Abstract

The effect of multiphoton and tunnel ionization on the generation of terahertz radiation for optical breakdown in the focus of femtosecond bichromatic laser pulses is discussed.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. V. Balakin, A. V. Borodin, I. A. Kotelnikov, and A. P. Shkurinov, “Terahertz emission from a femtosecond laser focus in a two-color scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 16–26 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Dai, J. Liu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz wave air photonics: terahertz wave generation and detection with laser-induced gas plasma,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 183–190 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Liu and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz-radiation-enhanced emission of fluorescence from gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 235002 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Clough, J. Liu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Laser-induced photoacoustics influenced by single-cycle terahertz radiation,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3544–3546 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Dai, X. Xie, and X.-C. Zhang, “Detection of broadband terahertz waves with a laser-induced plasma in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103903 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).
  8. M. Kress, T. Löffler, S. Eden, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Terahertz-pulse generation by photoionization of air with laser pulses composed of both fundamental and second-harmonic waves,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1120–1122 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. D’Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Forward thz radiation emission by femtosecond filamentation in gases: theory and experiment,” New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Gorbunov and A. Frolov, “Low-frequency transition radiation from a short laser pulse at the plasma boundary,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 102, 894–901 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, J. van Tilborg, and W. P. Leemans, “Theory of coherent transition radiation generated at a plasma-vacuum interface,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016501 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and A. M. Sergeev, “Two-dimensional theory of Cherenkov radiation from short laser pulses in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 016401(2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Golubev, E. Suvorov, and A. Shalashov, “On the possibility of terahertz wave generation upon dense gas optical breakdown,” JETP Lett. 79, 361–364 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. G. Roskos, M. D. Thomson, and M. Kress, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 349–368 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, “Terahertz emission from ultrafast ionizing air in symmetry-broken laser fields,” Opt. Express 15, 4577–4584 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Wen and A. M. Lindenberg, “Coherent terahertz polarization control through manipulation of electron trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023902 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1964).
  20. F. H. M. Faisal, “Multiple absorption of laser photons by atoms,” J. Phys. B 6, L89–L92 (1973).
  21. H. R. Reiss, “Effect of an intense electromagnetic field on a weakly bound system,” J. Phys. A 22, 1786–1813 (1980).
  22. A. M. Perelomov, V. S. Popov, and M. V. Terent’ev, “Ionization of atoms in a varying electric field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 23, 924–934 (1966).
  23. V. S. Popov, V. P. Kuznetsov, and A. M. Perelomov, “Quasiclassical approximation for nonstationary problems,” Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 222 (1968).
  24. V. S. Popov, B. M. Karnakov, and V. D. Mur, “Quasiclassical theory of atomic ionization in electric and magnetic fields,” Phys. Lett. A 229, 306–312 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  25. D. B. Miločević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. B 39, R203–R262 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  26. F. Ehlotzky, “Atomic phenomena in bichromatic laser fields,” Phys. Rep. 345, 175–264 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  27. D. B. Miločević and F. Ehlotzky, “S-matrix theory of above-threshold ionization in a bichromatic laser field,” J. Phys. B 32, 1585–1596 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  28. I. Kotelnikov, A. Borodin, and A. Shkurinov, “Multiphoton ionization of atoms by a two-color laser pulse,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 112, 946–951 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  29. D. S. Bagulov and I. A. Kotelnikov, “Theory of multi-photon and tunnel ionization in bi-chromatic field,” Quantum Electronics, submitted (2012).
  30. S. B. Popruzhenko, V. D. Mur, V. S. Popov, and D. Bauer, “Multiphoton ionization of atoms and ions by high-intensity x-ray lasers,” JETP 108, 947–962 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  31. H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz emission profile from laser-induced air plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261103 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  32. V. Ginzburg and I. Frank, “Radiation by uniformly moving electron,” Sov. Phys. JETP 16, 15–28 (1946).
  33. G. A. Askarian, “Cherenkov and transition radiation from electromagnetic waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 1360–1364 (1962).
  34. V. Ginzburg and V. Tsytovich, Transition Radiation and Transition Scattering. Some Theoretical Questions (Nauka, 1984).
  35. M. A. Dem’yanenko, D. G. Esaev, V. N. Ovsyuk, B. I. Fomin, A. L. Aseev, B. A. Knyazev, G. N. Kulipanov, and N. A. Vinokurov, “Microbolometer detector arrays for the infrared and terahertz ranges,” J. Opt. Technol. 76, 739–743 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  36. A. Talebpour, M. Abdel-Fattah, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “Spectroscopy of the gases interactiong with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Laser Phys. 11, 68–76 (2001).
  37. A. Talebpour, S. Petit, and S. L. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  38. F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S.-L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036406 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  39. J. Muth-Bohm, A. Becker, S. L. Chin, and F. H. M. Faisal, “S-matrix theory of ionisation of polyatomic molecules in an intense laser pulse,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 337, 313–318 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (3)

