Abstract

The kinetics and energetics of chromium-sensitized neodymium luminescence of several codoped gallium garnets (YAG, YSGG, GGG, and GSGG) have been measured and interpreted in terms of microscopic physical-energy-transfer mechanisms. Sensitized luminescence in YAG and in YSGG is well described by the static energy-transfer process; a migration-accelerated energy transfer process is determined to be operative in GGG and GSGG crystals.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. N. Tolstoy, Spektroskopija Kristallov (Nauka, Moscow, 1970), pp. 124–135.
  2. J. L. Emmett, W. F. Krupke, and J. B. Trenholm, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 5 (1983).
  3. S. Geller, Z. Kristallogr. 125, 1 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82 (1983)].
  5. E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1330 (1984).
  6. E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Maier, V. V. Osiko, and V. G. Ostroumov, presented at Second All-Union Conference on Crystal Growth, Kharkov, 1982.
  7. M. D. Galanin, Tr. Fiz. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR,  12, 3 (1960).
  8. M. S. Mikhelasvili, I. M. Rosman, and G. S. Tsulaya, Opt. Spektrosk. 36, 352 (1974) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 36, 203 (1974)].
  9. V. M. Agranovich and M. D. Galanin, Transfer of Electronic Excitation Energy in Condensed Media (Nauka, Moscow, 1978).
  10. E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 1056–1062 (1984)].
  11. Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Preprint No. 176 (in Russian), Lebedev Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow, 1982.
  12. M. J. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 4, 4058 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Yu. K. Voron’ko, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Tr. Fiz. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR,  60, 3 (1972).
  14. S. I. Golubov and Yu. V. Konobeev, Fiz. Tverd, Tela (Leningrad) 13, 3185 (1971) [Sov. Phys. Solid State 13,2659 (1972)]; Phys. Status Solidi B 56, 69 (1973).
  15. V. P. Sakun, Fiz. Tverd. Tela (Leningrad) 14, 2199 (1972) [Sov. Phys. Solid State 14, 1906 (1973)].
  16. B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618 (1976).
  17. Z. J. Kiss and R. C. Duncan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 200 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  18. E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].
  19. E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).
  20. A. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. S. Dorkin, M. B. Zhitkova, I. I. Kuratev, V. A. Lipatov, G. I. Narkhova, M. Yu. Nikitin, V. A. Pashkov, N. S. Ustimenko, E. M. Shvom, and A. V. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1349 (1984).
  21. P. F. Moulton, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), p. 76.
  22. E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 216 (1986).

1986 (1)

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 216 (1986).

1984 (3)

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1330 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 1056–1062 (1984)].

A. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. S. Dorkin, M. B. Zhitkova, I. I. Kuratev, V. A. Lipatov, G. I. Narkhova, M. Yu. Nikitin, V. A. Pashkov, N. S. Ustimenko, E. M. Shvom, and A. V. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1349 (1984).

1983 (3)

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82 (1983)].

J. L. Emmett, W. F. Krupke, and J. B. Trenholm, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 5 (1983).

1982 (1)

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

1976 (1)

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618 (1976).

1974 (1)

M. S. Mikhelasvili, I. M. Rosman, and G. S. Tsulaya, Opt. Spektrosk. 36, 352 (1974) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 36, 203 (1974)].

1973 (1)

M. J. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 4, 4058 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (2)

Yu. K. Voron’ko, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Tr. Fiz. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR,  60, 3 (1972).

V. P. Sakun, Fiz. Tverd. Tela (Leningrad) 14, 2199 (1972) [Sov. Phys. Solid State 14, 1906 (1973)].

1971 (1)

S. I. Golubov and Yu. V. Konobeev, Fiz. Tverd, Tela (Leningrad) 13, 3185 (1971) [Sov. Phys. Solid State 13,2659 (1972)]; Phys. Status Solidi B 56, 69 (1973).

1967 (1)

S. Geller, Z. Kristallogr. 125, 1 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

Z. J. Kiss and R. C. Duncan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 200 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

M. D. Galanin, Tr. Fiz. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR,  12, 3 (1960).

Agranovich, V. M.

V. M. Agranovich and M. D. Galanin, Transfer of Electronic Excitation Energy in Condensed Media (Nauka, Moscow, 1978).

Denker, B. I.

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618 (1976).

Dobrovol’skii, A. V.

A. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. S. Dorkin, M. B. Zhitkova, I. I. Kuratev, V. A. Lipatov, G. I. Narkhova, M. Yu. Nikitin, V. A. Pashkov, N. S. Ustimenko, E. M. Shvom, and A. V. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1349 (1984).

Dorkin, A. S.

A. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. S. Dorkin, M. B. Zhitkova, I. I. Kuratev, V. A. Lipatov, G. I. Narkhova, M. Yu. Nikitin, V. A. Pashkov, N. S. Ustimenko, E. M. Shvom, and A. V. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1349 (1984).

Duncan, R. C.

Z. J. Kiss and R. C. Duncan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 200 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Emmett, J. L.

J. L. Emmett, W. F. Krupke, and J. B. Trenholm, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 5 (1983).

Galanin, M. D.

M. D. Galanin, Tr. Fiz. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR,  12, 3 (1960).

V. M. Agranovich and M. D. Galanin, Transfer of Electronic Excitation Energy in Condensed Media (Nauka, Moscow, 1978).

Geller, S.

S. Geller, Z. Kristallogr. 125, 1 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Golubov, S. I.

S. I. Golubov and Yu. V. Konobeev, Fiz. Tverd, Tela (Leningrad) 13, 3185 (1971) [Sov. Phys. Solid State 13,2659 (1972)]; Phys. Status Solidi B 56, 69 (1973).

Il’ichev, N. N.

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82 (1983)].

Isayev, M. P.

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

Kalitin, S. P.

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 216 (1986).

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Maier, V. V. Osiko, and V. G. Ostroumov, presented at Second All-Union Conference on Crystal Growth, Kharkov, 1982.

Kiss, Z. J.

Z. J. Kiss and R. C. Duncan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 200 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Konobeev, Yu. V.

S. I. Golubov and Yu. V. Konobeev, Fiz. Tverd, Tela (Leningrad) 13, 3185 (1971) [Sov. Phys. Solid State 13,2659 (1972)]; Phys. Status Solidi B 56, 69 (1973).

Krupke, W. F.

J. L. Emmett, W. F. Krupke, and J. B. Trenholm, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 5 (1983).

Kuratev, I. I.

A. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. S. Dorkin, M. B. Zhitkova, I. I. Kuratev, V. A. Lipatov, G. I. Narkhova, M. Yu. Nikitin, V. A. Pashkov, N. S. Ustimenko, E. M. Shvom, and A. V. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1349 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

Kushnir, V. R.

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

Laptev, V. V.

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 216 (1986).

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 1056–1062 (1984)].

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82 (1983)].

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Maier, V. V. Osiko, and V. G. Ostroumov, presented at Second All-Union Conference on Crystal Growth, Kharkov, 1982.

Lipatov, V. A.

A. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. S. Dorkin, M. B. Zhitkova, I. I. Kuratev, V. A. Lipatov, G. I. Narkhova, M. Yu. Nikitin, V. A. Pashkov, N. S. Ustimenko, E. M. Shvom, and A. V. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1349 (1984).

Maier, A. A.

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Maier, V. V. Osiko, and V. G. Ostroumov, presented at Second All-Union Conference on Crystal Growth, Kharkov, 1982.

Malyutin, A. A.

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82 (1983)].

Mikhelasvili, M. S.

M. S. Mikhelasvili, I. M. Rosman, and G. S. Tsulaya, Opt. Spektrosk. 36, 352 (1974) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 36, 203 (1974)].

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), p. 76.

Narkhova, G. I.

A. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. S. Dorkin, M. B. Zhitkova, I. I. Kuratev, V. A. Lipatov, G. I. Narkhova, M. Yu. Nikitin, V. A. Pashkov, N. S. Ustimenko, E. M. Shvom, and A. V. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1349 (1984).

Nikitin, M. Yu.

A. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. S. Dorkin, M. B. Zhitkova, I. I. Kuratev, V. A. Lipatov, G. I. Narkhova, M. Yu. Nikitin, V. A. Pashkov, N. S. Ustimenko, E. M. Shvom, and A. V. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1349 (1984).

Onishchenko, A. M.

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

Osiko, V. V.

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1330 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618 (1976).

Yu. K. Voron’ko, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Tr. Fiz. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR,  60, 3 (1972).

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Maier, V. V. Osiko, and V. G. Ostroumov, presented at Second All-Union Conference on Crystal Growth, Kharkov, 1982.

Ostroumov, V. G.

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 216 (1986).

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 1056–1062 (1984)].

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82 (1983)].

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Maier, V. V. Osiko, and V. G. Ostroumov, presented at Second All-Union Conference on Crystal Growth, Kharkov, 1982.

Pashinin, P. P.

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82 (1983)].

Pashkov, V. A.

A. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. S. Dorkin, M. B. Zhitkova, I. I. Kuratev, V. A. Lipatov, G. I. Narkhova, M. Yu. Nikitin, V. A. Pashkov, N. S. Ustimenko, E. M. Shvom, and A. V. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1349 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

Pimenov, A. S.

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82 (1983)].

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

Privis, Yu. S.

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 1056–1062 (1984)].

Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Preprint No. 176 (in Russian), Lebedev Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow, 1982.

Prokhorov, A. M.

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1330 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

Yu. K. Voron’ko, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Tr. Fiz. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR,  60, 3 (1972).

Rosman, I. M.

M. S. Mikhelasvili, I. M. Rosman, and G. S. Tsulaya, Opt. Spektrosk. 36, 352 (1974) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 36, 203 (1974)].

Saidov, Z. S.

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 216 (1986).

Sakun, V. P.

V. P. Sakun, Fiz. Tverd. Tela (Leningrad) 14, 2199 (1972) [Sov. Phys. Solid State 14, 1906 (1973)].

Shcherbakov, I. A.

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 216 (1986).

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 1056–1062 (1984)].

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1330 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82 (1983)].

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618 (1976).

Yu. K. Voron’ko, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Tr. Fiz. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR,  60, 3 (1972).

Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Preprint No. 176 (in Russian), Lebedev Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow, 1982.

Shestakov, A. V.

A. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. S. Dorkin, M. B. Zhitkova, I. I. Kuratev, V. A. Lipatov, G. I. Narkhova, M. Yu. Nikitin, V. A. Pashkov, N. S. Ustimenko, E. M. Shvom, and A. V. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1349 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

Shvom, E. M.

A. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. S. Dorkin, M. B. Zhitkova, I. I. Kuratev, V. A. Lipatov, G. I. Narkhova, M. Yu. Nikitin, V. A. Pashkov, N. S. Ustimenko, E. M. Shvom, and A. V. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1349 (1984).

Smirnov, V. A.

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 216 (1986).

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 1056–1062 (1984)].

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82 (1983)].

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Preprint No. 176 (in Russian), Lebedev Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow, 1982.

Starikov, B. P.

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618 (1976).

Stel’makh, M. F.

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

Timoshechkin, M. I.

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618 (1976).

Tolstoy, M. N.

M. N. Tolstoy, Spektroskopija Kristallov (Nauka, Moscow, 1970), pp. 124–135.

Trenholm, J. B.

J. L. Emmett, W. F. Krupke, and J. B. Trenholm, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 5 (1983).

Tsulaya, G. S.

M. S. Mikhelasvili, I. M. Rosman, and G. S. Tsulaya, Opt. Spektrosk. 36, 352 (1974) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 36, 203 (1974)].

Ustimenko, N. S.

A. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. S. Dorkin, M. B. Zhitkova, I. I. Kuratev, V. A. Lipatov, G. I. Narkhova, M. Yu. Nikitin, V. A. Pashkov, N. S. Ustimenko, E. M. Shvom, and A. V. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1349 (1984).

Voron’ko, Yu. K.

Yu. K. Voron’ko, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Tr. Fiz. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR,  60, 3 (1972).

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 4, 4058 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Yablonskii, A. Ya.

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618 (1976).

Zharikov, E. V.

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 216 (1986).

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1330 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 1056–1062 (1984)].

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82 (1983)].

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Maier, V. V. Osiko, and V. G. Ostroumov, presented at Second All-Union Conference on Crystal Growth, Kharkov, 1982.

Zhitkova, M. B.

A. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. S. Dorkin, M. B. Zhitkova, I. I. Kuratev, V. A. Lipatov, G. I. Narkhova, M. Yu. Nikitin, V. A. Pashkov, N. S. Ustimenko, E. M. Shvom, and A. V. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1349 (1984).

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

Zhitnyuk, V. A.

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

Zverev, G. M.

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. J. Kiss and R. C. Duncan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 5, 200 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Fiz. Tverd, Tela (Leningrad) (1)

S. I. Golubov and Yu. V. Konobeev, Fiz. Tverd, Tela (Leningrad) 13, 3185 (1971) [Sov. Phys. Solid State 13,2659 (1972)]; Phys. Status Solidi B 56, 69 (1973).

