Abstract

The design and performance of two optical latches, the set–reset (S-R) latch and D flip-flop have been studied. These latches are the building blocks of large optical processors. The latches are built using two optical logic operations NAND and NOT. Both NAND and NOT operations are realized by using the ultrafast phase response during two-photon absorption process in semiconductor optical amplifiers. Rate equations for semiconductor optical amplifiers, for input data signals with high intensity, configured in the form of a Mach–Zehnder interferometer, have been solved. The input intensities are high enough that the two-photon induced phase change is larger than the regular gain induced phase change. Results show that this scheme can realize the functions of the S-R latch and D flip-flop at high speeds (∼250  Gb/s) with good signal-to-noise ratio.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Kim, Y. Jhon, Y. Byun, S. Lee, D. Woo, and S. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’ Ara, “20  Gb/s all optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, “Demonstration of 20  Gb/s all-optical XOR gate by four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier with RZ-DPSK modulated inputs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897–899 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Li, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. Ju, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier assisted by optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 41, 1397–1399 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
  10. H. J. S. Dorren, G. D. Khoe, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical switching of an ultrashort pulse using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a Sagnac-interferometric arrangement,” Opt. Commun. 205, 247–252 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, A. K. Mishra, Z. Li, H. Ju, H. de-Waardt, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “All-optical logic based on ultrafast gain and index dynamics in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1079–1092 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. N. K. Dutta and Q. Wang, Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (World Scientific, 2006).
  17. A. Meccozi and J. Mork, “Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190–1207 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication System, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2002).

2007 (1)

T. Akiyama and M. Sugawara, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1757–1766 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

H. Dong, H. Sun, Q. Wang, N. K. Dutta, and J. Jaques, “All-optical logic AND operation at 80  Gb/s using semiconductor optical amplifier based on the Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1672–1675 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “XOR performance of a quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Express 13, 1892–1899 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. Ju, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier assisted by optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 41, 1397–1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

A. V. Uskov, T. W. Berg, and J. Mork, “Theory of pulse-train amplification without patterning effects in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 306–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, “Demonstration of 20  Gb/s all-optical XOR gate by four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier with RZ-DPSK modulated inputs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897–899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, A. K. Mishra, Z. Li, H. Ju, H. de-Waardt, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “All-optical logic based on ultrafast gain and index dynamics in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1079–1092 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, H. de Waart, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “Ultrafast refractive-index dynamics in a multiquantum-well semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 792–794 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

H. Folliot, M. Lynch, A. L. Bradley, T. Krug, L. A. Dunbar, J. Hegarty, and J. F. Donegan, “Two-photon-induced photoconductivity enhancement in semiconductor microcavities: a theoretical investigation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2396–2402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, Y. Jhon, Y. Byun, S. Lee, D. Woo, and S. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, G. D. Khoe, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical switching of an ultrashort pulse using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a Sagnac-interferometric arrangement,” Opt. Commun. 205, 247–252 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’ Ara, “20  Gb/s all optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’ Ara, “10  Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. Meccozi and J. Mork, “Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190–1207 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, “Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523–539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication System, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2002).

Akiyama, T.

T. Akiyama and M. Sugawara, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1757–1766 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’ Ara, “20  Gb/s all optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’ Ara, “10  Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Berg, T. W.

A. V. Uskov, T. W. Berg, and J. Mork, “Theory of pulse-train amplification without patterning effects in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 306–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bintjas, C.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’ Ara, “20  Gb/s all optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, A. L.

Burkhard, H.

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’ Ara, “10  Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Byun, Y.

J. Kim, Y. Jhon, Y. Byun, S. Lee, D. Woo, and S. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C.

K. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, “Demonstration of 20  Gb/s all-optical XOR gate by four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier with RZ-DPSK modulated inputs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897–899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chan, K.

K. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, “Demonstration of 20  Gb/s all-optical XOR gate by four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier with RZ-DPSK modulated inputs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897–899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. H.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, “Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523–539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

K. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, “Demonstration of 20  Gb/s all-optical XOR gate by four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier with RZ-DPSK modulated inputs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897–899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dall’ Ara, R.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’ Ara, “20  Gb/s all optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’ Ara, “10  Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

Z. Li, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. Ju, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier assisted by optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 41, 1397–1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

de Waart, H.

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, H. de Waart, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “Ultrafast refractive-index dynamics in a multiquantum-well semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 792–794 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, “Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523–539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

de-Waardt, H.

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, A. K. Mishra, Z. Li, H. Ju, H. de-Waardt, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “All-optical logic based on ultrafast gain and index dynamics in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1079–1092 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dienes, A.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, “Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523–539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dijaili, S.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, “Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523–539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Donegan, J. F.

Dong, H.

H. Dong, H. Sun, Q. Wang, N. K. Dutta, and J. Jaques, “All-optical logic AND operation at 80  Gb/s using semiconductor optical amplifier based on the Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1672–1675 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “XOR performance of a quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Express 13, 1892–1899 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H. J. S.

Z. Li, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. Ju, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier assisted by optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 41, 1397–1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, A. K. Mishra, Z. Li, H. Ju, H. de-Waardt, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “All-optical logic based on ultrafast gain and index dynamics in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1079–1092 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, H. de Waart, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “Ultrafast refractive-index dynamics in a multiquantum-well semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 792–794 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, G. D. Khoe, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical switching of an ultrashort pulse using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a Sagnac-interferometric arrangement,” Opt. Commun. 205, 247–252 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dunbar, L. A.

Dutta, N. K.

H. Dong, H. Sun, Q. Wang, N. K. Dutta, and J. Jaques, “All-optical logic AND operation at 80  Gb/s using semiconductor optical amplifier based on the Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1672–1675 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “XOR performance of a quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Express 13, 1892–1899 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Dutta and Q. Wang, Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (World Scientific, 2006).

Folliot, H.

Guekos, G.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’ Ara, “20  Gb/s all optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’ Ara, “10  Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hansmann, S.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’ Ara, “20  Gb/s all optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’ Ara, “10  Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hasama, T.

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, A. K. Mishra, Z. Li, H. Ju, H. de-Waardt, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “All-optical logic based on ultrafast gain and index dynamics in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1079–1092 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, H. de Waart, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “Ultrafast refractive-index dynamics in a multiquantum-well semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 792–794 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hatziefremidis, A.

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’ Ara, “10  Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hegarty, J.

Heritage, J. P.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, “Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523–539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hong, M. Y.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, “Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523–539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Houbavlis, T.

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’ Ara, “10  Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, H.

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, A. K. Mishra, Z. Li, H. Ju, H. de-Waardt, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “All-optical logic based on ultrafast gain and index dynamics in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1079–1092 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, H. de Waart, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “Ultrafast refractive-index dynamics in a multiquantum-well semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 792–794 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jaques, J.

H. Dong, H. Sun, Q. Wang, N. K. Dutta, and J. Jaques, “All-optical logic AND operation at 80  Gb/s using semiconductor optical amplifier based on the Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1672–1675 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jhon, Y.

J. Kim, Y. Jhon, Y. Byun, S. Lee, D. Woo, and S. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ju, H.

Z. Li, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. Ju, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier assisted by optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 41, 1397–1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, A. K. Mishra, Z. Li, H. Ju, H. de-Waardt, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “All-optical logic based on ultrafast gain and index dynamics in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1079–1092 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kalyvas, M.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’ Ara, “20  Gb/s all optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kawashima, H.

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, A. K. Mishra, Z. Li, H. Ju, H. de-Waardt, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “All-optical logic based on ultrafast gain and index dynamics in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1079–1092 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, H. de Waart, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “Ultrafast refractive-index dynamics in a multiquantum-well semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 792–794 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

Z. Li, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. Ju, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier assisted by optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 41, 1397–1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, A. K. Mishra, Z. Li, H. Ju, H. de-Waardt, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “All-optical logic based on ultrafast gain and index dynamics in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1079–1092 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, H. de Waart, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “Ultrafast refractive-index dynamics in a multiquantum-well semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 792–794 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, G. D. Khoe, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical switching of an ultrashort pulse using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a Sagnac-interferometric arrangement,” Opt. Commun. 205, 247–252 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

J. Kim, Y. Jhon, Y. Byun, S. Lee, D. Woo, and S. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

J. Kim, Y. Jhon, Y. Byun, S. Lee, D. Woo, and S. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krug, T.

Lee, S.

J. Kim, Y. Jhon, Y. Byun, S. Lee, D. Woo, and S. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lenstra, D.

Z. Li, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. Ju, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier assisted by optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 41, 1397–1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, H. de Waart, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “Ultrafast refractive-index dynamics in a multiquantum-well semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 792–794 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, G. D. Khoe, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical switching of an ultrashort pulse using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a Sagnac-interferometric arrangement,” Opt. Commun. 205, 247–252 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. Ju, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier assisted by optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 41, 1397–1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, A. K. Mishra, Z. Li, H. Ju, H. de-Waardt, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “All-optical logic based on ultrafast gain and index dynamics in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1079–1092 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Z. Li, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. Ju, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier assisted by optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 41, 1397–1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lynch, M.

