Abstract

Subwavelength diameter microfiber with carbon nanotube (CNT) cladding attracts wide attention for its significant effect on evanescent coupling and interaction. In this paper, the physical mechanism and spatial expression of the light field near CNT coated microfiber are analyzed by the electromagnetic calculation and mode field analysis experiments. The simulated and experimental results demonstrate that light field distribution along the CNT coated microfiber shows the resonant modes with intensity attenuation locating at ∼0  μm, 1.7 μm, 3.3 μm at the direction of core radius. The investigation about interaction between evanescent wave and CNT films will inspire the future application of CNT films and microfiber based lasers, all-optical switches, wavelength converters, sensors, and other integrated functional photonic devices.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (3)

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

S. Y. Lu and L. C. Chien, “Carbon nanotube doped liquid crystal OCB cells: physical and electro-optical properties,” Opt. Express 16, 12777–12785 (2008).

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

J. Suehiro, “Controlled fabrication of carbon nanotube NO2 gas sensor using dielectrophoretic impedance measurement,” Sens. Actuators B 108, 398–403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and Eric Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426, 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

P. G. Collins, K. Bradley, M. Ishigami, and A. Zettl, “Carbon nanocarno optical and electrical research in Helmet magnet equalities,” Science 287, 1801–1804 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Bures and R. Ghosh, “Power density of the evanescent field in the vicinity of a tapered fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1992–1996 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. H. Liu, K. Ushida, A. Kira, and H. Nakahara, “Novel photo recording Langmuir-Blodgett films,” Adv. Mater. 9, 1099–1101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal. Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Elsevier, 2009).

Ashcom, J. B.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and Eric Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426, 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Auñón, J. M.

Baac, H. W.

H. F. Shi, J. G. Ok, H. W. Baac, and L. J. Guo, “Low density carbon nanotube forest as an index-matched and near perfect absorption coating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 211103–211106(2011).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, K.

P. G. Collins, K. Bradley, M. Ishigami, and A. Zettl, “Carbon nanocarno optical and electrical research in Helmet magnet equalities,” Science 287, 1801–1804 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bures, J.

Chen, G. H.

Chen, H. Z.

K. Lai, N. Xi, Y. L. Luo, C. K. M. Fung, J. B. Zhang, and H. Z. Chen, “Development of carbon nanotube based spectrum infrared sensors,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on SENSORS (IEEE, 2008) pp. 1600–1603.

Chen, J. R.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chien, L. C.

Chow, K. K.

S. Yamashita, A. Martinez, and K. K. Chow, “Carbon nanotube photonics,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuII3.

Chu, W. G.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Collins, P. G.

P. G. Collins, K. Bradley, M. Ishigami, and A. Zettl, “Carbon nanocarno optical and electrical research in Helmet magnet equalities,” Science 287, 1801–1804 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Deng, K.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, D. Y.

Fung, C. K. M.

K. Lai, N. Xi, Y. L. Luo, C. K. M. Fung, J. B. Zhang, and H. Z. Chen, “Development of carbon nanotube based spectrum infrared sensors,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on SENSORS (IEEE, 2008) pp. 1600–1603.

Gattass, R. R.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and Eric Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426, 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, R.

Gu, C. Z.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L. J.

H. F. Shi, J. G. Ok, H. W. Baac, and L. J. Guo, “Low density carbon nanotube forest as an index-matched and near perfect absorption coating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 211103–211106(2011).
[CrossRef]

Guru, B. S.

B. S. Guru and H. R. Hiziroglu, Electromagnetic Field Theory Fundamental (PWS/Thomson Learning, 2002).

He, S. L.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and Eric Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426, 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hiziroglu, H. R.

B. S. Guru and H. R. Hiziroglu, Electromagnetic Field Theory Fundamental (PWS/Thomson Learning, 2002).

Huang, H. B.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ishigami, M.

P. G. Collins, K. Bradley, M. Ishigami, and A. Zettl, “Carbon nanocarno optical and electrical research in Helmet magnet equalities,” Science 287, 1801–1804 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kashiwagi, K.

Kira, A.

M. H. Liu, K. Ushida, A. Kira, and H. Nakahara, “Novel photo recording Langmuir-Blodgett films,” Adv. Mater. 9, 1099–1101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lai, K.

K. Lai, N. Xi, Y. L. Luo, C. K. M. Fung, J. B. Zhang, and H. Z. Chen, “Development of carbon nanotube based spectrum infrared sensors,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on SENSORS (IEEE, 2008) pp. 1600–1603.

Lee, G. B.

G. B. Lee, “Manipulation of CNT by using optically-induced dielectrophoresis,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems (NEMS) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 880–882.

Liu, G. T.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M. H.

