W. X. Yang, A. X. Chen, L. Si, K. Jiang, X. Yang, and R. K. Lee, “Three coupled ultraslow temporal solitons in a five-level tripod atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023814 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. Wu, X. Y. Lü, and L. L. Zheng, “Controllable optical bistability and multistability in a double two-level atomic system,” J. Phys. B 43, 161003 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Z. P. Wang, “Optical bistability via coherent and incoherent fields in an Er3+-doped yttrium-aluminum-garnet crystal,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3291–3295 (2010).

[CrossRef]

L. Si, W. X. Yang, J. B. Liu, J. Li, and X. Yang, “Slow vector optics solitons in a cold five-level hyper V-type atomic system,” Opt. Express 17, 7771 (2009).

[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, U. Khadka, B. Anderson, and M. Xiao, “Temporal and spatial interference between four-wave mixing and six-wave mixing channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 013601 (2009).

[CrossRef]

J. Li, “Coherent control of optical bistability in a microwave-driven V-type atomic system,” Physica D 228, 148 (2007).

[CrossRef]

X. Y. Lu, J. H. Li, J. B. Liu, and J. M. Luo, “Optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level atomic medium,” J. Phys. B 39, 5161 (2006).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Niu, and S. Q. Gong, “Enhancing Kerr nonlinearity via spontaneously generated coherence,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 053811 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Li, X. Y. Lu, J. M. Luo, and Q. J. Huang, “Optical bistability and multistability via atomic coherence in an N-type atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 035801 (2006).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in V-, λ-, and cascade-type schemes beyond steady-state analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053806 (2005).

[CrossRef]

X. Fan, N. Cui, S. Tan, H. Ma, S. Gong, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of gain and dispersion in an open lambda-type inversionless lasing system,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2759–2769 (2005).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, “Two-color ultraslow optical solitons via four-wave mixing in cold atom media,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053820 (2005).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and L. Deng, “Ultra slow optical solitons in a cold four-state medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 143904 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and L. Deng, “Ultra slow bright and dark optical solitons in a cold three-state medium,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2064 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, and L. Deng, “Achieving multi-frequency mode entanglement with ultra-slow multi-wave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1144 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in a double-Lambda system in an ultra-slow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, S. Gong, X. Fan, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of spontaneously generated coherence induced bistability,” Opt. Commun. 239, 383–388 (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Hysteresis loop with controllable shape and direction in an optical ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 041802(R) (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of quantum interference on optical bistability in the three-level V-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 015806 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi and M. Xiao, “Optical multistability in three-level atoms inside an optical ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143904 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, A. Brown, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlling optical bistability in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 041801(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, “Bistability and instability of three-level atoms inside an optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 011801(R) (2001).

[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, C. Du, S. Gong, and Z. Z. Xu, “Optical bistability via squeezed vacuum input,” Phys. Lett. A 259, 15–19 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50(7), 36–42 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Y. F. Zhu, A. I. Rubiera, and M. Xiao, “Inversionless lasing and photon statistics in a V-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 1065–1071 (1996).

[CrossRef]

S. Q. Gong, S. D. Du, Z. Z. Xu, and S. H. Pan, “Optical bistability via a phase fluctuation effect of the control field,” Phys. Lett. A 222, 237–240 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. Li and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in a three-level Λ-type system in rubidium atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703–R2706 (1995).

[CrossRef]

S. Singh, J. Rai, C. M. Bowden, and A. Postan, “Intrinsic optical bistability with squeezed vacuum,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5160–5165 (1992).

[CrossRef]

P. Galatola, L. A. Lugiato, M. G. Porreca, and P. Tombesi, “Optical switching by variation of the squeezing phase,” Opt. Commun. 81, 175–178 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully, S. Y. Zhu, and A. Gavrielides, “Degenerate quantum-beat laser: Lasing without inversion and inversion without lasing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2813–2816 (1989).

[CrossRef]

R. Bonifacio and L. A. Lugiato, “Optical bistability and cooperative effects in resonance fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 18, 1129–1144 (1978).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, and T. N. C. Venkatesan, “Differential gain and bistability using a sodium-filled Fabry-Perot interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1135–1138 (1976).

[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, U. Khadka, B. Anderson, and M. Xiao, “Temporal and spatial interference between four-wave mixing and six-wave mixing channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 013601 (2009).

[CrossRef]

R. Bonifacio and L. A. Lugiato, “Optical bistability and cooperative effects in resonance fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 18, 1129–1144 (1978).

[CrossRef]

S. Singh, J. Rai, C. M. Bowden, and A. Postan, “Intrinsic optical bistability with squeezed vacuum,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5160–5165 (1992).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, A. Brown, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlling optical bistability in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 041801(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, A. X. Chen, L. Si, K. Jiang, X. Yang, and R. K. Lee, “Three coupled ultraslow temporal solitons in a five-level tripod atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023814 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, C. Du, S. Gong, and Z. Z. Xu, “Optical bistability via squeezed vacuum input,” Phys. Lett. A 259, 15–19 (1999).

[CrossRef]

X. Fan, N. Cui, S. Tan, H. Ma, S. Gong, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of gain and dispersion in an open lambda-type inversionless lasing system,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2759–2769 (2005).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and L. Deng, “Ultra slow optical solitons in a cold four-state medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 143904 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, and L. Deng, “Achieving multi-frequency mode entanglement with ultra-slow multi-wave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1144 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and L. Deng, “Ultra slow bright and dark optical solitons in a cold three-state medium,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2064 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, C. Du, S. Gong, and Z. Z. Xu, “Optical bistability via squeezed vacuum input,” Phys. Lett. A 259, 15–19 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. Q. Gong, S. D. Du, Z. Z. Xu, and S. H. Pan, “Optical bistability via a phase fluctuation effect of the control field,” Phys. Lett. A 222, 237–240 (1996).

[CrossRef]

X. Fan, N. Cui, S. Tan, H. Ma, S. Gong, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of gain and dispersion in an open lambda-type inversionless lasing system,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2759–2769 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, S. Gong, X. Fan, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of spontaneously generated coherence induced bistability,” Opt. Commun. 239, 383–388 (2004).

[CrossRef]

P. Galatola, L. A. Lugiato, M. G. Porreca, and P. Tombesi, “Optical switching by variation of the squeezing phase,” Opt. Commun. 81, 175–178 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully, S. Y. Zhu, and A. Gavrielides, “Degenerate quantum-beat laser: Lasing without inversion and inversion without lasing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2813–2816 (1989).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, and T. N. C. Venkatesan, “Differential gain and bistability using a sodium-filled Fabry-Perot interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1135–1138 (1976).

[CrossRef]

X. Fan, N. Cui, S. Tan, H. Ma, S. Gong, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of gain and dispersion in an open lambda-type inversionless lasing system,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2759–2769 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, S. Gong, X. Fan, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of spontaneously generated coherence induced bistability,” Opt. Commun. 239, 383–388 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, C. Du, S. Gong, and Z. Z. Xu, “Optical bistability via squeezed vacuum input,” Phys. Lett. A 259, 15–19 (1999).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Niu, and S. Q. Gong, “Enhancing Kerr nonlinearity via spontaneously generated coherence,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 053811 (2006).

[CrossRef]

S. Q. Gong, S. D. Du, Z. Z. Xu, and S. H. Pan, “Optical bistability via a phase fluctuation effect of the control field,” Phys. Lett. A 222, 237–240 (1996).

[CrossRef]

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, “Bistability and instability of three-level atoms inside an optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 011801(R) (2001).

[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50(7), 36–42 (1997).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Li, X. Y. Lu, J. M. Luo, and Q. J. Huang, “Optical bistability and multistability via atomic coherence in an N-type atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 035801 (2006).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, A. X. Chen, L. Si, K. Jiang, X. Yang, and R. K. Lee, “Three coupled ultraslow temporal solitons in a five-level tripod atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023814 (2010).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Hysteresis loop with controllable shape and direction in an optical ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 041802(R) (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of quantum interference on optical bistability in the three-level V-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 015806 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi and M. Xiao, “Optical multistability in three-level atoms inside an optical ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143904 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, A. Brown, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlling optical bistability in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 041801(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, U. Khadka, B. Anderson, and M. Xiao, “Temporal and spatial interference between four-wave mixing and six-wave mixing channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 013601 (2009).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, A. X. Chen, L. Si, K. Jiang, X. Yang, and R. K. Lee, “Three coupled ultraslow temporal solitons in a five-level tripod atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023814 (2010).

[CrossRef]

L. Si, W. X. Yang, J. B. Liu, J. Li, and X. Yang, “Slow vector optics solitons in a cold five-level hyper V-type atomic system,” Opt. Express 17, 7771 (2009).

[CrossRef]

J. Li, “Coherent control of optical bistability in a microwave-driven V-type atomic system,” Physica D 228, 148 (2007).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Li, X. Y. Lu, J. M. Luo, and Q. J. Huang, “Optical bistability and multistability via atomic coherence in an N-type atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 035801 (2006).

[CrossRef]

X. Y. Lu, J. H. Li, J. B. Liu, and J. M. Luo, “Optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level atomic medium,” J. Phys. B 39, 5161 (2006).

[CrossRef]

Y. Li and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in a three-level Λ-type system in rubidium atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703–R2706 (1995).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, S. Gong, X. Fan, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of spontaneously generated coherence induced bistability,” Opt. Commun. 239, 383–388 (2004).

[CrossRef]

L. Si, W. X. Yang, J. B. Liu, J. Li, and X. Yang, “Slow vector optics solitons in a cold five-level hyper V-type atomic system,” Opt. Express 17, 7771 (2009).

[CrossRef]

X. Y. Lu, J. H. Li, J. B. Liu, and J. M. Luo, “Optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level atomic medium,” J. Phys. B 39, 5161 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Li, X. Y. Lu, J. M. Luo, and Q. J. Huang, “Optical bistability and multistability via atomic coherence in an N-type atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 035801 (2006).

[CrossRef]

X. Y. Lu, J. H. Li, J. B. Liu, and J. M. Luo, “Optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level atomic medium,” J. Phys. B 39, 5161 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. Wu, X. Y. Lü, and L. L. Zheng, “Controllable optical bistability and multistability in a double two-level atomic system,” J. Phys. B 43, 161003 (2010).

[CrossRef]

P. Galatola, L. A. Lugiato, M. G. Porreca, and P. Tombesi, “Optical switching by variation of the squeezing phase,” Opt. Commun. 81, 175–178 (1991).

[CrossRef]

R. Bonifacio and L. A. Lugiato, “Optical bistability and cooperative effects in resonance fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A 18, 1129–1144 (1978).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Li, X. Y. Lu, J. M. Luo, and Q. J. Huang, “Optical bistability and multistability via atomic coherence in an N-type atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 035801 (2006).

[CrossRef]

X. Y. Lu, J. H. Li, J. B. Liu, and J. M. Luo, “Optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level atomic medium,” J. Phys. B 39, 5161 (2006).

[CrossRef]

X. Fan, N. Cui, S. Tan, H. Ma, S. Gong, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of gain and dispersion in an open lambda-type inversionless lasing system,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2759–2769 (2005).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, and T. N. C. Venkatesan, “Differential gain and bistability using a sodium-filled Fabry-Perot interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1135–1138 (1976).

[CrossRef]

Y. P. Niu, and S. Q. Gong, “Enhancing Kerr nonlinearity via spontaneously generated coherence,” Phys. Rev. A 73, 053811 (2006).

[CrossRef]

S. Q. Gong, S. D. Du, Z. Z. Xu, and S. H. Pan, “Optical bistability via a phase fluctuation effect of the control field,” Phys. Lett. A 222, 237–240 (1996).

[CrossRef]

P. Galatola, L. A. Lugiato, M. G. Porreca, and P. Tombesi, “Optical switching by variation of the squeezing phase,” Opt. Commun. 81, 175–178 (1991).

[CrossRef]

S. Singh, J. Rai, C. M. Bowden, and A. Postan, “Intrinsic optical bistability with squeezed vacuum,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5160–5165 (1992).

[CrossRef]

S. Singh, J. Rai, C. M. Bowden, and A. Postan, “Intrinsic optical bistability with squeezed vacuum,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5160–5165 (1992).

[CrossRef]

Y. F. Zhu, A. I. Rubiera, and M. Xiao, “Inversionless lasing and photon statistics in a V-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 1065–1071 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully, S. Y. Zhu, and A. Gavrielides, “Degenerate quantum-beat laser: Lasing without inversion and inversion without lasing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2813–2816 (1989).

[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, 1997), p. 161.

W. X. Yang, A. X. Chen, L. Si, K. Jiang, X. Yang, and R. K. Lee, “Three coupled ultraslow temporal solitons in a five-level tripod atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023814 (2010).

[CrossRef]

L. Si, W. X. Yang, J. B. Liu, J. Li, and X. Yang, “Slow vector optics solitons in a cold five-level hyper V-type atomic system,” Opt. Express 17, 7771 (2009).

[CrossRef]

S. Singh, J. Rai, C. M. Bowden, and A. Postan, “Intrinsic optical bistability with squeezed vacuum,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5160–5165 (1992).

[CrossRef]

X. Fan, N. Cui, S. Tan, H. Ma, S. Gong, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of gain and dispersion in an open lambda-type inversionless lasing system,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2759–2769 (2005).

[CrossRef]

P. Galatola, L. A. Lugiato, M. G. Porreca, and P. Tombesi, “Optical switching by variation of the squeezing phase,” Opt. Commun. 81, 175–178 (1991).

[CrossRef]

H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, and T. N. C. Venkatesan, “Differential gain and bistability using a sodium-filled Fabry-Perot interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1135–1138 (1976).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, A. Brown, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlling optical bistability in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 041801(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, “Bistability and instability of three-level atoms inside an optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 011801(R) (2001).

[CrossRef]

Z. P. Wang, “Optical bistability via coherent and incoherent fields in an Er3+-doped yttrium-aluminum-garnet crystal,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3291–3295 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. Wu, X. Y. Lü, and L. L. Zheng, “Controllable optical bistability and multistability in a double two-level atomic system,” J. Phys. B 43, 161003 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in V-, λ-, and cascade-type schemes beyond steady-state analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053806 (2005).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, “Two-color ultraslow optical solitons via four-wave mixing in cold atom media,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053820 (2005).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in a double-Lambda system in an ultra-slow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and L. Deng, “Ultra slow bright and dark optical solitons in a cold three-state medium,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2064 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu, and L. Deng, “Achieving multi-frequency mode entanglement with ultra-slow multi-wave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1144 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and L. Deng, “Ultra slow optical solitons in a cold four-state medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 143904 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, U. Khadka, B. Anderson, and M. Xiao, “Temporal and spatial interference between four-wave mixing and six-wave mixing channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 013601 (2009).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Hysteresis loop with controllable shape and direction in an optical ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 041802(R) (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of quantum interference on optical bistability in the three-level V-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 015806 (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, A. Brown, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlling optical bistability in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 041801(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi and M. Xiao, “Optical multistability in three-level atoms inside an optical ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 143904 (2003).

[CrossRef]

H. Wang, D. J. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, “Bistability and instability of three-level atoms inside an optical cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 011801(R) (2001).

[CrossRef]

Y. F. Zhu, A. I. Rubiera, and M. Xiao, “Inversionless lasing and photon statistics in a V-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 1065–1071 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. Li and M. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in a three-level Λ-type system in rubidium atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 51, R2703–R2706 (1995).

[CrossRef]

X. Fan, N. Cui, S. Tan, H. Ma, S. Gong, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of gain and dispersion in an open lambda-type inversionless lasing system,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2759–2769 (2005).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, S. Gong, X. Fan, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of spontaneously generated coherence induced bistability,” Opt. Commun. 239, 383–388 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, C. Du, S. Gong, and Z. Z. Xu, “Optical bistability via squeezed vacuum input,” Phys. Lett. A 259, 15–19 (1999).

