Abstract

We present two schemes to concentrate unknown partially entangled three-photon W states with weak cross-Kerr nonlinearity. In both schemes, the three distant parities can obtain a maximally entangled W state via local operations and classical communication with a higher success probability that is double that in Xiong and Ye’s scheme [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2030 (2011) [CrossRef]  ]. The entanglement concentration schemes need only one party’s local operations. Our schemes are relatively simple because fewer linear optics elements are used. In addition, our schemes do not need to use sophisticated single-photon detectors, which makes the scheme more feasible with present techniques.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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