Abstract

We propose a scheme for coherent control of population transfer and arbitrary superpositions of quantum states by a single-chirped laser pulse in a Λ-type excited-doublet four-level system. It is shown that selective, efficient, and robust population transfer from the initial state to the target states (excited or ground) can be achieved via chirped adiabatic passage when the pulse bandwidth is smaller than about 1/10 of the energy separations between the excited-doublet levels and between the ground states. Moreover, arbitrary coherent superpositions between the excited-doublet states, or between the higher ground state and either of the excited-doublet states, can be created by appropriately tuning the chirp rate and detuning the laser field. The proposed flexible method of coherent control of population transfer and arbitrary superpositions between the initially unpopulated states requires only a single pulse, and is robust against variations in the laser parameters, which has potential applications in quantum information processing.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. E. Harris, “Normal modes for electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 52–55 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Grobe, F. T. Hioe, and J. H. Eberly, “Formation of shape-preserving pulses in a nonlinear adiabatically integrable system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3183–3186 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Brumer and M. Shapiro, “Laser control of molecular processes,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 43, 257–282 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, “Robust quantum dot exciton generation via adiabatic passage with frequency-swept optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. F. Wei, J. R. Johansson, L. X. Cen, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, “Controllable coherent population transfers in superconducting qubits for quantum computing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 113601 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, “Coherent population transfer among quantum states of atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003–1025 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. V. Vitanov, M. Fleischhauer, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Coherent manipulation of atoms and molecules by sequential laser pulses,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 55–190 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. V. Vitanov, T. Halfmann, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Laser-induced population transfer by adiabatic passage techniques,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 52, 763–809 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. G. Unanyan, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Laser-driven population transfer in four-level atoms: consequences of non-Abelian geometrical adiabatic phase factors,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 2910–2919 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, “Creation and measurement of a coherent superposition of quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. R. Kuklinski, U. Gaubatz, F. T. Hioe, and K. Bergmann, “Adiabatic population transfer in a three-level system driven by delayed laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 6741–6744 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Q. Jin, S. Q. Gong, R. X. Li, and Z. Z. Xu, “Coherent population transfer and superposition of atomic states via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage using an excited-doublet four-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 023408 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, D. Goswami, and W. S. Warren, “Adiabatic population transfer with frequency-swept laser pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 6439–6454 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. Y. Chang, I. R. Solá, V. S. Malinovsky, and J. Santamaria, “Preparing wave functions by the chirped adiabatic passage scheme in manifolds of levels,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033420 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, Zs. Sörlei, J. Szigeti, and D. Dzsotjan, “Creation of a coherent superposition of quantum states by a single frequency-chirped short laser pulse,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 166–174 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. X. H. Yang, Z. H. Zhang, X. N. Yan, and C. F. Li, “Enhanced selectivity and efficiency of coherent population transfer via a train of pulse pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033831 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. E. Sansonetti, “Wavelengths, transition probabilities, and energy levels for the spectra of Cesium (Cs I-Cs LV),” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 38, 761–923 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  23. D. A. Steck, “Cesium D line data,” http://steck.us/alkalidata .
  24. S. N. Shevchenko, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, “Landau-Zener-Stückelberg interferometry,” Phys. Rep. 492, 1–30 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

C. M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, “Robust quantum dot exciton generation via adiabatic passage with frequency-swept optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

X. H. Yang, Z. H. Zhang, X. N. Yan, and C. F. Li, “Enhanced selectivity and efficiency of coherent population transfer via a train of pulse pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Shevchenko, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, “Landau-Zener-Stückelberg interferometry,” Phys. Rep. 492, 1–30 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

