J. Shallis, “Precision measurement of relative oscillator strengths—VI. Measures of Fe I transitions from levels a F1–55 (0.86–1.01  eV) with an accuracy of 0.5 percent,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 186, 657–668(1979).

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. Kremser, B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Frequency stabilization of diode lasers to hyperfine transitions of the iodine molecule,” Opt. Commun. 110, 708–716(1994).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Edwards, G. P. Barwood, P. Gill, F. Rodríguez-Llorente, and W. R. C. Rowley, “Frequency-stabilised diode lasers in the visible region using Doppler-free iodine spectra,” Opt. Commun. 132, 94–100 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. Krins, S. Oppel, N. Huet, J. von Zanthier, and T. Bastin, “Isotope shifts and hyperfine structure of the Fe I 372 nm resonance line,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 062508 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (5)

S. Chu, “Nobel lecture: the manipulation of neutral particles,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 685–706 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, “Nobel lecture: manipulating atoms with photons,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 707–719 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Phillips, “Nobel lecture: laser cooling and trapping of neutral atoms,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 721–741 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Wieman, D. E. Pritchard, and D. J. Wineland, “Atom cooling, trapping, and quantum manipulation,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, S253–S262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Vassen, C. Cohen-Tannoudji, M. Leduc, D. Boiron, C. I. Westbrook, A. Truscott, K. Baldwin, G. Birkl, P. Cancio, and M. Trippenbach, “Cold and trapped metastable noble gases,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 84, 175–210 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

A. Kramida, Yu. Ralchenko, and J. Reader, NIST ASD Team (2012). “NIST atomic spectra database,” version 5.0, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland (January24, 2013), http://physics.nist.gov/asd .

S. Gerstenkorn, J. Verges, and J. Chevillard, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 11000–14000 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1982).

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 14000–15600 cm−1” (Éditions du C.N.R.S., France, 1978).

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 14800–20000 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1978).

S. Gerstenkorn and P. Luc, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 19700–20035 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1983).

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc, and J. Verges, “Atlas du spectre d’absorption de la molécule d’iode, 7220–11200 cm−1” (Laboratoire Aimé-Cotton, C.N.R.S. II, 91405 Orsay, France, 1993).

H. Kato, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. O’Reilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, “Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule 15,000 to 19,000 cm−1” (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental arrangement used for the observation of Doppler-free saturated absorption spectra of the 716 nm R(90)310 molecular iodine transition (see text for an explanation of all elements).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Doppler-free laser saturated absorption spectrum of the 716 nm R(90)310 molecular iodine transition. The line has 15 hyperfine components denoted a1 to a15.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Doppler-free laser saturated absorption spectrum of the a1 component of the 716 nm R(90)310 molecular iodine transition. (a) With and (b) without external stabilization of the Ti:Sa laser power. (a) is a zoom-in of the a1 component of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Two-tone Doppler-free saturated-absorption spectra of the molecular iodine 716 nm R(90)310 transition. (a) With and (b) without vibration of the mirror M (see Fig. 1).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Doppler-free first-derivative spectrum of the 716 nm R(90)310 molecular iodine transition.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Hyperfine Splitting Frequencies of the 716 nm R(90)310 Molecular Iodine Transition

Tables Icon

Table 2. Hyperfine Constants of the 716 nm R(90)310 Molecular Iodine Transition

Equations (1)

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Hhfs=eQqHEQ+CHSR+dHTSS+δHSSS,

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