Abstract

We have studied the effect of orthogonal optical injection on a multitransverse-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL). The injection beam comes from a similar VCSEL. Our results reveal that, when the receiver operates with several strong transverse modes of parallel polarization, optical injection can induce polarization switching in all of them while only one mode is locked to the external frequency. The induced switching can occur for a very weak (a few microwatts) injected beam. Periodic oscillations and low-frequency irregular pulsations are observed as well.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Boggavarapu, R. Jin, J. Grantham, Y. Z. Hu, B. Colstoun, C. W. Lowry, G. Khitrova, S. W. Koch, M. Sargent, H. M. Gibbs, and W. Chow, “Instabilities of a microcavity laser with a weak injected signal,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1846–1848 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, and R. A. Morgan, “Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 227–235 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Y. Law, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, and G. P. Agrawal, “Effect of transverse-mode competition on the injection dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 737–747 (1997).
  5. Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection dynamics of two-mode vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 274–278(2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, S. Bandyoadhyay, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Polarisation-resolved chaos and instabilities in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser subject to optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 216, 185–189 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1386–1393 (2003).
  8. Y. Onishi, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, F. Koyama, and C. Zah, “Dynamic behavior of an all-optical inverter using transverse-mode switching in 1.55 mm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1236–1238 (2004).
  9. X. Li, W. Pan, B. Luo, and D. Ma, “Multi-transverse-mode dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with external optical injection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1292–1301 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 322–333 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023811 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panatojov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803(R) (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Hayat, A. Bacou, A. Rissons, J.-C. Mollier, V. Iakovlev, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “Long wavelength VCSEL-by-VCSEL optical injection locking,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 1850–1858 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. S. Torre, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Transverse mode selection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection signal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 105–111(2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by parallel and orthogonal injection in 1550 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs),” Opt. Express 18, 9423–9428 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. Perez, A. Quirce, L. Pesquera, and A. Valle, “Polarization-resolved nonlinear dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in long-wavelength VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 1228–1235 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Quirce, J. R. Cuesta, A. Valle, A. Hurtado, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Polarization bistability induced by orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm multimode VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 772–778 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. Lin, D. W. Pierce, A. Basnet, A. Quirce, Y. Zhang, and A. Valle, “Two-frequency injection on a multimode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 19, 22437–22442 (2011).
  20. M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, “Two frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Martin-Regalado, S. Balle, and M. San Miguel, “Polarization and transverse-mode dynamics of gain-guided vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Lett. 22, 460–462 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M.P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4815–4818 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  23. B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  24. G. Giacomelli and F. Marin, “Statistics of polarization competition in VCSELs,” Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 469–476 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  25. J. Kaiser, C. Degen, and W. Elsässer, “Polarization switching influence on the intensity noise of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 672–677 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  26. I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023804 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

A. Quirce, J. R. Cuesta, A. Valle, A. Hurtado, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Polarization bistability induced by orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm multimode VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 772–778 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

P. Perez, A. Quirce, L. Pesquera, and A. Valle, “Polarization-resolved nonlinear dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in long-wavelength VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 1228–1235 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, D. W. Pierce, A. Basnet, A. Quirce, Y. Zhang, and A. Valle, “Two-frequency injection on a multimode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 19, 22437–22442 (2011).

2010 (2)

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by parallel and orthogonal injection in 1550 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs),” Opt. Express 18, 9423–9428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Torre, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Transverse mode selection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection signal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 105–111(2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

A. Hayat, A. Bacou, A. Rissons, J.-C. Mollier, V. Iakovlev, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “Long wavelength VCSEL-by-VCSEL optical injection locking,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 1850–1858 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panatojov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 322–333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

X. Li, W. Pan, B. Luo, and D. Ma, “Multi-transverse-mode dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with external optical injection,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1292–1301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

Y. Onishi, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, F. Koyama, and C. Zah, “Dynamic behavior of an all-optical inverter using transverse-mode switching in 1.55 mm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1236–1238 (2004).

2003 (4)

Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, S. Bandyoadhyay, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Polarisation-resolved chaos and instabilities in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser subject to optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 216, 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1386–1393 (2003).

M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, “Two frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. Kaiser, C. Degen, and W. Elsässer, “Polarization switching influence on the intensity noise of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 672–677 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection dynamics of two-mode vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 274–278(2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M.P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4815–4818 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

G. Giacomelli and F. Marin, “Statistics of polarization competition in VCSELs,” Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 469–476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

J. Martin-Regalado, S. Balle, and M. San Miguel, “Polarization and transverse-mode dynamics of gain-guided vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Lett. 22, 460–462 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Law, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, and G. P. Agrawal, “Effect of transverse-mode competition on the injection dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 737–747 (1997).

1996 (1)

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, and R. A. Morgan, “Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 227–235 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Boggavarapu, R. Jin, J. Grantham, Y. Z. Hu, B. Colstoun, C. W. Lowry, G. Khitrova, S. W. Koch, M. Sargent, H. M. Gibbs, and W. Chow, “Instabilities of a microcavity laser with a weak injected signal,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1846–1848 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ackemann, T.

M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, “Two frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Adams, M. J.

A. Quirce, J. R. Cuesta, A. Valle, A. Hurtado, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Polarization bistability induced by orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm multimode VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 772–778 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by parallel and orthogonal injection in 1550 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs),” Opt. Express 18, 9423–9428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

J. Y. Law, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, and G. P. Agrawal, “Effect of transverse-mode competition on the injection dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 737–747 (1997).

Albert, J.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Altes, J. B.

J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Asom, M. T.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bacou, A.

A. Hayat, A. Bacou, A. Rissons, J.-C. Mollier, V. Iakovlev, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “Long wavelength VCSEL-by-VCSEL optical injection locking,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 1850–1858 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Balle, S.

M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, “Two frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Martin-Regalado, S. Balle, and M. San Miguel, “Polarization and transverse-mode dynamics of gain-guided vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Lett. 22, 460–462 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bandyoadhyay, S.

Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, S. Bandyoadhyay, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Polarisation-resolved chaos and instabilities in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser subject to optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 216, 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barbay, S.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Basnet, A.

Boggavarapu, D.

Caneau, C.

Y. Onishi, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, F. Koyama, and C. Zah, “Dynamic behavior of an all-optical inverter using transverse-mode switching in 1.55 mm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1236–1238 (2004).

Chang, C.-H.

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1386–1393 (2003).

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1386–1393 (2003).

Chow, W.

Chrostowski, L.

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1386–1393 (2003).

Colstoun, B.

Cuesta, J. R.

A. Quirce, J. R. Cuesta, A. Valle, A. Hurtado, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Polarization bistability induced by orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm multimode VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 772–778 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, M.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Danckaert, J.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Degen, C.

Elsässer, W.

Gatare, I.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panatojov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 322–333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Giacomelli, G.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Giacomelli and F. Marin, “Statistics of polarization competition in VCSELs,” Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 469–476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

Grantham, J.

Hayat, A.

A. Hayat, A. Bacou, A. Rissons, J.-C. Mollier, V. Iakovlev, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “Long wavelength VCSEL-by-VCSEL optical injection locking,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 1850–1858 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Y.

Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, S. Bandyoadhyay, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Polarisation-resolved chaos and instabilities in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser subject to optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 216, 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection dynamics of two-mode vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 274–278(2002).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y. Z.

Hurtado, A.

A. Quirce, J. R. Cuesta, A. Valle, A. Hurtado, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Polarization bistability induced by orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm multimode VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 772–778 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by parallel and orthogonal injection in 1550 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs),” Opt. Express 18, 9423–9428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Iakovlev, V.

A. Hayat, A. Bacou, A. Rissons, J.-C. Mollier, V. Iakovlev, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “Long wavelength VCSEL-by-VCSEL optical injection locking,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 1850–1858 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jin, R.

Kaiser, J.

Kapon, E.

A. Hayat, A. Bacou, A. Rissons, J.-C. Mollier, V. Iakovlev, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “Long wavelength VCSEL-by-VCSEL optical injection locking,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 1850–1858 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Khalid, M. U. F.

M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M.P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4815–4818 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Khitrova, G.

Koch, S. W.

Kojima, K.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, F.

Y. Onishi, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, F. Koyama, and C. Zah, “Dynamic behavior of an all-optical inverter using transverse-mode switching in 1.55 mm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1236–1238 (2004).

Law, J. Y.

J. Y. Law, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, and G. P. Agrawal, “Effect of transverse-mode competition on the injection dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 737–747 (1997).

Leibenguth, R. E.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, and R. A. Morgan, “Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 227–235 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Lin, H.

Lowry, C. W.

Lucas, T. L.

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, and R. A. Morgan, “Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 227–235 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Luo, B.

Ma, D.

Marin, F.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Giacomelli and F. Marin, “Statistics of polarization competition in VCSELs,” Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 469–476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Regalado, J.

McInerney, J. G.

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, and R. A. Morgan, “Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 227–235 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mollier, J.-C.

A. Hayat, A. Bacou, A. Rissons, J.-C. Mollier, V. Iakovlev, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “Long wavelength VCSEL-by-VCSEL optical injection locking,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 1850–1858 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morgan, R. A.

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, and R. A. Morgan, “Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 227–235 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mulet, J.

M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, “Two frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nagler, B.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nishiyama, N.

