Abstract

A high-average-power, high-beam-quality picosecond laser is presented that is based on CW diode side-pumped Nd:YVO4 thin-slab amplifiers having a bounce geometry. More than 65 W of output power with a beam quality of M21.3 is obtained at an optical–optical efficiency of 46%.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Agnesi, L. Carrà, F. Pirzio, D. Scarpa, A. Tomaselli, G. Reali, and C. Vacchi, “High-gain diode-pumped amplifier for generation of microjoule-level picosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 14, 9244–9249 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, “43 W picosecond laser and second-harmonic generation experiment,” Opt. Commun. 282, 611–613(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, “High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 137–149 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. McDonagh, R. Wallenstein, and A. Nebel, “111 W, 110 MHz repetition-rate, passively mode-locked TEM00Nd:YVO4 master oscillator power amplifier pumped at 888 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1259–1261 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Jandeleit, G. Urbasch, H. D. Hoffmann, H.-G. Treusch, and E. W. Kreutz, “Picosecond laser ablation of thin copper films,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 117–121 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Hermann, N. P. Harder, R. Brendel, D. Herzog, and H. Haferkamp, “Picosecond laser ablation of SiO2 layers on silicon substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 99, 151–158 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, N. R. Madsen, M. Duering, and A. V. Rode, “Ablation of metals with picosecond laser pulses: evidence of long-lived non-equilibrium surface states,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 167–176 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Tanaka, H.-B. Sun, and S. Kawata, “Rapid sub-diffraction-limit laser micro/nanoprocessing in a threshold material system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 312–314 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Matsuoka, “Processing quartz glass by using the second harmonic of picosecond pulse Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. A 89, 457–460 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Bellouard, A. Said, M. Dugan, and P. Bado, “Fabrication of high-aspect ratio, micro-fluidic channels and tunnels using femtosecond laser pulses and chemical etching,” Opt. Express 12, 2120–2129 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Agnesi, L. Carra, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Tomaselli, D. Scarpa, and C. Vacchi, “Amplification of a low-power picosecond Nd:YVO4 laser by a diode-laser, side-pumped, grazing-incidence slab amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 772–776 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Smith, P. C. Shardlow, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power near-diffraction-limited solid-state amplified spontaneous emission laser devices,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1911–1913 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Agnesi, P. Dallocchio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Sub-nanosecond single-frequency 10 kHz diode-pumped MOPA laser,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 737–741 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Minassian, B. A. Thompson, G. Smith, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power scaling (>100  W) of a diode-pumped TEM00Nd:GdVO4 laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 621–625 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3 W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. Shiba, Y. Morimoto, K. Furuki, Y. Tanaka, K. Nawata, M. Okida, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond master-oscillator power-amplifier system based on a mixed vanadate phase conjugate bounce amplifier,” Opt. Express 16, 16382–16389 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Passive Q-switching of a diode-side-pumped Nd-doped mixed gadolinium yttrium vanadate bounce laser,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 445–449 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387–396 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Kleinbauer, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “A powerful diode-pumped laser source for micro-machining with ps pulses in the infrared, the visible and the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 315–320 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. K. Nawata, Y. Ojima, M. Okida, T. Ogawa, and T. Omatsu, “Power scaling of a pico-second Nd:YVO4 master-oscillator power amplifier with a phase-conjugate mirror,” Opt. Express 14, 10657–10662 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. K. Nawata, T. Omatsu, M. Okida, and K. Furuki, “MW ps pulse generation at sub-MHz repetition rates from a phase conjugate Nd:YVO4 bounce amplifier,” Opt. Express 15, 9123–9128 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. Nawata, M. Okida, K. Furuki, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Sub-100 W picosecond output from a phase-conjugate Nd:YVO4 bounce amplifier,” Opt. Express 17, 20816–20823 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. C. Bermudez, V. J. Pinto-Robledo, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. J. Damzen, “The thermo-lensing effect in a grazing incidence, diode-side-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 210, 75–82 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  24. X. Yan, M. Gong, F. He, Q. Liu, X. Fu, and D. Wang, “Numerical modeling of the thermal lensing effect in a grazing-incidence laser,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1851–1857 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Okida, A. Tonouchi, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, and T. Omatsu, “Thermal-lens measurement in a side-pumped 1.3 μm Nd:YVO4bounce laser,” Opt. Commun. 277, 125–129 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  26. Laser cavity analysis and design (LAS-CAD), GmbH Germany, http://www.las-cad.com .
  27. J. L. Blows, T. Omatsu, J. M. Dawes, H. M. Pask, and M. Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

