Abstract

We present two three-photon entanglement concentration protocols (ECPs) for an arbitrary unknown less-entangled W-class state, resorting to linear optical elements. In our normal ECP, the three parties can obtain a three-photon system in a standard W state probabilistically, similar to the Schmidt projection method. In our improved ECP, the parties obtain not only some higher-fidelity partially entangled three-photon systems but also some entangled two-photon systems in each round of concentration with two copies of three-photon systems. It is interesting to show that the three-photon and two-photon systems kept after a round of concentration have the same parameters. The parties can obtain some three-photon systems in a standard W state with a far higher success probability than the normal ECP, by exploiting the three-photon and two-photon systems with the same parameters as the resource for the next round of concentration. Both of these ECPs may have good applications in quantum communication in the future.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (5)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (29)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription