Abstract

Annealing in appropriate atmosphere affects considerably transparency and photoluminescence (PL) of lithium thiogallate LiGaS2 (LGS). Intense absorption at 8.0 μm after annealing in vapors of Ga2S3 or S is related to S–S vibrations. Annealing in vacuum produces intense blue PL in a 2.74 band, which transforms further to a 2.98 eV band: both emissions are excited in the same 3.4 eV band and are associated with two types of crystallographically nonequivalent anion vacancies (F-centers). The 2.98 eV emission of a more stable F-center decays exponentially with decay times τ=19  μs and 218 ns at 80 and 300 K, respectively, and quenches to 650 K. PL in a 2.0 eV band, excited near the fundamental absorption edge, with a large Stokes shift and fast temperature quenching is related to recombination of the self-trapped excitons. LGS with F-centers can be used as a light-emitting medium in different laser and optoelectronic devices.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2010 (1)

2008 (1)

L. Bai, Z. S. Lin, Z. Z. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “Mechanisms of linear and nonlinear effects of chalcopyrites LiGaX2 (X=S, Se and Te) crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

J. Aarik, H. Mandar, M. Kirm, and L. Pung, “Optical characterization of HfO2 thin films grown by atomic layer deposition,” Thin Solid Films 466, 41–47 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS2 and LiGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546(2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Fossier, S. Salaun, O. Bidault, I. Thenot, J.-J. Zondy, W. Chen, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, P. Petrov, J. Henningsen, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, O. Balachninaite, G. Slekys, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Optical, vibrational, thermal, damage and phase-matching properties of lithium thioindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1981–2007 (2004).

2003 (1)

L. Isaenko, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, and J. Smirnova, “Growth and properties of LiGaX2 (X=S, Se, Te) single crystals for nonlinear application in the mid-IR,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 379–387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlidova, J.-J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

G. C. Catella and D. Burlage, “Crystal growth and optical properties of AgGaS2 and AgGaSe2,” MRS Bull. 23, 28–36 (1998).

1996 (1)

R.-M. Nigge, F. P. Baumgartner, and E. Bucher, “CVT growth of AgGaSe2 single crystals: electrical and photoluminescence properties,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 43, 335–343(1996).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

J. Leal-Gonzalez, S. S. Melibary, and A. J. Smith, “Structure of lithium gallium sulfide, LiGaS2,” Acta Crystallogr. C C46, 2017–2019 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

B. D. Evans and J. C. Kemp, “Vibrational aspects of the CaO and MgO F bands,” Phys. Rev. B B2, 4179–4189 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

W. C. Ward and E. B. Hensleym, “Additive coloration of calcium oxide,” Phys. Rev. 175, 1230–1232 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

1961 (1)

L. Bonch-Bruevich and V. B. Glasko, “To theory of dislocations-related electronic transitions,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 3, 36–52 (1961).

Aarik, J.

J. Aarik, H. Mandar, M. Kirm, and L. Pung, “Optical characterization of HfO2 thin films grown by atomic layer deposition,” Thin Solid Films 466, 41–47 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Alison, R.

Bai, L.

L. Bai, Z. S. Lin, Z. Z. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “Mechanisms of linear and nonlinear effects of chalcopyrites LiGaX2 (X=S, Se and Te) crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Balachninaite, O.

Baumgartner, F. P.

R.-M. Nigge, F. P. Baumgartner, and E. Bucher, “CVT growth of AgGaSe2 single crystals: electrical and photoluminescence properties,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 43, 335–343(1996).
[CrossRef]

Bidault, O.

Bonch-Bruevich, L.

L. Bonch-Bruevich and V. B. Glasko, “To theory of dislocations-related electronic transitions,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 3, 36–52 (1961).

Bucher, E.

R.-M. Nigge, F. P. Baumgartner, and E. Bucher, “CVT growth of AgGaSe2 single crystals: electrical and photoluminescence properties,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 43, 335–343(1996).
[CrossRef]

Burlage, D.

G. C. Catella and D. Burlage, “Crystal growth and optical properties of AgGaS2 and AgGaSe2,” MRS Bull. 23, 28–36 (1998).

Burns, J.

Catella, G. C.

G. C. Catella and D. Burlage, “Crystal growth and optical properties of AgGaS2 and AgGaSe2,” MRS Bull. 23, 28–36 (1998).

Chen, C. T.

L. Bai, Z. S. Lin, Z. Z. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “Mechanisms of linear and nonlinear effects of chalcopyrites LiGaX2 (X=S, Se and Te) crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

Dmitriev, V. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Guzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer, 1999).

Douillet, A.

A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, S. I. Lobanov, J.-J. Zondy, A. Douillet, I. Thenot, Ph. Kupecek, G. Minnerat, J. Mangin, S. Foussier, and S. Salaun, “New ternary sulfide for double application in laser scheme,” in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 34 of OSA Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injevan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 561–568.

Dovlidova, L.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlidova, J.-J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Evans, B. D.

B. D. Evans and J. C. Kemp, “Vibrational aspects of the CaO and MgO F bands,” Phys. Rev. B B2, 4179–4189 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Fossier, S.

Foussier, S.

A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, S. I. Lobanov, J.-J. Zondy, A. Douillet, I. Thenot, Ph. Kupecek, G. Minnerat, J. Mangin, S. Foussier, and S. Salaun, “New ternary sulfide for double application in laser scheme,” in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 34 of OSA Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injevan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 561–568.

Glasko, V. B.

L. Bonch-Bruevich and V. B. Glasko, “To theory of dislocations-related electronic transitions,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 3, 36–52 (1961).

Guzadyan, G. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Guzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer, 1999).

Henderson, B.

B. Henderson and G. F. Imbusch, Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Clarendon, 1989).

Henningsen, J.

Hensleym, E. B.

W. C. Ward and E. B. Hensleym, “Additive coloration of calcium oxide,” Phys. Rev. 175, 1230–1232 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Imbusch, G. F.

B. Henderson and G. F. Imbusch, Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Clarendon, 1989).

Isaenko, L.

V. Petrov, J.-J. Zondy, O. Bidault, L. Isaenko, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, W. Chen, A. Tyazhev, S. Lobanov, G. Marchev, and D. Kolker, “Optical, thermal, electric, damage and phase-matching properties of lithium selenoindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1902–1927 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Fossier, S. Salaun, O. Bidault, I. Thenot, J.-J. Zondy, W. Chen, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, P. Petrov, J. Henningsen, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, O. Balachninaite, G. Slekys, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Optical, vibrational, thermal, damage and phase-matching properties of lithium thioindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1981–2007 (2004).

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS2 and LiGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546(2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Isaenko, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, and J. Smirnova, “Growth and properties of LiGaX2 (X=S, Se, Te) single crystals for nonlinear application in the mid-IR,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 379–387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlidova, J.-J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-J. Zondy, V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, and S. Lobanov, “Orthorhombic crystals of lithium thioindated and selenoindate for nonlinear optics in the mid-IR,” in Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, B: Physics and Biophysics, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. Sorokina, eds. (Springer, 2008), pp. 67–104.

Isaenko, L. I.

A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, S. I. Lobanov, J.-J. Zondy, A. Douillet, I. Thenot, Ph. Kupecek, G. Minnerat, J. Mangin, S. Foussier, and S. Salaun, “New ternary sulfide for double application in laser scheme,” in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 34 of OSA Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injevan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 561–568.

Kavun, I.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlidova, J.-J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kemp, J. C.

B. D. Evans and J. C. Kemp, “Vibrational aspects of the CaO and MgO F bands,” Phys. Rev. B B2, 4179–4189 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Kirm, M.

J. Aarik, H. Mandar, M. Kirm, and L. Pung, “Optical characterization of HfO2 thin films grown by atomic layer deposition,” Thin Solid Films 466, 41–47 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kokorina, V. F.

V. F. Kokorina, Glasses for Infrared Optics (CRC Press, 1996).

Kolker, D.

Krinitsin, P.

L. Isaenko, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, and J. Smirnova, “Growth and properties of LiGaX2 (X=S, Se, Te) single crystals for nonlinear application in the mid-IR,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 379–387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kupecek, Ph.

A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, S. I. Lobanov, J.-J. Zondy, A. Douillet, I. Thenot, Ph. Kupecek, G. Minnerat, J. Mangin, S. Foussier, and S. Salaun, “New ternary sulfide for double application in laser scheme,” in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 34 of OSA Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injevan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 561–568.

Leal-Gonzalez, J.

J. Leal-Gonzalez, S. S. Melibary, and A. J. Smith, “Structure of lithium gallium sulfide, LiGaS2,” Acta Crystallogr. C C46, 2017–2019 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z. S.

L. Bai, Z. S. Lin, Z. Z. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “Mechanisms of linear and nonlinear effects of chalcopyrites LiGaX2 (X=S, Se and Te) crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lobanov, S.

V. Petrov, J.-J. Zondy, O. Bidault, L. Isaenko, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, W. Chen, A. Tyazhev, S. Lobanov, G. Marchev, and D. Kolker, “Optical, thermal, electric, damage and phase-matching properties of lithium selenoindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1902–1927 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Fossier, S. Salaun, O. Bidault, I. Thenot, J.-J. Zondy, W. Chen, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, P. Petrov, J. Henningsen, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, O. Balachninaite, G. Slekys, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Optical, vibrational, thermal, damage and phase-matching properties of lithium thioindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1981–2007 (2004).

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS2 and LiGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546(2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Isaenko, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, and J. Smirnova, “Growth and properties of LiGaX2 (X=S, Se, Te) single crystals for nonlinear application in the mid-IR,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 379–387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlidova, J.-J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-J. Zondy, V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, and S. Lobanov, “Orthorhombic crystals of lithium thioindated and selenoindate for nonlinear optics in the mid-IR,” in Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, B: Physics and Biophysics, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. Sorokina, eds. (Springer, 2008), pp. 67–104.

Lobanov, S. I.

A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, S. I. Lobanov, J.-J. Zondy, A. Douillet, I. Thenot, Ph. Kupecek, G. Minnerat, J. Mangin, S. Foussier, and S. Salaun, “New ternary sulfide for double application in laser scheme,” in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 34 of OSA Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injevan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 561–568.

Malakhov, V.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlidova, J.-J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mandar, H.

J. Aarik, H. Mandar, M. Kirm, and L. Pung, “Optical characterization of HfO2 thin films grown by atomic layer deposition,” Thin Solid Films 466, 41–47 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mangin, J.

A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, S. I. Lobanov, J.-J. Zondy, A. Douillet, I. Thenot, Ph. Kupecek, G. Minnerat, J. Mangin, S. Foussier, and S. Salaun, “New ternary sulfide for double application in laser scheme,” in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 34 of OSA Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injevan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 561–568.

Marchev, G.

Melibary, S. S.

J. Leal-Gonzalez, S. S. Melibary, and A. J. Smith, “Structure of lithium gallium sulfide, LiGaS2,” Acta Crystallogr. C C46, 2017–2019 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Minnerat, G.

A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, S. I. Lobanov, J.-J. Zondy, A. Douillet, I. Thenot, Ph. Kupecek, G. Minnerat, J. Mangin, S. Foussier, and S. Salaun, “New ternary sulfide for double application in laser scheme,” in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 34 of OSA Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injevan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 561–568.

Moss, T. S.

T. S. Moss, Optical Properties of Semiconductors (Butterworth, 1961).

Nigge, R.-M.

R.-M. Nigge, F. P. Baumgartner, and E. Bucher, “CVT growth of AgGaSe2 single crystals: electrical and photoluminescence properties,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 43, 335–343(1996).
[CrossRef]

Nikogosyan, D. N.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Guzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer, 1999).

Petrov, P.

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, J.-J. Zondy, O. Bidault, L. Isaenko, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, W. Chen, A. Tyazhev, S. Lobanov, G. Marchev, and D. Kolker, “Optical, thermal, electric, damage and phase-matching properties of lithium selenoindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1902–1927 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Fossier, S. Salaun, O. Bidault, I. Thenot, J.-J. Zondy, W. Chen, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, P. Petrov, J. Henningsen, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, O. Balachninaite, G. Slekys, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Optical, vibrational, thermal, damage and phase-matching properties of lithium thioindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1981–2007 (2004).

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS2 and LiGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546(2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-J. Zondy, V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, and S. Lobanov, “Orthorhombic crystals of lithium thioindated and selenoindate for nonlinear optics in the mid-IR,” in Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, B: Physics and Biophysics, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. Sorokina, eds. (Springer, 2008), pp. 67–104.

Pung, L.

J. Aarik, H. Mandar, M. Kirm, and L. Pung, “Optical characterization of HfO2 thin films grown by atomic layer deposition,” Thin Solid Films 466, 41–47 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rotermund, F.

Salaun, S.

S. Fossier, S. Salaun, O. Bidault, I. Thenot, J.-J. Zondy, W. Chen, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, P. Petrov, J. Henningsen, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, O. Balachninaite, G. Slekys, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Optical, vibrational, thermal, damage and phase-matching properties of lithium thioindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1981–2007 (2004).

