H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Transmittance
signal in real ladder-type atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 033817
(2012).

[CrossRef]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Calculation of
line shapes in double-resonance optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 80,
022509 (2009).

[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double
resonance optical pumping effects in electromagnetically induced
transparency,” Opt. Express 16, 12163–12170
(2008).

[CrossRef]

H. J. Kimble, “The quantum internet,”
Nature 453, 1023–1030 (2008).

[CrossRef]

D. Sheng, A. Perez Galvan, and L. A. Orozco, Phys.
Rev. A 78, 062506 (2008).

[CrossRef]

W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh,
“Measurement of the absolute energy level and hyperfine structure of
the Rb874D5/2 state,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2810–2812
(2007).

[CrossRef]

A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams,
“Coherent optical detection of highly excited Rydberg states using
electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,
113003 (2007).

[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim,
“Double-resonance optical pumping of Rb atoms,” J. Opt. Soc.
Am. B 24, 2157–2164 (2007).

[CrossRef]

J. Vanier, “Atomic clocks based on coherent
population trapping: a review,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 421–442
(2005).

[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Coupling
intensity effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of
Rb atom,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2529–2533
(2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos,
“Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent
media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633–673 (2005).

[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. L. Chuang, P. C. Ku, and C. J.
Chang-Hasnain, “Slow light using semiconductor quantum dots,”
J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, S3727–S3735 (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. S. Safronova, C. J. Williams, and C. W. Clark,
Phys. Rev. A 69, 022509 (2004).

[CrossRef]

G. S. Agarwal and W. Harshawardhan,
“Inhibition and Enhancement of Two Photon Absorption,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 77, 1039–1042 (1996).

[CrossRef]

S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, and M. H. Dunn,
“Wavelength dependence of coherently induced transparency in a
Doppler-broadened cascade medium,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 5394–5399
(1996).

[CrossRef]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and M.
Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type
inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A
51, 576–584 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J.
Gea-Banacloche, “Measurement of dispersive properties of
electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 74, 666–669 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J.
Gea-Banacloche, “Measurement of dispersive properties of
electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 74, 666–669 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Fulton, S. Shepherd, R. R. Moseley, B. D.
Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave electromagnetically
induced transparency: a comparison of V, Lambda, and cascade
systems,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 2302–2311 (1995).

[CrossRef]

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris,
“Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,”
Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).

[CrossRef]

A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams,
“Coherent optical detection of highly excited Rydberg states using
electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,
113003 (2007).

[CrossRef]

G. S. Agarwal and W. Harshawardhan,
“Inhibition and Enhancement of Two Photon Absorption,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 77, 1039–1042 (1996).

[CrossRef]

P. R. Berman and V. S. Malinovsky, Principles of
Laser Spectroscopy and Quantum Optics (Princeton University,
2011).

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris,
“Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,”
Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).

[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. L. Chuang, P. C. Ku, and C. J.
Chang-Hasnain, “Slow light using semiconductor quantum dots,”
J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, S3727–S3735 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. L. Chuang, P. C. Ku, and C. J.
Chang-Hasnain, “Slow light using semiconductor quantum dots,”
J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, S3727–S3735 (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. S. Safronova, C. J. Williams, and C. W. Clark,
Phys. Rev. A 69, 022509 (2004).

[CrossRef]

S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, and M. H. Dunn,
“Wavelength dependence of coherently induced transparency in a
Doppler-broadened cascade medium,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 5394–5399
(1996).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Fulton, S. Shepherd, R. R. Moseley, B. D.
Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave electromagnetically
induced transparency: a comparison of V, Lambda, and cascade
systems,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 2302–2311 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos,
“Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent
media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633–673 (2005).

[CrossRef]

S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, and M. H. Dunn,
“Wavelength dependence of coherently induced transparency in a
Doppler-broadened cascade medium,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 5394–5399
(1996).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Fulton, S. Shepherd, R. R. Moseley, B. D.
Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave electromagnetically
induced transparency: a comparison of V, Lambda, and cascade
systems,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 2302–2311 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and M.
Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type
inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A
51, 576–584 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J.
Gea-Banacloche, “Measurement of dispersive properties of
electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 74, 666–669 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J.
Gea-Banacloche, “Measurement of dispersive properties of
electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 74, 666–669 (1995).

[CrossRef]

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris,
“Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,”
Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).

