Abstract

The three independent second-order nonlinear optical coefficients of BaMgF4 are determined by the Maker fringe method with a nanosecond pulsed Nd:YAG laser at 1064 nm wavelength. All the results are relative to the reference crystal congruent LiNbO3. The largest element in a second-order nonlinear optical matrix of BaMgF4 is d32, with the value of 0.36pm/V.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Eibschuetz, H. J. Guggenheim, S. H. Wemple, I. Camlibel, and M. DiDomenico, “Ferroelectricity in BaM2+F4,” Phys. Lett. A 29, 409–410 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. S. Smith, H. D. Riccius, and R. P. Edwin, “Refractive indices of lithium niobate,” Opt. Commun. 17, 332–335 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2011

J. J. Chen, X. F. Chen, A. H. Wu, H. J. Li, Y. L. Zheng, Y. Z. Ma, L. W. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurement of third-order nonlinear refractive indices of BaMgF4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

H. Huang, Z. S. Lin, L. Bai, R. He, and C. T. Chen, “Mechanism of the linear and nonlinear optical effects of SrAlF5 and BaMgF4 crystals,” Solid State Commun. 150, 2318–2321 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

C. V. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. R. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. G. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 114113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

K. Shimamura, E. G. Villora, H. R. Zeng, M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric properties and poling of BaMgF4 for ultraviolet all solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 232911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

T. Togashi, T. Kanai, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, C. Chen, C. Zhang, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Generation of vacuum-ultraviolet light by an optically contacted, prism-coupled KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 28, 254–256 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G.-L. Wang, C.-Q. Zhang, C.-T. Chen, Z.-Y. Xu, and J.-Y. Wang, “Determination of nonlinear optical coefficients of KBe 2BO 3F 2 crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 243–245 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

1995

W. N. Herman and L. M. Hayden, “Maker fringes revisited: second-harmonic generation from birefringent or absorbing materials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 416–427 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Chuangtian, W. Yebin, X. Younan, W. Baichang, T. Dingyan, W. Kechen, W. Zeng, Y. Linhua, and M. Linfeng, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 2268–2272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1977

P. S. Bechthold and S. Haussuhl, “Nonlinear optical-properties of orthorhombic barium formate and magnesium barium fluoride,” Appl. Phys. 14, 403–410 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976

D. S. Smith, H. D. Riccius, and R. P. Edwin, “Refractive indices of lithium niobate,” Opt. Commun. 17, 332–335 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975

J. G. Bergman, G. R. Crane, and H. Guggenheim, “Linear and nonlinear optical-properties of ferroelectric BaMgF4 and BaZnF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4645–4646 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1970

J. Jerphagnon and S. K. Kurtz, “Maker fringes: a detailed comparison of theory and experiment for isotropic and uniaxial crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1667–1681 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Jerphagnon, “Optical nonlinear susceptibilities of lithium iodate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 298–299 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1969

M. Eibschuetz, H. J. Guggenheim, S. H. Wemple, I. Camlibel, and M. DiDomenico, “Ferroelectricity in BaM2+F4,” Phys. Lett. A 29, 409–410 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1962

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bai, L.

H. Huang, Z. S. Lin, L. Bai, R. He, and C. T. Chen, “Mechanism of the linear and nonlinear optical effects of SrAlF5 and BaMgF4 crystals,” Solid State Commun. 150, 2318–2321 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baichang, W.

C. Chuangtian, W. Yebin, X. Younan, W. Baichang, T. Dingyan, W. Kechen, W. Zeng, Y. Linhua, and M. Linfeng, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 2268–2272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bechthold, P. S.

P. S. Bechthold and S. Haussuhl, “Nonlinear optical-properties of orthorhombic barium formate and magnesium barium fluoride,” Appl. Phys. 14, 403–410 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, J. G.

J. G. Bergman, G. R. Crane, and H. Guggenheim, “Linear and nonlinear optical-properties of ferroelectric BaMgF4 and BaZnF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4645–4646 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Buchter, S. C.

Burnett, J. H.

