Abstract

A study of the high-order harmonic generation of picosecond laser radiation in the carbon-containing plasmas is reported. The materials studied for plasma formation were the graphite, glassy carbon, pyrographite, boron carbide, silicon carbide, and pencil lead. We show that picosecond pulses (t=38ps) can be efficiently converted in the short wavelength range using the laser-produced plasmas. We also demonstrate the resonance-induced enhancement of the seventh harmonic of Nd:YAG laser (152 nm), which few times exceeded the intensity of the fifth harmonic.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. A. Ganeev, “High-order harmonic generation in laser plasma: a review of recent achievements,” J. Phys. B 40, R213–R253 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. B. Elouga Bom, Y. Pertot, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Multi-μJ coherent extreme ultraviolet source generated from carbon using the plasma harmonic method,” Opt. Express 19, 3677–3685 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Pertot, L. B. Elouga Bom, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Pencil lead plasma for generating multimicrojoule high-order harmonics with a broad spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 101104 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Theobald, C. Wülker, F. R. Schäfer, and B. N. Chichkov, “High-order harmonic generation in carbon vapor and low charged plasma,” Opt. Commun. 120, 177–183 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. A. Ganeev, “Generation of high-order harmonics of high-power lasers in plasmas produced under irradiation of solid target surfaces by a prepulse,” Phys. Usp. 52, 55–77 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. F. Reintjes, Nonlinear Optical Parametric Processes in Liquids and Gases (Academic Press, 1984).
  7. J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535–3538 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. L. Manakov and V. D. Ovsyannikov, “Higher-order nonlinear susceptibilities for generation of optical radiation harmonics in atomic gases,” Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 895–900 (1980).
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  12. R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, P. V. Redkin, W. A. Okell, D. Y. Lei, T. Roschuk, S. A. Maier, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Enhanced high-order harmonic generation in a carbon ablation plume,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 015807(2012).
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    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Anselment, R. S. Smith, E. Daykin, and L. F. Dimauro, “Optical emission studies on graphite in a laser/vaporization supersonic jet cluster source,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 134, 444–449 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. A. Rohlfing, “Optical emission studies of atomic, molecular, and particulate carbon produced from a laser vaporization cluster source,” J. Chem. Phys. 89, 6103–6112 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. Acquaviva and M. L. De Giorgi, “Temporal and spatial analysis of plasmas during graphite laser ablation in low-pressure N2,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 21–26 (2002).
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  19. I. A. Kulagin and T. Usmanov, “Efficient selection of single high-order harmonic caused by atomic autoionizing state influence,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2616–2618 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. V. Strelkov, “Role of autoionizing state in resonant high-order harmonic generation and attosecond pulse production,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 123901 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. B. Milošević, “Resonant high-order harmonic generation from plasma ablation: laser intensity dependence of the harmonic intensity and phase,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023802 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, and A. F. Starace, “Potential barrier effects in high-order harmonic generation by transition-metal ions,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023424 (2010).
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  23. P. V. Redkin and R. A. Ganeev, “Simulation of resonant high-order harmonic generation in three-dimensional fullerenelike system by means of multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree-Fock approach,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063825 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. Tudorovskaya and M. Lein, “High-order harmonic generation in the presence of a resonance,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013430 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  25. I. A. Kulagin and T. Usmanov, “Optical Stark effect and Kerr nonlinearities of atomic media in nonlinear optical processes,” Quantum Electron. 30, 520–522 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. Reintjes and C. Y. She, “Comparison of fifth and third harmonic conversion in helium,” Opt. Commun. 27, 469–474 (1978).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, P. V. Redkin, W. A. Okell, D. Y. Lei, T. Roschuk, S. A. Maier, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Enhanced high-order harmonic generation in a carbon ablation plume,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 015807(2012).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, “Harmonic generation in laser-produced plasma containing atoms, ions and clusters: a review,” J. Mod. Opt. 59, 409–439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

Y. Pertot, L. B. Elouga Bom, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Pencil lead plasma for generating multimicrojoule high-order harmonics with a broad spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 101104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Tudorovskaya and M. Lein, “High-order harmonic generation in the presence of a resonance,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Elouga Bom, Y. Pertot, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Multi-μJ coherent extreme ultraviolet source generated from carbon using the plasma harmonic method,” Opt. Express 19, 3677–3685 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

V. Strelkov, “Role of autoionizing state in resonant high-order harmonic generation and attosecond pulse production,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 123901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Milošević, “Resonant high-order harmonic generation from plasma ablation: laser intensity dependence of the harmonic intensity and phase,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023802 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, and A. F. Starace, “Potential barrier effects in high-order harmonic generation by transition-metal ions,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Redkin and R. A. Ganeev, “Simulation of resonant high-order harmonic generation in three-dimensional fullerenelike system by means of multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree-Fock approach,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

R. A. Ganeev, “Generation of high-order harmonics of high-power lasers in plasmas produced under irradiation of solid target surfaces by a prepulse,” Phys. Usp. 52, 55–77 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Kulagin and T. Usmanov, “Efficient selection of single high-order harmonic caused by atomic autoionizing state influence,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2616–2618 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

D. B. Milošević, “High-energy stimulated emission from plasma ablation pumped by resonant high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. B 40, 3367–3376 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, “High-order harmonic generation in laser plasma: a review of recent achievements,” J. Phys. B 40, R213–R253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

R. A. Ganeev, I. A. Kulagin, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, “Harmonic generation in Mo plasma,” Opt. Commun. 249, 569–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. Acquaviva and M. L. De Giorgi, “Temporal and spatial analysis of plasmas during graphite laser ablation in low-pressure N2,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 21–26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

I. A. Kulagin and T. Usmanov, “Optical Stark effect and Kerr nonlinearities of atomic media in nonlinear optical processes,” Quantum Electron. 30, 520–522 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

W. Theobald, C. Wülker, F. R. Schäfer, and B. N. Chichkov, “High-order harmonic generation in carbon vapor and low charged plasma,” Opt. Commun. 120, 177–183 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535–3538 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

E. A. Rohlfing, “Optical emission studies of atomic, molecular, and particulate carbon produced from a laser vaporization cluster source,” J. Chem. Phys. 89, 6103–6112 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

M. Anselment, R. S. Smith, E. Daykin, and L. F. Dimauro, “Optical emission studies on graphite in a laser/vaporization supersonic jet cluster source,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 134, 444–449 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

N. L. Manakov and V. D. Ovsyannikov, “Higher-order nonlinear susceptibilities for generation of optical radiation harmonics in atomic gases,” Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 895–900 (1980).

1978 (1)

J. Reintjes and C. Y. She, “Comparison of fifth and third harmonic conversion in helium,” Opt. Commun. 27, 469–474 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Acquaviva, S.

S. Acquaviva and M. L. De Giorgi, “Temporal and spatial analysis of plasmas during graphite laser ablation in low-pressure N2,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 21–26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Anselment, M.

M. Anselment, R. S. Smith, E. Daykin, and L. F. Dimauro, “Optical emission studies on graphite in a laser/vaporization supersonic jet cluster source,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 134, 444–449 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Baba, M.

R. A. Ganeev, I. A. Kulagin, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, “Harmonic generation in Mo plasma,” Opt. Commun. 249, 569–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, P.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bhardwaj, V. R.

L. B. Elouga Bom, Y. Pertot, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Multi-μJ coherent extreme ultraviolet source generated from carbon using the plasma harmonic method,” Opt. Express 19, 3677–3685 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Pertot, L. B. Elouga Bom, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Pencil lead plasma for generating multimicrojoule high-order harmonics with a broad spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 101104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chichkov, B. N.

W. Theobald, C. Wülker, F. R. Schäfer, and B. N. Chichkov, “High-order harmonic generation in carbon vapor and low charged plasma,” Opt. Commun. 120, 177–183 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Daykin, E.

M. Anselment, R. S. Smith, E. Daykin, and L. F. Dimauro, “Optical emission studies on graphite in a laser/vaporization supersonic jet cluster source,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 134, 444–449 (1987).
[CrossRef]

De Giorgi, M. L.

S. Acquaviva and M. L. De Giorgi, “Temporal and spatial analysis of plasmas during graphite laser ablation in low-pressure N2,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 21–26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dimauro, L. F.

M. Anselment, R. S. Smith, E. Daykin, and L. F. Dimauro, “Optical emission studies on graphite in a laser/vaporization supersonic jet cluster source,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 134, 444–449 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Elouga Bom, L. B.

Y. Pertot, L. B. Elouga Bom, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Pencil lead plasma for generating multimicrojoule high-order harmonics with a broad spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 101104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Elouga Bom, Y. Pertot, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Multi-μJ coherent extreme ultraviolet source generated from carbon using the plasma harmonic method,” Opt. Express 19, 3677–3685 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Frank, F.

R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, P. V. Redkin, W. A. Okell, D. Y. Lei, T. Roschuk, S. A. Maier, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Enhanced high-order harmonic generation in a carbon ablation plume,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 015807(2012).
[CrossRef]

Frolov, M. V.

M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, and A. F. Starace, “Potential barrier effects in high-order harmonic generation by transition-metal ions,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, P. V. Redkin, W. A. Okell, D. Y. Lei, T. Roschuk, S. A. Maier, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Enhanced high-order harmonic generation in a carbon ablation plume,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 015807(2012).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, “Harmonic generation in laser-produced plasma containing atoms, ions and clusters: a review,” J. Mod. Opt. 59, 409–439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Redkin and R. A. Ganeev, “Simulation of resonant high-order harmonic generation in three-dimensional fullerenelike system by means of multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree-Fock approach,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, “Generation of high-order harmonics of high-power lasers in plasmas produced under irradiation of solid target surfaces by a prepulse,” Phys. Usp. 52, 55–77 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, “High-order harmonic generation in laser plasma: a review of recent achievements,” J. Phys. B 40, R213–R253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, I. A. Kulagin, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, “Harmonic generation in Mo plasma,” Opt. Commun. 249, 569–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hutchison, C.

R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, P. V. Redkin, W. A. Okell, D. Y. Lei, T. Roschuk, S. A. Maier, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Enhanced high-order harmonic generation in a carbon ablation plume,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 015807(2012).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, M. Y.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Krause, J. L.

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535–3538 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kulagin, I. A.

I. A. Kulagin and T. Usmanov, “Efficient selection of single high-order harmonic caused by atomic autoionizing state influence,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2616–2618 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, I. A. Kulagin, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, “Harmonic generation in Mo plasma,” Opt. Commun. 249, 569–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Kulagin and T. Usmanov, “Optical Stark effect and Kerr nonlinearities of atomic media in nonlinear optical processes,” Quantum Electron. 30, 520–522 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kulander, K. C.

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535–3538 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, H.

R. A. Ganeev, I. A. Kulagin, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, “Harmonic generation in Mo plasma,” Opt. Commun. 249, 569–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lei, D. Y.

R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, P. V. Redkin, W. A. Okell, D. Y. Lei, T. Roschuk, S. A. Maier, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Enhanced high-order harmonic generation in a carbon ablation plume,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 015807(2012).
[CrossRef]

Lein, M.

M. Tudorovskaya and M. Lein, “High-order harmonic generation in the presence of a resonance,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lewenstein, M.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, P. V. Redkin, W. A. Okell, D. Y. Lei, T. Roschuk, S. A. Maier, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Enhanced high-order harmonic generation in a carbon ablation plume,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 015807(2012).
[CrossRef]

Manakov, N. L.

M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, and A. F. Starace, “Potential barrier effects in high-order harmonic generation by transition-metal ions,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Manakov and V. D. Ovsyannikov, “Higher-order nonlinear susceptibilities for generation of optical radiation harmonics in atomic gases,” Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 895–900 (1980).

Marangos, J. P.

R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, P. V. Redkin, W. A. Okell, D. Y. Lei, T. Roschuk, S. A. Maier, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Enhanced high-order harmonic generation in a carbon ablation plume,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 015807(2012).
[CrossRef]

Miloševic, D. B.

D. B. Milošević, “Resonant high-order harmonic generation from plasma ablation: laser intensity dependence of the harmonic intensity and phase,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023802 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Milošević, “High-energy stimulated emission from plasma ablation pumped by resonant high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. B 40, 3367–3376 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Okell, W. A.

R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, P. V. Redkin, W. A. Okell, D. Y. Lei, T. Roschuk, S. A. Maier, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Enhanced high-order harmonic generation in a carbon ablation plume,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 015807(2012).
[CrossRef]

Ovsyannikov, V. D.

N. L. Manakov and V. D. Ovsyannikov, “Higher-order nonlinear susceptibilities for generation of optical radiation harmonics in atomic gases,” Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 895–900 (1980).

Ozaki, T.

L. B. Elouga Bom, Y. Pertot, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Multi-μJ coherent extreme ultraviolet source generated from carbon using the plasma harmonic method,” Opt. Express 19, 3677–3685 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Pertot, L. B. Elouga Bom, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Pencil lead plasma for generating multimicrojoule high-order harmonics with a broad spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 101104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pertot, Y.

Y. Pertot, L. B. Elouga Bom, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Pencil lead plasma for generating multimicrojoule high-order harmonics with a broad spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 101104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Elouga Bom, Y. Pertot, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Multi-μJ coherent extreme ultraviolet source generated from carbon using the plasma harmonic method,” Opt. Express 19, 3677–3685 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Redkin, P. V.

R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, P. V. Redkin, W. A. Okell, D. Y. Lei, T. Roschuk, S. A. Maier, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Enhanced high-order harmonic generation in a carbon ablation plume,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 015807(2012).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Redkin and R. A. Ganeev, “Simulation of resonant high-order harmonic generation in three-dimensional fullerenelike system by means of multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree-Fock approach,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Reintjes, J.

J. Reintjes and C. Y. She, “Comparison of fifth and third harmonic conversion in helium,” Opt. Commun. 27, 469–474 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Reintjes, J. F.

J. F. Reintjes, Nonlinear Optical Parametric Processes in Liquids and Gases (Academic Press, 1984).

Rohlfing, E. A.

E. A. Rohlfing, “Optical emission studies of atomic, molecular, and particulate carbon produced from a laser vaporization cluster source,” J. Chem. Phys. 89, 6103–6112 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Roschuk, T.

R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, P. V. Redkin, W. A. Okell, D. Y. Lei, T. Roschuk, S. A. Maier, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Enhanced high-order harmonic generation in a carbon ablation plume,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 015807(2012).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, K. J.

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, “High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535–3538 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schäfer, F. R.

W. Theobald, C. Wülker, F. R. Schäfer, and B. N. Chichkov, “High-order harmonic generation in carbon vapor and low charged plasma,” Opt. Commun. 120, 177–183 (1995).
[CrossRef]

She, C. Y.

J. Reintjes and C. Y. She, “Comparison of fifth and third harmonic conversion in helium,” Opt. Commun. 27, 469–474 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. S.

M. Anselment, R. S. Smith, E. Daykin, and L. F. Dimauro, “Optical emission studies on graphite in a laser/vaporization supersonic jet cluster source,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 134, 444–449 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Starace, A. F.

M. V. Frolov, N. L. Manakov, and A. F. Starace, “Potential barrier effects in high-order harmonic generation by transition-metal ions,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 023424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Strelkov, V.