Fiz. Tverd. Tela (Leningrad) (1)

V. P. Sakun, Fiz. Tverd. Tela (Leningrad) 14, 2199 (1972) [Sov. Phys. Solid State 14, 1906 (1973)].

Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. (2)

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1330 (1984).

A. V. Dobrovol’skii, A. S. Dorkin, M. B. Zhitkova, I. I. Kuratev, V. A. Lipatov, G. I. Narkhova, M. Yu. Nikitin, V. A. Pashkov, N. S. Ustimenko, E. M. Shvom, and A. V. Shestakov, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz. 48, 1349 (1984).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. J. Weber, J. Appl. Phys. 4, 4058 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) (7)

E. V. Zharikov, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 11, 1565 (1984) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 1056–1062 (1984)].

B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, B. P. Starikov, M. I. Timoshechkin, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. Ya. Yablonskii, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 3, 618 (1976).

E. V. Zharikov, V. A. Zhitnyuk, G. M. Zverev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. V. Laptev, A. M. Onishchenko, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 2531 (1982) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 12, 1652 (1982)].

E. V. Zharikov, M. B. Zhitkova, G. M. Zverev, M. P. Isayev, S. P. Kalitin, I. I. Kuratev, V. R. Kushnir, V. V. Laptev, V. V. Osiko, V. A. Pashkov, A. S. Pimenov, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, M. F. Stel’makh, A. V. Shestakov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 1961 (1983).

J. L. Emmett, W. F. Krupke, and J. B. Trenholm, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 5 (1983).

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. S. Pimenov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 10, 140 (1983) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 82 (1983)].

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, V. G. Ostroumov, Z. S. Saidov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 13, 216 (1986).

Opt. Spektrosk. (1)

M. S. Mikhelasvili, I. M. Rosman, and G. S. Tsulaya, Opt. Spektrosk. 36, 352 (1974) [Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 36, 203 (1974)].

Tr. Fiz. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR (2)

Yu. K. Voron’ko, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Tr. Fiz. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR,  60, 3 (1972).

M. D. Galanin, Tr. Fiz. Inst. Akad. Nauk SSSR,  12, 3 (1960).

Z. Kristallogr. (1)

S. Geller, Z. Kristallogr. 125, 1 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

M. N. Tolstoy, Spektroskopija Kristallov (Nauka, Moscow, 1970), pp. 124–135.

V. M. Agranovich and M. D. Galanin, Transfer of Electronic Excitation Energy in Condensed Media (Nauka, Moscow, 1978).

E. V. Zharikov, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Maier, V. V. Osiko, and V. G. Ostroumov, presented at Second All-Union Conference on Crystal Growth, Kharkov, 1982.

Yu. S. Privis, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Preprint No. 176 (in Russian), Lebedev Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow, 1982.

P. F. Moulton, in Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.), p. 76.

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectra of GSGG and GGG crystals at T = 300 K doped with chromium and neodymium ions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time dependence 4F3/2 excited-state population of Nd3+ in the doubly doped garnet crystals at T = 300 K.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The excited-state decay curves of chromium ions in GSGG:Cr,Nd crystals at concentrations of a–c, Nd3+ of 2 × 1020 cm−3 and d, 5.43 × 1020 cm−3 and of a, Cr3+ of 1 × 1020 cm−3; b, 3 × 1020 cm−3; c, 6 × 1020 cm−3; and d, 3 × 1020 cm−3.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The evolution of population of the upper lasing level 4F3/2 of Nd3+ ions in GSGG:Cr,Nd crystals excited in the chromium absorption band (λex = 633 nm) at concentrations of

