Abstract

We describe a simple and compact architecture for generating all-optical frequencies required for the laser cooling, state preparation, and detection of atoms in an ultracold rubidium-87 experiment from a single 780 nm laser source. In particular, repump light 6.5GHz away from the cooling transition is generated by using a high-bandwidth fiber-coupled electro-optic modulator (EOM) in a feedback loop configuration. The looped repump light generation scheme solves the problem of the limited power handling capabilities characteristic of fiber EOMs. We demonstrate the functionality of the system by creating a high-atom-number magneto-optical trap (MOT).

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2012 (5)

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Louchet-Chauvet, J. Appel, J. J. Renema, D. Oblak, N. Kjærgaard, and E. S. Polzik, “Entanglement-assisted atomic clock beyond the projection noise limit,” New J. Phys. 12, 065032 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Bolpasi and W. von Klitzing, “Double-pass tapered amplifier diode laser with an output power of 1 W for an injection power of only 200 μW,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 113108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

A. D. Cronin, J. Schmiedmayer, and D. E. Pritchard, “Optics and interferometry with atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1051–1129 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appel, A. MacRae, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Versatile digital GHz phase lock for external cavity diode lasers,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 055302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

K. Bongs, W. Brinkmann, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, E. Göklü, G. Johannsen, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, G. Nandi, A. Peters, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schiemangk, K. Sengstock, A. Vogel, R. Walser, S. Wildfang, and T. van Zoest, “Realization of a magneto-optical trap in microgravity,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2513–2522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Oberst, F. Vewinger, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Time-resolved probing of the ground state coherence in rubidium,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1755–1757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

O. Caballero-Calero, A. García-Cabañes, J. M. Cabrera, M. Carrascosa, and A. Alczar, “Optical damage in x-cut proton exchanged LiNbO3 planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. W. Streed, A. P. Chikkatur, T. L. Gustavson, M. Boyd, Y. Torii, D. Schneble, G. K. Campbell, D. E. Pritchard, and W. Ketterle, “Large atom number Bose-Einstein condensate machines,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 023106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Köhler, K. Góral, and P. S. Julienne, “Production of cold molecules via magnetically tunable Feshbach resonances,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1311–1361 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

D. Jaksch and P. Zoller, “The cold atom Hubbard toolbox,” Ann. Phys. 315, 5279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

O. Mandel, M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T. W. Hänsch, and I. Bloch, “Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms,” Nature 425, 937–940 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, “Creation and measurement of a coherent superposition of quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. Kowalski, S. Root, S. D. Gensemer, and P. L. Gould, “A frequency-modulated injection-locked diode laser for two-frequency generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2532–2534 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

F. B. J. Buchkremer, R. Dumke, Ch. Buggle, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Low-cost setup for generation of 3 GHz frequency difference phase-locked laser light,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3306–3308 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hellemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

P. Feng and T. Walker, “Inexpensive diode laser microwave modulation for atom trapping,” Am. J. Phys. 63, 905–908 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

Ahlers, H.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Alczar, A.

O. Caballero-Calero, A. García-Cabañes, J. M. Cabrera, M. Carrascosa, and A. Alczar, “Optical damage in x-cut proton exchanged LiNbO3 planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Altin, P. A.

Appel, J.

A. Louchet-Chauvet, J. Appel, J. J. Renema, D. Oblak, N. Kjærgaard, and E. S. Polzik, “Entanglement-assisted atomic clock beyond the projection noise limit,” New J. Phys. 12, 065032 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appel, A. MacRae, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Versatile digital GHz phase lock for external cavity diode lasers,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 055302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, S.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Aspect, A.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Attanasio, D. V.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hellemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Axner, O.

Battelier, B.

Bennetts, S.

Bergmann, K.

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, “Creation and measurement of a coherent superposition of quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bidel, Y.

F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Birkl, G.

F. B. J. Buchkremer, R. Dumke, Ch. Buggle, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Low-cost setup for generation of 3 GHz frequency difference phase-locked laser light,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3306–3308 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bloch, I.

O. Mandel, M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T. W. Hänsch, and I. Bloch, “Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms,” Nature 425, 937–940 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bohnet, J. G.

Z. Chen, J. G. Bohnet, J. M. Weiner, and J. K. Thompson, “A low phase noise microwave source for atomic spin squeezing experiments in Rb87,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 044701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bolpasi, V.

V. Bolpasi and W. von Klitzing, “Double-pass tapered amplifier diode laser with an output power of 1 W for an injection power of only 200 μW,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 113108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bongs, K.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Bongs, W. Brinkmann, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, E. Göklü, G. Johannsen, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, G. Nandi, A. Peters, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schiemangk, K. Sengstock, A. Vogel, R. Walser, S. Wildfang, and T. van Zoest, “Realization of a magneto-optical trap in microgravity,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2513–2522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bossi, D. E.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hellemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boussen, S.

F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bouyer, P.

V. Ménoret, R. Geiger, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, B. Battelier, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Dual-wavelength laser source for onboard atom interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4128–4130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, M.

E. W. Streed, A. P. Chikkatur, T. L. Gustavson, M. Boyd, Y. Torii, D. Schneble, G. K. Campbell, D. E. Pritchard, and W. Ketterle, “Large atom number Bose-Einstein condensate machines,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 023106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bresson, A.

V. Ménoret, R. Geiger, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, B. Battelier, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Dual-wavelength laser source for onboard atom interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4128–4130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brinkmann, W.

K. Bongs, W. Brinkmann, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, E. Göklü, G. Johannsen, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, G. Nandi, A. Peters, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schiemangk, K. Sengstock, A. Vogel, R. Walser, S. Wildfang, and T. van Zoest, “Realization of a magneto-optical trap in microgravity,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2513–2522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Buchkremer, F. B. J.

F. B. J. Buchkremer, R. Dumke, Ch. Buggle, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Low-cost setup for generation of 3 GHz frequency difference phase-locked laser light,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3306–3308 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Buggle, Ch.

F. B. J. Buchkremer, R. Dumke, Ch. Buggle, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Low-cost setup for generation of 3 GHz frequency difference phase-locked laser light,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3306–3308 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Caballero-Calero, O.

O. Caballero-Calero, A. García-Cabañes, J. M. Cabrera, M. Carrascosa, and A. Alczar, “Optical damage in x-cut proton exchanged LiNbO3 planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cabrera, J. M.

O. Caballero-Calero, A. García-Cabañes, J. M. Cabrera, M. Carrascosa, and A. Alczar, “Optical damage in x-cut proton exchanged LiNbO3 planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, G. K.

E. W. Streed, A. P. Chikkatur, T. L. Gustavson, M. Boyd, Y. Torii, D. Schneble, G. K. Campbell, D. E. Pritchard, and W. Ketterle, “Large atom number Bose-Einstein condensate machines,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 023106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carrascosa, M.

O. Caballero-Calero, A. García-Cabañes, J. M. Cabrera, M. Carrascosa, and A. Alczar, “Optical damage in x-cut proton exchanged LiNbO3 planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carraz, O.

F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

Z. Chen, J. G. Bohnet, J. M. Weiner, and J. K. Thompson, “A low phase noise microwave source for atomic spin squeezing experiments in Rb87,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 044701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chikkatur, A. P.

E. W. Streed, A. P. Chikkatur, T. L. Gustavson, M. Boyd, Y. Torii, D. Schneble, G. K. Campbell, D. E. Pritchard, and W. Ketterle, “Large atom number Bose-Einstein condensate machines,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 023106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Close, J. D.

Connelly, M. J.

M. J. Connelly, Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (Kluwer, 2002).

Cronin, A. D.

A. D. Cronin, J. Schmiedmayer, and D. E. Pritchard, “Optics and interferometry with atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1051–1129 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. C.

C. C. Davis, Lasers and Electro-optics: Fundamentals and Engineering (Cambridge University, 1996).

Deb, A. B.

Debs, J. E.

Derevianko, A.

A. Derevianko and H. Katori, “Colloquium: physics of optical lattice clocks,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 331–348 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Diao, W.

Dittus, H.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rasel, E. M.

K. Bongs, W. Brinkmann, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, E. Göklü, G. Johannsen, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, G. Nandi, A. Peters, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schiemangk, K. Sengstock, A. Vogel, R. Walser, S. Wildfang, and T. van Zoest, “Realization of a magneto-optical trap in microgravity,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2513–2522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reichel, J.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Renema, J. J.

A. Louchet-Chauvet, J. Appel, J. J. Renema, D. Oblak, N. Kjærgaard, and E. S. Polzik, “Entanglement-assisted atomic clock beyond the projection noise limit,” New J. Phys. 12, 065032 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Robins, N. P.

Rom, T.

O. Mandel, M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T. W. Hänsch, and I. Bloch, “Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms,” Nature 425, 937–940 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Root, S.

R. Kowalski, S. Root, S. D. Gensemer, and P. L. Gould, “A frequency-modulated injection-locked diode laser for two-frequency generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2532–2534 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sacchet, D.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sané, S. S.

Sawyer, B. J.

Schiemangk, M.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Bongs, W. Brinkmann, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, E. Göklü, G. Johannsen, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, G. Nandi, A. Peters, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schiemangk, K. Sengstock, A. Vogel, R. Walser, S. Wildfang, and T. van Zoest, “Realization of a magneto-optical trap in microgravity,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2513–2522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schleich, W. P.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Bongs, W. Brinkmann, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, E. Göklü, G. Johannsen, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, G. Nandi, A. Peters, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schiemangk, K. Sengstock, A. Vogel, R. Walser, S. Wildfang, and T. van Zoest, “Realization of a magneto-optical trap in microgravity,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2513–2522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schmiedmayer, J.

A. D. Cronin, J. Schmiedmayer, and D. E. Pritchard, “Optics and interferometry with atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1051–1129 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schneble, D.

E. W. Streed, A. P. Chikkatur, T. L. Gustavson, M. Boyd, Y. Torii, D. Schneble, G. K. Campbell, D. E. Pritchard, and W. Ketterle, “Large atom number Bose-Einstein condensate machines,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 023106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schuldt, T.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Seidel, S. T.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sengstock, K.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Bongs, W. Brinkmann, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, E. Göklü, G. Johannsen, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, G. Nandi, A. Peters, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schiemangk, K. Sengstock, A. Vogel, R. Walser, S. Wildfang, and T. van Zoest, “Realization of a magneto-optical trap in microgravity,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2513–2522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Silander, I.

Singh, Y.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Steinmetz, T.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stern, G.

Strauch, F.

Streed, E. W.

E. W. Streed, A. P. Chikkatur, T. L. Gustavson, M. Boyd, Y. Torii, D. Schneble, G. K. Campbell, D. E. Pritchard, and W. Ketterle, “Large atom number Bose-Einstein condensate machines,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 023106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Süptitz, W.

Thompson, J. K.

Z. Chen, J. G. Bohnet, J. M. Weiner, and J. K. Thompson, “A low phase noise microwave source for atomic spin squeezing experiments in Rb87,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 044701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Torii, Y.

E. W. Streed, A. P. Chikkatur, T. L. Gustavson, M. Boyd, Y. Torii, D. Schneble, G. K. Campbell, D. E. Pritchard, and W. Ketterle, “Large atom number Bose-Einstein condensate machines,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 023106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

van Zoest, T.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Bongs, W. Brinkmann, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, E. Göklü, G. Johannsen, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, G. Nandi, A. Peters, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schiemangk, K. Sengstock, A. Vogel, R. Walser, S. Wildfang, and T. van Zoest, “Realization of a magneto-optical trap in microgravity,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2513–2522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Varoquaux, G.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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M. Oberst, F. Vewinger, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Time-resolved probing of the ground state coherence in rubidium,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1755–1757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, “Creation and measurement of a coherent superposition of quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Villier, B.

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vitanov, N. V.

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, “Creation and measurement of a coherent superposition of quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vogel, A.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Bongs, W. Brinkmann, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, E. Göklü, G. Johannsen, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, G. Nandi, A. Peters, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schiemangk, K. Sengstock, A. Vogel, R. Walser, S. Wildfang, and T. van Zoest, “Realization of a magneto-optical trap in microgravity,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2513–2522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

von Klitzing, W.

V. Bolpasi and W. von Klitzing, “Double-pass tapered amplifier diode laser with an output power of 1 W for an injection power of only 200 μW,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 113108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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P. Feng and T. Walker, “Inexpensive diode laser microwave modulation for atom trapping,” Am. J. Phys. 63, 905–908 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Walser, R.

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Bongs, W. Brinkmann, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, E. Göklü, G. Johannsen, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, G. Nandi, A. Peters, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schiemangk, K. Sengstock, A. Vogel, R. Walser, S. Wildfang, and T. van Zoest, “Realization of a magneto-optical trap in microgravity,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2513–2522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Weiner, J. M.

Z. Chen, J. G. Bohnet, J. M. Weiner, and J. K. Thompson, “A low phase noise microwave source for atomic spin squeezing experiments in Rb87,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 044701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Widera, A.

O. Mandel, M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T. W. Hänsch, and I. Bloch, “Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms,” Nature 425, 937–940 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wieman, C. E.

Wildfang, S.

K. Bongs, W. Brinkmann, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, E. Göklü, G. Johannsen, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, G. Nandi, A. Peters, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schiemangk, K. Sengstock, A. Vogel, R. Walser, S. Wildfang, and T. van Zoest, “Realization of a magneto-optical trap in microgravity,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2513–2522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wokurka, G.

Wooten, E. L.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hellemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Yi-Yan, A.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hellemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zahzam, N.

V. Ménoret, R. Geiger, G. Stern, N. Zahzam, B. Battelier, A. Bresson, A. Landragin, and P. Bouyer, “Dual-wavelength laser source for onboard atom interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 36, 4128–4130 (2011).
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F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zoller, P.

D. Jaksch and P. Zoller, “The cold atom Hubbard toolbox,” Ann. Phys. 315, 5279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Am. J. Phys. (1)

P. Feng and T. Walker, “Inexpensive diode laser microwave modulation for atom trapping,” Am. J. Phys. 63, 905–908 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Phys. (1)

D. Jaksch and P. Zoller, “The cold atom Hubbard toolbox,” Ann. Phys. 315, 5279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

F. Lienhart, S. Boussen, O. Carraz, N. Zahzam, Y. Bidel, and A. Bresson, “Compact and robust laser system for rubidium laser cooling based on the frequency doubling of a fiber bench at 1560 nm,” Appl. Phys. B 89, 177–180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hellemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communication systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

O. Caballero-Calero, A. García-Cabañes, J. M. Cabrera, M. Carrascosa, and A. Alczar, “Optical damage in x-cut proton exchanged LiNbO3 planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

K. Bongs, W. Brinkmann, H. Dittus, W. Ertmer, E. Göklü, G. Johannsen, E. Kajari, T. Könemann, C. Lämmerzahl, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, G. Nandi, A. Peters, E. M. Rasel, W. P. Schleich, M. Schiemangk, K. Sengstock, A. Vogel, R. Walser, S. Wildfang, and T. van Zoest, “Realization of a magneto-optical trap in microgravity,” J. Mod. Opt. 54, 2513–2522 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. Appel, A. MacRae, and A. I. Lvovsky, “Versatile digital GHz phase lock for external cavity diode lasers,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 055302 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

O. Mandel, M. Greiner, A. Widera, T. Rom, T. W. Hänsch, and I. Bloch, “Controlled collisions for multi-particle entanglement of optically trapped atoms,” Nature 425, 937–940 (2003).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

A. Louchet-Chauvet, J. Appel, J. J. Renema, D. Oblak, N. Kjærgaard, and E. S. Polzik, “Entanglement-assisted atomic clock beyond the projection noise limit,” New J. Phys. 12, 065032 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Vewinger, M. Heinz, R. G. Fernandez, N. V. Vitanov, and K. Bergmann, “Creation and measurement of a coherent superposition of quantum states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (3)

A. D. Cronin, J. Schmiedmayer, and D. E. Pritchard, “Optics and interferometry with atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1051–1129 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Derevianko and H. Katori, “Colloquium: physics of optical lattice clocks,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83, 331–348 (2011).
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T. Köhler, K. Góral, and P. S. Julienne, “Production of cold molecules via magnetically tunable Feshbach resonances,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1311–1361 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (6)

E. W. Streed, A. P. Chikkatur, T. L. Gustavson, M. Boyd, Y. Torii, D. Schneble, G. K. Campbell, D. E. Pritchard, and W. Ketterle, “Large atom number Bose-Einstein condensate machines,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 023106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. B. J. Buchkremer, R. Dumke, Ch. Buggle, G. Birkl, and W. Ertmer, “Low-cost setup for generation of 3 GHz frequency difference phase-locked laser light,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3306–3308 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Bolpasi and W. von Klitzing, “Double-pass tapered amplifier diode laser with an output power of 1 W for an injection power of only 200 μW,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81, 113108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Kowalski, S. Root, S. D. Gensemer, and P. L. Gould, “A frequency-modulated injection-locked diode laser for two-frequency generation,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 2532–2534 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Nyman, G. Varoquaux, B. Villier, D. Sacchet, F. Moron, Y. Le Coq, A. Aspect, and P. Bouyer, “Tapered-amplified antireflection-coated laser diodes for potassium and rubidium atomic-physics experiments,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 033105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, J. G. Bohnet, J. M. Weiner, and J. K. Thompson, “A low phase noise microwave source for atomic spin squeezing experiments in Rb87,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 044701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

T. van Zoest, N. Gaaloul, Y. Singh, H. Ahlers, W. Herr, S. T. Seidel, W. Ertmer, E. Rasel, M. Eckart, E. Kajari, S. Arnold, G. Nandi, W. P. Schleich, R. Walser, A. Vogel, K. Sengstock, K. Bongs, W. Lewoczko-Adamczyk, M. Schiemangk, T. Schuldt, A. Peters, T. Könemann, H. Müntinga, C. Lämmerzahl, H. Dittus, T. Steinmetz, T. W. Hänsch, and J. Reichel, “Bose-Einstein condensation in microgravity,” Science 328, 1540–1543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

C. C. Davis, Lasers and Electro-optics: Fundamentals and Engineering (Cambridge University, 1996).

M. J. Connelly, Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (Kluwer, 2002).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Partial atomic level structure of Rb87 with cooling and repump transitions indicated. (b) Fabry–Perot interferometer optical transmission spectra of the fiber EOM output at a driving frequency of 6.42 GHz and driving powers of 9 dBm (top), 15 dBm (center), and 21 dBm (bottom). (c) Optical power of carrier (circles) and a first-order sideband (squares) as functions of RF driving power of the EOM.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the laser architecture. The use of fused fiber couplers facilitate a convenient division of the system into three isolated modules, each shown in a rectangular box. See text for description.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Steady-state number of atoms in the MOT as a function of seed power into the TA at the repump sideband. The power is controlled using the AOM-4. The total optical power used is 220 mW. The atom number could be improved further using larger diameter MOT beams as we have more power available to us.

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