M. H. Liu, K. Ushida, A. Kira, and H. Nakahara, “Novel photo recording Langmuir-Blodgett films,” Adv. Mater. 9, 1099–1101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lou, J. Y.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur, “Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 12, 1025–1035 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and Eric Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426, 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Love, J. D.

A. W. Synder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory(Chapman and Hall, 1983).

Lu, S. Y.

Luo, Y. L.

K. Lai, N. Xi, Y. L. Luo, C. K. M. Fung, J. B. Zhang, and H. Z. Chen, “Development of carbon nanotube based spectrum infrared sensors,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on SENSORS (IEEE, 2008) pp. 1600–1603.

Ma, W. J.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, Theories of Dielectric Optical Waveguides(Academic, 1991).

Martinez, A.

A. Martinez and S. Yamashita, “Multi-gigahertz repetition rate passively modelocked fiber lasers using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 19, 6155–6163 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Yamashita, A. Martinez, and K. K. Chow, “Carbon nanotube photonics,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuII3.

Maxwell, I.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and Eric Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426, 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

Mazur, Eric

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and Eric Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426, 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nakahara, H.

M. H. Liu, K. Ushida, A. Kira, and H. Nakahara, “Novel photo recording Langmuir-Blodgett films,” Adv. Mater. 9, 1099–1101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ok, J. G.

H. F. Shi, J. G. Ok, H. W. Baac, and L. J. Guo, “Low density carbon nanotube forest as an index-matched and near perfect absorption coating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 211103–211106(2011).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L. J.

Rao, G. H.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Set, S. Y.

Shen, M. Y.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and Eric Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426, 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shi, H. F.

H. F. Shi, J. G. Ok, H. W. Baac, and L. J. Guo, “Low density carbon nanotube forest as an index-matched and near perfect absorption coating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 211103–211106(2011).
[CrossRef]

Song, L.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Suehiro, J.

J. Suehiro, “Controlled fabrication of carbon nanotube NO2 gas sensor using dielectrophoretic impedance measurement,” Sens. Actuators B 108, 398–403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L. F.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Synder, A. W.

A. W. Synder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory(Chapman and Hall, 1983).

Tang, Z. X.

Tong, L. M.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur, “Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 12, 1025–1035 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and Eric Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426, 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ushida, K.

M. H. Liu, K. Ushida, A. Kira, and H. Nakahara, “Novel photo recording Langmuir-Blodgett films,” Adv. Mater. 9, 1099–1101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vesperinas, M. N.

Wang, C.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wen, S. C.

Xi, N.

K. Lai, N. Xi, Y. L. Luo, C. K. M. Fung, J. B. Zhang, and H. Z. Chen, “Development of carbon nanotube based spectrum infrared sensors,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on SENSORS (IEEE, 2008) pp. 1600–1603.

Xie, S. S.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

Yang, H. F.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y. L.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Y. X.

Zettl, A.

P. G. Collins, K. Bradley, M. Ishigami, and A. Zettl, “Carbon nanocarno optical and electrical research in Helmet magnet equalities,” Science 287, 1801–1804 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. B.

K. Lai, N. Xi, Y. L. Luo, C. K. M. Fung, J. B. Zhang, and H. Z. Chen, “Development of carbon nanotube based spectrum infrared sensors,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on SENSORS (IEEE, 2008) pp. 1600–1603.

Zhao, C. J.

Zhao, Y. C.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, K. H.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, L.

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. H. Liu, K. Ushida, A. Kira, and H. Nakahara, “Novel photo recording Langmuir-Blodgett films,” Adv. Mater. 9, 1099–1101 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. F. Shi, J. G. Ok, H. W. Baac, and L. J. Guo, “Low density carbon nanotube forest as an index-matched and near perfect absorption coating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 211103–211106(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nano Lett. (1)

G. T. Liu, Y. C. Zhao, K. Deng, L. Zheng, W. G. Chu, J. R. Chen, Y. L. Yang, K. H. Zheng, H. B. Huang, W. J. Ma, L. Song, H. F. Yang, C. Z. Gu, G. H. Rao, C. Wang, S. S. Xie, and L. F. Sun, “Highly dense and perfectly aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes fabricated by diamond wire drawing,” Nano Lett. 8, 1071–1075 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and Eric Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature 426, 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

P. G. Collins, K. Bradley, M. Ishigami, and A. Zettl, “Carbon nanocarno optical and electrical research in Helmet magnet equalities,” Science 287, 1801–1804 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (1)

J. Suehiro, “Controlled fabrication of carbon nanotube NO2 gas sensor using dielectrophoretic impedance measurement,” Sens. Actuators B 108, 398–403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

S. Yamashita, A. Martinez, and K. K. Chow, “Carbon nanotube photonics,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuII3.

G. B. Lee, “Manipulation of CNT by using optically-induced dielectrophoresis,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Nano/Micro Engineered and Molecular Systems (NEMS) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 880–882.

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