Abstract

We demonstrate that codoping Nd:CaF2 single crystals with Y3+ and Lu3+ nonoptically active ions significantly improves their absorption, emission, and fluorescence lifetime properties and their laser performance. The spectral profiles get smoother and wider, wider than that found with standard Nd:glasses; the quantum yields increase; and efficient laser operation is obtained around 1.055 μm.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. R. A. Catlow, A. V. Chadwick, G. N. Greaves, and L. M. Moroney, “Direct observations of the dopant environment in fluorites using EXAF,” Nature 312, 601–604 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. J. Bendall, C. R. A. Catlow, J. Corish, and P. W. M. Jacobs, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites II. Clusters containing more than two impurity ions,” J. Solid State Chem. 51, 159–169 (1984).
  3. D. R. Tallant, D. S. Moore, and J. C. Wright, “Defect equilibria in fluorite structure crystals,” J. Chem. Phys. 67, 2897–2907 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8  μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209, 193–199 (2002).
  5. P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Tm3+:CaF2 for 1.9  μm laser operation,” Opt. Commun. 236, 395–402 (2004).
  6. V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in Nd:Yb:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051111 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. A. Payne, J. A. Caird, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, N. D. Nielsen, and W. F. Krupke, “Spectroscopy and gain measurements of Nd3+ in SrF2 and other fluorite-structure hosts,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 726–740 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Fernandez, A. Oleaga, J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, M. Voda, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+ laser spectral dynamics in CaF2-YF3-NdF3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 13, 9–16 (1999).
  9. O. K. Alimov, T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, P. P. Fedorov, V. A. Konyushkin, A. N. Nakladov, and V. V. Osiko, “Investigation of Nd3+ ions spectroscopy and laser properties in SrF2 fluoride crystals,” Opt. Mater. 34, 799–802 (2012).
  10. L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. E. Stokowski, R. A. Saroyan, and M. J. Weber, “Laser glass. Nd-doped laser glass spectroscopic and physical properties,” , Rev. 2, Vol. 1.
  12. P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+ doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4 and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).
  13. Y. Guyot and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption in the infrared emission domain of Nd3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8526–8530 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–798 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E.-A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited-state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3 (BO3)4, CaWO4 and YLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 67–72 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Serrano, A. Braud, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Pr3+ cluster management in CaF2 by codoping with Yb3+ or Lu3+ for visible laser and solar down converters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1854–1861 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. L. Baesso, J. Shen, and R. D. Snook, “Mode-mismatched thermal lens determination of temperature coefficient of optical path length in soda lime glass at different wavelengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3732–3737 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

O. K. Alimov, T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, P. P. Fedorov, V. A. Konyushkin, A. N. Nakladov, and V. V. Osiko, “Investigation of Nd3+ ions spectroscopy and laser properties in SrF2 fluoride crystals,” Opt. Mater. 34, 799–802 (2012).

D. Serrano, A. Braud, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Pr3+ cluster management in CaF2 by codoping with Yb3+ or Lu3+ for visible laser and solar down converters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1854–1861 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in Nd:Yb:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Tm3+:CaF2 for 1.9  μm laser operation,” Opt. Commun. 236, 395–402 (2004).

2002 (1)

C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8  μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209, 193–199 (2002).

2000 (1)

J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

J. Fernandez, A. Oleaga, J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, M. Voda, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+ laser spectral dynamics in CaF2-YF3-NdF3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 13, 9–16 (1999).

P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+ doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4 and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E.-A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited-state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3 (BO3)4, CaWO4 and YLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–798 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. L. Baesso, J. Shen, and R. D. Snook, “Mode-mismatched thermal lens determination of temperature coefficient of optical path length in soda lime glass at different wavelengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3732–3737 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Y. Guyot and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption in the infrared emission domain of Nd3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8526–8530 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1984 (2)

C. R. A. Catlow, A. V. Chadwick, G. N. Greaves, and L. M. Moroney, “Direct observations of the dopant environment in fluorites using EXAF,” Nature 312, 601–604 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Bendall, C. R. A. Catlow, J. Corish, and P. W. M. Jacobs, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites II. Clusters containing more than two impurity ions,” J. Solid State Chem. 51, 159–169 (1984).

1977 (1)

D. R. Tallant, D. S. Moore, and J. C. Wright, “Defect equilibria in fluorite structure crystals,” J. Chem. Phys. 67, 2897–2907 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Alimov, O. K.

O. K. Alimov, T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, P. P. Fedorov, V. A. Konyushkin, A. N. Nakladov, and V. V. Osiko, “Investigation of Nd3+ ions spectroscopy and laser properties in SrF2 fluoride crystals,” Opt. Mater. 34, 799–802 (2012).

