Abstract

Dispersion-managed bound solitons and soliton bunches have been studied experimentally in a fiber laser mode-locked by saturable absorber with biexponential recovery dynamics, which enforces strongly the soliton interaction. The excessive nonlinearity and dispersion in a cavity was found to provoke the collapse of bound solitons states and induce the irregular soliton dynamics, which indicates the random relative phase variations between the solitons caused by the dispersive wave.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  11. C. Ouyang, L. Chai, H. Zhao, M. Hu, Y. Song, Y. Li, and C. Wang, “Pulse-shaping dynamics controlled by four structural parameters in an all-normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1875–1881 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. W. C. Chen, W. C. Xu, F. Song, M. C. Shen, D. A. Han, and L. B. Chen, “Vector solitons in femtosecond fibre lasers,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 255–260 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16, 10053–10058 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033814 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  22. D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, and C. Lu, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  23. B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 16, 1274–1276 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. Cong, P. Shum, T. Hiang, C. Q. Wen, and D. Tang, “Bound soliton pulses in passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 200, 389–399 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  25. R. Gumenyuk and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Temporal control of vector soliton bunching by slow/fast saturable absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1–7 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  26. L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Bunch of restless vector solitons in a fiber laser with SESAM,” Opt. Express 17, 8103–8108 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  27. R. Gumenyuk, M. S. Gaponenko, K. V. Yumashev, A. A. Onushchenko, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Vector soliton bunching in thulium-holmium fiber laser mode-locked with PbS quantum-dot-doped glass absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 903–907 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  28. R. Gumenyuk and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Impact of gain medium dispersion on stability of soliton bound states in fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 133–135 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  29. D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016616 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2013

R. Gumenyuk and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Impact of gain medium dispersion on stability of soliton bound states in fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 133–135 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

R. Gumenyuk, M. S. Gaponenko, K. V. Yumashev, A. A. Onushchenko, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Vector soliton bunching in thulium-holmium fiber laser mode-locked with PbS quantum-dot-doped glass absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 903–907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Gumenyuk and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Temporal control of vector soliton bunching by slow/fast saturable absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1–7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

R. Gumenyuk, I. Vartiainen, H. Tuovinen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Dissipative dispersion-managed soliton 2 μm thulium/holmium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36, 609–611 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

2008

2005

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016616 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 16, 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

2001

J. Yang, “Interactions of vector solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 026607 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cong, P. Shum, T. Hiang, C. Q. Wen, and D. Tang, “Bound soliton pulses in passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 200, 389–399 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1999

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

1995

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 158–160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

Aditya, S.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and Ph. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124–3128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in laser models with parameter management,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1972–1977 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N. N.

Ankiewicz, A.

Bale, B. G.

Bergman, K.

Boscolo, S.

Brunel, M.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 16, 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Buckley, J. R.

Cautaerts, V.

Chai, L.

Chang, W.

Chartier, T.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 16, 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. B.

W. C. Chen, W. C. Xu, F. Song, M. C. Shen, D. A. Han, and L. B. Chen, “Vector solitons in femtosecond fibre lasers,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W. C.

W. C. Chen, W. C. Xu, F. Song, M. C. Shen, D. A. Han, and L. B. Chen, “Vector solitons in femtosecond fibre lasers,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chernov, A.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chong, A.

Clark, W. G.

Collings, B. C.

Cong, Y.

Y. Cong, P. Shum, T. Hiang, C. Q. Wen, and D. Tang, “Bound soliton pulses in passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 200, 389–399 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

Drummond, P. D.

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fu, S.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gaponenko, M. S.

R. Gumenyuk, M. S. Gaponenko, K. V. Yumashev, A. A. Onushchenko, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Vector soliton bunching in thulium-holmium fiber laser mode-locked with PbS quantum-dot-doped glass absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 903–907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Grelu, P.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 16, 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grelu, Ph.

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and Ph. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A 372, 3124–3128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gumenyuk, R.

R. Gumenyuk and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Impact of gain medium dispersion on stability of soliton bound states in fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 133–135 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Gumenyuk, M. S. Gaponenko, K. V. Yumashev, A. A. Onushchenko, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Vector soliton bunching in thulium-holmium fiber laser mode-locked with PbS quantum-dot-doped glass absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 903–907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Gumenyuk and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Temporal control of vector soliton bunching by slow/fast saturable absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1–7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Gumenyuk, I. Vartiainen, H. Tuovinen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Dissipative dispersion-managed soliton 2 μm thulium/holmium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36, 609–611 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Han, D. A.

