Abstract

We investigate the storage and retrieval of photon entanglement based on electromagnetically induced transparency where atomic thermal motion cannot be neglected. The reversible transfer of entanglement between atomic ensembles and photon modes is described in terms of the dark state generalized to a mixture of entangled collective moving atoms and entangled photon modes. We analyze the retrieval ability of photon entanglement from atomic ensembles with inhomogeneous broadening and find that the scheme in the degenerated and resonant light–atom configuration is almost immune to atomic thermal motion.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. F. Clauser and A. Shimony, “Bell’s theorem: experimental tests and implications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 41, 1881–1927 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. H. J. Kimble, “The quantum internet,” Nature 453, 1023–1030 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Juulsgaard, A. Kozhehin, and E. S. Polzik, “Experimental long-lived entanglement of two macroscopic objects,” Nature 413, 400–403 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, “Entanglement of remote atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 030405 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, “Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory,” Nature 452, 67–71 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. B. Papp, K. S. Choi, H. Deng, P. Lougovski, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, “Characterization of multipartite entanglement for one photon shared among four optical modes,” Science 324, 764–768 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. H. Yuan, L. Q. Chen, and W. P. Zhang, “Storage of polarization-encoded cluster states in an atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 052342 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466, 730–734(2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Javan, O. Kocharovskaya, H. Lee, and M. O. Scully, “Narrowing of electromagnetically induced transparency resonance in a Doppler-broadened medium,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 013805(2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. D. Lukin, and A. S. Sørensen, “Photon storage in Λ-type optically dense atomic media. III. Effects of inhomogeneous broadening,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033806 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. W. Su, Y. H. Chen, S. C. Gou, T. L. Hong, and I. A. Yu, “Dynamics of slow light and light storage in a Doppler-broadened electromagnetically-induced-transparency medium: a numerical approach,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 013827 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, “Dark-state polaritons in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094–5097 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum memory for photons: dark-state polaritons,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 022314(2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. J. Yang, T. H. Qiu, K. G. Wang, and M. Xie, “Reversible storage of a weak light pulse in a thermal atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063817 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. W. K. Wootters, “Entanglement of formation of an arbitrary state of two qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2245–2248 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. Horodecki, P. Horodecki, M. Horodecki, and K. Horodecki, “Quantum entanglement,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 865–942 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. F. Casagrande, A. Lulli, and M. Paris, “Dynamics of entanglement transfer from radiation modes to localized qubits,” Eur. Phys. J. ST 160, 71–81 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Sun, H. Guo, Y. F. Bai, D. A. Han, S. L. Fan, and X. Z. Chen, “Light propagation from subluminal to superluminal in a three-level Λ-type system,” Phys. Lett. A 335, 68–75 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  21. G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, “Slow light in Doppler-broadened two-level systems,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 063816 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409, 490–493 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

S. W. Su, Y. H. Chen, S. C. Gou, T. L. Hong, and I. A. Yu, “Dynamics of slow light and light storage in a Doppler-broadened electromagnetically-induced-transparency medium: a numerical approach,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 013827 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466, 730–734(2010).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Yang, T. H. Qiu, K. G. Wang, and M. Xie, “Reversible storage of a weak light pulse in a thermal atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063817 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

S. B. Papp, K. S. Choi, H. Deng, P. Lougovski, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, “Characterization of multipartite entanglement for one photon shared among four optical modes,” Science 324, 764–768 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yuan, L. Q. Chen, and W. P. Zhang, “Storage of polarization-encoded cluster states in an atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 052342 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Horodecki, P. Horodecki, M. Horodecki, and K. Horodecki, “Quantum entanglement,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 865–942 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

