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[CrossRef]

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters with photon pair sources and multimode memories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).

[CrossRef]

G. M. Ariano and P. Lo Presti, “Quantum tomography for measuring experimentally the matrix elements of an arbitrary quantum operation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4195–4198 (2001).

[CrossRef]

G. M. Ariano, P. Lo Presti, and M. G. A. Paris, “Using entanglement improves the precision of quantum measurements,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 270404 (2001).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, H. J. Bernstein, S. Popescu, and B. Schumacher, “Concentrating partial entanglement by local operations,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2046–2052 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. Hillery, V. Bužek, and A. Berthiaume, “Quantum secret sharing,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1829–1834 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. G. A. Paris, M. Cola, and R. Bonifacio, “Quantum state engineering assisted by entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 042104 (2003).

[CrossRef]

S. Bose, V. Vedral, and P. L. Knight, “Purification via entanglement swapping and conserved entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 194–197 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. Karlsson and M. Bourennane, “Quantum teleportation using three-particle entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 4394–4400 (1998).

[CrossRef]

A. M. Lance, T. Symul, W. P. Bowen, B. C. Sanders, and P. K. Lam, “Tripartite quantum state sharing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 177903 (2004).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).

[CrossRef]

J. W. Pan, C. Simon, Č. Brukner, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement purification for quantum communication,” Nature 410, 1067–1070 (2001).

[CrossRef]

C. I. Osorio, N. Bruno, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, and R. T. Thew, “Heralded photon amplification for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 023815 (2012).

[CrossRef]

M. Hillery, V. Bužek, and A. Berthiaume, “Quantum secret sharing,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1829–1834 (1999).

[CrossRef]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, B. Zhao, Y. A. Chen, H. de Riedmatten, J. W. Pan, and N. Gisin, “Robust and efficient quantum repeaters with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 062301 (2008).

[CrossRef]

L. Zhou, Y. B. Sheng, W. W. Cheng, L. Y. Gong, and S. M. Zhao, “Efficient entanglement concentration for arbitrary single-photon multimode W state,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30, 71–78 (2013).

[CrossRef]

L. Zhou, Y. B. Sheng, W. W. Cheng, G. L. Yan, and S. M. Zhao, “Efficient entanglement concentration for arbitrary less-entangled NOON states,” Quant. Info. Proc. 12, 1307–1320 (2013).

[CrossRef]

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L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. T. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).

[CrossRef]

R. Cleve, D. Gottesman, and H. K. Lo, “How to share a quantum secret,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 648–651 (1999).

[CrossRef]

M. G. A. Paris, M. Cola, and R. Bonifacio, “Quantum state engineering assisted by entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 042104 (2003).

[CrossRef]

S. M. Tan, D. F. Walls, and M. J. Collett, “Nonlocality of a single photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 252–255 (1991).

[CrossRef]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, T. Coudreau, and N. Gisin, “Purification of single-photon entanglement with linear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 050301 (2008).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).

[CrossRef]

M. Curty and T. Moroder, “Heralded-qubit amplifiers for practical device-independent quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 010304(R) (2011).

[CrossRef]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33–80 (2011).

[CrossRef]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, B. Zhao, Y. A. Chen, H. de Riedmatten, J. W. Pan, and N. Gisin, “Robust and efficient quantum repeaters with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 062301 (2008).

[CrossRef]

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters with photon pair sources and multimode memories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, “Optimal nonlocal multipartite entanglement concentration based on projection measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 022311 (2012).

[CrossRef]

F. F. Du, T. Li, B. C. Ren, H. R. Wei, and F. G. Deng, “Single-photon-assisted entanglement concentration of a multi-photon system in a partially entangled W state with weak cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1399–1405 (2012).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Single-photon entanglement concentration for long-distance quantum communication,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 10, 272–281 (2010).

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Nonlocal entanglement concentration scheme for partially entangled multipartite systems with nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 062325 (2008).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, C. Y. Li, Y. S. Li, H. Y. Zhou, and Y. Wang, “Symmetric multiparty-controlled teleportation of an arbitrary two-particle entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 022338 (2005).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, X. H. Li, C. Y. Li, P. Zhou, and H. Y. Zhou, “Multiparty quantum-state sharing of an arbitrary two-particle state with Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 044301 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. Wang, F. G. Deng, Y. S. Li, X. S. Liu, and G. L. Long, “Quantum secure direct communication with high-dimension quantum superdense coding,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 044305 (2005).

[CrossRef]

L. Xiao, G.-L. Long, F.-G. Deng, and J.-W. Pan, “Efficient multiparty quantum-secret-sharing schemes,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 052307 (2004).

[CrossRef]

F.-G. Deng, G.-L. Long, and X.-S. Liu, “Two-step quantum direct communication protocol using the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen pair block,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 042317 (2003).

[CrossRef]

L. M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. T. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature 414, 413–418 (2001).

[CrossRef]

A. K. Ekert, “Quantum cryptography based on Bells theorem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661–663 (1991).

[CrossRef]

C. I. Osorio, N. Bruno, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, N. Gisin, and R. T. Thew, “Heralded photon amplification for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 023815 (2012).

[CrossRef]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 33–80 (2011).

[CrossRef]

D. Salart, O. Landry, N. Sangouard, N. Gisin, H. Herrmann, B. Sanguinetti, C. Simon, W. Sohler, R. T. Thew, A. Thomas, and H. Zbinden, “Purification of single-photon entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 180504 (2010).