A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, S. I. Lobanov, J.-J. Zondy, A. Douillet, I. Thenot, Ph. Kupecek, G. Minnerat, J. Mangin, S. Foussier, and S. Salaun, “New ternary sulfide for double application in laser scheme,” in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 34 of OSA Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injevan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 561–568.

Sirutkaitis, V.

Slekys, G.

Smirnova, J.

L. Isaenko, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, and J. Smirnova, “Growth and properties of LiGaX2 (X=S, Se, Te) single crystals for nonlinear application in the mid-IR,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 379–387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. J.

J. Leal-Gonzalez, S. S. Melibary, and A. J. Smith, “Structure of lithium gallium sulfide, LiGaS2,” Acta Crystallogr. C C46, 2017–2019 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Song, K. S.

K. S. Song and R. T. Williams, Self-Trapped Excitons (Springer, 1993).

Thenot, I.

S. Fossier, S. Salaun, O. Bidault, I. Thenot, J.-J. Zondy, W. Chen, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, P. Petrov, J. Henningsen, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, O. Balachninaite, G. Slekys, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Optical, vibrational, thermal, damage and phase-matching properties of lithium thioindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1981–2007 (2004).

A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, S. I. Lobanov, J.-J. Zondy, A. Douillet, I. Thenot, Ph. Kupecek, G. Minnerat, J. Mangin, S. Foussier, and S. Salaun, “New ternary sulfide for double application in laser scheme,” in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 34 of OSA Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injevan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 561–568.

Titov, A.

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS2 and LiGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546(2004).
[CrossRef]

Tuzzolino, A. J.

Tyazhev, A.

Vasilyeva, I.

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlidova, J.-J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vedenyapin, V.

V. Petrov, J.-J. Zondy, O. Bidault, L. Isaenko, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, W. Chen, A. Tyazhev, S. Lobanov, G. Marchev, and D. Kolker, “Optical, thermal, electric, damage and phase-matching properties of lithium selenoindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1902–1927 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Isaenko, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, and J. Smirnova, “Growth and properties of LiGaX2 (X=S, Se, Te) single crystals for nonlinear application in the mid-IR,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 379–387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. Z.

L. Bai, Z. S. Lin, Z. Z. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “Mechanisms of linear and nonlinear effects of chalcopyrites LiGaX2 (X=S, Se and Te) crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ward, W. C.

W. C. Ward and E. B. Hensleym, “Additive coloration of calcium oxide,” Phys. Rev. 175, 1230–1232 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Williams, R. T.

K. S. Song and R. T. Williams, Self-Trapped Excitons (Springer, 1993).

Yelisseyev, A.

V. Petrov, J.-J. Zondy, O. Bidault, L. Isaenko, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, W. Chen, A. Tyazhev, S. Lobanov, G. Marchev, and D. Kolker, “Optical, thermal, electric, damage and phase-matching properties of lithium selenoindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1902–1927 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Fossier, S. Salaun, O. Bidault, I. Thenot, J.-J. Zondy, W. Chen, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, P. Petrov, J. Henningsen, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, O. Balachninaite, G. Slekys, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Optical, vibrational, thermal, damage and phase-matching properties of lithium thioindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1981–2007 (2004).

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS2 and LiGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546(2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Isaenko, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, and J. Smirnova, “Growth and properties of LiGaX2 (X=S, Se, Te) single crystals for nonlinear application in the mid-IR,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 379–387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlidova, J.-J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.-J. Zondy, V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, and S. Lobanov, “Orthorhombic crystals of lithium thioindated and selenoindate for nonlinear optics in the mid-IR,” in Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, B: Physics and Biophysics, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. Sorokina, eds. (Springer, 2008), pp. 67–104.

Yelisseyev, A. P.

A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, S. I. Lobanov, J.-J. Zondy, A. Douillet, I. Thenot, Ph. Kupecek, G. Minnerat, J. Mangin, S. Foussier, and S. Salaun, “New ternary sulfide for double application in laser scheme,” in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 34 of OSA Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injevan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 561–568.

Zaitsev, A. M.

A. M. Zaitsev, Optical Properties of Diamond: Data Handbook (Springer, 2001).

Zondy, J.-J.

V. Petrov, J.-J. Zondy, O. Bidault, L. Isaenko, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, W. Chen, A. Tyazhev, S. Lobanov, G. Marchev, and D. Kolker, “Optical, thermal, electric, damage and phase-matching properties of lithium selenoindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1902–1927 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS2 and LiGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546(2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Fossier, S. Salaun, O. Bidault, I. Thenot, J.-J. Zondy, W. Chen, F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, P. Petrov, J. Henningsen, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, O. Balachninaite, G. Slekys, and V. Sirutkaitis, “Optical, vibrational, thermal, damage and phase-matching properties of lithium thioindate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1981–2007 (2004).