S. Hermann, N. P. Harder, R. Brendel, D. Herzog, and H. Haferkamp, “Picosecond laser ablation of SiO2 layers on silicon substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 99, 151–158 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, P. Dallocchio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Sub-nanosecond single-frequency 10 kHz diode-pumped MOPA laser,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 737–741 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, “43 W picosecond laser and second-harmonic generation experiment,” Opt. Commun. 282, 611–613(2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Yan, M. Gong, F. He, Q. Liu, X. Fu, and D. Wang, “Numerical modeling of the thermal lensing effect in a grazing-incidence laser,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1851–1857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Nawata, M. Okida, K. Furuki, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Sub-100 W picosecond output from a phase-conjugate Nd:YVO4 bounce amplifier,” Opt. Express 17, 20816–20823 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

N. Shiba, Y. Morimoto, K. Furuki, Y. Tanaka, K. Nawata, M. Okida, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond master-oscillator power-amplifier system based on a mixed vanadate phase conjugate bounce amplifier,” Opt. Express 16, 16382–16389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Passive Q-switching of a diode-side-pumped Nd-doped mixed gadolinium yttrium vanadate bounce laser,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 445–449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

2006 (3)

2005 (3)

J. Kleinbauer, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “A powerful diode-pumped laser source for micro-machining with ps pulses in the infrared, the visible and the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 315–320 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, N. R. Madsen, M. Duering, and A. V. Rode, “Ablation of metals with picosecond laser pulses: evidence of long-lived non-equilibrium surface states,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 167–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Minassian, B. A. Thompson, G. Smith, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power scaling (>100  W) of a diode-pumped TEM00Nd:GdVO4 laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 621–625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387–396 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Bellouard, A. Said, M. Dugan, and P. Bado, “Fabrication of high-aspect ratio, micro-fluidic channels and tunnels using femtosecond laser pulses and chemical etching,” Opt. Express 12, 2120–2129 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. C. Bermudez, V. J. Pinto-Robledo, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. J. Damzen, “The thermo-lensing effect in a grazing incidence, diode-side-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 210, 75–82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanaka, H.-B. Sun, and S. Kawata, “Rapid sub-diffraction-limit laser micro/nanoprocessing in a threshold material system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 312–314 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, “High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 137–149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3 W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. L. Blows, T. Omatsu, J. M. Dawes, H. M. Pask, and M. Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. Jandeleit, G. Urbasch, H. D. Hoffmann, H.-G. Treusch, and E. W. Kreutz, “Picosecond laser ablation of thin copper films,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 117–121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, A.

A. Agnesi, P. Dallocchio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Sub-nanosecond single-frequency 10 kHz diode-pumped MOPA laser,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 737–741 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, L. Carra, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Tomaselli, D. Scarpa, and C. Vacchi, “Amplification of a low-power picosecond Nd:YVO4 laser by a diode-laser, side-pumped, grazing-incidence slab amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 772–776 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, L. Carrà, F. Pirzio, D. Scarpa, A. Tomaselli, G. Reali, and C. Vacchi, “High-gain diode-pumped amplifier for generation of microjoule-level picosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 14, 9244–9249 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bado, P.

Bellouard, Y.

Bergmann, T.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387–396 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bermudez, J. C.

J. C. Bermudez, V. J. Pinto-Robledo, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. J. Damzen, “The thermo-lensing effect in a grazing incidence, diode-side-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 210, 75–82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Blows, J. L.

J. L. Blows, T. Omatsu, J. M. Dawes, H. M. Pask, and M. Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bo, Y.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, “43 W picosecond laser and second-harmonic generation experiment,” Opt. Commun. 282, 611–613(2009).
[CrossRef]

Brendel, R.

S. Hermann, N. P. Harder, R. Brendel, D. Herzog, and H. Haferkamp, “Picosecond laser ablation of SiO2 layers on silicon substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 99, 151–158 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Carra, L.

A. Agnesi, L. Carra, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Tomaselli, D. Scarpa, and C. Vacchi, “Amplification of a low-power picosecond Nd:YVO4 laser by a diode-laser, side-pumped, grazing-incidence slab amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 772–776 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carrà, L.

Cui, D.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, “43 W picosecond laser and second-harmonic generation experiment,” Opt. Commun. 282, 611–613(2009).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Q.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, “43 W picosecond laser and second-harmonic generation experiment,” Opt. Commun. 282, 611–613(2009).
[CrossRef]

Dallocchio, P.