I. Kotelnikov, A. Borodin, and A. Shkurinov, “Multiphoton ionization of atoms by a two-color laser pulse,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 112, 946–951 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Dai, J. Liu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz wave air photonics: terahertz wave generation and detection with laser-induced gas plasma,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 183–190 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).

2010 (2)

2009 (5)

M. A. Dem’yanenko, D. G. Esaev, V. N. Ovsyuk, B. I. Fomin, A. L. Aseev, B. A. Knyazev, G. N. Kulipanov, and N. A. Vinokurov, “Microbolometer detector arrays for the infrared and terahertz ranges,” J. Opt. Technol. 76, 739–743 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz-radiation-enhanced emission of fluorescence from gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 235002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Popruzhenko, V. D. Mur, V. S. Popov, and D. Bauer, “Multiphoton ionization of atoms and ions by high-intensity x-ray lasers,” JETP 108, 947–962 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Wen and A. M. Lindenberg, “Coherent terahertz polarization control through manipulation of electron trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Forward thz radiation emission by femtosecond filamentation in gases: theory and experiment,” New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

H. G. Roskos, M. D. Thomson, and M. Kress, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, “Terahertz emission from ultrafast ionizing air in symmetry-broken laser fields,” Opt. Express 15, 4577–4584 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X.-C. Zhang, “Detection of broadband terahertz waves with a laser-induced plasma in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S.-L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Gorbunov and A. Frolov, “Low-frequency transition radiation from a short laser pulse at the plasma boundary,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 102, 894–901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz emission profile from laser-induced air plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Miločević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. B 39, R203–R262 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, J. van Tilborg, and W. P. Leemans, “Theory of coherent transition radiation generated at a plasma-vacuum interface,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Kress, T. Löffler, S. Eden, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Terahertz-pulse generation by photoionization of air with laser pulses composed of both fundamental and second-harmonic waves,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1120–1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and A. M. Sergeev, “Two-dimensional theory of Cherenkov radiation from short laser pulses in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 016401(2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Golubev, E. Suvorov, and A. Shalashov, “On the possibility of terahertz wave generation upon dense gas optical breakdown,” JETP Lett. 79, 361–364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

F. Ehlotzky, “Atomic phenomena in bichromatic laser fields,” Phys. Rep. 345, 175–264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Talebpour, M. Abdel-Fattah, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “Spectroscopy of the gases interactiong with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Laser Phys. 11, 68–76 (2001).

