Abstract

The effective peak stimulated-emission cross section of chromium-doped gadolinium–scandium–gallium garnets (GSGG) has been determined to be 8.5 × 10−21 cm2 at room temperature. The values of the energy-gap ΔE(2E4T2) chromium fluorescence lifetime and the chromium → neodymium energy-transfer parameter CDA(Cr–Nd) are determined for several gallium garnets. Temperature-dependent absorption and luminescence spectra of neodymium-doped GGG and GSGG are reported and discussed in the context of their use as laser materials.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 568–573 (1982); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 338–341 (1982).
  2. E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140–144 (1983); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82–85 (1983).
  3. D. Pruss, G. Huber, A. Beimowski, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 28, 355–358 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565–1574 (1984).
  5. E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).
  6. P. F. Moulton, “Recent advances in solid state lasers,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics ’84 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), p. 76.
  7. E. V. Zharikov, S. V. Lavrishchev, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 487–482 (1984).
  8. E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).
  9. B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B. 30, 117–120 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. F. Moulton, Laser Focus 19, 83–88 (1983).
  11. G. Huber, B. Struve, P. Albers, “Continuous operation of chromium doped garnet lasers,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 1982 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), p. 208.
  12. B. Struve, G. Huber, “Tunability of the Cr3+:GSGG laser,” in Digest of Conference in Lasers and Electro-Optics ’84 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984). p. 102.
  13. B. Struve, G. Huber, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 45–48 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O’Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302–1314 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  15. V. A. Berenberg, V. A. Buchenkov, V. L. Evstigneyev, V. G. Ostroumov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) (to be published).
  16. B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618–621 (1976).
  17. A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Ggitsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, S. E. Sarkisov, Phys. Status Solidi A 34K109–114 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Th. Förster, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 2, 55–75 (1948); Zh. Naturforch., Teil A 4, 321–327 (1949).
  19. D. L. Dexter, J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836–850 (1953).
    [CrossRef]
  20. E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Zh. Prikl. Spectrosk. (Minsk) XLI, 484–488 (1984).
  21. B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 5, 847–856 (1978).
  22. P. T. Kenyon, L. Andrews, B. McCollum, A. Lempicki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1189–1197 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

1985 (1)

B. Struve, G. Huber, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 45–48 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (3)

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Zh. Prikl. Spectrosk. (Minsk) XLI, 484–488 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565–1574 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, S. V. Lavrishchev, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 487–482 (1984).

1983 (5)

E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).

B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B. 30, 117–120 (1983).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, Laser Focus 19, 83–88 (1983).

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140–144 (1983); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82–85 (1983).

1982 (3)

D. Pruss, G. Huber, A. Beimowski, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 28, 355–358 (1982).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 568–573 (1982); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 338–341 (1982).

P. T. Kenyon, L. Andrews, B. McCollum, A. Lempicki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1189–1197 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O’Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302–1314 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 5, 847–856 (1978).

1976 (2)

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618–621 (1976).

A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Ggitsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, S. E. Sarkisov, Phys. Status Solidi A 34K109–114 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1953 (1)

D. L. Dexter, J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836–850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

1948 (1)

Th. Förster, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 2, 55–75 (1948); Zh. Naturforch., Teil A 4, 321–327 (1949).

Albers, P.

G. Huber, B. Struve, P. Albers, “Continuous operation of chromium doped garnet lasers,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 1982 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), p. 208.

Andrews, L.

P. T. Kenyon, L. Andrews, B. McCollum, A. Lempicki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1189–1197 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bagdasarov, Kh. S.

A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Ggitsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, S. E. Sarkisov, Phys. Status Solidi A 34K109–114 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Beimowski, A.

D. Pruss, G. Huber, A. Beimowski, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 28, 355–358 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Bogomolova, G. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Ggitsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, S. E. Sarkisov, Phys. Status Solidi A 34K109–114 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Denker, B. I.

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 5, 847–856 (1978).

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618–621 (1976).

Dexter, D. L.

D. L. Dexter, J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836–850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Förster, Th.

Th. Förster, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 2, 55–75 (1948); Zh. Naturforch., Teil A 4, 321–327 (1949).

Ggitsenko, M. M.

A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Ggitsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, S. E. Sarkisov, Phys. Status Solidi A 34K109–114 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

B. Struve, G. Huber, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 45–48 (1985).
[CrossRef]

B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B. 30, 117–120 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. Pruss, G. Huber, A. Beimowski, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 28, 355–358 (1982).
[CrossRef]

B. Struve, G. Huber, “Tunability of the Cr3+:GSGG laser,” in Digest of Conference in Lasers and Electro-Optics ’84 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984). p. 102.

G. Huber, B. Struve, P. Albers, “Continuous operation of chromium doped garnet lasers,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 1982 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), p. 208.

Il’ichev, N. N.

E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140–144 (1983); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82–85 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 568–573 (1982); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 338–341 (1982).

Isayev, M. P.

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

Jenssen, H. P.

J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O’Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302–1314 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kalitin, S. P.