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Illustration of the method of calculation of the values (a) and (b) from the experimentally measured decay curves of the chromium (1) and neodymium luminescence (2).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The decay curves of the Cr3+ luminescence in a, GSGG:Cr: (5 × 1019 cm−3 Cr3+) and b, GSGG:Cr,Nd crystals (5 × 1019 cm−3 Cr3+, 1.2 × 1020 cm−3 Nd3+) at T = 300 K. Points represent the results of calculations carried out using Eq. (25) and taking into account the fast energy transfer to the Nd3+ ions located in the first two nearest-neighbor spheres of the Cr3+ ions (R = 7.18 Å).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Time dependences of the 4F3/2 excited-state population of neodymium ions in GGG:Cr,Nd crystal (1.3 × 1020 cm−3 Cr3+, 2 × 1020 cm−3 Nd3+) at a, T = 300 K and b, 100 K; λex = 625 nm. Continuous curves, the experimental results; ▲, calculations carried out using Eq. (9); ●, calculations taking into account the fast energy transfer from chromium to the neodymium ions located in the first two nearest-neighbor spheres of Cr3+.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Decay curves of the 4F3/2 excited state of neodymium ions in GGG:Cr,Nd crystal (1.3 × 1020 cm−3 Cr3+ and 2 × 1020 cm−3 Nd3+) at a, T = 300 K and b, T = 100 K; λex = 625 nm. Continuous curves, the experimental results; ●, calculations taking into account the fast energy transfer from the chromium to the neodymium ions located in the first two nearest-neighbor spheres of Cr3+. Dashed curve, the sample without chromium.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Time dependence of the 4F3/2 neodymium excited-state population in a GSGG:Cr,Nd (3 × 10−20 cm−3 Cr3+ and 5.43 × 1020 cm−3 Nd3+) at T = 300 K and λex = 625 nm. Continuous curve, the experimental results; ●, calculations carried out using Eq. (21) and taking into account the fast energy transfer from the chromium to the neodymium ions located in the first two nearest-neighbor spheres of Cr3+.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Time dependences of the 4F3/2 excited-state population of the neodymium ions at T = 300 K in a, YAG:Cr,Nd (1.1 × 1020 cm−3 Cr3+; 0.9 × 1020 cm−3 Nd3+) and b, GSGG:Cr,Nd (3 × 1020 cm−2 Cr3+; 2 × 1020 cm−3 Nd3+) crystals excited by δ-like pulse of light (curves 1). Spectral composition of the light is similar to the emission spectra of ISP-5000 flash lamp. Curves 2 represent the decay kinetics of the Nd3+ metastable 4F3/2 state excited directly in Nd3+ absorption bands by an external source. Curves 3 show the enhancement of the population of the 4F3/2 excited state of Nd3+ owing to Cr → Nd energy transfer.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

The enhancement of the population of the 4F3/2 excited state of Nd3+ in doubly doped GSGG and YAG crystals owing to Cr → Nd energy transfer for excitation in Cr3+ absorption band, showing NA(t) after δ-like pulse excitation.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Same as Fig. 11 but with NA(t) after excitation by a pulse similar to the typical lamp pulses used in YAG:Nd3+ lasers.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Quantum efficiency of Cr → Nd energy transfer in GSGG:Cr,Nd and YAG:Cr,Nd crystals.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Values of Microparameters and Macroparameters of Cr → Nd Energy Transfer in Garnet Crystalsa

Equations (38)

