Abstract

We have derived an explicit relation between the group delay velocity vgd(ω), determined by the slope of the dispersion curves, and the nonlocal energy transport velocity vE(ω) in a lossless, finite, one-dimensional photonic crystal. Using this relation, we find a simple link between vgd(ω) and the group velocity vg(ω)(ω) defined in terms of the electromagnetic dwell time. It is shown that vE(ω)vgd(ω) for any frequency and vE(ω)=vgd(ω)=vg(ω)(ω) at the resonance frequencies of the transmission coefficient. It was established that the band structure of a finite periodic crystal is of great importance to describe and understand the properties of these velocities. In particular, it was shown that the occurrence of superluminal group delay velocities in these structures is closely related to the existence of null gaps in their dispersion relation. Calculations performed for a half-wave-quarter-wave stack show that the energy velocity remains always subluminal.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (5)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (46)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription