F. Agnes and L. Norbert, “Symmetries in quantum key distribution and the connection between optimal attacks and optimal cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 052310 (2012).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, “Optimal nonlocal multipartite entanglement concentration based on projection measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 022311 (2012).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, L. Zhou, S. M. Zhao, and B. Y. Zheng, “Efficient single-photon-assisted entanglement concentration for partially entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 012307(2012).

[CrossRef]

S. H. Sun, M. Gao, M. S. Jiang, C. Y. Li, and L. M. Liang, “Partially random phase attack to the practical two-way quantum-key-distribution system,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 032304 (2012).

[CrossRef]

F. F. Du, T. Li, B. C. Ren, H. R. Wei, and F. G. Deng, “Single-photon-assisted entanglement concentration of a multiphoton system in a partially entangled W state with weak cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1399–1405 (2012).

[CrossRef]

W. Xiong and L. Ye, “Schemes for entanglement concentration of two unknown partially entangled states with cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2030–2037 (2011).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, “Efficient multipartite entanglement purification with the entanglement link from a subspace,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 052312 (2011).

[CrossRef]

C. Wang, Y. Zhang, and G. S. Jin, “Polarization-entanglement purification and concentration using cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 11, 988–1002 (2011).

Y. N. Wang, H. D. Shi, L. Jing, X. J. Ren, L. Z. Mu, and H. Fan, “Unified universal quantum cloning machine and fidelities,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 034302 (2011).

[CrossRef]

X. Y. Pan, G. Q. Liu, L. L. Yang, and H. Fan, “Solid-state optimal phase-covariant quantum cloning machine,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051113 (2011).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng and F. G. Deng, “Deterministic entanglement purification and complete nonlocal Bell-state analysis with hyperentanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032307 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Single-photon entanglement concentration for long-distance quantum communication,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 10, 272–281 (2010).

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and G. L. Long, “Complete hyperentangled-Bell-state analysis for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 032318 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, B. K. Zhao, T. J. Wang, and H. Y. Zhou, “Multipartite entanglement purification with quantum nondemolition detectors,” Eur. Phys. J. D 55, 235–242 (2009).

[CrossRef]

Q. Lin and J. Li, “Quantum control gates with weak cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 022301 (2009).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Efficient polarization-entanglement purification based on parametric down-conversion sources with cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 042308 (2008).

[CrossRef]

X. H. Li, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Efficient quantum key distribution over a collective noise channel,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 022321 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. Fiurášek and N. J. Cerf, “Quantum cloning of a pair of orthogonally polarized photons with linear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 052308 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. Sabuncu, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, “Experimental continuous-variable cloning of partial quantum information,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 052312 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Nonlocal entanglement concentration scheme for partially entangled multipartite systems with nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 062325(2008).

[CrossRef]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

H. W. Chen, X. Y. Zhou, D. Suter, and J. F. Du, “Experimental realization of 1→2 asymmetric phase-covariant quantum cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 012317 (2007).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Du, T. Durt, P. Zou, H. Li, L. C. Kwek, C. H. Lai, C. H. Oh, and A. Ekert, “Experimental quantum cloning with prior partial information,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040505 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. D. Barrett, P. Kok, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, W. J. Munro, and T. P. Spiller, “Symmetry analyzer for nondestructive Bell-state detection using weak nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 060302(R) (2005).

X. G. Song, X. L. Feng, L. C. Kwek, and C. H. Oh, “Entanglement purification based on photonic polarization parity measurements,” J. Phys. B. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, 2827–2832 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. Fiurášek, R. Filip, and N. J. Cerf, “Highly asymmetric quantum cloning in arbitrary dimension,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 5, 583–592 (2005).

W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, and T. P. Spiller, “High-efficiency quantum-nondemolition single-photon-number-resolving detector,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033819 (2005).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng and G. L. Long, “Secure direct communication with a quantum one-time-pad,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 052319 (2004).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng and G. L. Long, “Bidirectional quantum key distribution protocol with practical faint laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 012311 (2004).

[CrossRef]

K. Nemoto and W. J. Munro, “Nearly deterministic linear optical controlled-NOT gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250502 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. Fiurášek, “Optical implementations of the optimal phase-covariant quantum cloning machine,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 052314 (2003).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng and G. L. Long, “Controlled order rearrangement encryption for quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 042315 (2003).

[CrossRef]

T. Hirano, H. Yamanaka, M. Ashikaga, T. Konishi, and R. Namiki, “Quantum cryptography using pulsed homodyne detection,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 042331 (2003).

[CrossRef]

P. Kok, H. Lee, and J. P. Dowling, “Single-photon quantum-nondemolition detectors constructed with linear optics and projective measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 063814 (2002).

[CrossRef]

H. K. Cummins, C. Jones, A. Furze, N. F. Soffe, M. Mosca, J. M. Peach, and J. A. Jones, “Approximate quantum cloning with nuclear magnetic resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 187901 (2002).

[CrossRef]

A. L. Linares, C. Simon, J. C. Howell, and D. Bouwmeester, “Experimental quantum cloning of single photons,” Science 296, 712–714 (2002).

[CrossRef]

G. L. Long and X. S. Liu, “Theoretically efficient high-capacity quantum-key-distribution scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 032302 (2002).

[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).

[CrossRef]

J. Fiurášek, “Optical implementation of continuous-variable quantum cloning machines,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4942–4945 (2001).

[CrossRef]

H. Fan, K. Matsumoto, X. B. Wang, and M. Wadati, “Quantum cloning machines for equatorial qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 012304 (2001).

[CrossRef]

D. Bruss, M. Cinchetti, G. M. D’Ariano, and C. Macchiavello, “Phase-covariant quantum cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012302 (2000).

[CrossRef]

R. F. Werner, “Optimal cloning of pure states,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1827–1832 (1998).

[CrossRef]

L. M. Duan and G. C. Guo, “Probabilistic cloning and identification of linearly independent quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4999–5002 (1998).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, “Quantum cryptography using any two nonorthogonal states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3121–3124 (1992).

[CrossRef]

A. K. Ekert, “Quantum cryptography based on Bells theorem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661–663 (1991).

[CrossRef]

W. K. Wootters and W. H. Zurek, “A single quantum cannot be cloned,” Nature 299, 802–803 (1982).

[CrossRef]

D. Dieks, “Communication by EPR devices,” Phys. Lett. A 92, 271–272 (1982).

[CrossRef]

F. Agnes and L. Norbert, “Symmetries in quantum key distribution and the connection between optimal attacks and optimal cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 052310 (2012).

[CrossRef]

M. Sabuncu, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, “Experimental continuous-variable cloning of partial quantum information,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 052312 (2008).

[CrossRef]

T. Hirano, H. Yamanaka, M. Ashikaga, T. Konishi, and R. Namiki, “Quantum cryptography using pulsed homodyne detection,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 042331 (2003).

[CrossRef]

S. D. Barrett, P. Kok, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, W. J. Munro, and T. P. Spiller, “Symmetry analyzer for nondestructive Bell-state detection using weak nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 060302(R) (2005).

S. D. Barrett, P. Kok, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, W. J. Munro, and T. P. Spiller, “Symmetry analyzer for nondestructive Bell-state detection using weak nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 060302(R) (2005).

W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, and T. P. Spiller, “High-efficiency quantum-nondemolition single-photon-number-resolving detector,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033819 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, “Quantum cryptography using any two nonorthogonal states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3121–3124 (1992).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, “Quantum cryptography: public-key distribution and coin tossing,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems, and Signal Processing, Bangalore, India, (IEEE, 1984), pp. 175–179.

A. L. Linares, C. Simon, J. C. Howell, and D. Bouwmeester, “Experimental quantum cloning of single photons,” Science 296, 712–714 (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, “Quantum cryptography: public-key distribution and coin tossing,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems, and Signal Processing, Bangalore, India, (IEEE, 1984), pp. 175–179.

D. Bruss, M. Cinchetti, G. M. D’Ariano, and C. Macchiavello, “Phase-covariant quantum cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012302 (2000).

[CrossRef]

V. Bužek and M. Hillery, “Quantum copying: beyond the no-cloning theorem,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 1844–1852 (1996).

[CrossRef]

J. Fiurášek and N. J. Cerf, “Quantum cloning of a pair of orthogonally polarized photons with linear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 052308 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. Fiurášek, R. Filip, and N. J. Cerf, “Highly asymmetric quantum cloning in arbitrary dimension,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 5, 583–592 (2005).

H. W. Chen, X. Y. Zhou, D. Suter, and J. F. Du, “Experimental realization of 1→2 asymmetric phase-covariant quantum cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 012317 (2007).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Nielsen and I. L. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge University, 2000).

