Abstract

We have determined all the three independent components of quadratic nonlinear-optical coefficients of ZnO by highly accurate Maker-fringe measurements on high-quality bulk samples combined with theoretical analyses taking account of the multiple-reflection effects. The obtained values of quadratic nonlinear-optical coefficients are d31=2.0±0.1pm/V, d15=2.1±0.1pm/V, and d33=6.2±0.3pm/V at the fundamental wavelength of 1.06 μm. This shows that the ratio d33/d31, which is estimated to be 3.0, is deviated from the widely used value of 2 predicted for idealized wurtzite crystal.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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