F. Casagrande, A. Lulli, and M. Paris, “Dynamics of entanglement transfer from radiation modes to localized qubits,” Eur. Phys. J. ST 160, 71–81 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, “Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory,” Nature 452, 67–71 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Kimble, “The quantum internet,” Nature 453, 1023–1030 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. D. Lukin, and A. S. Sørensen, “Photon storage in Λ-type optically dense atomic media. III. Effects of inhomogeneous broadening,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, “Entanglement of remote atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 030405 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, H. Guo, Y. F. Bai, D. A. Han, S. L. Fan, and X. Z. Chen, “Light propagation from subluminal to superluminal in a three-level Λ-type system,” Phys. Lett. A 335, 68–75 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, “Slow light in Doppler-broadened two-level systems,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 063816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum memory for photons: dark-state polaritons,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 022314(2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Javan, O. Kocharovskaya, H. Lee, and M. O. Scully, “Narrowing of electromagnetically induced transparency resonance in a Doppler-broadened medium,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 013805(2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

B. Juulsgaard, A. Kozhehin, and E. S. Polzik, “Experimental long-lived entanglement of two macroscopic objects,” Nature 413, 400–403 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409, 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, “Dark-state polaritons in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094–5097 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

W. K. Wootters, “Entanglement of formation of an arbitrary state of two qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2245–2248 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

J. F. Clauser and A. Shimony, “Bell’s theorem: experimental tests and implications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 41, 1881–1927 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, G. S.

G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, “Slow light in Doppler-broadened two-level systems,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 063816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

André, A.

A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. D. Lukin, and A. S. Sørensen, “Photon storage in Λ-type optically dense atomic media. III. Effects of inhomogeneous broadening,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Y. F.

H. Sun, H. Guo, Y. F. Bai, D. A. Han, S. L. Fan, and X. Z. Chen, “Light propagation from subluminal to superluminal in a three-level Λ-type system,” Phys. Lett. A 335, 68–75 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Behroozi, C. H.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409, 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Beth, T.

P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Binosi, D.

P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Blatt, R.

P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Briegel, H.

P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bruss, D.

P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Calarco, T.

P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Casagrande, F.

F. Casagrande, A. Lulli, and M. Paris, “Dynamics of entanglement transfer from radiation modes to localized qubits,” Eur. Phys. J. ST 160, 71–81 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chanelière, T.

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, “Entanglement of remote atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 030405 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. Q.

C. H. Yuan, L. Q. Chen, and W. P. Zhang, “Storage of polarization-encoded cluster states in an atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 052342 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. Z.

H. Sun, H. Guo, Y. F. Bai, D. A. Han, S. L. Fan, and X. Z. Chen, “Light propagation from subluminal to superluminal in a three-level Λ-type system,” Phys. Lett. A 335, 68–75 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. H.

S. W. Su, Y. H. Chen, S. C. Gou, T. L. Hong, and I. A. Yu, “Dynamics of slow light and light storage in a Doppler-broadened electromagnetically-induced-transparency medium: a numerical approach,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 013827 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Childress, L.

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466, 730–734(2010).
[CrossRef]

Choi, K. S.

S. B. Papp, K. S. Choi, H. Deng, P. Lougovski, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, “Characterization of multipartite entanglement for one photon shared among four optical modes,” Science 324, 764–768 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, “Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory,” Nature 452, 67–71 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chu, Y.

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466, 730–734(2010).
[CrossRef]

Cirac, J.

P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cirac, J. I.

L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Clauser, J. F.

J. F. Clauser and A. Shimony, “Bell’s theorem: experimental tests and implications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 41, 1881–1927 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Deng, H.

S. B. Papp, K. S. Choi, H. Deng, P. Lougovski, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, “Characterization of multipartite entanglement for one photon shared among four optical modes,” Science 324, 764–768 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, “Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory,” Nature 452, 67–71 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Deutsch, D.

P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dey, T. N.

G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, “Slow light in Doppler-broadened two-level systems,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 063816 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Duan, L. M.

L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dutt, M. V. G.

E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466, 730–734(2010).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, Z.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409, 490–493 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eisert, F.

P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ekert, A.

P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fabre, C.

P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S. L.