D. Bruss, M. Cinchetti, G. M. D’Ariano, and C. Macchiavello, “Phase-covariant quantum cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012302 (2000).

[CrossRef]

H. K. Cummins, C. Jones, A. Furze, N. F. Soffe, M. Mosca, J. M. Peach, and J. A. Jones, “Approximate quantum cloning with nuclear magnetic resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 187901 (2002).

[CrossRef]

D. Bruss, M. Cinchetti, G. M. D’Ariano, and C. Macchiavello, “Phase-covariant quantum cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012302 (2000).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, “Optimal nonlocal multipartite entanglement concentration based on projection measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 022311 (2012).

[CrossRef]

F. F. Du, T. Li, B. C. Ren, H. R. Wei, and F. G. Deng, “Single-photon-assisted entanglement concentration of a multiphoton system in a partially entangled W state with weak cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1399–1405 (2012).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, “Efficient multipartite entanglement purification with the entanglement link from a subspace,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 052312 (2011).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Single-photon entanglement concentration for long-distance quantum communication,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 10, 272–281 (2010).

Y. B. Sheng and F. G. Deng, “Deterministic entanglement purification and complete nonlocal Bell-state analysis with hyperentanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032307 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and G. L. Long, “Complete hyperentangled-Bell-state analysis for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 032318 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, B. K. Zhao, T. J. Wang, and H. Y. Zhou, “Multipartite entanglement purification with quantum nondemolition detectors,” Eur. Phys. J. D 55, 235–242 (2009).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Efficient polarization-entanglement purification based on parametric down-conversion sources with cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 042308 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Nonlocal entanglement concentration scheme for partially entangled multipartite systems with nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 062325(2008).

[CrossRef]

X. H. Li, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Efficient quantum key distribution over a collective noise channel,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 022321 (2008).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng and G. L. Long, “Bidirectional quantum key distribution protocol with practical faint laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 012311 (2004).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng and G. L. Long, “Secure direct communication with a quantum one-time-pad,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 052319 (2004).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng and G. L. Long, “Controlled order rearrangement encryption for quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 042315 (2003).

[CrossRef]

D. Dieks, “Communication by EPR devices,” Phys. Lett. A 92, 271–272 (1982).

[CrossRef]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

P. Kok, H. Lee, and J. P. Dowling, “Single-photon quantum-nondemolition detectors constructed with linear optics and projective measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 063814 (2002).

[CrossRef]

H. W. Chen, X. Y. Zhou, D. Suter, and J. F. Du, “Experimental realization of 1→2 asymmetric phase-covariant quantum cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 012317 (2007).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Du, T. Durt, P. Zou, H. Li, L. C. Kwek, C. H. Lai, C. H. Oh, and A. Ekert, “Experimental quantum cloning with prior partial information,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040505 (2005).

[CrossRef]

L. M. Duan and G. C. Guo, “Probabilistic cloning and identification of linearly independent quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4999–5002 (1998).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Du, T. Durt, P. Zou, H. Li, L. C. Kwek, C. H. Lai, C. H. Oh, and A. Ekert, “Experimental quantum cloning with prior partial information,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040505 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Du, T. Durt, P. Zou, H. Li, L. C. Kwek, C. H. Lai, C. H. Oh, and A. Ekert, “Experimental quantum cloning with prior partial information,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040505 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. K. Ekert, “Quantum cryptography based on Bells theorem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661–663 (1991).

[CrossRef]

X. Y. Pan, G. Q. Liu, L. L. Yang, and H. Fan, “Solid-state optimal phase-covariant quantum cloning machine,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051113 (2011).

[CrossRef]

Y. N. Wang, H. D. Shi, L. Jing, X. J. Ren, L. Z. Mu, and H. Fan, “Unified universal quantum cloning machine and fidelities,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 034302 (2011).

[CrossRef]

H. Fan, K. Matsumoto, X. B. Wang, and M. Wadati, “Quantum cloning machines for equatorial qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 012304 (2001).

[CrossRef]

X. G. Song, X. L. Feng, L. C. Kwek, and C. H. Oh, “Entanglement purification based on photonic polarization parity measurements,” J. Phys. B. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, 2827–2832 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. Fiurášek, R. Filip, and N. J. Cerf, “Highly asymmetric quantum cloning in arbitrary dimension,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 5, 583–592 (2005).

J. Fiurášek and N. J. Cerf, “Quantum cloning of a pair of orthogonally polarized photons with linear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 052308 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. Fiurášek, R. Filip, and N. J. Cerf, “Highly asymmetric quantum cloning in arbitrary dimension,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 5, 583–592 (2005).

