Abstract

A new set of phase operators for the electromagnetic field has been defined by an extension of squeezed-state theory. In several cases these operators have similar or the same properties as the previously defined (Susskind–Glogower) operators. However, the new operators also have unique properties of their own. The expectation values of the phase operators have been found for a squeezed state and been shown to reduce to the expected classical values in the limit of small amounts of squeezing and large field excitation.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

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