J. E. Sansonetti, “Wavelengths, transition probabilities, and energy levels for the spectra of Cesium (Cs I-Cs LV),” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 38, 761–923 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, Zs. Sörlei, J. Szigeti, and D. Dzsotjan, “Creation of a coherent superposition of quantum states by a single frequency-chirped short laser pulse,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 166–174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Wei, J. R. Johansson, L. X. Cen, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, “Controllable coherent population transfers in superconducting qubits for quantum computing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 113601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. Q. Jin, S. Q. Gong, R. X. Li, and Z. Z. Xu, “Coherent population transfer and superposition of atomic states via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage using an excited-doublet four-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 023408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, Zs. Sörlei, and J. Szigeti, “Coherent control of atomic quantum states by single frequency-chirped laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 063406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, “Creation and measurement of a coherent superposition of quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

N. V. Vitanov, M. Fleischhauer, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Coherent manipulation of atoms and molecules by sequential laser pulses,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 55–190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Vitanov, T. Halfmann, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Laser-induced population transfer by adiabatic passage techniques,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 52, 763–809 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Y. Chang, I. R. Solá, V. S. Malinovsky, and J. Santamaria, “Preparing wave functions by the chirped adiabatic passage scheme in manifolds of levels,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

R. G. Unanyan, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Laser-driven population transfer in four-level atoms: consequences of non-Abelian geometrical adiabatic phase factors,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 2910–2919 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, “Coherent population transfer among quantum states of atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003–1025 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (4)

S. E. Harris, “Normal modes for electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 52–55 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Grobe, F. T. Hioe, and J. H. Eberly, “Formation of shape-preserving pulses in a nonlinear adiabatically integrable system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3183–3186 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. B. Band and O. Magnes, “Chirped adiabatic passage with temporally delayed pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 584–594 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, D. Goswami, and W. S. Warren, “Adiabatic population transfer with frequency-swept laser pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 6439–6454 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. Brumer and M. Shapiro, “Laser control of molecular processes,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 43, 257–282 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. R. Kuklinski, U. Gaubatz, F. T. Hioe, and K. Bergmann, “Adiabatic population transfer in a three-level system driven by delayed laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 6741–6744 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Amand, T.

C. M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, “Robust quantum dot exciton generation via adiabatic passage with frequency-swept optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ashhab, S.

S. N. Shevchenko, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, “Landau-Zener-Stückelberg interferometry,” Phys. Rep. 492, 1–30 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Wei, J. R. Johansson, L. X. Cen, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, “Controllable coherent population transfers in superconducting qubits for quantum computing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 113601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bakos, J. S.

Band, Y. B.

Y. B. Band and O. Magnes, “Chirped adiabatic passage with temporally delayed pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 584–594 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Belhadj, T.

C. M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, “Robust quantum dot exciton generation via adiabatic passage with frequency-swept optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bergmann, K.

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, “Creation and measurement of a coherent superposition of quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Vitanov, T. Halfmann, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Laser-induced population transfer by adiabatic passage techniques,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 52, 763–809 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Vitanov, M. Fleischhauer, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Coherent manipulation of atoms and molecules by sequential laser pulses,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 55–190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Unanyan, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Laser-driven population transfer in four-level atoms: consequences of non-Abelian geometrical adiabatic phase factors,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 2910–2919 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, “Coherent population transfer among quantum states of atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003–1025 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Kuklinski, U. Gaubatz, F. T. Hioe, and K. Bergmann, “Adiabatic population transfer in a three-level system driven by delayed laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 6741–6744 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K. J.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Brumer, P.

P. Brumer and M. Shapiro, “Laser control of molecular processes,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 43, 257–282 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cen, L. X.

L. F. Wei, J. R. Johansson, L. X. Cen, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, “Controllable coherent population transfers in superconducting qubits for quantum computing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 113601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, B. Y.

B. Y. Chang, I. R. Solá, V. S. Malinovsky, and J. Santamaria, “Preparing wave functions by the chirped adiabatic passage scheme in manifolds of levels,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chatel, B.

C. M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, “Robust quantum dot exciton generation via adiabatic passage with frequency-swept optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dalgarno, P. A.

C. M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, “Robust quantum dot exciton generation via adiabatic passage with frequency-swept optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Demeter, G.

