Abstract

A new design is proposed to increase the single-mode current range of low threshold current, photonic crystal vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. Our method is based on the optical coupling between the usual central defect and six others of nearly identical sizes. The resulting honeycomb configuration aims to spread higher supermodes in transverse directions, and to reduce their overlap with a central current-injected region. Simultaneous confinement of the fundamental mode within the central cavity and the shift of higher modes toward outer trapping defects can lead to stable single-mode operation. Simulations confirm that either in-phase or out-of-phase coupled supermodes could be promoted by slightly modifying the areas of outer cavities, while thermal lensing always stabilizes the in-phase coupled supermodes. The single-mode current regime should be extended noticeably compared to the conventional single-defect lasers.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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