Azkargorta, J.

J. Fernandez, A. Oleaga, J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, M. Voda, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+ laser spectral dynamics in CaF2-YF3-NdF3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 13, 9–16 (1999).

Baesso, M. L.

M. L. Baesso, J. Shen, and R. D. Snook, “Mode-mismatched thermal lens determination of temperature coefficient of optical path length in soda lime glass at different wavelengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3732–3737 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Balda, R.

J. Fernandez, A. Oleaga, J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, M. Voda, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+ laser spectral dynamics in CaF2-YF3-NdF3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 13, 9–16 (1999).

Basiev, T. T.

O. K. Alimov, T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, P. P. Fedorov, V. A. Konyushkin, A. N. Nakladov, and V. V. Osiko, “Investigation of Nd3+ ions spectroscopy and laser properties in SrF2 fluoride crystals,” Opt. Mater. 34, 799–802 (2012).

Bendall, P. J.

P. J. Bendall, C. R. A. Catlow, J. Corish, and P. W. M. Jacobs, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites II. Clusters containing more than two impurity ions,” J. Solid State Chem. 51, 159–169 (1984).

Bon, M.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–798 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brasse, G.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Braud, A.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Serrano, A. Braud, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Pr3+ cluster management in CaF2 by codoping with Yb3+ or Lu3+ for visible laser and solar down converters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1854–1861 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Tm3+:CaF2 for 1.9  μm laser operation,” Opt. Commun. 236, 395–402 (2004).

Caird, J. A.

Camy, P.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Serrano, A. Braud, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Pr3+ cluster management in CaF2 by codoping with Yb3+ or Lu3+ for visible laser and solar down converters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1854–1861 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in Nd:Yb:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Tm3+:CaF2 for 1.9  μm laser operation,” Opt. Commun. 236, 395–402 (2004).

C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8  μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209, 193–199 (2002).

Catlow, C. R. A.

P. J. Bendall, C. R. A. Catlow, J. Corish, and P. W. M. Jacobs, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites II. Clusters containing more than two impurity ions,” J. Solid State Chem. 51, 159–169 (1984).

C. R. A. Catlow, A. V. Chadwick, G. N. Greaves, and L. M. Moroney, “Direct observations of the dopant environment in fluorites using EXAF,” Nature 312, 601–604 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Chadwick, A. V.

C. R. A. Catlow, A. V. Chadwick, G. N. Greaves, and L. M. Moroney, “Direct observations of the dopant environment in fluorites using EXAF,” Nature 312, 601–604 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

Corish, J.

P. J. Bendall, C. R. A. Catlow, J. Corish, and P. W. M. Jacobs, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites II. Clusters containing more than two impurity ions,” J. Solid State Chem. 51, 159–169 (1984).

Descamps, D.

J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Descroix, E.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–798 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Doroshenko, M. E.

O. K. Alimov, T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, P. P. Fedorov, V. A. Konyushkin, A. N. Nakladov, and V. V. Osiko, “Investigation of Nd3+ ions spectroscopy and laser properties in SrF2 fluoride crystals,” Opt. Mater. 34, 799–802 (2012).

Doualan, J. L.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Serrano, A. Braud, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Pr3+ cluster management in CaF2 by codoping with Yb3+ or Lu3+ for visible laser and solar down converters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1854–1861 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in Nd:Yb:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Tm3+:CaF2 for 1.9  μm laser operation,” Opt. Commun. 236, 395–402 (2004).

C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8  μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209, 193–199 (2002).

J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+ doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4 and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).

Fedorov, P. P.

O. K. Alimov, T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, P. P. Fedorov, V. A. Konyushkin, A. N. Nakladov, and V. V. Osiko, “Investigation of Nd3+ ions spectroscopy and laser properties in SrF2 fluoride crystals,” Opt. Mater. 34, 799–802 (2012).

Fernandez, J.

J. Fernandez, A. Oleaga, J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, M. Voda, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+ laser spectral dynamics in CaF2-YF3-NdF3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 13, 9–16 (1999).

Fornasiero, L.

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E.-A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited-state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3 (BO3)4, CaWO4 and YLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Garnier, N.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–798 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Girard, S.

P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+ doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4 and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).

Greaves, G. N.

C. R. A. Catlow, A. V. Chadwick, G. N. Greaves, and L. M. Moroney, “Direct observations of the dopant environment in fluorites using EXAF,” Nature 312, 601–604 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Guyot, Y.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–798 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guyot and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption in the infrared emission domain of Nd3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8526–8530 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E.-A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited-state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3 (BO3)4, CaWO4 and YLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Iparraguirre, I.