Y. Onishi, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, F. Koyama, and C. Zah, “Dynamic behavior of an all-optical inverter using transverse-mode switching in 1.55 mm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1236–1238 (2004).

Nizette, M.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panatojov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Onishi, Y.

Y. Onishi, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, F. Koyama, and C. Zah, “Dynamic behavior of an all-optical inverter using transverse-mode switching in 1.55 mm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1236–1238 (2004).

Pan, W.

Pan, Z. G.

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Panajotov, K.

I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 322–333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Panatojov, K.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panatojov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peeters, M.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Perez, P.

P. Perez, A. Quirce, L. Pesquera, and A. Valle, “Polarization-resolved nonlinear dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in long-wavelength VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 1228–1235 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pesquera, L.

A. Quirce, J. R. Cuesta, A. Valle, A. Hurtado, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Polarization bistability induced by orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm multimode VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 772–778 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Perez, A. Quirce, L. Pesquera, and A. Valle, “Polarization-resolved nonlinear dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in long-wavelength VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 1228–1235 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by parallel and orthogonal injection in 1550 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs),” Opt. Express 18, 9423–9428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Torre, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Transverse mode selection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection signal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 105–111(2010).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, D. W.

Quirce, A.

A. Quirce, J. R. Cuesta, A. Valle, A. Hurtado, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Polarization bistability induced by orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm multimode VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 772–778 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Perez, A. Quirce, L. Pesquera, and A. Valle, “Polarization-resolved nonlinear dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in long-wavelength VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 1228–1235 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, D. W. Pierce, A. Basnet, A. Quirce, Y. Zhang, and A. Valle, “Two-frequency injection on a multimode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 19, 22437–22442 (2011).

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by parallel and orthogonal injection in 1550 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs),” Opt. Express 18, 9423–9428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rees, P.

Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, S. Bandyoadhyay, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Polarisation-resolved chaos and instabilities in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser subject to optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 216, 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection dynamics of two-mode vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 274–278(2002).
[CrossRef]

Rissons, A.

A. Hayat, A. Bacou, A. Rissons, J.-C. Mollier, V. Iakovlev, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “Long wavelength VCSEL-by-VCSEL optical injection locking,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 1850–1858 (2009).
[CrossRef]

San Miguel, M.

Sargent, M.

Sciamanna, M.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panatojov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 322–333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shore, K. A.

Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, S. Bandyoadhyay, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Polarisation-resolved chaos and instabilities in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser subject to optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 216, 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection dynamics of two-mode vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 274–278(2002).
[CrossRef]

Sirbu, A.

A. Hayat, A. Bacou, A. Rissons, J.-C. Mollier, V. Iakovlev, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “Long wavelength VCSEL-by-VCSEL optical injection locking,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 1850–1858 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sondermann, M.

M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, “Two frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Spencer, P. S.

Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, S. Bandyoadhyay, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Polarisation-resolved chaos and instabilities in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser subject to optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 216, 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection dynamics of two-mode vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 274–278(2002).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Torre, M. S.

M. S. Torre, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Transverse mode selection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection signal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 105–111(2010).
[CrossRef]

Valle, A.

A. Quirce, J. R. Cuesta, A. Valle, A. Hurtado, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Polarization bistability induced by orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm multimode VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 772–778 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Perez, A. Quirce, L. Pesquera, and A. Valle, “Polarization-resolved nonlinear dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in long-wavelength VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 1228–1235 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, D. W. Pierce, A. Basnet, A. Quirce, Y. Zhang, and A. Valle, “Two-frequency injection on a multimode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Opt. Express 19, 22437–22442 (2011).

A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by parallel and orthogonal injection in 1550 nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs),” Opt. Express 18, 9423–9428 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Torre, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Transverse mode selection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection signal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 105–111(2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 322–333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van Exter, M.P.

M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M.P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4815–4818 (1999).
[CrossRef]

van Tartwijk, G. H. M.

J. Y. Law, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, and G. P. Agrawal, “Effect of transverse-mode competition on the injection dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 737–747 (1997).

Veretennicoff, I.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Verschaffelt, G.

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weinkath, M.

M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, “Two frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Willemsen, M. B.

M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M.P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4815–4818 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Woerdman, J. P.

M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M.P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4815–4818 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wright, M. W.

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, and R. A. Morgan, “Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 227–235 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zah, C.

Y. Onishi, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, F. Koyama, and C. Zah, “Dynamic behavior of an all-optical inverter using transverse-mode switching in 1.55 mm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1236–1238 (2004).

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. G. Pan, S. Jiang, M. Dagenais, R. A. Morgan, K. Kojima, M. T. Asom, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Optical injection induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2999–3001 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

H. Li, T. L. Lucas, J. G. McInerney, M. W. Wright, and R. A. Morgan, “Injection locking dynamics of vertical cavity semiconductor lasers under conventional and phase conjugate injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 227–235 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection dynamics of two-mode vertical cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 274–278(2002).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Altes, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, and M. Sciamanna, “Mapping of the dynamics induced by orthogonal injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 198–207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Transverse mode switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subject to orthogonal optical injection,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 322–333 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Torre, A. Valle, and L. Pesquera, “Transverse mode selection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection signal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 105–111(2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

P. Perez, A. Quirce, L. Pesquera, and A. Valle, “Polarization-resolved nonlinear dynamics induced by orthogonal optical injection in long-wavelength VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 1228–1235 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Quirce, J. R. Cuesta, A. Valle, A. Hurtado, L. Pesquera, and M. J. Adams, “Polarization bistability induced by orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm multimode VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 772–778 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Chang, L. Chrostowski, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Injection locking of VCSELs,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1386–1393 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Onishi, N. Nishiyama, C. Caneau, F. Koyama, and C. Zah, “Dynamic behavior of an all-optical inverter using transverse-mode switching in 1.55 mm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1236–1238 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. (1)

A. Hayat, A. Bacou, A. Rissons, J.-C. Mollier, V. Iakovlev, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “Long wavelength VCSEL-by-VCSEL optical injection locking,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 57, 1850–1858 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Hong, P. S. Spencer, S. Bandyoadhyay, P. Rees, and K. A. Shore, “Polarisation-resolved chaos and instabilities in a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser subject to optical injection,” Opt. Commun. 216, 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (5)

I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency-induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 023804 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 023811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panatojov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 031803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Nagler, M. Peeters, J. Albert, G. Verschaffelt, K. Panajotov, H. Thienpont, I. Veretennicoff, J. Danckaert, S. Barbay, G. Giacomelli, and F. Marin, “Polarization-mode hopping in single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 013813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Sondermann, M. Weinkath, T. Ackemann, J. Mulet, and S. Balle, “Two frequency emission and polarization dynamics at lasing threshold in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 033822 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M.P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4815–4818 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Semiclass. Opt. (2)

G. Giacomelli and F. Marin, “Statistics of polarization competition in VCSELs,” Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 469–476 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Law, G. H. M. van Tartwijk, and G. P. Agrawal, “Effect of transverse-mode competition on the injection dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 9, 737–747 (1997).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup, where PBS stands for polarizing beamsplitter, BS for nonpolarizing beamsplitter, HWP for half-wave plate, ISO for optical isolator, FC for fiber coupler, and PD for fast photodetector. M1 is a plate beamsplitter, M2 and M3 are mirrors.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Polarization-resolved (a) L-I curves and (b) optical spectra of the solitary V1. The bias current of V1 is 5.219 mA. (Blue: X polarization; pink: Y polarization.)

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Polarization-resolved total power versus Pinj for (a) Δν=2.0GHz and (b) Δν=1.4GHz. (Blue diamond: X polarization; pink square: Y polarization.)

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) X-polarized and (b) Y-polarized modal intensities versus frequency detuning, where the injection power is 19.6 μW.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Polarization-resolved optical spectra of V1 for Δν to be 2GHz and Pinj to be 19.5 μW. (a) X polarization (blue: solitary V1; green: V1 with injection) and (b) Y polarization (blue: solitary V1; green: V1 with injection). The pink, dashed curve represents injected signal in both polarized spectra.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Polarization-resolved optical spectra of V1 for (a, b) I1=3.408mA, Δν=67GHz and (c, d) I1=4.799mA, Δν=16GHz. Pinj is 19.5 μW. (a) and (c) give X polarization (blue: solitary V1; green : V1 with injection; pink: injected signal). (b) and (d) are Y polarization (blue: solitary V1; green: V1 with injection; pink dashed: injected signal). An inset is included in (a) to illustrate with clarity the TEM01 mode of the solitary V1.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Dynamics map of V1 in the parameter plane of detuning versus injection power, in which regions of modal polarization switching and three types of instabilities are illustrated, respectively.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(a) Power spectrum of the Y polarization and (b) polarization-resolved time series (blue: X; pink: Y) for Δν=0.2GHz and Pinj=19.5μW. The receiver is in the modal PS regime. The time series of X polarization is shifted downward for visual convenience.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Power spectrum of the Y polarization of V1. (a) Type 1 instability for Δν=7.4GHz, (b) type 2 instability for Δν=2GHz, (c) type 3 instability for Δν=0.4GHz. The injection power is 19.5 μW. The inset shows the low-frequency shoulder in the power spectrum. (d) Type 3 instability for Pinj=8.6μW.

Metrics