Djotyan, G. P.

Dzsotjan, D.

Eberly, J. H.

R. Grobe, F. T. Hioe, and J. H. Eberly, “Formation of shape-preserving pulses in a nonlinear adiabatically integrable system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3183–3186 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fernandez, R. G.

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, “Creation and measurement of a coherent superposition of quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

N. V. Vitanov, M. Fleischhauer, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Coherent manipulation of atoms and molecules by sequential laser pulses,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 55–190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gandhi, S. R.

J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, D. Goswami, and W. S. Warren, “Adiabatic population transfer with frequency-swept laser pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 6439–6454 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gaubatz, U.

J. R. Kuklinski, U. Gaubatz, F. T. Hioe, and K. Bergmann, “Adiabatic population transfer in a three-level system driven by delayed laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 6741–6744 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gong, S. Q.

S. Q. Jin, S. Q. Gong, R. X. Li, and Z. Z. Xu, “Coherent population transfer and superposition of atomic states via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage using an excited-doublet four-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 023408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Goswami, D.

J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, D. Goswami, and W. S. Warren, “Adiabatic population transfer with frequency-swept laser pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 6439–6454 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Grobe, R.

R. Grobe, F. T. Hioe, and J. H. Eberly, “Formation of shape-preserving pulses in a nonlinear adiabatically integrable system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3183–3186 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Halfmann, T.

N. V. Vitanov, T. Halfmann, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Laser-induced population transfer by adiabatic passage techniques,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 52, 763–809 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hariharan, A.

J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, D. Goswami, and W. S. Warren, “Adiabatic population transfer with frequency-swept laser pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 6439–6454 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, “Normal modes for electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 52–55 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Heinz, M.

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, “Creation and measurement of a coherent superposition of quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hioe, F. T.

R. Grobe, F. T. Hioe, and J. H. Eberly, “Formation of shape-preserving pulses in a nonlinear adiabatically integrable system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3183–3186 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Kuklinski, U. Gaubatz, F. T. Hioe, and K. Bergmann, “Adiabatic population transfer in a three-level system driven by delayed laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 6741–6744 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Imamolu, A.

K. J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jin, S. Q.

S. Q. Jin, S. Q. Gong, R. X. Li, and Z. Z. Xu, “Coherent population transfer and superposition of atomic states via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage using an excited-doublet four-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 023408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, J. R.

L. F. Wei, J. R. Johansson, L. X. Cen, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, “Controllable coherent population transfers in superconducting qubits for quantum computing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 113601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krebs, O.

C. M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, “Robust quantum dot exciton generation via adiabatic passage with frequency-swept optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kuklinski, J. R.

J. R. Kuklinski, U. Gaubatz, F. T. Hioe, and K. Bergmann, “Adiabatic population transfer in a three-level system driven by delayed laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 6741–6744 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lemaitre, A.

C. M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, “Robust quantum dot exciton generation via adiabatic passage with frequency-swept optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. F.

X. H. Yang, Z. H. Zhang, X. N. Yan, and C. F. Li, “Enhanced selectivity and efficiency of coherent population transfer via a train of pulse pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, R. X.

S. Q. Jin, S. Q. Gong, R. X. Li, and Z. Z. Xu, “Coherent population transfer and superposition of atomic states via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage using an excited-doublet four-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 023408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Magnes, O.

Y. B. Band and O. Magnes, “Chirped adiabatic passage with temporally delayed pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 584–594 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Malinovsky, V. S.

B. Y. Chang, I. R. Solá, V. S. Malinovsky, and J. Santamaria, “Preparing wave functions by the chirped adiabatic passage scheme in manifolds of levels,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Marie, X.

C. M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, “Robust quantum dot exciton generation via adiabatic passage with frequency-swept optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Melinger, J. S.

J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, D. Goswami, and W. S. Warren, “Adiabatic population transfer with frequency-swept laser pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 6439–6454 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nori, F.

S. N. Shevchenko, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, “Landau-Zener-Stückelberg interferometry,” Phys. Rep. 492, 1–30 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Wei, J. R. Johansson, L. X. Cen, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, “Controllable coherent population transfers in superconducting qubits for quantum computing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 113601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Renucci, P.

C. M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, “Robust quantum dot exciton generation via adiabatic passage with frequency-swept optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sansonetti, J. E.

J. E. Sansonetti, “Wavelengths, transition probabilities, and energy levels for the spectra of Cesium (Cs I-Cs LV),” J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 38, 761–923 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Santamaria, J.

B. Y. Chang, I. R. Solá, V. S. Malinovsky, and J. Santamaria, “Preparing wave functions by the chirped adiabatic passage scheme in manifolds of levels,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, M.

P. Brumer and M. Shapiro, “Laser control of molecular processes,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 43, 257–282 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shevchenko, S. N.

S. N. Shevchenko, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, “Landau-Zener-Stückelberg interferometry,” Phys. Rep. 492, 1–30 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B. W.

N. V. Vitanov, T. Halfmann, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Laser-induced population transfer by adiabatic passage techniques,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 52, 763–809 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Vitanov, M. Fleischhauer, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Coherent manipulation of atoms and molecules by sequential laser pulses,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 55–190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Unanyan, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Laser-driven population transfer in four-level atoms: consequences of non-Abelian geometrical adiabatic phase factors,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 2910–2919 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, “Coherent population transfer among quantum states of atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003–1025 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Simon, C. M.

C. M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, “Robust quantum dot exciton generation via adiabatic passage with frequency-swept optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Solá, I. R.

B. Y. Chang, I. R. Solá, V. S. Malinovsky, and J. Santamaria, “Preparing wave functions by the chirped adiabatic passage scheme in manifolds of levels,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 033420 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sörlei, Zs.

Szigeti, J.

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, Zs. Sörlei, J. Szigeti, and D. Dzsotjan, “Creation of a coherent superposition of quantum states by a single frequency-chirped short laser pulse,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 166–174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, Zs. Sörlei, and J. Szigeti, “Coherent control of atomic quantum states by single frequency-chirped laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 063406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Theuer, H.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, “Coherent population transfer among quantum states of atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003–1025 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tull, J. X.

J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Unanyan, R. G.

R. G. Unanyan, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Laser-driven population transfer in four-level atoms: consequences of non-Abelian geometrical adiabatic phase factors,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 2910–2919 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Urbaszek, B.

C. M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, “Robust quantum dot exciton generation via adiabatic passage with frequency-swept optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vewinger, F.

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, “Creation and measurement of a coherent superposition of quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vitanov, N. V.

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, “Creation and measurement of a coherent superposition of quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Vitanov, M. Fleischhauer, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Coherent manipulation of atoms and molecules by sequential laser pulses,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 55–190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Vitanov, T. Halfmann, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Laser-induced population transfer by adiabatic passage techniques,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 52, 763–809 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Warburton, R. J.

C. M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, “Robust quantum dot exciton generation via adiabatic passage with frequency-swept optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Warren, W. S.

J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, D. Goswami, and W. S. Warren, “Adiabatic population transfer with frequency-swept laser pulses,” J. Chem. Phys. 101, 6439–6454 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wei, L. F.

L. F. Wei, J. R. Johansson, L. X. Cen, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, “Controllable coherent population transfers in superconducting qubits for quantum computing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 113601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. Z.

S. Q. Jin, S. Q. Gong, R. X. Li, and Z. Z. Xu, “Coherent population transfer and superposition of atomic states via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage using an excited-doublet four-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 023408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yan, X. N.

X. H. Yang, Z. H. Zhang, X. N. Yan, and C. F. Li, “Enhanced selectivity and efficiency of coherent population transfer via a train of pulse pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. H.