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I = I 0 exp ( - t τ 0 - γ t - W ¯ t ) ,
W 1 τ D ,
W 1 τ A ,
N ˙ D = - N D τ D - D A W D A P D + D A W A D P A ,
N ˙ A = - N A τ A + D A W D A P D - D A W A D P A ,
N ˙ A = - N A τ A - N D τ D - N ˙ D .
N A ( t ) = N A ( 0 ) exp ( - t τ A ) + N D ( 0 ) [ exp ( - t τ A ) - N D ( t ) N D ( 0 ) + ( 1 τ A - 1 τ D ) × 1 N D ( 0 ) 0 t exp ( - t - t τ A ) N D ( t ) d t .
N A ( t ) = N 0 A ( t ) + Δ N A ( t ) ,
N A ( t ) = N A ( 0 ) exp ( - t τ A ) + N D ( 0 ) exp ( - t τ A ) × ( γ , exp ( - γ 2 4 A 2 ) A + ( 1 + W A 2 ) { ( A t - γ 2 A ) × ϕ [ 1 2 , 3 2 ; ( A t - γ A 2 ) 2 ] + γ 2 A ϕ [ 1 2 , 3 2 ; ( γ 2 A ) 2 ] } + ( W A 2 ) [ exp ( A 2 t - γ t ) - 1 ] ) ,
1 τ A - 1 τ D - W > 0 ;             A - ( 1 τ A - 1 τ D - W ) 1 / 2 ,
N A ( t ) = N A ( 0 ) exp ( - t τ A ) + N D ( 0 ) exp ( - t τ A ) × { π γ exp ( γ 2 4 B 2 ) 2 B ( 1 - W B 2 ) [ ϕ ( B t + γ 2 B ) - ϕ ( γ 2 B ) ] + W B 2 [ 1 - exp ( - B 2 t - γ t ) ] } ,
N A ( t ) = N A ( 0 ) exp ( - t τ A ) + N D ( 0 ) exp ( - t τ A ) × [ 1 - exp ( - γ t ) - 2 W γ t exp ( - γ t ) - 2 W γ 2 exp ( - γ t ) + 2 W γ 2 ] .
N A ( t ) = N A ( 0 ) exp ( - t τ A ) + 2 z N D ( 0 ) exp [ - ( t τ A + z ) ] × { ϕ ( 1 2 , 3 2 ; z ) ) + ( γ t 2 z ) ϕ [ 1 2 , 3 2 ; z ( γ t 2 z - 1 ) 2 ] }
N A ( t ) = N A ( 0 ) exp ( - t τ A ) + N D ( 0 ) exp ( - t τ A + z 1 2 ) × π z 1 [ ϕ ( t τ D A - 1 + z 1 ) - ϕ ( z 1 ) ]
z = γ 2 τ A D 4 ;             1 τ A D = 1 τ A - 1 τ D ;             z 1 = γ 2 ( τ D - 1 - τ A - 1 ) 1 / 2 .
η tr = 1 - 1 τ D N D ( t ) d t .
η = Δ N A ( t ) d t τ A N D ( 0 ) .
η tr = γ exp ( γ 2 4 c 2 ) π 2 C + W C 2 - W γ π exp ( γ 2 4 C 2 ) 2 C 3 + ϕ ( γ 2 C ) [ W γ π exp ( γ 2 4 C 2 ) 2 C 3 - γ π exp ( γ 2 4 C 2 ) 2 C ] ,
q = 0 N A ( t ) d t 0 N 0 A ( t ) d t ,
q = 1 + N D ( 0 ) N A ( 0 ) η tr ,
P = N D ( 0 ) N A ( 0 ) = n D n A ν I ( ν ) ν σ D ( ν ) d ν ν I ( ν ) ν σ A ( ν ) d ν ,
N A I = N A I ( 0 ) exp [ - t τ A I - Π A I ( t ) ] + N D ( 0 ) 0 t d Π D ( t ) d t × exp [ - t τ D - Π D ( t ) - t - t τ A I - Π A i ( t - t ) ] d t ,
Π D ( t ) = γ D t + W D t , Π A i ( t ) = γ A I t + W A I t .
N A I ( t ) = N A I ( 0 ) exp ( - t τ A I - γ A I t - W A I t ) + N D ( 0 ) 0 t { ( γ D 2 t + W D ) exp [ - t τ D - γ D t - W D t - t - t τ A I - γ A I t - t - W A I ( t - t ) ] } d t .
N A ( t ) = N A ( 0 ) exp ( - t τ A ) + N D ( 0 ) F ( t ) .
z = 1 - ( 1 - x Nd ) 12 ,
a 0.15 , z = 0.18 , x Nd = 0.0167 ( 2 × 10 20 cm - 3 ) , a 0.4 , z = 0.42 , x Nd = 0.045 ( 5.4 × 10 20 cm - 3 ) .
b = a a + ( 1 - a ) η tr ,
N D ( t ) = N D ( 0 ) exp [ - t τ D - Π ( t ) ] ,
Π ( t ) = - i ln { 1 - x A + x A exp [ - ( W D A ) i t ] } ,
Π ( t ) = x A i [ 1 - exp ( - C DA R i 6 t ) ] .
I ( t ) ~ exp ( - t τ Cr - γ t ) .
[ τ ( Nd ) ] - 1 = W ¯ + [ τ 0 ( Nd ) ] - 1 .
I ( t ) = I 0 exp [ - t τ 0 - γ Nd - Nd t - W ¯ ( Nd - Nd ) t ] ,
γ Nd - Nd = 4 3 π 3 / 2 n Nd [ C D A ( Nd - Nd ) ] 1 / 2 .
q = 1 + N D ( 0 ) N A ( 0 ) { [ 1 - ( 1 - x A ) 12 ] + ( 1 - x A ) 12 η tr } .
N A ( t ) = N A ( 0 ) exp [ - t t A - Π ( t ) ] + N D ( 0 ) Δ N A ( t ) ,
N A * ( t ) = 0 t N A ( t ) φ ( t - τ ) d τ .

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