J. Fiurášek, “Optical implementations of the optimal phase-covariant quantum cloning machine,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 052314 (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. Fiurášek, “Optical implementation of continuous-variable quantum cloning machines,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4942–4945 (2001).

[CrossRef]

H. K. Cummins, C. Jones, A. Furze, N. F. Soffe, M. Mosca, J. M. Peach, and J. A. Jones, “Approximate quantum cloning with nuclear magnetic resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 187901 (2002).

[CrossRef]

S. H. Sun, M. Gao, M. S. Jiang, C. Y. Li, and L. M. Liang, “Partially random phase attack to the practical two-way quantum-key-distribution system,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 032304 (2012).

[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).

[CrossRef]

L. M. Duan and G. C. Guo, “Probabilistic cloning and identification of linearly independent quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4999–5002 (1998).

[CrossRef]

V. Bužek and M. Hillery, “Quantum copying: beyond the no-cloning theorem,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 1844–1852 (1996).

[CrossRef]

T. Hirano, H. Yamanaka, M. Ashikaga, T. Konishi, and R. Namiki, “Quantum cryptography using pulsed homodyne detection,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 042331 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. L. Linares, C. Simon, J. C. Howell, and D. Bouwmeester, “Experimental quantum cloning of single photons,” Science 296, 712–714 (2002).

[CrossRef]

S. H. Sun, M. Gao, M. S. Jiang, C. Y. Li, and L. M. Liang, “Partially random phase attack to the practical two-way quantum-key-distribution system,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 032304 (2012).

[CrossRef]

C. Wang, Y. Zhang, and G. S. Jin, “Polarization-entanglement purification and concentration using cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 11, 988–1002 (2011).

Y. N. Wang, H. D. Shi, L. Jing, X. J. Ren, L. Z. Mu, and H. Fan, “Unified universal quantum cloning machine and fidelities,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 034302 (2011).

[CrossRef]

H. K. Cummins, C. Jones, A. Furze, N. F. Soffe, M. Mosca, J. M. Peach, and J. A. Jones, “Approximate quantum cloning with nuclear magnetic resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 187901 (2002).

[CrossRef]

H. K. Cummins, C. Jones, A. Furze, N. F. Soffe, M. Mosca, J. M. Peach, and J. A. Jones, “Approximate quantum cloning with nuclear magnetic resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 187901 (2002).

[CrossRef]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

S. D. Barrett, P. Kok, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, W. J. Munro, and T. P. Spiller, “Symmetry analyzer for nondestructive Bell-state detection using weak nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 060302(R) (2005).

P. Kok, H. Lee, and J. P. Dowling, “Single-photon quantum-nondemolition detectors constructed with linear optics and projective measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 063814 (2002).

[CrossRef]

T. Hirano, H. Yamanaka, M. Ashikaga, T. Konishi, and R. Namiki, “Quantum cryptography using pulsed homodyne detection,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 042331 (2003).

[CrossRef]

X. G. Song, X. L. Feng, L. C. Kwek, and C. H. Oh, “Entanglement purification based on photonic polarization parity measurements,” J. Phys. B. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, 2827–2832 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Du, T. Durt, P. Zou, H. Li, L. C. Kwek, C. H. Lai, C. H. Oh, and A. Ekert, “Experimental quantum cloning with prior partial information,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040505 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Du, T. Durt, P. Zou, H. Li, L. C. Kwek, C. H. Lai, C. H. Oh, and A. Ekert, “Experimental quantum cloning with prior partial information,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040505 (2005).

[CrossRef]

P. Kok, H. Lee, and J. P. Dowling, “Single-photon quantum-nondemolition detectors constructed with linear optics and projective measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 063814 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. Sabuncu, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, “Experimental continuous-variable cloning of partial quantum information,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 052312 (2008).

[CrossRef]

S. H. Sun, M. Gao, M. S. Jiang, C. Y. Li, and L. M. Liang, “Partially random phase attack to the practical two-way quantum-key-distribution system,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 032304 (2012).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Du, T. Durt, P. Zou, H. Li, L. C. Kwek, C. H. Lai, C. H. Oh, and A. Ekert, “Experimental quantum cloning with prior partial information,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040505 (2005).

[CrossRef]

Q. Lin and J. Li, “Quantum control gates with weak cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 022301 (2009).

[CrossRef]

X. H. Li, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Efficient quantum key distribution over a collective noise channel,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 022321 (2008).

[CrossRef]

S. H. Sun, M. Gao, M. S. Jiang, C. Y. Li, and L. M. Liang, “Partially random phase attack to the practical two-way quantum-key-distribution system,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 032304 (2012).

[CrossRef]

Q. Lin and J. Li, “Quantum control gates with weak cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 022301 (2009).

[CrossRef]

A. L. Linares, C. Simon, J. C. Howell, and D. Bouwmeester, “Experimental quantum cloning of single photons,” Science 296, 712–714 (2002).

[CrossRef]

X. Y. Pan, G. Q. Liu, L. L. Yang, and H. Fan, “Solid-state optimal phase-covariant quantum cloning machine,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051113 (2011).

[CrossRef]

G. L. Long and X. S. Liu, “Theoretically efficient high-capacity quantum-key-distribution scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 032302 (2002).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and G. L. Long, “Complete hyperentangled-Bell-state analysis for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 032318 (2010).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng and G. L. Long, “Secure direct communication with a quantum one-time-pad,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 052319 (2004).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng and G. L. Long, “Bidirectional quantum key distribution protocol with practical faint laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 012311 (2004).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng and G. L. Long, “Controlled order rearrangement encryption for quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 042315 (2003).

[CrossRef]

G. L. Long and X. S. Liu, “Theoretically efficient high-capacity quantum-key-distribution scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 032302 (2002).

[CrossRef]

D. Bruss, M. Cinchetti, G. M. D’Ariano, and C. Macchiavello, “Phase-covariant quantum cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012302 (2000).

[CrossRef]

H. Fan, K. Matsumoto, X. B. Wang, and M. Wadati, “Quantum cloning machines for equatorial qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 012304 (2001).

[CrossRef]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

H. K. Cummins, C. Jones, A. Furze, N. F. Soffe, M. Mosca, J. M. Peach, and J. A. Jones, “Approximate quantum cloning with nuclear magnetic resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 187901 (2002).

[CrossRef]

Y. N. Wang, H. D. Shi, L. Jing, X. J. Ren, L. Z. Mu, and H. Fan, “Unified universal quantum cloning machine and fidelities,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 034302 (2011).

[CrossRef]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, and T. P. Spiller, “High-efficiency quantum-nondemolition single-photon-number-resolving detector,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033819 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. D. Barrett, P. Kok, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, W. J. Munro, and T. P. Spiller, “Symmetry analyzer for nondestructive Bell-state detection using weak nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 060302(R) (2005).

K. Nemoto and W. J. Munro, “Nearly deterministic linear optical controlled-NOT gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250502 (2004).

[CrossRef]

T. Hirano, H. Yamanaka, M. Ashikaga, T. Konishi, and R. Namiki, “Quantum cryptography using pulsed homodyne detection,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 042331 (2003).

[CrossRef]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, and T. P. Spiller, “High-efficiency quantum-nondemolition single-photon-number-resolving detector,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033819 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. D. Barrett, P. Kok, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, W. J. Munro, and T. P. Spiller, “Symmetry analyzer for nondestructive Bell-state detection using weak nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 060302(R) (2005).

K. Nemoto and W. J. Munro, “Nearly deterministic linear optical controlled-NOT gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250502 (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Nielsen and I. L. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge University, 2000).

F. Agnes and L. Norbert, “Symmetries in quantum key distribution and the connection between optimal attacks and optimal cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 052310 (2012).

[CrossRef]

X. G. Song, X. L. Feng, L. C. Kwek, and C. H. Oh, “Entanglement purification based on photonic polarization parity measurements,” J. Phys. B. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, 2827–2832 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Du, T. Durt, P. Zou, H. Li, L. C. Kwek, C. H. Lai, C. H. Oh, and A. Ekert, “Experimental quantum cloning with prior partial information,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040505 (2005).

[CrossRef]

X. Y. Pan, G. Q. Liu, L. L. Yang, and H. Fan, “Solid-state optimal phase-covariant quantum cloning machine,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051113 (2011).

[CrossRef]

H. K. Cummins, C. Jones, A. Furze, N. F. Soffe, M. Mosca, J. M. Peach, and J. A. Jones, “Approximate quantum cloning with nuclear magnetic resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 187901 (2002).

[CrossRef]

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

Y. N. Wang, H. D. Shi, L. Jing, X. J. Ren, L. Z. Mu, and H. Fan, “Unified universal quantum cloning machine and fidelities,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 034302 (2011).

[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. Sabuncu, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, “Experimental continuous-variable cloning of partial quantum information,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 052312 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, L. Zhou, S. M. Zhao, and B. Y. Zheng, “Efficient single-photon-assisted entanglement concentration for partially entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 012307(2012).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and G. L. Long, “Complete hyperentangled-Bell-state analysis for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 032318 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Single-photon entanglement concentration for long-distance quantum communication,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 10, 272–281 (2010).

Y. B. Sheng and F. G. Deng, “Deterministic entanglement purification and complete nonlocal Bell-state analysis with hyperentanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032307 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, B. K. Zhao, T. J. Wang, and H. Y. Zhou, “Multipartite entanglement purification with quantum nondemolition detectors,” Eur. Phys. J. D 55, 235–242 (2009).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Efficient polarization-entanglement purification based on parametric down-conversion sources with cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 042308 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Nonlocal entanglement concentration scheme for partially entangled multipartite systems with nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 062325(2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. N. Wang, H. D. Shi, L. Jing, X. J. Ren, L. Z. Mu, and H. Fan, “Unified universal quantum cloning machine and fidelities,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 034302 (2011).

[CrossRef]

A. L. Linares, C. Simon, J. C. Howell, and D. Bouwmeester, “Experimental quantum cloning of single photons,” Science 296, 712–714 (2002).

[CrossRef]

H. K. Cummins, C. Jones, A. Furze, N. F. Soffe, M. Mosca, J. M. Peach, and J. A. Jones, “Approximate quantum cloning with nuclear magnetic resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 187901 (2002).

[CrossRef]

X. G. Song, X. L. Feng, L. C. Kwek, and C. H. Oh, “Entanglement purification based on photonic polarization parity measurements,” J. Phys. B. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, 2827–2832 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. D. Barrett, P. Kok, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, W. J. Munro, and T. P. Spiller, “Symmetry analyzer for nondestructive Bell-state detection using weak nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 060302(R) (2005).

W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, and T. P. Spiller, “High-efficiency quantum-nondemolition single-photon-number-resolving detector,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033819 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. H. Sun, M. Gao, M. S. Jiang, C. Y. Li, and L. M. Liang, “Partially random phase attack to the practical two-way quantum-key-distribution system,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 032304 (2012).

[CrossRef]

H. W. Chen, X. Y. Zhou, D. Suter, and J. F. Du, “Experimental realization of 1→2 asymmetric phase-covariant quantum cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 012317 (2007).

[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).

[CrossRef]

H. Fan, K. Matsumoto, X. B. Wang, and M. Wadati, “Quantum cloning machines for equatorial qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 012304 (2001).

[CrossRef]

C. Wang, Y. Zhang, and G. S. Jin, “Polarization-entanglement purification and concentration using cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 11, 988–1002 (2011).

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, B. K. Zhao, T. J. Wang, and H. Y. Zhou, “Multipartite entanglement purification with quantum nondemolition detectors,” Eur. Phys. J. D 55, 235–242 (2009).

[CrossRef]

H. Fan, K. Matsumoto, X. B. Wang, and M. Wadati, “Quantum cloning machines for equatorial qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 012304 (2001).

[CrossRef]

Y. N. Wang, H. D. Shi, L. Jing, X. J. Ren, L. Z. Mu, and H. Fan, “Unified universal quantum cloning machine and fidelities,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 034302 (2011).

[CrossRef]

R. F. Werner, “Optimal cloning of pure states,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1827–1832 (1998).

[CrossRef]

W. K. Wootters and W. H. Zurek, “A single quantum cannot be cloned,” Nature 299, 802–803 (1982).

[CrossRef]

T. Hirano, H. Yamanaka, M. Ashikaga, T. Konishi, and R. Namiki, “Quantum cryptography using pulsed homodyne detection,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 042331 (2003).

[CrossRef]

X. Y. Pan, G. Q. Liu, L. L. Yang, and H. Fan, “Solid-state optimal phase-covariant quantum cloning machine,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051113 (2011).

[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. Wang, Y. Zhang, and G. S. Jin, “Polarization-entanglement purification and concentration using cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 11, 988–1002 (2011).