[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, S. Pironio, and N. Sangouard, “Proposal for implementing device-independent quantum key distribution based on a heralded qubit amplifier,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 070501 (2010).

[CrossRef]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, B. Zhao, Y. A. Chen, H. de Riedmatten, J. W. Pan, and N. Gisin, “Robust and efficient quantum repeaters with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 062301 (2008).

[CrossRef]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, T. Coudreau, and N. Gisin, “Purification of single-photon entanglement with linear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 050301 (2008).

[CrossRef]

C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, M. Afzelius, N. Sangouard, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters with photon pair sources and multimode memories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 190503 (2007).

[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).

[CrossRef]

R. Cleve, D. Gottesman, and H. K. Lo, “How to share a quantum secret,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 648–651 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. L. Zhang, S. Yang, X. B. Zou, B. S. Shi, and G. C. Guo, “Protecting single-photon entangled state from photon loss with noiseless linear amplification,” Phys. Rev. A 86, 034302 (2012).

[CrossRef]

B. S. Shi, Y. K. Jiang, and G. C. Guo, “Optimal entanglement purification via entanglement swapping,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 054301 (2000).

[CrossRef]

L. Hardy, “Nonlocality of a single photon revisited,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2279–2283 (1994).

[CrossRef]

D. Salart, O. Landry, N. Sangouard, N. Gisin, H. Herrmann, B. Sanguinetti, C. Simon, W. Sohler, R. T. Thew, A. Thomas, and H. Zbinden, “Purification of single-photon entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 180504 (2010).

[CrossRef]

M. Hillery, V. Bužek, and A. Berthiaume, “Quantum secret sharing,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1829–1834 (1999).

[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Concentration and purification scheme for two partially entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 012304 (2001).

[CrossRef]

A. Karlsson, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Quantum entanglement for secret sharing and secret splitting,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 162–168 (1999).

[CrossRef]

B. S. Shi, Y. K. Jiang, and G. C. Guo, “Optimal entanglement purification via entanglement swapping,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 054301 (2000).

[CrossRef]

C. Wang, Y. Zhang, and G. S. Jin, “Entanglement purification and concentration of electron-spin entangled states using quantum-dot spins in optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 032307 (2011).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, G. Brassard, C. Crepeau, R. Jozsa, A. Peres, and W. K. Wootters, “Teleporting an unknown quantum state via dual classical and Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1895–1899 (1993).

[CrossRef]

A. Karlsson, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Quantum entanglement for secret sharing and secret splitting,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 162–168 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. Karlsson and M. Bourennane, “Quantum teleportation using three-particle entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 4394–4400 (1998).

[CrossRef]

S. Bose, V. Vedral, and P. L. Knight, “Purification via entanglement swapping and conserved entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 194–197 (1999).

[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Concentration and purification scheme for two partially entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 012304 (2001).

[CrossRef]

A. Karlsson, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Quantum entanglement for secret sharing and secret splitting,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 162–168 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. Kocsis, G. Y. Xiang, T. C. Ralph, and G. J. Pryde, “Heralded noiseless amplification of a photon polarization qubit,” Nat. Phys. 9, 23–28 (2012).

[CrossRef]

C. Silberhorn, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum key distribution with bright entangled beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 167902 (2002).

[CrossRef]

A. M. Lance, T. Symul, W. P. Bowen, B. C. Sanders, and P. K. Lam, “Tripartite quantum state sharing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 177903 (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. M. Lance, T. Symul, W. P. Bowen, B. C. Sanders, and P. K. Lam, “Tripartite quantum state sharing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 177903 (2004).

[CrossRef]

D. Salart, O. Landry, N. Sangouard, N. Gisin, H. Herrmann, B. Sanguinetti, C. Simon, W. Sohler, R. T. Thew, A. Thomas, and H. Zbinden, “Purification of single-photon entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 180504 (2010).

[CrossRef]

C. Silberhorn, N. Korolkova, and G. Leuchs, “Quantum key distribution with bright entangled beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 167902 (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. Silberhorn, T. C. Ralph, N. Lütkenhaus, and G. Leuchs, “Continuous variable quantum cryptography: beating the 3 dB loss limit,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 167901 (2002).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, X. H. Li, C. Y. Li, P. Zhou, and H. Y. Zhou, “Multiparty quantum-state sharing of an arbitrary two-particle state with Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 044301 (2005).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, C. Y. Li, Y. S. Li, H. Y. Zhou, and Y. Wang, “Symmetric multiparty-controlled teleportation of an arbitrary two-particle entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 022338 (2005).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, X. H. Li, C. Y. Li, P. Zhou, and H. Y. Zhou, “Multiparty quantum-state sharing of an arbitrary two-particle state with Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 044301 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. Wang, F. G. Deng, Y. S. Li, X. S. Liu, and G. L. Long, “Quantum secure direct communication with high-dimension quantum superdense coding,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 044305 (2005).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, C. Y. Li, Y. S. Li, H. Y. Zhou, and Y. Wang, “Symmetric multiparty-controlled teleportation of an arbitrary two-particle entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 022338 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. Wang, F. G. Deng, Y. S. Li, X. S. Liu, and G. L. Long, “Quantum secure direct communication with high-dimension quantum superdense coding,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 044305 (2005).

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