[CrossRef]

G. S. Agarwal and W. Harshawardhan,
“Inhibition and Enhancement of Two Photon Absorption,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 77, 1039–1042 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos,
“Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent
media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633–673 (2005).

[CrossRef]

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris,
“Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,”
Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).

[CrossRef]

A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams,
“Coherent optical detection of highly excited Rydberg states using
electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,
113003 (2007).

[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J.
Gea-Banacloche, “Measurement of dispersive properties of
electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 74, 666–669 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and M.
Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type
inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A
51, 576–584 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J.
Gea-Banacloche, “Measurement of dispersive properties of
electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 74, 666–669 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. L. Chuang, P. C. Ku, and C. J.
Chang-Hasnain, “Slow light using semiconductor quantum dots,”
J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, S3727–S3735 (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double
resonance optical pumping effects in electromagnetically induced
transparency,” Opt. Express 16, 12163–12170
(2008).

[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim,
“Double-resonance optical pumping of Rb atoms,” J. Opt. Soc.
Am. B 24, 2157–2164 (2007).

[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Coupling
intensity effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of
Rb atom,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2529–2533
(2005).

[CrossRef]

H. J. Kimble, “The quantum internet,”
Nature 453, 1023–1030 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. L. Chuang, P. C. Ku, and C. J.
Chang-Hasnain, “Slow light using semiconductor quantum dots,”
J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, S3727–S3735 (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double
resonance optical pumping effects in electromagnetically induced
transparency,” Opt. Express 16, 12163–12170
(2008).

[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim,
“Double-resonance optical pumping of Rb atoms,” J. Opt. Soc.
Am. B 24, 2157–2164 (2007).

[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Coupling
intensity effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of
Rb atom,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2529–2533
(2005).

[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J.
Gea-Banacloche, “Measurement of dispersive properties of
electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 74, 666–669 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J.
Gea-Banacloche, “Measurement of dispersive properties of
electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 74, 666–669 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and M.
Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type
inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A
51, 576–584 (1995).

[CrossRef]

P. R. Berman and V. S. Malinovsky, Principles of
Laser Spectroscopy and Quantum Optics (Princeton University,
2011).

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos,
“Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent
media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633–673 (2005).

[CrossRef]

A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams,
“Coherent optical detection of highly excited Rydberg states using
electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,
113003 (2007).

[CrossRef]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Transmittance
signal in real ladder-type atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 033817
(2012).

[CrossRef]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Diagrammatic
analysis of multiphoton processes in a ladder-type three-level atomic
system,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053827 (2011).

[CrossRef]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Discrimination of
one-photon and two-photon coherence parts in electromagnetically induced
transparency for a ladder-type three-level atomic system,” Opt.
Express 19, 11128–11137 (2011).

[CrossRef]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Calculation of
line shapes in double-resonance optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 80,
022509 (2009).

[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double
resonance optical pumping effects in electromagnetically induced
transparency,” Opt. Express 16, 12163–12170
(2008).

[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim,
“Double-resonance optical pumping of Rb atoms,” J. Opt. Soc.
Am. B 24, 2157–2164 (2007).

[CrossRef]

W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh,
“Measurement of the absolute energy level and hyperfine structure of
the Rb874D5/2 state,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2810–2812
(2007).

[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Coupling
intensity effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of
Rb atom,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2529–2533
(2005).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Fulton, S. Shepherd, R. R. Moseley, B. D.
Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave electromagnetically
induced transparency: a comparison of V, Lambda, and cascade
systems,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 2302–2311 (1995).

[CrossRef]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Transmittance
signal in real ladder-type atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 033817
(2012).

[CrossRef]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Diagrammatic
analysis of multiphoton processes in a ladder-type three-level atomic
system,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053827 (2011).

[CrossRef]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Discrimination of
one-photon and two-photon coherence parts in electromagnetically induced
transparency for a ladder-type three-level atomic system,” Opt.
Express 19, 11128–11137 (2011).

[CrossRef]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Calculation of
line shapes in double-resonance optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 80,
022509 (2009).