J. Muth-Bohm, A. Becker, S. L. Chin, and F. H. M. Faisal, “S-matrix theory of ionisation of polyatomic molecules in an intense laser pulse,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 337, 313–318 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, and S. L. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Miločević and F. Ehlotzky, “S-matrix theory of above-threshold ionization in a bichromatic laser field,” J. Phys. B 32, 1585–1596 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

V. S. Popov, B. M. Karnakov, and V. D. Mur, “Quasiclassical theory of atomic ionization in electric and magnetic fields,” Phys. Lett. A 229, 306–312 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

H. R. Reiss, “Effect of an intense electromagnetic field on a weakly bound system,” J. Phys. A 22, 1786–1813 (1980).

1973 (1)

F. H. M. Faisal, “Multiple absorption of laser photons by atoms,” J. Phys. B 6, L89–L92 (1973).

1968 (1)

V. S. Popov, V. P. Kuznetsov, and A. M. Perelomov, “Quasiclassical approximation for nonstationary problems,” Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 222 (1968).

1966 (1)

A. M. Perelomov, V. S. Popov, and M. V. Terent’ev, “Ionization of atoms in a varying electric field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 23, 924–934 (1966).

1964 (1)

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1964).

1962 (1)

G. A. Askarian, “Cherenkov and transition radiation from electromagnetic waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 1360–1364 (1962).

1946 (1)

V. Ginzburg and I. Frank, “Radiation by uniformly moving electron,” Sov. Phys. JETP 16, 15–28 (1946).

Abdel-Fattah, M.

A. Talebpour, M. Abdel-Fattah, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “Spectroscopy of the gases interactiong with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Laser Phys. 11, 68–76 (2001).

Akturk, S.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Forward thz radiation emission by femtosecond filamentation in gases: theory and experiment,” New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Andreeva, V. A.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).

Aseev, A. L.

Askarian, G. A.

G. A. Askarian, “Cherenkov and transition radiation from electromagnetic waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 1360–1364 (1962).

Auerbach, D.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bagulov, D. S.

D. S. Bagulov and I. A. Kotelnikov, “Theory of multi-photon and tunnel ionization in bi-chromatic field,” Quantum Electronics, submitted (2012).

Bakunov, M. I.

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and A. M. Sergeev, “Two-dimensional theory of Cherenkov radiation from short laser pulses in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 016401(2004).
[CrossRef]

Balakin, A. V.

Bandrauk, A. D.

A. Talebpour, M. Abdel-Fattah, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “Spectroscopy of the gases interactiong with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Laser Phys. 11, 68–76 (2001).

Bauer, D.

S. B. Popruzhenko, V. D. Mur, V. S. Popov, and D. Bauer, “Multiphoton ionization of atoms and ions by high-intensity x-ray lasers,” JETP 108, 947–962 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Miločević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. B 39, R203–R262 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Becker, A.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S.-L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Muth-Bohm, A. Becker, S. L. Chin, and F. H. M. Faisal, “S-matrix theory of ionisation of polyatomic molecules in an intense laser pulse,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 337, 313–318 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Becker, W.

D. B. Miločević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. B 39, R203–R262 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bodrov, S. B.

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and A. M. Sergeev, “Two-dimensional theory of Cherenkov radiation from short laser pulses in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 016401(2004).
[CrossRef]

Borodin, A.

I. Kotelnikov, A. Borodin, and A. Shkurinov, “Multiphoton ionization of atoms by a two-color laser pulse,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 112, 946–951 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Borodin, A. V.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).

A. V. Balakin, A. V. Borodin, I. A. Kotelnikov, and A. P. Shkurinov, “Terahertz emission from a femtosecond laser focus in a two-color scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 16–26 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Byrd, J.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Carnahan, M. A.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-P.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).

Chin, S. L.

J. Muth-Bohm, A. Becker, S. L. Chin, and F. H. M. Faisal, “S-matrix theory of ionisation of polyatomic molecules in an intense laser pulse,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 337, 313–318 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Talebpour, M. Abdel-Fattah, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “Spectroscopy of the gases interactiong with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Laser Phys. 11, 68–76 (2001).

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, and S. L. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S.-L.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S.-L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Clough, B.

Couairon, A.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Forward thz radiation emission by femtosecond filamentation in gases: theory and experiment,” New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D’Amico, C.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Forward thz radiation emission by femtosecond filamentation in gases: theory and experiment,” New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dai, J.

J. Dai, J. Liu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz wave air photonics: terahertz wave generation and detection with laser-induced gas plasma,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 183–190 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X.-C. Zhang, “Detection of broadband terahertz waves with a laser-induced plasma in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dem’yanenko, M. A.

Eden, S.

Ehlotzky, F.

F. Ehlotzky, “Atomic phenomena in bichromatic laser fields,” Phys. Rep. 345, 175–264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Miločević and F. Ehlotzky, “S-matrix theory of above-threshold ionization in a bichromatic laser field,” J. Phys. B 32, 1585–1596 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Esaev, D. G.

Esarey, E.

C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, J. van Tilborg, and W. P. Leemans, “Theory of coherent transition radiation generated at a plasma-vacuum interface,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Esaulkov, M. N.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).

Faisal, F. H. M.

J. Muth-Bohm, A. Becker, S. L. Chin, and F. H. M. Faisal, “S-matrix theory of ionisation of polyatomic molecules in an intense laser pulse,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 337, 313–318 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. H. M. Faisal, “Multiple absorption of laser photons by atoms,” J. Phys. B 6, L89–L92 (1973).

Faure, J.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fletcher, C.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fomin, B. I.

Franco, M.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Forward thz radiation emission by femtosecond filamentation in gases: theory and experiment,” New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Frank, I.

V. Ginzburg and I. Frank, “Radiation by uniformly moving electron,” Sov. Phys. JETP 16, 15–28 (1946).

Frolov, A.

L. Gorbunov and A. Frolov, “Low-frequency transition radiation from a short laser pulse at the plasma boundary,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 102, 894–901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fubiani, G.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Geddes, C. G. R.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ginzburg, V.

V. Ginzburg and I. Frank, “Radiation by uniformly moving electron,” Sov. Phys. JETP 16, 15–28 (1946).

V. Ginzburg and V. Tsytovich, Transition Radiation and Transition Scattering. Some Theoretical Questions (Nauka, 1984).

Glownia, J. H.

Golubev, S.

S. Golubev, E. Suvorov, and A. Shalashov, “On the possibility of terahertz wave generation upon dense gas optical breakdown,” JETP Lett. 79, 361–364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gorbunov, L.

L. Gorbunov and A. Frolov, “Low-frequency transition radiation from a short laser pulse at the plasma boundary,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 102, 894–901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Houard, A.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Forward thz radiation emission by femtosecond filamentation in gases: theory and experiment,” New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, K.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kaindl, R. A.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Karnakov, B. M.

V. S. Popov, B. M. Karnakov, and V. D. Mur, “Quasiclassical theory of atomic ionization in electric and magnetic fields,” Phys. Lett. A 229, 306–312 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Karpowicz, N.

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz emission profile from laser-induced air plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz emission profile from laser-induced air plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Keldysh, L. V.

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1964).

Kim, K.-Y.

Knyazev, B. A.

Kosareva, O. G.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).

Kotelnikov, I.

I. Kotelnikov, A. Borodin, and A. Shkurinov, “Multiphoton ionization of atoms by a two-color laser pulse,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 112, 946–951 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kotelnikov, I. A.

A. V. Balakin, A. V. Borodin, I. A. Kotelnikov, and A. P. Shkurinov, “Terahertz emission from a femtosecond laser focus in a two-color scheme,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 16–26 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Bagulov and I. A. Kotelnikov, “Theory of multi-photon and tunnel ionization in bi-chromatic field,” Quantum Electronics, submitted (2012).

Kress, M.

H. G. Roskos, M. D. Thomson, and M. Kress, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kress, T. Löffler, S. Eden, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Terahertz-pulse generation by photoionization of air with laser pulses composed of both fundamental and second-harmonic waves,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1120–1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kulipanov, G. N.

Kuznetsov, V. P.

V. S. Popov, V. P. Kuznetsov, and A. M. Perelomov, “Quasiclassical approximation for nonstationary problems,” Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 222 (1968).

Le Bloas, J.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Forward thz radiation emission by femtosecond filamentation in gases: theory and experiment,” New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leemans, W. P.

C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, J. van Tilborg, and W. P. Leemans, “Theory of coherent transition radiation generated at a plasma-vacuum interface,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lesimple, A.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lindenberg, A. M.

H. Wen and A. M. Lindenberg, “Coherent terahertz polarization control through manipulation of electron trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Dai, J. Liu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz wave air photonics: terahertz wave generation and detection with laser-induced gas plasma,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 183–190 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Clough, J. Liu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Laser-induced photoacoustics influenced by single-cycle terahertz radiation,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3544–3546 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz-radiation-enhanced emission of fluorescence from gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 235002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S.-L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Forward thz radiation emission by femtosecond filamentation in gases: theory and experiment,” New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Löffler, T.

Lu, X.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Makarov, V. A.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).

Mamer, O.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marceau, C.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).

Marcelis, B.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M. C.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maslov, A. V.

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and A. M. Sergeev, “Two-dimensional theory of Cherenkov radiation from short laser pulses in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 016401(2004).
[CrossRef]

Milocevic, D. B.

D. B. Miločević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. B 39, R203–R262 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Miločević and F. Ehlotzky, “S-matrix theory of above-threshold ionization in a bichromatic laser field,” J. Phys. B 32, 1585–1596 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mur, V. D.

S. B. Popruzhenko, V. D. Mur, V. S. Popov, and D. Bauer, “Multiphoton ionization of atoms and ions by high-intensity x-ray lasers,” JETP 108, 947–962 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Popov, B. M. Karnakov, and V. D. Mur, “Quasiclassical theory of atomic ionization in electric and magnetic fields,” Phys. Lett. A 229, 306–312 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Muth-Bohm, J.

J. Muth-Bohm, A. Becker, S. L. Chin, and F. H. M. Faisal, “S-matrix theory of ionisation of polyatomic molecules in an intense laser pulse,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 337, 313–318 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Forward thz radiation emission by femtosecond filamentation in gases: theory and experiment,” New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ovsyuk, V. N.

Panov, N. A.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).

Paulus, G. G.

D. B. Miločević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. B 39, R203–R262 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Perelomov, A. M.

V. S. Popov, V. P. Kuznetsov, and A. M. Perelomov, “Quasiclassical approximation for nonstationary problems,” Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 222 (1968).

A. M. Perelomov, V. S. Popov, and M. V. Terent’ev, “Ionization of atoms in a varying electric field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 23, 924–934 (1966).

Petit, S.

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, and S. L. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Popov, V. S.

S. B. Popruzhenko, V. D. Mur, V. S. Popov, and D. Bauer, “Multiphoton ionization of atoms and ions by high-intensity x-ray lasers,” JETP 108, 947–962 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Popov, B. M. Karnakov, and V. D. Mur, “Quasiclassical theory of atomic ionization in electric and magnetic fields,” Phys. Lett. A 229, 306–312 (1997).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Popov, V. P. Kuznetsov, and A. M. Perelomov, “Quasiclassical approximation for nonstationary problems,” Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 222 (1968).

A. M. Perelomov, V. S. Popov, and M. V. Terent’ev, “Ionization of atoms in a varying electric field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 23, 924–934 (1966).

Popruzhenko, S. B.

S. B. Popruzhenko, V. D. Mur, V. S. Popov, and D. Bauer, “Multiphoton ionization of atoms and ions by high-intensity x-ray lasers,” JETP 108, 947–962 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Forward thz radiation emission by femtosecond filamentation in gases: theory and experiment,” New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Price-Gallagher, M.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reiss, H. R.

H. R. Reiss, “Effect of an intense electromagnetic field on a weakly bound system,” J. Phys. A 22, 1786–1813 (1980).

Rodriguez, G.

Roskos, H. G.

H. G. Roskos, M. D. Thomson, and M. Kress, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kress, T. Löffler, S. Eden, M. Thomson, and H. G. Roskos, “Terahertz-pulse generation by photoionization of air with laser pulses composed of both fundamental and second-harmonic waves,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1120–1122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Savel’ev, A. B.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).

Schroeder, C. B.

C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, J. van Tilborg, and W. P. Leemans, “Theory of coherent transition radiation generated at a plasma-vacuum interface,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sergeev, A. M.

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and A. M. Sergeev, “Two-dimensional theory of Cherenkov radiation from short laser pulses in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 016401(2004).
[CrossRef]

Shalashov, A.

S. Golubev, E. Suvorov, and A. Shalashov, “On the possibility of terahertz wave generation upon dense gas optical breakdown,” JETP Lett. 79, 361–364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shkurinov, A.

I. Kotelnikov, A. Borodin, and A. Shkurinov, “Multiphoton ionization of atoms by a two-color laser pulse,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 112, 946–951 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shkurinov, A. B.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).

Shkurinov, A. P.

Simard, P. T.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S.-L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Suvorov, E.

S. Golubev, E. Suvorov, and A. Shalashov, “On the possibility of terahertz wave generation upon dense gas optical breakdown,” JETP Lett. 79, 361–364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Talebpour, A.

A. Talebpour, M. Abdel-Fattah, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “Spectroscopy of the gases interactiong with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Laser Phys. 11, 68–76 (2001).

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, and S. L. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

Terent’ev, M. V.

A. M. Perelomov, V. S. Popov, and M. V. Terent’ev, “Ionization of atoms in a varying electric field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 23, 924–934 (1966).

Théberge, F.

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S.-L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, M.

Thomson, M. D.

H. G. Roskos, M. D. Thomson, and M. Kress, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tikhonchuk, V. T.

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Forward thz radiation emission by femtosecond filamentation in gases: theory and experiment,” New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tóth, C.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tóth, Cs.

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsytovich, V.

V. Ginzburg and V. Tsytovich, Transition Radiation and Transition Scattering. Some Theoretical Questions (Nauka, 1984).

van Tilborg, J.

C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, J. van Tilborg, and W. P. Leemans, “Theory of coherent transition radiation generated at a plasma-vacuum interface,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vinokurov, N. A.

Volkov, R. V.

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).

Wen, H.

H. Wen and A. M. Lindenberg, “Coherent terahertz polarization control through manipulation of electron trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X.

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X.-C. Zhang, “Detection of broadband terahertz waves with a laser-induced plasma in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, M.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

J. Dai, J. Liu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz wave air photonics: terahertz wave generation and detection with laser-induced gas plasma,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 183–190 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Clough, J. Liu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Laser-induced photoacoustics influenced by single-cycle terahertz radiation,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3544–3546 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz-radiation-enhanced emission of fluorescence from gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 235002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X.-C. Zhang, “Detection of broadband terahertz waves with a laser-induced plasma in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz emission profile from laser-induced air plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, H.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, H.

H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz emission profile from laser-induced air plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Zhong, N. Karpowicz, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz emission profile from laser-induced air plasma,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X.-C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, “Coherent heterodyne time-domain spectrometry covering the entire “terahertz gap,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Muth-Bohm, A. Becker, S. L. Chin, and F. H. M. Faisal, “S-matrix theory of ionisation of polyatomic molecules in an intense laser pulse,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 337, 313–318 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Dai, J. Liu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz wave air photonics: terahertz wave generation and detection with laser-induced gas plasma,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 183–190 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Exp. Theor. Phys. (2)

L. Gorbunov and A. Frolov, “Low-frequency transition radiation from a short laser pulse at the plasma boundary,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 102, 894–901 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Kotelnikov, A. Borodin, and A. Shkurinov, “Multiphoton ionization of atoms by a two-color laser pulse,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 112, 946–951 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves (1)

O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, R. V. Volkov, V. A. Andreeva, A. V. Borodin, M. N. Esaulkov, Y.-P. Chen, C. Marceau, V. A. Makarov, A. B. Shkurinov, A. B. Savel’ev, and S.-L. Chin, “Analysis of dual frequency interaction in the filament with the purpose of efficiency control of THz pulse generation,” J. Infrared Millimeter and Terahertz Waves 32, 1157–1167 (2011).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Opt. Technol. (1)

J. Phys. A (1)

H. R. Reiss, “Effect of an intense electromagnetic field on a weakly bound system,” J. Phys. A 22, 1786–1813 (1980).

J. Phys. B (3)

F. H. M. Faisal, “Multiple absorption of laser photons by atoms,” J. Phys. B 6, L89–L92 (1973).

D. B. Miločević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. B 39, R203–R262 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Miločević and F. Ehlotzky, “S-matrix theory of above-threshold ionization in a bichromatic laser field,” J. Phys. B 32, 1585–1596 (1999).
[CrossRef]

JETP (1)

S. B. Popruzhenko, V. D. Mur, V. S. Popov, and D. Bauer, “Multiphoton ionization of atoms and ions by high-intensity x-ray lasers,” JETP 108, 947–962 (2009).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

S. Golubev, E. Suvorov, and A. Shalashov, “On the possibility of terahertz wave generation upon dense gas optical breakdown,” JETP Lett. 79, 361–364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

H. G. Roskos, M. D. Thomson, and M. Kress, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: from fundamentals to applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1, 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

A. Talebpour, M. Abdel-Fattah, A. D. Bandrauk, and S. L. Chin, “Spectroscopy of the gases interactiong with intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Laser Phys. 11, 68–76 (2001).

New J. Phys. (1)

C. D’Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Forward thz radiation emission by femtosecond filamentation in gases: theory and experiment,” New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Talebpour, S. Petit, and S. L. Chin, “Re-focusing during the propagation of a focused femtosecond ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 171, 285–290 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

V. S. Popov, B. M. Karnakov, and V. D. Mur, “Quasiclassical theory of atomic ionization in electric and magnetic fields,” Phys. Lett. A 229, 306–312 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep. (1)

F. Ehlotzky, “Atomic phenomena in bichromatic laser fields,” Phys. Rep. 345, 175–264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (3)

F. Théberge, W. Liu, P. T. Simard, A. Becker, and S.-L. Chin, “Plasma density inside a femtosecond laser filament in air: strong dependence on external focusing,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036406 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Bakunov, S. B. Bodrov, A. V. Maslov, and A. M. Sergeev, “Two-dimensional theory of Cherenkov radiation from short laser pulses in a magnetized plasma,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 016401(2004).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, J. van Tilborg, and W. P. Leemans, “Theory of coherent transition radiation generated at a plasma-vacuum interface,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 016501 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

W. P. Leemans, C. G. R. Geddes, J. Faure, Cs. Tóth, C. Tóth, J. van Tilborg, C. B. Schroeder, E. Esarey, G. Fubiani, D. Auerbach, B. Marcelis, M. A. Carnahan, R. A. Kaindl, J. Byrd, and M. C. Martin, “Observation of terahertz emission from a laser-plasma accelerated electron bunch crossing a plasma-vacuum boundary,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 074802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz-radiation-enhanced emission of fluorescence from gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 235002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X.-C. Zhang, “Detection of broadband terahertz waves with a laser-induced plasma in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 103903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, “Coherent polarization control of terahertz waves generated from two-color laser-induced gas plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Wen and A. M. Lindenberg, “Coherent terahertz polarization control through manipulation of electron trajectories,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP (5)

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1964).

A. M. Perelomov, V. S. Popov, and M. V. Terent’ev, “Ionization of atoms in a varying electric field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 23, 924–934 (1966).

V. S. Popov, V. P. Kuznetsov, and A. M. Perelomov, “Quasiclassical approximation for nonstationary problems,” Sov. Phys. JETP 26, 222 (1968).

V. Ginzburg and I. Frank, “Radiation by uniformly moving electron,” Sov. Phys. JETP 16, 15–28 (1946).

G. A. Askarian, “Cherenkov and transition radiation from electromagnetic waves,” Sov. Phys. JETP 42, 1360–1364 (1962).

Other (2)

V. Ginzburg and V. Tsytovich, Transition Radiation and Transition Scattering. Some Theoretical Questions (Nauka, 1984).

D. S. Bagulov and I. A. Kotelnikov, “Theory of multi-photon and tunnel ionization in bi-chromatic field,” Quantum Electronics, submitted (2012).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Computed intensity of THz radiation after a wire-grid THz polarizer versus the polarizer angle (vertical axis) and ω to 2ω phase ψ (horizontal axis). Azimuthal angle θ of BBO crystal and the 2ω polarization is 55° in respect to polarization of the ω beam. The pump beam energy is 800 μJ per pulse. The 90° on the vertical axis corresponds to polarization of the ω beam. γ=1.96, ϵ=0.16.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic representation of the experimental setups.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured intensity of the 391.4 nm fluorescence band head at three different points of the plasma string versus the BBO crystal position, i.e., the ω to 2ω phase ψ. The beam focus position in this scale is at 135mm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured intensity of THz radiation after a wire-grid THz polarizer versus the polarizer angle (vertical axis) and ω to 2ω phase ψ (horizontal axis). Azimuthal angle θ of BBO crystal is 55° in respect to polarization of ω beam. The pump beam energy is 400 μJ per pulse. The 90° on the vertical axis corresponds to polarization of the ω beam.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured intensity of the THz radiation after passing a wire-grid polarizer oriented along the ω beam polarization for four different laser pulse intensities.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Image of focal spot of the THz beam captured by a microbolometer detector array. The pump pulse energy is 900μJ/pulse.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Image of a THz radiation pattern captured at 9.1 mm behind the focal plane of a parabolic mirror by a microbolometer detector array. The ring-shaped image demonstrates that the THz pulse is directed into a cone with a 19° opening angle.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Spectra of the measured THz pulse for different clear aperture diameters. The aperture angle for each case is shown in parentheses. The pump beam energy was 520μJ/pulse.

Equations (18)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ε=E2/E1
γ=2Im/eE1mω,
E(t)=E1cos(ωt)+E2cos(2ωt+ψ),
wiexp[2Im(W)].
W=t0t(m2v2(t)+eE(t)·x(t)I)dt,
dvdt=emE,dxdt=v,
12mv2(t0)+I=0,x(t0)=0
Ex=E1cos(ωt)+ϵE1cosθcos(2ωt+ψ),Ey=ϵE1sinθcos(2ωt+ψ).
vx=γ22(ln(2γ)1)eE2mωcosθsinψ,vy=ϵγ22ln(2γ)eE2mωsinθsinψ,
wiexp[2Iω(ln(2γ)1223ϵγ|cosθcosψ|)].
Vmpi=(vx,vy,0).
wiexp[2Iω(ln(2γ)12ε2γ24(cos(2ψ)+1cos(2ψ)2ln(2γ)))]
j(t)=eNe(t)VmpiwiVmpi.
dϵdΩ=Ω24πc3|n×ddtjk,Ω|2d,
E14πΩ2c2r[n×ddtjk,Ω]×n.
Δψ=ψ22ψ1=2ωdcΔnplasma,
Ne=43Δψε0meωce2d9×1016cm3,
Δψπ.

Metrics