J. Fernandez, A. Oleaga, J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, M. Voda, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+ laser spectral dynamics in CaF2-YF3-NdF3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 13, 9–16 (1999).

Jacobs, P. W. M.

P. J. Bendall, C. R. A. Catlow, J. Corish, and P. W. M. Jacobs, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites II. Clusters containing more than two impurity ions,” J. Solid State Chem. 51, 159–169 (1984).

Kaminskii, A. A.

J. Fernandez, A. Oleaga, J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, M. Voda, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+ laser spectral dynamics in CaF2-YF3-NdF3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 13, 9–16 (1999).

Kellner, T.

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E.-A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited-state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3 (BO3)4, CaWO4 and YLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Konyushkin, V. A.

O. K. Alimov, T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, P. P. Fedorov, V. A. Konyushkin, A. N. Nakladov, and V. V. Osiko, “Investigation of Nd3+ ions spectroscopy and laser properties in SrF2 fluoride crystals,” Opt. Mater. 34, 799–802 (2012).

Krupke, W. F.

Kück, S.

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E.-A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited-state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3 (BO3)4, CaWO4 and YLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Labbe, C.

C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8  μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209, 193–199 (2002).

Landais, J.

J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laporte, P.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–798 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Le Boulanger, P.

P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+ doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4 and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).

Li, H. J.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Manaa, H.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–798 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Margerie, J.

P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+ doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4 and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).

Maunier, C.

J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ménard, V.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Tm3+:CaF2 for 1.9  μm laser operation,” Opt. Commun. 236, 395–402 (2004).

Meyn, J. P.

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E.-A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited-state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3 (BO3)4, CaWO4 and YLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Möbert, P. E.-A.

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E.-A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited-state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3 (BO3)4, CaWO4 and YLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Serrano, A. Braud, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, and R. Moncorgé, “Pr3+ cluster management in CaF2 by codoping with Yb3+ or Lu3+ for visible laser and solar down converters,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1854–1861 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in Nd:Yb:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Tm3+:CaF2 for 1.9  μm laser operation,” Opt. Commun. 236, 395–402 (2004).

C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8  μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209, 193–199 (2002).

J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+ doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4 and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–798 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guyot and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption in the infrared emission domain of Nd3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8526–8530 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Moore, D. S.

D. R. Tallant, D. S. Moore, and J. C. Wright, “Defect equilibria in fluorite structure crystals,” J. Chem. Phys. 67, 2897–2907 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Moroney, L. M.

C. R. A. Catlow, A. V. Chadwick, G. N. Greaves, and L. M. Moroney, “Direct observations of the dopant environment in fluorites using EXAF,” Nature 312, 601–604 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Nakladov, A. N.

O. K. Alimov, T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, P. P. Fedorov, V. A. Konyushkin, A. N. Nakladov, and V. V. Osiko, “Investigation of Nd3+ ions spectroscopy and laser properties in SrF2 fluoride crystals,” Opt. Mater. 34, 799–802 (2012).

Nielsen, N. D.

Oleaga, A.

J. Fernandez, A. Oleaga, J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, M. Voda, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+ laser spectral dynamics in CaF2-YF3-NdF3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 13, 9–16 (1999).

Osiko, V. V.

O. K. Alimov, T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, P. P. Fedorov, V. A. Konyushkin, A. N. Nakladov, and V. V. Osiko, “Investigation of Nd3+ ions spectroscopy and laser properties in SrF2 fluoride crystals,” Opt. Mater. 34, 799–802 (2012).

Payne, S. A.

Petit, V.

V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in Nd:Yb:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qian, X. B.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Renard, S.

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Tm3+:CaF2 for 1.9  μm laser operation,” Opt. Commun. 236, 395–402 (2004).

Rivoire, J. Y.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–798 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Saroyan, R. A.

S. E. Stokowski, R. A. Saroyan, and M. J. Weber, “Laser glass. Nd-doped laser glass spectroscopic and physical properties,” , Rev. 2, Vol. 1.

Serrano, D.

Shen, J.

M. L. Baesso, J. Shen, and R. D. Snook, “Mode-mismatched thermal lens determination of temperature coefficient of optical path length in soda lime glass at different wavelengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3732–3737 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

Snook, R. D.

M. L. Baesso, J. Shen, and R. D. Snook, “Mode-mismatched thermal lens determination of temperature coefficient of optical path length in soda lime glass at different wavelengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3732–3737 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stokowski, S. E.

S. E. Stokowski, R. A. Saroyan, and M. J. Weber, “Laser glass. Nd-doped laser glass spectroscopic and physical properties,” , Rev. 2, Vol. 1.

Su, L. B.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tallant, D. R.