A. Agnesi, P. Dallocchio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Sub-nanosecond single-frequency 10 kHz diode-pumped MOPA laser,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 737–741 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Damzen, M. J.

T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Passive Q-switching of a diode-side-pumped Nd-doped mixed gadolinium yttrium vanadate bounce laser,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 445–449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Smith, P. C. Shardlow, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power near-diffraction-limited solid-state amplified spontaneous emission laser devices,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1911–1913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Minassian, B. A. Thompson, G. Smith, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power scaling (>100  W) of a diode-pumped TEM00Nd:GdVO4 laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 621–625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Bermudez, V. J. Pinto-Robledo, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. J. Damzen, “The thermo-lensing effect in a grazing incidence, diode-side-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 210, 75–82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dawes, J. M.

J. L. Blows, T. Omatsu, J. M. Dawes, H. M. Pask, and M. Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Duering, M.

E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, N. R. Madsen, M. Duering, and A. V. Rode, “Ablation of metals with picosecond laser pulses: evidence of long-lived non-equilibrium surface states,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 167–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dugan, M.

Fu, X.

X. Yan, M. Gong, F. He, Q. Liu, X. Fu, and D. Wang, “Numerical modeling of the thermal lensing effect in a grazing-incidence laser,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1851–1857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Furuki, K.

Gamaly, E. G.

E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, N. R. Madsen, M. Duering, and A. V. Rode, “Ablation of metals with picosecond laser pulses: evidence of long-lived non-equilibrium surface states,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 167–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gong, M.

X. Yan, M. Gong, F. He, Q. Liu, X. Fu, and D. Wang, “Numerical modeling of the thermal lensing effect in a grazing-incidence laser,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1851–1857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, “43 W picosecond laser and second-harmonic generation experiment,” Opt. Commun. 282, 611–613(2009).
[CrossRef]

Haferkamp, H.

S. Hermann, N. P. Harder, R. Brendel, D. Herzog, and H. Haferkamp, “Picosecond laser ablation of SiO2 layers on silicon substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 99, 151–158 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Harder, N. P.

S. Hermann, N. P. Harder, R. Brendel, D. Herzog, and H. Haferkamp, “Picosecond laser ablation of SiO2 layers on silicon substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 99, 151–158 (2010).
[CrossRef]

He, F.

X. Yan, M. Gong, F. He, Q. Liu, X. Fu, and D. Wang, “Numerical modeling of the thermal lensing effect in a grazing-incidence laser,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1851–1857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hein, J.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387–396 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hermann, S.

S. Hermann, N. P. Harder, R. Brendel, D. Herzog, and H. Haferkamp, “Picosecond laser ablation of SiO2 layers on silicon substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 99, 151–158 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Herzog, D.

S. Hermann, N. P. Harder, R. Brendel, D. Herzog, and H. Haferkamp, “Picosecond laser ablation of SiO2 layers on silicon substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 99, 151–158 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, H. D.

J. Jandeleit, G. Urbasch, H. D. Hoffmann, H.-G. Treusch, and E. W. Kreutz, “Picosecond laser ablation of thin copper films,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 117–121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hollemann, G.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387–396 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hornung, M.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387–396 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, M.

M. Okida, A. Tonouchi, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, and T. Omatsu, “Thermal-lens measurement in a side-pumped 1.3 μm Nd:YVO4bounce laser,” Opt. Commun. 277, 125–129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jandeleit, J.

J. Jandeleit, G. Urbasch, H. D. Hoffmann, H.-G. Treusch, and E. W. Kreutz, “Picosecond laser ablation of thin copper films,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 117–121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3 W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

T. Tanaka, H.-B. Sun, and S. Kawata, “Rapid sub-diffraction-limit laser micro/nanoprocessing in a threshold material system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 312–314 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kir’yanov, A. V.

J. C. Bermudez, V. J. Pinto-Robledo, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. J. Damzen, “The thermo-lensing effect in a grazing incidence, diode-side-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 210, 75–82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kleinbauer, J.

J. Kleinbauer, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “A powerful diode-pumped laser source for micro-machining with ps pulses in the infrared, the visible and the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 315–320 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, R.

J. Kleinbauer, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “A powerful diode-pumped laser source for micro-machining with ps pulses in the infrared, the visible and the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 315–320 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kolev, V. Z.