Camlibel, I.

M. Eibschuetz, H. J. Guggenheim, S. H. Wemple, I. Camlibel, and M. DiDomenico, “Ferroelectricity in BaM2+F4,” Phys. Lett. A 29, 409–410 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Cassanho, A.

Chen, C.

Chen, C. T.

H. Huang, Z. S. Lin, L. Bai, R. He, and C. T. Chen, “Mechanism of the linear and nonlinear optical effects of SrAlF5 and BaMgF4 crystals,” Solid State Commun. 150, 2318–2321 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.-T.

G.-L. Wang, C.-Q. Zhang, C.-T. Chen, Z.-Y. Xu, and J.-Y. Wang, “Determination of nonlinear optical coefficients of KBe 2BO 3F 2 crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 243–245 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. J.

J. J. Chen, X. F. Chen, A. H. Wu, H. J. Li, Y. L. Zheng, Y. Z. Ma, L. W. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurement of third-order nonlinear refractive indices of BaMgF4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. F.

J. J. Chen, X. F. Chen, A. H. Wu, H. J. Li, Y. L. Zheng, Y. Z. Ma, L. W. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurement of third-order nonlinear refractive indices of BaMgF4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chuangtian, C.

C. Chuangtian, W. Yebin, X. Younan, W. Baichang, T. Dingyan, W. Kechen, W. Zeng, Y. Linhua, and M. Linfeng, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 2268–2272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Crane, G. R.

J. G. Bergman, G. R. Crane, and H. Guggenheim, “Linear and nonlinear optical-properties of ferroelectric BaMgF4 and BaZnF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4645–4646 (1975).
[CrossRef]

DiDomenico, M.

M. Eibschuetz, H. J. Guggenheim, S. H. Wemple, I. Camlibel, and M. DiDomenico, “Ferroelectricity in BaM2+F4,” Phys. Lett. A 29, 409–410 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Dingyan, T.

C. Chuangtian, W. Yebin, X. Younan, W. Baichang, T. Dingyan, W. Kechen, W. Zeng, Y. Linhua, and M. Linfeng, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 2268–2272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Edwin, R. P.

D. S. Smith, H. D. Riccius, and R. P. Edwin, “Refractive indices of lithium niobate,” Opt. Commun. 17, 332–335 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Eibschuetz, M.

M. Eibschuetz, H. J. Guggenheim, S. H. Wemple, I. Camlibel, and M. DiDomenico, “Ferroelectricity in BaM2+F4,” Phys. Lett. A 29, 409–410 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Guggenheim, H.

J. G. Bergman, G. R. Crane, and H. Guggenheim, “Linear and nonlinear optical-properties of ferroelectric BaMgF4 and BaZnF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 4645–4646 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Guggenheim, H. J.

M. Eibschuetz, H. J. Guggenheim, S. H. Wemple, I. Camlibel, and M. DiDomenico, “Ferroelectricity in BaM2+F4,” Phys. Lett. A 29, 409–410 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Haussuhl, S.

P. S. Bechthold and S. Haussuhl, “Nonlinear optical-properties of orthorhombic barium formate and magnesium barium fluoride,” Appl. Phys. 14, 403–410 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Hayden, L. M.

He, R.

H. Huang, Z. S. Lin, L. Bai, R. He, and C. T. Chen, “Mechanism of the linear and nonlinear optical effects of SrAlF5 and BaMgF4 crystals,” Solid State Commun. 150, 2318–2321 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Herman, W. N.

Huang, H.

H. Huang, Z. S. Lin, L. Bai, R. He, and C. T. Chen, “Mechanism of the linear and nonlinear optical effects of SrAlF5 and BaMgF4 crystals,” Solid State Commun. 150, 2318–2321 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ishibashi, H.

Jenssen, H. P.

Jerphagnon, J.

J. Jerphagnon, “Optical nonlinear susceptibilities of lithium iodate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 298–299 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Jerphagnon and S. K. Kurtz, “Maker fringes: a detailed comparison of theory and experiment for isotropic and uniaxial crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1667–1681 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, L. W.