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Zh. Prikl. Spectrosk. (Minsk) XLI, 484–488 (1984).

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Ggitsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, S. E. Sarkisov, Phys. Status Solidi A 34K109–114 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kenyon, P. T.

P. T. Kenyon, L. Andrews, B. McCollum, A. Lempicki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1189–1197 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kevorkov, A. M.

A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Ggitsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, S. E. Sarkisov, Phys. Status Solidi A 34K109–114 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kuratev, I. I.

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

Kushnir, V. R.

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

Laptev, V. V.

E. V. Zharikov, S. V. Lavrishchev, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 487–482 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Zh. Prikl. Spectrosk. (Minsk) XLI, 484–488 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565–1574 (1984).

E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).

B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B. 30, 117–120 (1983).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140–144 (1983); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82–85 (1983).

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 568–573 (1982); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 338–341 (1982).

D. Pruss, G. Huber, A. Beimowski, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 28, 355–358 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Lavrishchev, S. V.

E. V. Zharikov, S. V. Lavrishchev, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 487–482 (1984).

Lempicki, A.

P. T. Kenyon, L. Andrews, B. McCollum, A. Lempicki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1189–1197 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Malyutin, A. A.

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140–144 (1983); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82–85 (1983).

E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 568–573 (1982); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 338–341 (1982).

McCollum, B.

P. T. Kenyon, L. Andrews, B. McCollum, A. Lempicki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1189–1197 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Morris, R. C.

J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O’Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302–1314 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, Laser Focus 19, 83–88 (1983).

P. F. Moulton, “Recent advances in solid state lasers,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics ’84 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), p. 76.

O’Dell, E. W.

J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O’Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302–1314 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Osiko, V. V.

E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 5, 847–856 (1978).

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618–621 (1976).

Ostroumov, V. G.

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Zh. Prikl. Spectrosk. (Minsk) XLI, 484–488 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, S. V. Lavrishchev, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 487–482 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565–1574 (1984).

E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140–144 (1983); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82–85 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 568–573 (1982); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 338–341 (1982).

Pashinin, P. P.

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140–144 (1983); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82–85 (1983).

E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 568–573 (1982); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 338–341 (1982).

Pashkov, V. A.

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

Peterson, O. G.

J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O’Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302–1314 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Pimenov, A. S.

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140–144 (1983); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82–85 (1983).

Privis, Yu. S.

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Zh. Prikl. Spectrosk. (Minsk) XLI, 484–488 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565–1574 (1984).

Prokhorov, A. M.

E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 5, 847–856 (1978).

Pruss, D.

D. Pruss, G. Huber, A. Beimowski, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 28, 355–358 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Saidov, Z. S.

E. V. Zharikov, S. V. Lavrishchev, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 487–482 (1984).

Sarkisov, S. E.

A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Ggitsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, S. E. Sarkisov, Phys. Status Solidi A 34K109–114 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Sharikov, E. V.

E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).

Shcherbakov, I. A.

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565–1574 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, S. V. Lavrishchev, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 487–482 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Zh. Prikl. Spectrosk. (Minsk) XLI, 484–488 (1984).

B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B. 30, 117–120 (1983).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140–144 (1983); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82–85 (1983).

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 568–573 (1982); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 338–341 (1982).

D. Pruss, G. Huber, A. Beimowski, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 28, 355–358 (1982).
[CrossRef]

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 5, 847–856 (1978).

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618–621 (1976).

Shestakov, A. V.

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

Smirnov, V. A.

E. V. Zharikov, S. V. Lavrishchev, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 487–482 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Zh. Prikl. Spectrosk. (Minsk) XLI, 484–488 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565–1574 (1984).

E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140–144 (1983); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82–85 (1983).

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

Starikov, B. P.

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618–621 (1976).

Stel’makh, M. F.

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

Struve, B.

B. Struve, G. Huber, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 45–48 (1985).
[CrossRef]

B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B. 30, 117–120 (1983).
[CrossRef]

B. Struve, G. Huber, “Tunability of the Cr3+:GSGG laser,” in Digest of Conference in Lasers and Electro-Optics ’84 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984). p. 102.

G. Huber, B. Struve, P. Albers, “Continuous operation of chromium doped garnet lasers,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 1982 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), p. 208.

Timoshechkin, M. I.

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618–621 (1976).

Umyskov, A. F.

E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).

Walling, J. C.

J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O’Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302–1314 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Yablonskii, A. Ya.

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618–621 (1976).

Zahrikov, E. V.

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

Zharikov, E. V.

E. V. Zharikov, S. V. Lavrishchev, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 487–482 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Zh. Prikl. Spectrosk. (Minsk) XLI, 484–488 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565–1574 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140–144 (1983); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82–85 (1983).

B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B. 30, 117–120 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. Pruss, G. Huber, A. Beimowski, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 28, 355–358 (1982).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 568–573 (1982); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 338–341 (1982).

Zhitkova, M. B.

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

Zverev, G. M.

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) (1)

Th. Förster, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 2, 55–75 (1948); Zh. Naturforch., Teil A 4, 321–327 (1949).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Pruss, G. Huber, A. Beimowski, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B 28, 355–358 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

B. Struve, G. Huber, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, E. V. Zharikov, Appl. Phys. B. 30, 117–120 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. C. Walling, O. G. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, R. C. Morris, E. W. O’Dell, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1302–1314 (1980).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Kenyon, L. Andrews, B. McCollum, A. Lempicki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1189–1197 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. Struve, G. Huber, J. Appl. Phys. 57, 45–48 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

D. L. Dexter, J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836–850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) (8)

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 5, 847–856 (1978).

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618–621 (1976).

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565–1574 (1984).

E. V. Zahrikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961–1963 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 568–573 (1982); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 338–341 (1982).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140–144 (1983); Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82–85 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, S. V. Lavrishchev, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 487–482 (1984).

E. V. Sharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umyskov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1916–1919 (1983).

Laser Focus (1)

P. F. Moulton, Laser Focus 19, 83–88 (1983).

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Ggitsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, S. E. Sarkisov, Phys. Status Solidi A 34K109–114 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Zh. Prikl. Spectrosk. (Minsk) (1)

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Zh. Prikl. Spectrosk. (Minsk) XLI, 484–488 (1984).

Other (4)

V. A. Berenberg, V. A. Buchenkov, V. L. Evstigneyev, V. G. Ostroumov, V. A. Smirnov, I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) (to be published).

G. Huber, B. Struve, P. Albers, “Continuous operation of chromium doped garnet lasers,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 1982 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), p. 208.

B. Struve, G. Huber, “Tunability of the Cr3+:GSGG laser,” in Digest of Conference in Lasers and Electro-Optics ’84 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984). p. 102.

P. F. Moulton, “Recent advances in solid state lasers,” in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics ’84 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1984), p. 76.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The effective emission cross section σeff of the electronic–vibronic transition 2E, 4T24A2 of Cr3+ in GSGG crystal at room temperature.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The fluorescence spectra of Cr3+ in gallium garnet crystals at room temperature.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of the relative intensity of R-line and broadband 4T24A2 emission for different chromium-ion concentrations in GGG (a, 2 × 1019 cm−3; b, 2.4 × 1020 cm−3; c, 8 × 1020 cm−3) and GSGG (d, 6 × 1018 cm−3; e, 6 × 1019 cm−3; f, 3 × 1020 cm−3) crystals at 77 K.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Nd3+ absorption spectra in GGG and GSGG crystals at room temperature. Neodymium-ion concentration and sample length are, respectively, 2 × 1020 cm−3 and 1.27 mm for GGG crystal and 3 × 1020 cm−3 and 0.73 mm for GSGG crystal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence of the absorption coefficient Kabs. from the Nd3+ concentration for the lines marked in Fig. 4.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The fluorescence spectra of Nd3+ in GGG and GSGG crystals at room temperature.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Temperature dependence of the position (●) and FWHM (△) of the line for which lasing was obtained.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Nd3+ absorption (4I9/2 → 4F3/2) and fluorescence (4F3/24I9/2, 4I1/2) in GSGG crystal at 4.2 K.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

The energy-level diagram for Nd3+ ion in GSGG crystal at 4.2 K.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Nd3+ luminescence-decay curves in GSGG crystals at 300 K. Neodymium-ion concentration is (1) 4.7 × 1020 cm−3, (2) 8.8 × 1020 cm−3, and (3) 11 × 1020 cm−3.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters for Gallium Garnet Crystals

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ eff ( ν ) = n 1 σ 1 ( ν ) + n 2 σ 2 ( ν ) n 1 + n 2 = σ 1 ( ν ) + n 2 n 1 σ 2 ( ν ) 1 + n 2 n 1 ,
n 2 n 1 = g 2 g 1 exp ( - Δ E k T ) .
A eff = A E + n 2 n 1 A T 1 + n 2 n 1 ,
σ ( ν ) = A c 8 π n 2 ν 2 Δ ν eff g ( ν ) ,
σ eff . ( ν ) = A E c g 1 ( ν ) 8 π n 2 Δ ν eff .1 ν 2 + n 2 A T c g 2 ( ν ) n 1 8 π n 2 Δ ν eff .2 ν 2 1 + n 2 n 1 .
σ eff . ( ν ) n 2 n 1 A T c g 2 ( ν ) 8 π ν 2 n 2 Δ ν eff .2 1 + n 2 n 1 A eff . c g 2 ( ν ) 8 π n 2 ν 2 Δ ν eff .2 ,
C D A ( Cr - Nd ) = C D A E + g 2 g 1 C D A T × e - Δ E / k T 1 + g 2 g 1 × e - Δ E / k T ,
[ τ ( Nd ) ] - 1 = w ¯ + [ τ 0 ( Nd ) ] - 1 .
I ( t ) ~ exp ( - t τ 0 - γ t - w ¯ t ) ,

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