E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, N. R. Madsen, M. Duering, and A. V. Rode, “Ablation of metals with picosecond laser pulses: evidence of long-lived non-equilibrium surface states,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 167–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kreutz, E. W.

J. Jandeleit, G. Urbasch, H. D. Hoffmann, H.-G. Treusch, and E. W. Kreutz, “Picosecond laser ablation of thin copper films,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 117–121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, “43 W picosecond laser and second-harmonic generation experiment,” Opt. Commun. 282, 611–613(2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3 W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

X. Yan, M. Gong, F. He, Q. Liu, X. Fu, and D. Wang, “Numerical modeling of the thermal lensing effect in a grazing-incidence laser,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1851–1857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, N. R. Madsen, M. Duering, and A. V. Rode, “Ablation of metals with picosecond laser pulses: evidence of long-lived non-equilibrium surface states,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 167–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Madsen, N. R.

E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, N. R. Madsen, M. Duering, and A. V. Rode, “Ablation of metals with picosecond laser pulses: evidence of long-lived non-equilibrium surface states,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 167–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, Y.

Y. Matsuoka, “Processing quartz glass by using the second harmonic of picosecond pulse Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. A 89, 457–460 (2007).
[CrossRef]

McDonagh, L.

Meng, X.

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3 W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Minassian, A.

T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Passive Q-switching of a diode-side-pumped Nd-doped mixed gadolinium yttrium vanadate bounce laser,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 445–449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Minassian, B. A. Thompson, G. Smith, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power scaling (>100  W) of a diode-pumped TEM00Nd:GdVO4 laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 621–625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, K.

Morimoto, Y.

Nawata, K.

Nebel, A.

L. McDonagh, R. Wallenstein, and A. Nebel, “111 W, 110 MHz repetition-rate, passively mode-locked TEM00Nd:YVO4 master oscillator power amplifier pumped at 888 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1259–1261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, “High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 137–149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, T.

Ojima, Y.

Okida, M.

Omatsu, T.

Pask, H. M.

J. L. Blows, T. Omatsu, J. M. Dawes, H. M. Pask, and M. Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Paunescu, G.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387–396 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Peng, Q.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, “43 W picosecond laser and second-harmonic generation experiment,” Opt. Commun. 282, 611–613(2009).
[CrossRef]

Peng, R.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, “43 W picosecond laser and second-harmonic generation experiment,” Opt. Commun. 282, 611–613(2009).
[CrossRef]

Pinto-Robledo, V. J.

J. C. Bermudez, V. J. Pinto-Robledo, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. J. Damzen, “The thermo-lensing effect in a grazing incidence, diode-side-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 210, 75–82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pirzio, F.

A. Agnesi, P. Dallocchio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Sub-nanosecond single-frequency 10 kHz diode-pumped MOPA laser,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 737–741 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, L. Carra, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Tomaselli, D. Scarpa, and C. Vacchi, “Amplification of a low-power picosecond Nd:YVO4 laser by a diode-laser, side-pumped, grazing-incidence slab amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 772–776 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, L. Carrà, F. Pirzio, D. Scarpa, A. Tomaselli, G. Reali, and C. Vacchi, “High-gain diode-pumped amplifier for generation of microjoule-level picosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 14, 9244–9249 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G.

A. Agnesi, P. Dallocchio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Sub-nanosecond single-frequency 10 kHz diode-pumped MOPA laser,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 737–741 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, L. Carra, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Tomaselli, D. Scarpa, and C. Vacchi, “Amplification of a low-power picosecond Nd:YVO4 laser by a diode-laser, side-pumped, grazing-incidence slab amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 772–776 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, L. Carrà, F. Pirzio, D. Scarpa, A. Tomaselli, G. Reali, and C. Vacchi, “High-gain diode-pumped amplifier for generation of microjoule-level picosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 14, 9244–9249 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rode, A. V.

E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, N. R. Madsen, M. Duering, and A. V. Rode, “Ablation of metals with picosecond laser pulses: evidence of long-lived non-equilibrium surface states,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 167–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ruffing, B.

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, “High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 137–149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Said, A.

Sauerbrey, R.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387–396 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Scarpa, D.

A. Agnesi, L. Carra, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Tomaselli, D. Scarpa, and C. Vacchi, “Amplification of a low-power picosecond Nd:YVO4 laser by a diode-laser, side-pumped, grazing-incidence slab amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 772–776 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, L. Carrà, F. Pirzio, D. Scarpa, A. Tomaselli, G. Reali, and C. Vacchi, “High-gain diode-pumped amplifier for generation of microjoule-level picosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 14, 9244–9249 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3 W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shardlow, P. C.

Shiba, N.

Siebold, M.

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387–396 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, G.

G. Smith, P. C. Shardlow, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power near-diffraction-limited solid-state amplified spontaneous emission laser devices,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1911–1913 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Minassian, B. A. Thompson, G. Smith, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power scaling (>100  W) of a diode-pumped TEM00Nd:GdVO4 laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 621–625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.-B.

T. Tanaka, H.-B. Sun, and S. Kawata, “Rapid sub-diffraction-limit laser micro/nanoprocessing in a threshold material system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 312–314 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, T.

T. Tanaka, H.-B. Sun, and S. Kawata, “Rapid sub-diffraction-limit laser micro/nanoprocessing in a threshold material system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 312–314 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

Tang, L.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, “43 W picosecond laser and second-harmonic generation experiment,” Opt. Commun. 282, 611–613(2009).
[CrossRef]

Tateda, M.

J. L. Blows, T. Omatsu, J. M. Dawes, H. M. Pask, and M. Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, B. A.

A. Minassian, B. A. Thompson, G. Smith, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power scaling (>100  W) of a diode-pumped TEM00Nd:GdVO4 laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 621–625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tomaselli, A.

A. Agnesi, L. Carra, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Tomaselli, D. Scarpa, and C. Vacchi, “Amplification of a low-power picosecond Nd:YVO4 laser by a diode-laser, side-pumped, grazing-incidence slab amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 772–776 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, L. Carrà, F. Pirzio, D. Scarpa, A. Tomaselli, G. Reali, and C. Vacchi, “High-gain diode-pumped amplifier for generation of microjoule-level picosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 14, 9244–9249 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tonouchi, A.

M. Okida, A. Tonouchi, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, and T. Omatsu, “Thermal-lens measurement in a side-pumped 1.3 μm Nd:YVO4bounce laser,” Opt. Commun. 277, 125–129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Treusch, H.-G.

J. Jandeleit, G. Urbasch, H. D. Hoffmann, H.-G. Treusch, and E. W. Kreutz, “Picosecond laser ablation of thin copper films,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 117–121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Urbasch, G.

J. Jandeleit, G. Urbasch, H. D. Hoffmann, H.-G. Treusch, and E. W. Kreutz, “Picosecond laser ablation of thin copper films,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 117–121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vacchi, C.

A. Agnesi, L. Carrà, F. Pirzio, D. Scarpa, A. Tomaselli, G. Reali, and C. Vacchi, “High-gain diode-pumped amplifier for generation of microjoule-level picosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 14, 9244–9249 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, L. Carra, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Tomaselli, D. Scarpa, and C. Vacchi, “Amplification of a low-power picosecond Nd:YVO4 laser by a diode-laser, side-pumped, grazing-incidence slab amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 772–776 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

L. McDonagh, R. Wallenstein, and A. Nebel, “111 W, 110 MHz repetition-rate, passively mode-locked TEM00Nd:YVO4 master oscillator power amplifier pumped at 888 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1259–1261 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Kleinbauer, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “A powerful diode-pumped laser source for micro-machining with ps pulses in the infrared, the visible and the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 315–320 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, “High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 137–149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

X. Yan, M. Gong, F. He, Q. Liu, X. Fu, and D. Wang, “Numerical modeling of the thermal lensing effect in a grazing-incidence laser,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1851–1857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, “43 W picosecond laser and second-harmonic generation experiment,” Opt. Commun. 282, 611–613(2009).
[CrossRef]

Yan, X.

X. Yan, M. Gong, F. He, Q. Liu, X. Fu, and D. Wang, “Numerical modeling of the thermal lensing effect in a grazing-incidence laser,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1851–1857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yatagai, T.

M. Okida, A. Tonouchi, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, and T. Omatsu, “Thermal-lens measurement in a side-pumped 1.3 μm Nd:YVO4bounce laser,” Opt. Commun. 277, 125–129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3 W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, “43 W picosecond laser and second-harmonic generation experiment,” Opt. Commun. 282, 611–613(2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3 W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A (3)

J. Jandeleit, G. Urbasch, H. D. Hoffmann, H.-G. Treusch, and E. W. Kreutz, “Picosecond laser ablation of thin copper films,” Appl. Phys. A 63, 117–121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Hermann, N. P. Harder, R. Brendel, D. Herzog, and H. Haferkamp, “Picosecond laser ablation of SiO2 layers on silicon substrates,” Appl. Phys. A 99, 151–158 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuoka, “Processing quartz glass by using the second harmonic of picosecond pulse Nd:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. A 89, 457–460 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (6)

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, “High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 137–149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, P. Dallocchio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Sub-nanosecond single-frequency 10 kHz diode-pumped MOPA laser,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 737–741 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Shao, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, and M. Jiang, “Diode-laser-array end-pumped 14.3 W CW Nd:GdVO4 solid-state laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 69, 241–243 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Omatsu, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Passive Q-switching of a diode-side-pumped Nd-doped mixed gadolinium yttrium vanadate bounce laser,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 445–449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Siebold, M. Hornung, J. Hein, G. Paunescu, R. Sauerbrey, T. Bergmann, and G. Hollemann, “A high-average-power diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 regenerative laser amplifier for picosecond-pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387–396 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kleinbauer, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “A powerful diode-pumped laser source for micro-machining with ps pulses in the infrared, the visible and the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 315–320 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Tanaka, H.-B. Sun, and S. Kawata, “Rapid sub-diffraction-limit laser micro/nanoprocessing in a threshold material system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 312–314 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. Minassian, B. A. Thompson, G. Smith, and M. J. Damzen, “High-power scaling (>100  W) of a diode-pumped TEM00Nd:GdVO4 laser system,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11, 621–625 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, L. Carra, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Tomaselli, D. Scarpa, and C. Vacchi, “Amplification of a low-power picosecond Nd:YVO4 laser by a diode-laser, side-pumped, grazing-incidence slab amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 772–776 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. L. Blows, T. Omatsu, J. M. Dawes, H. M. Pask, and M. Tateda, “Heat generation in Nd:YVO4 with and without laser action,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1727–1729 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laser Part. Beams (1)

E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, V. Z. Kolev, N. R. Madsen, M. Duering, and A. V. Rode, “Ablation of metals with picosecond laser pulses: evidence of long-lived non-equilibrium surface states,” Laser Part. Beams 23, 167–176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (4)

R. Peng, L. Guo, X. Zhang, F. Li, Q. Cui, Y. Bo, Q. Peng, D. Cui, Z. Xu, and L. Tang, “43 W picosecond laser and second-harmonic generation experiment,” Opt. Commun. 282, 611–613(2009).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Bermudez, V. J. Pinto-Robledo, A. V. Kir’yanov, and M. J. Damzen, “The thermo-lensing effect in a grazing incidence, diode-side-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Commun. 210, 75–82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Yan, M. Gong, F. He, Q. Liu, X. Fu, and D. Wang, “Numerical modeling of the thermal lensing effect in a grazing-incidence laser,” Opt. Commun. 282, 1851–1857 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Okida, A. Tonouchi, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, and T. Omatsu, “Thermal-lens measurement in a side-pumped 1.3 μm Nd:YVO4bounce laser,” Opt. Commun. 277, 125–129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

Laser cavity analysis and design (LAS-CAD), GmbH Germany, http://www.las-cad.com .

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Model of the slab used to calculate the phase shift in the bounce amplifier. (b) Top view of the model of the slab.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Three-dimensional temperature distributions simulated in (a) 0.8 mm and (b) 2 mm thick Nd:YVO4 slabs. The top and side views show the temperature distributions in the yz plane and across the pump face. (c) Corresponding phase distribution and (d) effective phase aberration that the laser beam experiences in the amplifier.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup of the picosecond MOPA system. L1 and L2, spherical lenses with a focal length of 150 mm; HCL1, horizontal cylindrical lens with a focal length of 1000 mm; VCL1 and VCL2, vertical cylindrical lenses with focal lengths of 75 and 25 mm, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental output powers in the MOPA systems with single- (black circles), double- (red squares), and triple- (green triangles) pass geometries, respectively.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Beam propagation, and the far-field pattern of the output from the amplifier with triple-pass geometry.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Experimental setup of a picosecond tandem MOPA system. L3, spherical lens with a focal length of 1000 mm; HCL2, horizontal cylindrical lens with a focal length of 750 mm; VCL3, VCL4, and VCL5, vertical cylindrical lenses with focal lengths of 100, 50, and 30 mm, respectively.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Output power from the tandem MOPA system as a function of the second laser diode pump power.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Beam propagation, and the far-field pattern of the tandem MOPA system output.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Black and red curves are intensity autocorrelation traces of the master laser and the tandem MOPA system output, respectively.

Equations (1)

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η=1ηp[(1βnr)λpλf],

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