X. H. Yang, Z. H. Zhang, X. N. Yan, and C. F. Li, “Enhanced selectivity and efficiency of coherent population transfer via a train of pulse pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. H.

X. H. Yang, Z. H. Zhang, X. N. Yan, and C. F. Li, “Enhanced selectivity and efficiency of coherent population transfer via a train of pulse pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

N. V. Vitanov, M. Fleischhauer, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Coherent manipulation of atoms and molecules by sequential laser pulses,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 46, 55–190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (2)

N. V. Vitanov, T. Halfmann, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Laser-induced population transfer by adiabatic passage techniques,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 52, 763–809 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Brumer and M. Shapiro, “Laser control of molecular processes,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 43, 257–282 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

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[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data (1)

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S. N. Shevchenko, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, “Landau-Zener-Stückelberg interferometry,” Phys. Rep. 492, 1–30 (2010).
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Phys. Rev. A (7)

X. H. Yang, Z. H. Zhang, X. N. Yan, and C. F. Li, “Enhanced selectivity and efficiency of coherent population transfer via a train of pulse pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

S. Q. Jin, S. Q. Gong, R. X. Li, and Z. Z. Xu, “Coherent population transfer and superposition of atomic states via stimulated Raman adiabatic passage using an excited-doublet four-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 023408 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Unanyan, B. W. Shore, and K. Bergmann, “Laser-driven population transfer in four-level atoms: consequences of non-Abelian geometrical adiabatic phase factors,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 2910–2919 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, “Creation and measurement of a coherent superposition of quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Simon, T. Belhadj, B. Chatel, T. Amand, P. Renucci, A. Lemaitre, O. Krebs, P. A. Dalgarno, R. J. Warburton, X. Marie, and B. Urbaszek, “Robust quantum dot exciton generation via adiabatic passage with frequency-swept optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 166801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Wei, J. R. Johansson, L. X. Cen, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, “Controllable coherent population transfers in superconducting qubits for quantum computing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 113601 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Melinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
[CrossRef]

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Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, “Coherent population transfer among quantum states of atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003–1025 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

D. A. Steck, “Cesium D line data,” http://steck.us/alkalidata .

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Λ-type excited-doublet four-level system with two ground states (1 and 2) and excited-doublet states (3 and 4) driven by a single, linearly chirped laser pulse.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Time evolution of the populations in the four states 1 (dashed line), 2 (solid line), 3 (dotted line), and 4 (dotted–dashed line), with ω21=20 ω43=60, and Ω0=28, in corresponding units of T1 or T2. (a) α=0 and Δ=0; (b) α=20 and Δ=0; (c) α=20 and Δ=0; and (d) α=20 and Δ=60.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Time evolution of the eigenvalues of the Hamiltonian when the parameters of (a)–(d) are the same as those in Fig. 2, respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Final populations in the four states 1 (dashed line), 2 (solid line), 3 (dotted line), and 4 (dotted–dashed line) as a function of the chirp rate α of the single laser pulse. (a) Δ=0; (b) Δ=60; the other parameters are the same as those in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Final populations in the four states 1 (dashed line), 2 (solid line), 3 (dotted line), and 4 (dotted–dashed line) as a function of detuning the pump pulse Δ with the chirp rate α=30; the other parameters are the same as those in Fig. 2.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Final populations in the four states 1 (dashed line), 2 (solid line), 3 (dotted line), and 4 (dotted–dashed line) as a function of the Rabi frequency Ω0 of the single laser pulse. (a) α=20 and Δ=0; (b) α=20 and Δ=0; and (c) α=20 and Δ=60; the other parameters are the same as those in Fig. 2.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Contour plots of the final populations in the four states 1 (a), 2 (b), 3 (c), and 4 (d) as functions of detuning Δ and chirp rate α; the other parameters are the same as those in Fig. 2.

Equations (1)

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H=(00Ω*(t)Ω*(t)0w21Ω*(t)Ω*(t)Ω(t)Ω(t)Δ0Ω(t)Ω(t)0w43Δ).

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