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, B. K. Zhao, T. J. Wang, and H. Y. Zhou, “Multipartite entanglement purification with quantum nondemolition detectors,” Eur. Phys. J. D 55, 235–242 (2009).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, L. Zhou, S. M. Zhao, and B. Y. Zheng, “Efficient single-photon-assisted entanglement concentration for partially entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 012307(2012).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, L. Zhou, S. M. Zhao, and B. Y. Zheng, “Efficient single-photon-assisted entanglement concentration for partially entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 012307(2012).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Single-photon entanglement concentration for long-distance quantum communication,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 10, 272–281 (2010).

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, B. K. Zhao, T. J. Wang, and H. Y. Zhou, “Multipartite entanglement purification with quantum nondemolition detectors,” Eur. Phys. J. D 55, 235–242 (2009).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Efficient polarization-entanglement purification based on parametric down-conversion sources with cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 042308 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Nonlocal entanglement concentration scheme for partially entangled multipartite systems with nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 062325(2008).

[CrossRef]

X. H. Li, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Efficient quantum key distribution over a collective noise channel,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 022321 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, L. Zhou, S. M. Zhao, and B. Y. Zheng, “Efficient single-photon-assisted entanglement concentration for partially entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 012307(2012).

[CrossRef]

H. W. Chen, X. Y. Zhou, D. Suter, and J. F. Du, “Experimental realization of 1→2 asymmetric phase-covariant quantum cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 012317 (2007).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Du, T. Durt, P. Zou, H. Li, L. C. Kwek, C. H. Lai, C. H. Oh, and A. Ekert, “Experimental quantum cloning with prior partial information,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040505 (2005).

[CrossRef]

W. K. Wootters and W. H. Zurek, “A single quantum cannot be cloned,” Nature 299, 802–803 (1982).

[CrossRef]

X. Y. Pan, G. Q. Liu, L. L. Yang, and H. Fan, “Solid-state optimal phase-covariant quantum cloning machine,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 051113 (2011).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, B. K. Zhao, T. J. Wang, and H. Y. Zhou, “Multipartite entanglement purification with quantum nondemolition detectors,” Eur. Phys. J. D 55, 235–242 (2009).

[CrossRef]

W. Xiong and L. Ye, “Schemes for entanglement concentration of two unknown partially entangled states with cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2030–2037 (2011).

[CrossRef]

F. F. Du, T. Li, B. C. Ren, H. R. Wei, and F. G. Deng, “Single-photon-assisted entanglement concentration of a multiphoton system in a partially entangled W state with weak cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 1399–1405 (2012).

[CrossRef]

X. G. Song, X. L. Feng, L. C. Kwek, and C. H. Oh, “Entanglement purification based on photonic polarization parity measurements,” J. Phys. B. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 38, 2827–2832 (2005).

[CrossRef]

W. K. Wootters and W. H. Zurek, “A single quantum cannot be cloned,” Nature 299, 802–803 (1982).

[CrossRef]

D. Dieks, “Communication by EPR devices,” Phys. Lett. A 92, 271–272 (1982).

[CrossRef]

G. L. Long and X. S. Liu, “Theoretically efficient high-capacity quantum-key-distribution scheme,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 032302 (2002).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng and G. L. Long, “Controlled order rearrangement encryption for quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 042315 (2003).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng and G. L. Long, “Secure direct communication with a quantum one-time-pad,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 052319 (2004).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng and G. L. Long, “Bidirectional quantum key distribution protocol with practical faint laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 012311 (2004).

[CrossRef]

X. H. Li, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Efficient quantum key distribution over a collective noise channel,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 022321 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. Fiurášek and N. J. Cerf, “Quantum cloning of a pair of orthogonally polarized photons with linear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 052308 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. Sabuncu, G. Leuchs, and U. L. Andersen, “Experimental continuous-variable cloning of partial quantum information,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 052312 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. N. Wang, H. D. Shi, L. Jing, X. J. Ren, L. Z. Mu, and H. Fan, “Unified universal quantum cloning machine and fidelities,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 034302 (2011).

[CrossRef]

D. Bruss, M. Cinchetti, G. M. D’Ariano, and C. Macchiavello, “Phase-covariant quantum cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 012302 (2000).

[CrossRef]

H. Fan, K. Matsumoto, X. B. Wang, and M. Wadati, “Quantum cloning machines for equatorial qubits,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 012304 (2001).

[CrossRef]

J. Fiurášek, “Optical implementations of the optimal phase-covariant quantum cloning machine,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 052314 (2003).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng and F. G. Deng, “Deterministic entanglement purification and complete nonlocal Bell-state analysis with hyperentanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032307 (2010).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, “Efficient multipartite entanglement purification with the entanglement link from a subspace,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 052312 (2011).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Nonlocal entanglement concentration scheme for partially entangled multipartite systems with nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 062325(2008).