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlidova, J.-J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, S. I. Lobanov, J.-J. Zondy, A. Douillet, I. Thenot, Ph. Kupecek, G. Minnerat, J. Mangin, S. Foussier, and S. Salaun, “New ternary sulfide for double application in laser scheme,” in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 34 of OSA Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injevan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 561–568.

J.-J. Zondy, V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, and S. Lobanov, “Orthorhombic crystals of lithium thioindated and selenoindate for nonlinear optics in the mid-IR,” in Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, B: Physics and Biophysics, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. Sorokina, eds. (Springer, 2008), pp. 67–104.

Acta Crystallogr. C (1)

J. Leal-Gonzalez, S. S. Melibary, and A. J. Smith, “Structure of lithium gallium sulfide, LiGaS2,” Acta Crystallogr. C C46, 2017–2019 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, S. Lobanov, A. Titov, and J.-J. Zondy, “Second harmonic generation and optical parametric amplification in the mid-IR with orthorhombic biaxial crystals LiGaS2 and LiGaSe2,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 543–546(2004).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

L. Isaenko, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, P. Krinitsin, V. Vedenyapin, and J. Smirnova, “Growth and properties of LiGaX2 (X=S, Se, Te) single crystals for nonlinear application in the mid-IR,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 38, 379–387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L. Bai, Z. S. Lin, Z. Z. Wang, and C. T. Chen, “Mechanisms of linear and nonlinear effects of chalcopyrites LiGaX2 (X=S, Se and Te) crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 083111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

L. Isaenko, I. Vasilyeva, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, V. Malakhov, L. Dovlidova, J.-J. Zondy, and I. Kavun, “Growth and characterization of LiInS2 single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 218, 313–322 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

MRS Bull. (1)

G. C. Catella and D. Burlage, “Crystal growth and optical properties of AgGaS2 and AgGaSe2,” MRS Bull. 23, 28–36 (1998).

Phys. Rev. (1)

W. C. Ward and E. B. Hensleym, “Additive coloration of calcium oxide,” Phys. Rev. 175, 1230–1232 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

B. D. Evans and J. C. Kemp, “Vibrational aspects of the CaO and MgO F bands,” Phys. Rev. B B2, 4179–4189 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (1)

R.-M. Nigge, F. P. Baumgartner, and E. Bucher, “CVT growth of AgGaSe2 single crystals: electrical and photoluminescence properties,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 43, 335–343(1996).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Solid State (1)

L. Bonch-Bruevich and V. B. Glasko, “To theory of dislocations-related electronic transitions,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 3, 36–52 (1961).

Thin Solid Films (1)

J. Aarik, H. Mandar, M. Kirm, and L. Pung, “Optical characterization of HfO2 thin films grown by atomic layer deposition,” Thin Solid Films 466, 41–47 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (10)

A. M. Zaitsev, Optical Properties of Diamond: Data Handbook (Springer, 2001).

T. S. Moss, Optical Properties of Semiconductors (Butterworth, 1961).

V. F. Kokorina, Glasses for Infrared Optics (CRC Press, 1996).

HSC chemistry software, http://www.chemistry-software.com .

W. B. Fowler, ed., Physics of Color Centers (Academic, 1968), Chaps. 2 and 4.

K. S. Song and R. T. Williams, Self-Trapped Excitons (Springer, 1993).

B. Henderson and G. F. Imbusch, Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Clarendon, 1989).

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Guzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer, 1999).

A. P. Yelisseyev, L. I. Isaenko, S. I. Lobanov, J.-J. Zondy, A. Douillet, I. Thenot, Ph. Kupecek, G. Minnerat, J. Mangin, S. Foussier, and S. Salaun, “New ternary sulfide for double application in laser scheme,” in OSA TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 34 of OSA Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injevan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds. (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 561–568.

J.-J. Zondy, V. Petrov, A. Yelisseyev, L. Isaenko, and S. Lobanov, “Orthorhombic crystals of lithium thioindated and selenoindate for nonlinear optics in the mid-IR,” in Mid-Infrared Coherent Sources and Applications, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, B: Physics and Biophysics, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh and I. Sorokina, eds. (Springer, 2008), pp. 67–104.

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