Meccozi, A.

A. Meccozi and J. Mork, “Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190–1207 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mishra, A. K.

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, A. K. Mishra, Z. Li, H. Ju, H. de-Waardt, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “All-optical logic based on ultrafast gain and index dynamics in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1079–1092 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mork, J.

A. V. Uskov, T. W. Berg, and J. Mork, “Theory of pulse-train amplification without patterning effects in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 306–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Meccozi and J. Mork, “Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190–1207 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Occhi, L.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’ Ara, “20  Gb/s all optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’ Ara, “10  Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Patterson, F. G.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, “Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523–539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Piccirilli, A. B.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schares, L.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’ Ara, “20  Gb/s all optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Simoyama, T.

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, A. K. Mishra, Z. Li, H. Ju, H. de-Waardt, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “All-optical logic based on ultrafast gain and index dynamics in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1079–1092 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, H. de Waart, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “Ultrafast refractive-index dynamics in a multiquantum-well semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 792–794 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stathopoulos, T.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’ Ara, “20  Gb/s all optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sugawara, M.

T. Akiyama and M. Sugawara, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1757–1766 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

H. Dong, H. Sun, Q. Wang, N. K. Dutta, and J. Jaques, “All-optical logic AND operation at 80  Gb/s using semiconductor optical amplifier based on the Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1672–1675 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “XOR performance of a quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Express 13, 1892–1899 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Theophilopoulos, G.

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’ Ara, “20  Gb/s all optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tong, F.

K. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, “Demonstration of 20  Gb/s all-optical XOR gate by four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier with RZ-DPSK modulated inputs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897–899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Uskov, A. V.

A. V. Uskov, T. W. Berg, and J. Mork, “Theory of pulse-train amplification without patterning effects in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 306–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

H. Dong, H. Sun, Q. Wang, N. K. Dutta, and J. Jaques, “All-optical logic AND operation at 80  Gb/s using semiconductor optical amplifier based on the Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1672–1675 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, and N. K. Dutta, “XOR performance of a quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier based Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Express 13, 1892–1899 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Dutta and Q. Wang, Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (World Scientific, 2006).

Woo, D.

J. Kim, Y. Jhon, Y. Byun, S. Lee, D. Woo, and S. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X.

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, A. K. Mishra, Z. Li, H. Ju, H. de-Waardt, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “All-optical logic based on ultrafast gain and index dynamics in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1079–1092 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, H. de Waart, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “Ultrafast refractive-index dynamics in a multiquantum-well semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 792–794 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

Z. Li, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. Ju, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier assisted by optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 41, 1397–1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, G.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zoiros, K.

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’ Ara, “10  Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. Houbavlis, K. Zoiros, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, H. Burkhard, and R. Dall’ Ara, “10  Gbit/s all-optical Boolean XOR with SOA fiber Sagnac gate,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1650–1652 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. Ju, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. J. S. Dorren, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical logic gates using semiconductor optical amplifier assisted by optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 41, 1397–1399 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. V. Uskov, T. W. Berg, and J. Mork, “Theory of pulse-train amplification without patterning effects in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 306–320 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, A. K. Mishra, Z. Li, H. Ju, H. de-Waardt, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “All-optical logic based on ultrafast gain and index dynamics in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1079–1092 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, “Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523–539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Meccozi and J. Mork, “Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190–1207 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

H. J. S. Dorren, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, H. de Waart, G. D. Khoe, T. Simoyama, H. Ishikawa, H. Kawashima, and T. Hasama, “Ultrafast refractive-index dynamics in a multiquantum-well semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 792–794 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, Y. Jhon, Y. Byun, S. Lee, D. Woo, and S. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, T. Stathopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, S. Hansmann, and R. Dall’ Ara, “20  Gb/s all optical XOR with UNI gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 834–836 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Chan, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, “Demonstration of 20  Gb/s all-optical XOR gate by four-wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier with RZ-DPSK modulated inputs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 897–899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Dong, H. Sun, Q. Wang, N. K. Dutta, and J. Jaques, “All-optical logic AND operation at 80  Gb/s using semiconductor optical amplifier based on the Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 1672–1675 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. J. S. Dorren, G. D. Khoe, and D. Lenstra, “All-optical switching of an ultrashort pulse using a semiconductor optical amplifier in a Sagnac-interferometric arrangement,” Opt. Commun. 205, 247–252 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. Akiyama and M. Sugawara, “Quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. IEEE 95, 1757–1766 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

N. K. Dutta and Q. Wang, Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (World Scientific, 2006).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication System, 3rd ed. (Wiley, 2002).

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