H. Sun, H. Guo, Y. F. Bai, D. A. Han, S. L. Fan, and X. Z. Chen, “Light propagation from subluminal to superluminal in a three-level Λ-type system,” Phys. Lett. A 335, 68–75 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum memory for photons: dark-state polaritons,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 022314(2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, “Dark-state polaritons in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094–5097 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

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P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
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E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466, 730–734(2010).
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E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466, 730–734(2010).
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P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
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P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
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P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
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P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
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W. K. Wootters, “Entanglement of formation of an arbitrary state of two qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2245–2248 (1998).
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P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
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E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466, 730–734(2010).
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Zoller, P.

P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
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Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

P. Zoller, T. Beth, D. Binosi, R. Blatt, H. Briegel, D. Bruss, T. Calarco, J. Cirac, D. Deutsch, F. Eisert, A. Ekert, C. Fabre, N. Gisin, P. Grangiere, M. Grassl, S. Haroche, A. Imamoglu, A. Karlson, J. Kempe, L. Kouwenhoyen, S. Kroll, G. Leuchs, M. Lewenstein, D. Loss, N. Lutkenhaus, S. Massar, J. Mooii, M. Plenio, E. Polzik, S. Popescu, G. Rempe, A. Sergienko, D. Suter, J. Twamley, G. Wendin, R. Werner, A. Winter, J. Wrachtrup, and A. Zeilinger, “Quantum information processing and communication. Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe,” Eur. Phys. J. D 36, 203–228 (2005).
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Eur. Phys. J. ST (1)

F. Casagrande, A. Lulli, and M. Paris, “Dynamics of entanglement transfer from radiation modes to localized qubits,” Eur. Phys. J. ST 160, 71–81 (2008).
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Nature (6)

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulses,” Nature 409, 490–493 (2001).
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H. J. Kimble, “The quantum internet,” Nature 453, 1023–1030 (2008).
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B. Juulsgaard, A. Kozhehin, and E. S. Polzik, “Experimental long-lived entanglement of two macroscopic objects,” Nature 413, 400–403 (2001).
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L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).
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K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, “Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory,” Nature 452, 67–71 (2008).
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E. Togan, Y. Chu, A. S. Trifonov, L. Jiang, J. Maze, L. Childress, M. V. G. Dutt, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum entanglement between an optical photon and a solid-state spin qubit,” Nature 466, 730–734(2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Lett. A (1)

H. Sun, H. Guo, Y. F. Bai, D. A. Han, S. L. Fan, and X. Z. Chen, “Light propagation from subluminal to superluminal in a three-level Λ-type system,” Phys. Lett. A 335, 68–75 (2005).
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Phys. Rev. A (7)

G. S. Agarwal and T. N. Dey, “Slow light in Doppler-broadened two-level systems,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 063816 (2003).
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A. V. Gorshkov, A. André, M. D. Lukin, and A. S. Sørensen, “Photon storage in Λ-type optically dense atomic media. III. Effects of inhomogeneous broadening,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Su, Y. H. Chen, S. C. Gou, T. L. Hong, and I. A. Yu, “Dynamics of slow light and light storage in a Doppler-broadened electromagnetically-induced-transparency medium: a numerical approach,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 013827 (2011).
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M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum memory for photons: dark-state polaritons,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 022314(2002).
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G. J. Yang, T. H. Qiu, K. G. Wang, and M. Xie, “Reversible storage of a weak light pulse in a thermal atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063817 (2010).
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C. H. Yuan, L. Q. Chen, and W. P. Zhang, “Storage of polarization-encoded cluster states in an atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 052342 (2009).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, “Entanglement of remote atomic qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 030405 (2006).
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W. K. Wootters, “Entanglement of formation of an arbitrary state of two qubits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 2245–2248 (1998).
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M. Fleischhauer and M. D. Lukin, “Dark-state polaritons in electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5094–5097 (2000).
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Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

J. F. Clauser and A. Shimony, “Bell’s theorem: experimental tests and implications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 41, 1881–1927 (1978).
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Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

R. Horodecki, P. Horodecki, M. Horodecki, and K. Horodecki, “Quantum entanglement,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 865–942 (2009).
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Science (1)

S. B. Papp, K. S. Choi, H. Deng, P. Lougovski, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, “Characterization of multipartite entanglement for one photon shared among four optical modes,” Science 324, 764–768 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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