Abstract

We discuss femtosecond Raman-type techniques to control molecular vibrations, which can be implemented for internal-state cooling from Feshbach states with the use of optical frequency combs (OFCs) with and without modulation. The technique makes use of multiple two-photon resonances induced by optical frequencies present in the comb. It provides us with a useful tool to study the details of molecular dynamics at ultracold temperatures. In our theoretical model we take into account decoherence in the form of spontaneous emission and collisional dephasing in order to ascertain an accurate model of the population transfer in the three-level system. We analyze the effects of odd and even chirps of the OFC in the form of sine and cosine functions on the population transfer. We compare the effects of these chirps to the results attained with the standard OFC to see if they increase the population transfer to the final deeply bound state in the presence of decoherence. We also analyze the inherent phase relation that takes place owing to collisional dephasing between molecules in each of the states. This ability to control the rovibrational states of a molecule with an OFC enables us to create deeply bound ultra-cold polar molecules from the Feshbach state.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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