[CrossRef]

D. Sheng, A. Perez Galvan, and L. A. Orozco, Phys.
Rev. A 78, 062506 (2008).

[CrossRef]

D. Sheng, A. Perez Galvan, and L. A. Orozco, Phys.
Rev. A 78, 062506 (2008).

[CrossRef]

M. S. Safronova, C. J. Williams, and C. W. Clark,
Phys. Rev. A 69, 022509 (2004).

[CrossRef]

D. Sheng, A. Perez Galvan, and L. A. Orozco, Phys.
Rev. A 78, 062506 (2008).

[CrossRef]

S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, and M. H. Dunn,
“Wavelength dependence of coherently induced transparency in a
Doppler-broadened cascade medium,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 5394–5399
(1996).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Fulton, S. Shepherd, R. R. Moseley, B. D.
Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave electromagnetically
induced transparency: a comparison of V, Lambda, and cascade
systems,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 2302–2311 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Fulton, S. Shepherd, R. R. Moseley, B. D.
Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave electromagnetically
induced transparency: a comparison of V, Lambda, and cascade
systems,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 2302–2311 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. Vanier, “Atomic clocks based on coherent
population trapping: a review,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 421–442
(2005).

[CrossRef]

M. S. Safronova, C. J. Williams, and C. W. Clark,
Phys. Rev. A 69, 022509 (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J.
Gea-Banacloche, “Measurement of dispersive properties of
electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 74, 666–669 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and M.
Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type
inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A
51, 576–584 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J.
Gea-Banacloche, “Measurement of dispersive properties of
electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 74, 666–669 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. Vanier, “Atomic clocks based on coherent
population trapping: a review,” Appl. Phys. B 81, 421–442
(2005).

[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Coupling
intensity effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of
Rb atom,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2529–2533
(2005).

[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim,
“Double-resonance optical pumping of Rb atoms,” J. Opt. Soc.
Am. B 24, 2157–2164 (2007).

[CrossRef]

N. Hayashi, A. Fujisawa, H. Kido, K. Takahashi,
and M. Mitsunaga, “Interference between electromagnetically induced
transparency and two-step excitation in three-level ladder systems,”
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1645–1650 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. Kim, S. L. Chuang, P. C. Ku, and C. J.
Chang-Hasnain, “Slow light using semiconductor quantum dots,”
J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, S3727–S3735 (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. J. Kimble, “The quantum internet,”
Nature 453, 1023–1030 (2008).

[CrossRef]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Transmittance
signal in real ladder-type atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 033817
(2012).

[CrossRef]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Diagrammatic
analysis of multiphoton processes in a ladder-type three-level atomic
system,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053827 (2011).

[CrossRef]

H.-R. Noh and H. S. Moon, “Calculation of
line shapes in double-resonance optical pumping,” Phys. Rev. A 80,
022509 (2009).

[CrossRef]

M. S. Safronova, C. J. Williams, and C. W. Clark,
Phys. Rev. A 69, 022509 (2004).

[CrossRef]

D. Sheng, A. Perez Galvan, and L. A. Orozco, Phys.
Rev. A 78, 062506 (2008).

[CrossRef]

S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, and M. H. Dunn,
“Wavelength dependence of coherently induced transparency in a
Doppler-broadened cascade medium,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 5394–5399
(1996).

[CrossRef]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and M.
Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in ladder-type
inhomogeneously broadened media: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A
51, 576–584 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Fulton, S. Shepherd, R. R. Moseley, B. D.
Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, “Continuous-wave electromagnetically
induced transparency: a comparison of V, Lambda, and cascade
systems,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 2302–2311 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J.
Gea-Banacloche, “Measurement of dispersive properties of
electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 74, 666–669 (1995).

[CrossRef]

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamoglu, and S. E. Harris,
“Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,”
Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2593–2596 (1991).

[CrossRef]

A. K. Mohapatra, T. R. Jackson, and C. S. Adams,
“Coherent optical detection of highly excited Rydberg states using
electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98,
113003 (2007).

[CrossRef]

M. Xiao, Y. Q. Li, S. Z. Jin, and J.
Gea-Banacloche, “Measurement of dispersive properties of
electromagnetically induced transparency in rubidium atoms,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 74, 666–669 (1995).

[CrossRef]

G. S. Agarwal and W. Harshawardhan,
“Inhibition and Enhancement of Two Photon Absorption,” Phys.
Rev. Lett. 77, 1039–1042 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos,
“Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent
media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633–673 (2005).

[CrossRef]

P. R. Berman and V. S. Malinovsky, Principles of
Laser Spectroscopy and Quantum Optics (Princeton University,
2011).