J. J. Chen, X. F. Chen, A. H. Wu, H. J. Li, Y. L. Zheng, Y. Z. Ma, L. W. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurement of third-order nonlinear refractive indices of BaMgF4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kanai, T.

Kanda, T.

Kannan, C. V.

C. V. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. R. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. G. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 114113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kechen, W.

C. Chuangtian, W. Yebin, X. Younan, W. Baichang, T. Dingyan, W. Kechen, W. Zeng, Y. Linhua, and M. Linfeng, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 2268–2272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, H.

C. V. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. R. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. G. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 114113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kitamura, K.

C. V. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. R. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. G. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 114113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, E. G. Villora, H. R. Zeng, M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric properties and poling of BaMgF4 for ultraviolet all solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 232911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kurtz, S. K.

J. Jerphagnon and S. K. Kurtz, “Maker fringes: a detailed comparison of theory and experiment for isotropic and uniaxial crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1667–1681 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. J.

J. J. Chen, X. F. Chen, A. H. Wu, H. J. Li, Y. L. Zheng, Y. Z. Ma, L. W. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurement of third-order nonlinear refractive indices of BaMgF4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liberman, V.

Lin, Z. S.

H. Huang, Z. S. Lin, L. Bai, R. He, and C. T. Chen, “Mechanism of the linear and nonlinear optical effects of SrAlF5 and BaMgF4 crystals,” Solid State Commun. 150, 2318–2321 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Linfeng, M.

C. Chuangtian, W. Yebin, X. Younan, W. Baichang, T. Dingyan, W. Kechen, W. Zeng, Y. Linhua, and M. Linfeng, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 2268–2272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Linhua, Y.

C. Chuangtian, W. Yebin, X. Younan, W. Baichang, T. Dingyan, W. Kechen, W. Zeng, Y. Linhua, and M. Linfeng, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 2268–2272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y. Z.

J. J. Chen, X. F. Chen, A. H. Wu, H. J. Li, Y. L. Zheng, Y. Z. Ma, L. W. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurement of third-order nonlinear refractive indices of BaMgF4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mason, E. J.

Nakamura, M.

K. Shimamura, E. G. Villora, H. R. Zeng, M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric properties and poling of BaMgF4 for ultraviolet all solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 232911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interactions between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Riccius, H. D.

D. S. Smith, H. D. Riccius, and R. P. Edwin, “Refractive indices of lithium niobate,” Opt. Commun. 17, 332–335 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Rothschild, M.

Sekikawa, T.

Shimamura, K.

E. G. Villora, K. Shimamura, K. Sumiya, and H. Ishibashi, “Birefringent- and quasi phase-matching with BaMgF4 for vacuum-UV/UV and mid-IR all solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 12362–12378 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. V. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. R. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. G. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 114113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, E. G. Villora, H. R. Zeng, M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric properties and poling of BaMgF4 for ultraviolet all solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 232911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. S.

D. S. Smith, H. D. Riccius, and R. P. Edwin, “Refractive indices of lithium niobate,” Opt. Commun. 17, 332–335 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Sumiya, K.

Takekawa, S.

K. Shimamura, E. G. Villora, H. R. Zeng, M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric properties and poling of BaMgF4 for ultraviolet all solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 232911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Togashi, T.

Villora, E. G.

E. G. Villora, K. Shimamura, K. Sumiya, and H. Ishibashi, “Birefringent- and quasi phase-matching with BaMgF4 for vacuum-UV/UV and mid-IR all solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 17, 12362–12378 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. V. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. R. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. G. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 114113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, E. G. Villora, H. R. Zeng, M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric properties and poling of BaMgF4 for ultraviolet all solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 232911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.-L.

G.-L. Wang, C.-Q. Zhang, C.-T. Chen, Z.-Y. Xu, and J.-Y. Wang, “Determination of nonlinear optical coefficients of KBe 2BO 3F 2 crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 243–245 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, J.-Y.