V. Strelkov, “Role of autoionizing state in resonant high-order harmonic generation and attosecond pulse production,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 123901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

R. A. Ganeev, I. A. Kulagin, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, “Harmonic generation in Mo plasma,” Opt. Commun. 249, 569–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Theobald, W.

W. Theobald, C. Wülker, F. R. Schäfer, and B. N. Chichkov, “High-order harmonic generation in carbon vapor and low charged plasma,” Opt. Commun. 120, 177–183 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tisch, J. W. G.

R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, P. V. Redkin, W. A. Okell, D. Y. Lei, T. Roschuk, S. A. Maier, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Enhanced high-order harmonic generation in a carbon ablation plume,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 015807(2012).
[CrossRef]

Tudorovskaya, M.

M. Tudorovskaya and M. Lein, “High-order harmonic generation in the presence of a resonance,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Usmanov, T.

I. A. Kulagin and T. Usmanov, “Efficient selection of single high-order harmonic caused by atomic autoionizing state influence,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2616–2618 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Kulagin and T. Usmanov, “Optical Stark effect and Kerr nonlinearities of atomic media in nonlinear optical processes,” Quantum Electron. 30, 520–522 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Witting, T.

R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, P. V. Redkin, W. A. Okell, D. Y. Lei, T. Roschuk, S. A. Maier, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Enhanced high-order harmonic generation in a carbon ablation plume,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 015807(2012).
[CrossRef]

Wülker, C.

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[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Pertot, L. B. Elouga Bom, V. R. Bhardwaj, and T. Ozaki, “Pencil lead plasma for generating multimicrojoule high-order harmonics with a broad spectrum,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 101104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

S. Acquaviva and M. L. De Giorgi, “Temporal and spatial analysis of plasmas during graphite laser ablation in low-pressure N2,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 21–26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

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[CrossRef]

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R. A. Ganeev, “High-order harmonic generation in laser plasma: a review of recent achievements,” J. Phys. B 40, R213–R253 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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R. A. Ganeev, I. A. Kulagin, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, and H. Kuroda, “Harmonic generation in Mo plasma,” Opt. Commun. 249, 569–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Opt. Express (1)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

M. Tudorovskaya and M. Lein, “High-order harmonic generation in the presence of a resonance,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013430 (2011).
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R. A. Ganeev, T. Witting, C. Hutchison, F. Frank, P. V. Redkin, W. A. Okell, D. Y. Lei, T. Roschuk, S. A. Maier, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Enhanced high-order harmonic generation in a carbon ablation plume,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 015807(2012).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for the HHG in laser plasma using the picoseconds pulses. FP, fundamental probe picosecond pulse; PP, heating picosecond pulse; M, mirror; FL, focusing lenses; VC, vacuum chamber; T, target; VMR-2, vacuum monochromator; G, grating; SS, sodium salicylate; PMT, photomultiplier tube.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Plasma emission spectra from the (a) graphite, (b) pencil lead, and (c) glassy carbon at weak (solid curves, I=7×1010Wcm2) and strong (dotted curves, I=1.5×1011Wcm2) excitation of target surfaces.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Harmonic spectra from the (a) graphite, (b) pencil lead, (c) glassy carbon, and (d) manganese plasmas.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Distributions of the fifth, seventh, and ninth harmonic intensities in the cases of different carbon-containing plasmas. (a) Graphite, (b) glassy carbon, (c) pyrographite, (d) pencil lead, (e) silicon carbide, and (f) boron carbide.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Polarization dependence of fifth (red circles) and seventh (blue squares) harmonic intensities at different angles of rotation of the half-wave plate. (b) The dependence of seventh harmonic intensity on the delay between the heating and probe pulses. Inset: Harmonic intensity as a function of the distance between the target surface and probe beam axis for the seventh harmonic.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Dependences of harmonic intensity on the heating pulse energy for the 7th (upper curve), 9th (middle curve), and 11th (bottom curve) harmonics generating in pyrographite plasma.

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