D. R. Tallant, D. S. Moore, and J. C. Wright, “Defect equilibria in fluorite structure crystals,” J. Chem. Phys. 67, 2897–2907 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Thuau, M.

C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8  μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209, 193–199 (2002).

Voda, M.

J. Fernandez, A. Oleaga, J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, M. Voda, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+ laser spectral dynamics in CaF2-YF3-NdF3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 13, 9–16 (1999).

Wang, Q. G.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

S. E. Stokowski, R. A. Saroyan, and M. J. Weber, “Laser glass. Nd-doped laser glass spectroscopic and physical properties,” , Rev. 2, Vol. 1.

Wright, J. C.

D. R. Tallant, D. S. Moore, and J. C. Wright, “Defect equilibria in fluorite structure crystals,” J. Chem. Phys. 67, 2897–2907 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, Y. Y.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, L. H.

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Fornasiero, T. Kellner, S. Kück, J. P. Meyn, P. E.-A. Möbert, and G. Huber, “Excited-state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals III: LaSc3 (BO3)4, CaWO4 and YLiF4,” Appl. Phys. B 68, 67–72 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

V. Petit, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, “CW and tunable laser operation of Yb3+ in Nd:Yb:CaF2,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. L. Baesso, J. Shen, and R. D. Snook, “Mode-mismatched thermal lens determination of temperature coefficient of optical path length in soda lime glass at different wavelengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3732–3737 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guyot and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption in the infrared emission domain of Nd3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8526–8530 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

D. R. Tallant, D. S. Moore, and J. C. Wright, “Defect equilibria in fluorite structure crystals,” J. Chem. Phys. 67, 2897–2907 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

P. J. Bendall, C. R. A. Catlow, J. Corish, and P. W. M. Jacobs, “Defect aggregation in anion-excess fluorites II. Clusters containing more than two impurity ions,” J. Solid State Chem. 51, 159–169 (1984).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

L. B. Su, Q. G. Wang, H. J. Li, G. Brasse, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, Y. Y. Zhan, L. H. Zheng, X. B. Qian, and J. Xu, “Spectroscopic properties and CW laser operation of Nd, Y-codoped CaF2 single crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035804 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

C. R. A. Catlow, A. V. Chadwick, G. N. Greaves, and L. M. Moroney, “Direct observations of the dopant environment in fluorites using EXAF,” Nature 312, 601–604 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

C. Labbe, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, R. Moncorgé, and M. Thuau, “The 2.8  μm laser properties of Er3+ doped CaF2 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 209, 193–199 (2002).

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Renard, A. Braud, V. Ménard, and R. Moncorgé, “Tm3+:CaF2 for 1.9  μm laser operation,” Opt. Commun. 236, 395–402 (2004).

Opt. Mater. (2)

J. Fernandez, A. Oleaga, J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, M. Voda, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Nd3+ laser spectral dynamics in CaF2-YF3-NdF3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 13, 9–16 (1999).

O. K. Alimov, T. T. Basiev, M. E. Doroshenko, P. P. Fedorov, V. A. Konyushkin, A. N. Nakladov, and V. V. Osiko, “Investigation of Nd3+ ions spectroscopy and laser properties in SrF2 fluoride crystals,” Opt. Mater. 34, 799–802 (2012).

Phys. Rev. B (3)

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–798 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Margerie, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+ doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4 and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11380 (1999).

Other (1)

S. E. Stokowski, R. A. Saroyan, and M. J. Weber, “Laser glass. Nd-doped laser glass spectroscopic and physical properties,” , Rev. 2, Vol. 1.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Ground-state and (b) excited-state absorption spectra of 0.5%Nd, 5%Lu:CaF2 (left) and 1%Nd, 5%Y:CaF2 single crystals.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Room temperature emission spectra of (a) 0.5%Nd, 5%Lu:CaF2 and (b) 1%Nd, 5%Y:CaF2; (b) also shows reported emission spectra of two Nd-doped glasses labeled LG760 and LG680.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Laser output versus absorbed pump power curves obtained at about 1055 nm under Ti:sapphire laser pumping around 796 nm for different output mirror transmissions and for the two crystals: (a) 0.5%Nd, 5%Lu:CaF2 and (b) 1%Nd, 5%Y:CaF2.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Maximum Emission Wavelengths around 1060 nm, Full Widths at Half-Maximum, Emission Lifetimes, and Emission Cross Sections of the 0.5%Nd, 5.0%Lu:CaF2 Crystal and of Two Glassesa

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

βi=iλIi(λ)dλi=1,2,3iλIi(λ)dλ,
σemi(λ)=λ5βi8πcτfn2Ii(λ)iλIi(λ)dλ,

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