W. C. Chen, W. C. Xu, F. Song, M. C. Shen, D. A. Han, and L. B. Chen, “Vector solitons in femtosecond fibre lasers,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Haus, H. A.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 158–160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77 fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hiang, T.

Y. Cong, P. Shum, T. Hiang, C. Q. Wen, and D. Tang, “Bound soliton pulses in passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 200, 389–399 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hideur, A.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 16, 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hu, M.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Ippen, E. P.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 158–160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77 fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kelleher, E. J. R.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

Leblond, H.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 16, 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Lim, H.

Liu, H. H.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, and C. Lu, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Man, W. S.

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77 fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Obraztsova, E. D.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

R. Gumenyuk and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Impact of gain medium dispersion on stability of soliton bound states in fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 133–135 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Gumenyuk, M. S. Gaponenko, K. V. Yumashev, A. A. Onushchenko, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Vector soliton bunching in thulium-holmium fiber laser mode-locked with PbS quantum-dot-doped glass absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 903–907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Gumenyuk and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Temporal control of vector soliton bunching by slow/fast saturable absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1–7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Gumenyuk, I. Vartiainen, H. Tuovinen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Dissipative dispersion-managed soliton 2 μm thulium/holmium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36, 609–611 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Onushchenko, A. A.

R. Gumenyuk, M. S. Gaponenko, K. V. Yumashev, A. A. Onushchenko, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Vector soliton bunching in thulium-holmium fiber laser mode-locked with PbS quantum-dot-doped glass absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 903–907 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ortaç, B.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 16, 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ouyang, C.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Ouyang, L. Chai, H. Zhao, M. Hu, Y. Song, Y. Li, and C. Wang, “Pulse-shaping dynamics controlled by four structural parameters in an all-normal-dispersion mode-locked fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1875–1881 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Renninger, W. H.

Renninger, W. R.

Richardson, D. J.

Sanchez, F.

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Generation of bound states of three ultrashort pulses with a passively mode-locked high-power Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser,” IEEE Photon Technol. Lett. 16, 1274–1276 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, and C. Lu, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shen, M. C.

W. C. Chen, W. C. Xu, F. Song, M. C. Shen, D. A. Han, and L. B. Chen, “Vector solitons in femtosecond fibre lasers,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

J. H. Wong, K. Wu, H. H. Liu, C. Ouyang, H. Wang, S. Aditya, P. Shum, S. Fu, E. J. R. Kelleher, A. Chernov, and E. D. Obraztsova, “Vector solitons in a laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Commun. 284, 2007–2011 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cong, P. Shum, T. Hiang, C. Q. Wen, and D. Tang, “Bound soliton pulses in passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 200, 389–399 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Song, F.

W. C. Chen, W. C. Xu, F. Song, M. C. Shen, D. A. Han, and L. B. Chen, “Vector solitons in femtosecond fibre lasers,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48, 255–260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y.

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

Tam, H. Y.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016616 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, “Pulse dynamics in stretched pulse fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 158–160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77 fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode-locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D.

Y. Cong, P. Shum, T. Hiang, C. Q. Wen, and D. Tang, “Bound soliton pulses in passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 200, 389–399 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Bunch of restless vector solitons in a fiber laser with SESAM,” Opt. Express 17, 8103–8108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16, 10053–10058 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, L. M. Zhao, and H. Y. Tam, “Soliton interaction in a fiber ring laser,” Phys. Rev. E 72, 016616 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, and C. Lu, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, W. S. Man, H. Y. Tam, and P. D. Drummond, “Observation of bound states of solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033814 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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J. Yang, “Interactions of vector solitons,” Phys. Rev. E 64, 026607 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Erbium-doped soliton fiber laser with cavity dispersion adjusted by compensating fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Polarization diagram of the laser output with intensity ratio of 3.7 1 confirms the vector character of solitons.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Multiple pulse regime evolution with net cavity dispersion. (a) Pulse autocorrelations, corresponding, (b) pulse spectra and (c) oscilloscope pulse trains.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Energy and number of pulses versus cavity dispersion/length.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Soliton erbium fiber laser with 600 grooves / mm grating pair dispersion compensator.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Pulse autocorrelations, (b) pulse spectra, and (c) oscilloscope waveforms of the pulse train for net anomalous cavity dispersion of D = 0.37 , 0.65, and 0.75 ps / nm corresponding to 600 / mm grating pair separation of 7, 12.3, and 13.5 cm.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Soliton energy threshold of transition to bunch formation depending on length/dispersion of the compensating fiber.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Evolution of the laser regime with pump power, when passive fiber used as intracavity dispersion compensator. The net cavity dispersion was 0.82 ps / nm . (a) Autocorrelation traces and (b) pulse spectra.

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