G.-L. Wang, C.-Q. Zhang, C.-T. Chen, Z.-Y. Xu, and J.-Y. Wang, “Determination of nonlinear optical coefficients of KBe 2BO 3F 2 crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 243–245 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

Wemple, S. H.

M. Eibschuetz, H. J. Guggenheim, S. H. Wemple, I. Camlibel, and M. DiDomenico, “Ferroelectricity in BaM2+F4,” Phys. Lett. A 29, 409–410 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Wu, A. H.

J. J. Chen, X. F. Chen, A. H. Wu, H. J. Li, Y. L. Zheng, Y. Z. Ma, L. W. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurement of third-order nonlinear refractive indices of BaMgF4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

J. J. Chen, X. F. Chen, A. H. Wu, H. J. Li, Y. L. Zheng, Y. Z. Ma, L. W. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurement of third-order nonlinear refractive indices of BaMgF4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Xu, Z.-Y.

G.-L. Wang, C.-Q. Zhang, C.-T. Chen, Z.-Y. Xu, and J.-Y. Wang, “Determination of nonlinear optical coefficients of KBe 2BO 3F 2 crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 243–245 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yebin, W.

C. Chuangtian, W. Yebin, X. Younan, W. Baichang, T. Dingyan, W. Kechen, W. Zeng, Y. Linhua, and M. Linfeng, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 2268–2272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Younan, X.

C. Chuangtian, W. Yebin, X. Younan, W. Baichang, T. Dingyan, W. Kechen, W. Zeng, Y. Linhua, and M. Linfeng, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 2268–2272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zayhowski, J. J.

Zeng, H. R.

C. V. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. R. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. G. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104, 114113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, E. G. Villora, H. R. Zeng, M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric properties and poling of BaMgF4 for ultraviolet all solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 232911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, W.

C. Chuangtian, W. Yebin, X. Younan, W. Baichang, T. Dingyan, W. Kechen, W. Zeng, Y. Linhua, and M. Linfeng, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77, 2268–2272 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, C.-Q.

G.-L. Wang, C.-Q. Zhang, C.-T. Chen, Z.-Y. Xu, and J.-Y. Wang, “Determination of nonlinear optical coefficients of KBe 2BO 3F 2 crystals,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 243–245 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y. L.

J. J. Chen, X. F. Chen, A. H. Wu, H. J. Li, Y. L. Zheng, Y. Z. Ma, L. W. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurement of third-order nonlinear refractive indices of BaMgF4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys.

P. S. Bechthold and S. Haussuhl, “Nonlinear optical-properties of orthorhombic barium formate and magnesium barium fluoride,” Appl. Phys. 14, 403–410 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. J. Chen, X. F. Chen, A. H. Wu, H. J. Li, Y. L. Zheng, Y. Z. Ma, L. W. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Femtosecond Z-scan measurement of third-order nonlinear refractive indices of BaMgF4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 191102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Jerphagnon, “Optical nonlinear susceptibilities of lithium iodate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 298–299 (1970).
[CrossRef]

K. Shimamura, E. G. Villora, H. R. Zeng, M. Nakamura, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric properties and poling of BaMgF4 for ultraviolet all solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 232911 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Sample cut with the corresponding polarizing direction of the fundamental and harmonic waves for determining (a) d31LiNbO3, (b) d31BaMgF4, (c) d32BaMgF4, and (d) d33BaMgF4.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagram of the Maker fringe experiment using a nanosecond pulsed Nd:YAG laser at a wavelength of 1064 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Maker fringes for (a) d31 of LiNbO3, (b) d31 of BaMgF4, (c) d32 of BaMgF4, and (d) d33 of BaMgF4. The thickness of all crystals is 1 mm.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Relative and Absolute Values of NLO Coefficients of BaMgF4 with the Corresponding Coherent Lengthsa

Equations (2)

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(0000d310000d3200d31d32d33000).
d2=AIM(0)lc2(nω+1)3(n2ω+1)3(nω+n2ω)n2ωexp(αω+12α2ω)L,

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