[CrossRef]

S. Q. Gong, S. D. Du, Z. Z. Xu, and S. H. Pan, “Optical bistability via a phase fluctuation effect of the control field,” Phys. Lett. A 222, 237–240 (1996).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Hysteresis loop with controllable shape and direction in an optical ring cavity,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 041802(R) (2004).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, W. Yang, and M. Xiao, “Effect of quantum interference on optical bistability in the three-level V-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 015806 (2003).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, A. X. Chen, L. Si, K. Jiang, X. Yang, and R. K. Lee, “Three coupled ultraslow temporal solitons in a five-level tripod atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023814 (2010).

[CrossRef]

L. Si, W. X. Yang, J. B. Liu, J. Li, and X. Yang, “Slow vector optics solitons in a cold five-level hyper V-type atomic system,” Opt. Express 17, 7771 (2009).

[CrossRef]

W. X. Yang, A. X. Chen, L. Si, K. Jiang, X. Yang, and R. K. Lee, “Three coupled ultraslow temporal solitons in a five-level tripod atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 023814 (2010).

[CrossRef]

L. Si, W. X. Yang, J. B. Liu, J. Li, and X. Yang, “Slow vector optics solitons in a cold five-level hyper V-type atomic system,” Opt. Express 17, 7771 (2009).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Electromagnetically induced transparency in V-, λ-, and cascade-type schemes beyond steady-state analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 053806 (2005).

[CrossRef]

Y. Wu and X. Yang, “Highly efficient four-wave mixing in a double-Lambda system in an ultra-slow propagation regime,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053818 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, U. Khadka, B. Anderson, and M. Xiao, “Temporal and spatial interference between four-wave mixing and six-wave mixing channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 013601 (2009).

[CrossRef]

J. Wu, X. Y. Lü, and L. L. Zheng, “Controllable optical bistability and multistability in a double two-level atomic system,” J. Phys. B 43, 161003 (2010).

[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully, S. Y. Zhu, and A. Gavrielides, “Degenerate quantum-beat laser: Lasing without inversion and inversion without lasing,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2813–2816 (1989).

[CrossRef]

Y. F. Zhu, A. I. Rubiera, and M. Xiao, “Inversionless lasing and photon statistics in a V-type atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 1065–1071 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully and M. S. Zubairy, Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, 1997), p. 161.

X. Fan, N. Cui, S. Tan, H. Ma, S. Gong, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of gain and dispersion in an open lambda-type inversionless lasing system,” J. Mod. Opt. 52, 2759–2769 (2005).

[CrossRef]

X. Y. Lu, J. H. Li, J. B. Liu, and J. M. Luo, “Optical bistability via quantum interference in a four-level atomic medium,” J. Phys. B 39, 5161 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. Wu, X. Y. Lü, and L. L. Zheng, “Controllable optical bistability and multistability in a double two-level atomic system,” J. Phys. B 43, 161003 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Z. P. Wang, “Optical bistability via coherent and incoherent fields in an Er3+-doped yttrium-aluminum-garnet crystal,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3291–3295 (2010).

[CrossRef]

P. Galatola, L. A. Lugiato, M. G. Porreca, and P. Tombesi, “Optical switching by variation of the squeezing phase,” Opt. Commun. 81, 175–178 (1991).

[CrossRef]

C. Liu, S. Gong, X. Fan, and Z. Xu, “Phase control of spontaneously generated coherence induced bistability,” Opt. Commun. 239, 383–388 (2004).

[CrossRef]

S. Q. Gong, S. D. Du, Z. Z. Xu, and S. H. Pan, “Optical bistability via a phase fluctuation effect of the control field,” Phys. Lett. A 222, 237–240 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, C. Du, S. Gong, and Z. Z. Xu, “Optical bistability via squeezed vacuum input,” Phys. Lett. A 259, 15–19 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. Joshi, A. Brown, H. Wang, and M. Xiao, “Controlling optical bistability in a three-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 67, 041801(R) (2003).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Li, X. Y. Lu, J. M. Luo, and Q. J. Huang, “Optical bistability and multistability via atomic coherence in an N-type atomic medium,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 035801 (2006).

[CrossRef]

S. Singh, J. Rai, C. M. Bowden, and A. Postan, “Intrinsic optical bistability with squeezed vacuum,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5160–5165 (1992).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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