[CrossRef]

F. G. Deng, “Optimal nonlocal multipartite entanglement concentration based on projection measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 022311 (2012).

[CrossRef]

F. Agnes and L. Norbert, “Symmetries in quantum key distribution and the connection between optimal attacks and optimal cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 052310 (2012).

[CrossRef]

Q. Lin and J. Li, “Quantum control gates with weak cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 022301 (2009).

[CrossRef]

S. D. Barrett, P. Kok, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, W. J. Munro, and T. P. Spiller, “Symmetry analyzer for nondestructive Bell-state detection using weak nonlinearities,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 060302(R) (2005).

V. Bužek and M. Hillery, “Quantum copying: beyond the no-cloning theorem,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 1844–1852 (1996).

[CrossRef]

R. F. Werner, “Optimal cloning of pure states,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1827–1832 (1998).

[CrossRef]

H. W. Chen, X. Y. Zhou, D. Suter, and J. F. Du, “Experimental realization of 1→2 asymmetric phase-covariant quantum cloning,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 012317 (2007).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Efficient polarization-entanglement purification based on parametric down-conversion sources with cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 042308 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and G. L. Long, “Complete hyperentangled-Bell-state analysis for quantum communication,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 032318 (2010).

[CrossRef]

P. Kok, H. Lee, and J. P. Dowling, “Single-photon quantum-nondemolition detectors constructed with linear optics and projective measurements,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 063814 (2002).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, L. Zhou, S. M. Zhao, and B. Y. Zheng, “Efficient single-photon-assisted entanglement concentration for partially entangled photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 012307(2012).

[CrossRef]

W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, R. G. Beausoleil, and T. P. Spiller, “High-efficiency quantum-nondemolition single-photon-number-resolving detector,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 033819 (2005).

[CrossRef]

T. Hirano, H. Yamanaka, M. Ashikaga, T. Konishi, and R. Namiki, “Quantum cryptography using pulsed homodyne detection,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 042331 (2003).

[CrossRef]

S. H. Sun, M. Gao, M. S. Jiang, C. Y. Li, and L. M. Liang, “Partially random phase attack to the practical two-way quantum-key-distribution system,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 032304 (2012).

[CrossRef]

A. K. Ekert, “Quantum cryptography based on Bells theorem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661–663 (1991).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett, “Quantum cryptography using any two nonorthogonal states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3121–3124 (1992).

[CrossRef]

J. F. Du, T. Durt, P. Zou, H. Li, L. C. Kwek, C. H. Lai, C. H. Oh, and A. Ekert, “Experimental quantum cloning with prior partial information,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 040505 (2005).

[CrossRef]

K. Nemoto and W. J. Munro, “Nearly deterministic linear optical controlled-NOT gate,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250502 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. Fiurášek, “Optical implementation of continuous-variable quantum cloning machines,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4942–4945 (2001).

[CrossRef]

H. K. Cummins, C. Jones, A. Furze, N. F. Soffe, M. Mosca, J. M. Peach, and J. A. Jones, “Approximate quantum cloning with nuclear magnetic resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 187901 (2002).

[CrossRef]

L. M. Duan and G. C. Guo, “Probabilistic cloning and identification of linearly independent quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 4999–5002 (1998).

[CrossRef]

Y. B. Sheng, F. G. Deng, and H. Y. Zhou, “Single-photon entanglement concentration for long-distance quantum communication,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 10, 272–281 (2010).

J. Fiurášek, R. Filip, and N. J. Cerf, “Highly asymmetric quantum cloning in arbitrary dimension,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 5, 583–592 (2005).

C. Wang, Y. Zhang, and G. S. Jin, “Polarization-entanglement purification and concentration using cross-Kerr nonlinearity,” Quantum Inf. Comput. 11, 988–1002 (2011).

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135–174 (2007).

[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).

[CrossRef]

A. L. Linares, C. Simon, J. C. Howell, and D. Bouwmeester, “Experimental quantum cloning of single photons,” Science 296, 712–714 (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, “Quantum cryptography: public-key distribution and coin tossing,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems, and Signal Processing, Bangalore, India, (IEEE, 1984), pp. 175–179.

M. A. Nielsen and I. L. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge University, 2000).