Abstract

Fully tunable deep UV pulses of 30 fs duration are generated in an all-solid-state scheme from 200 fs long pump pulses of a Ti:sapphire amplifier. The tunability comes from a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier with tailored spectral width. The output pulses are frequency-doubled in a 50 μm BBO crystal and subsequently mixed in a 32 μm BBO crystal with part of the Ti:sapphire output. The compression is solely performed in the visible. This makes the setup extremely simple and efficient. Less than 400 μJ pump energy suffice to obtain submicrojoule deep UV pulses. The strategy for the bandwidth and chirp management is explained in detail.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (4)

M. Mero and J. Zheng, “Femtosecond optical parametric converter in the 168–182 nm range,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 37–43 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Homann, M. Bradler, M. Förster, P. Hommelhoff, and E. Riedle, “Carrier-envelope phase stable sub-two-cycle pulses tunable around 1.8 μm at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1673–1675(2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Faure, J. Mauchain, E. Papalazarou, W. Yan, J. Pinon, M. Marsi, and L. Perfetti, “Full characterization and optimization of a femtosecond ultraviolet laser source for time and angle-resolved photoemission on solid surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhou, T. Kanai, X. Wang, Y. Zhu, C. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Generation of ultrashort 25 μJ pulses at 200 nm by dual broadband frequency doubling with a thin KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Opt. Express 20, 13684–13691 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2008 (1)

A. Stolow and J. G. Underwood, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of nonadiabatic dynamics in polyatomic molecules,” Adv. Chem. Phys. 139, 497–584 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (4)

2005 (1)

A. E. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, “Tunable 30-femtosecond pulses across the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, U. Schmidhammer, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Compact autocorrelator for the online measurement of tunable 10 femtosecond pulses,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 2323–2327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7 fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027–1032 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Guided-wave phase-matching of ultrashort-pulse light,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

Adachi, S.

Backus, S.

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Guided-wave phase-matching of ultrashort-pulse light,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Baum, P.

P. Baum, M. Breuer, and E. Riedle, “Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for broadband pulse compression without dispersion oscillations,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2220–2222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7 fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027–1032 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, U. Schmidhammer, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Compact autocorrelator for the online measurement of tunable 10 femtosecond pulses,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 2323–2327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Widely tunable sub-30 fs ultraviolet pulses by chirped sum frequency mixing,” Opt. Express 11, 3110–3115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Beigang, R.

Beutler, M.

Beutter, M.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bradforth, S. E.

C. G. Elles, A. E. Jailaubekov, R. A. Crowell, and S. E. Bradforth, “Excitation-energy dependence of the mechanism for two-photon ionization of liquid H2O and D2O from 8.3 to 12.4 eV,” J. Chem. Phys. 125, 044515 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, “Tunable 30-femtosecond pulses across the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bradler, M.

Breuer, M.

Callegari, C.

B. Mahieu, S. Coraggia, C. Callegari, M. Coreno, G. De Ninno, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, D. Garzella, M. Negro, C. Spezzani, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, “Full tunability of laser femtosecond high-order harmonics in the ultraviolet spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B108, 43–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

Chang, Z.

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Guided-wave phase-matching of ultrashort-pulse light,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Coraggia, S.

B. Mahieu, S. Coraggia, C. Callegari, M. Coreno, G. De Ninno, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, D. Garzella, M. Negro, C. Spezzani, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, “Full tunability of laser femtosecond high-order harmonics in the ultraviolet spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B108, 43–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Coreno, M.

B. Mahieu, S. Coraggia, C. Callegari, M. Coreno, G. De Ninno, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, D. Garzella, M. Negro, C. Spezzani, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, “Full tunability of laser femtosecond high-order harmonics in the ultraviolet spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B108, 43–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Crowell, R. A.

C. G. Elles, A. E. Jailaubekov, R. A. Crowell, and S. E. Bradforth, “Excitation-energy dependence of the mechanism for two-photon ionization of liquid H2O and D2O from 8.3 to 12.4 eV,” J. Chem. Phys. 125, 044515 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Ninno, G.

B. Mahieu, S. Coraggia, C. Callegari, M. Coreno, G. De Ninno, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, D. Garzella, M. Negro, C. Spezzani, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, “Full tunability of laser femtosecond high-order harmonics in the ultraviolet spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B108, 43–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Devetta, M.

B. Mahieu, S. Coraggia, C. Callegari, M. Coreno, G. De Ninno, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, D. Garzella, M. Negro, C. Spezzani, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, “Full tunability of laser femtosecond high-order harmonics in the ultraviolet spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B108, 43–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C. G.

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Guided-wave phase-matching of ultrashort-pulse light,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Elles, C. G.

C. G. Elles, A. E. Jailaubekov, R. A. Crowell, and S. E. Bradforth, “Excitation-energy dependence of the mechanism for two-photon ionization of liquid H2O and D2O from 8.3 to 12.4 eV,” J. Chem. Phys. 125, 044515 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Faure, J.

J. Faure, J. Mauchain, E. Papalazarou, W. Yan, J. Pinon, M. Marsi, and L. Perfetti, “Full characterization and optimization of a femtosecond ultraviolet laser source for time and angle-resolved photoemission on solid surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Förster, M.

Frassetto, F.

B. Mahieu, S. Coraggia, C. Callegari, M. Coreno, G. De Ninno, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, D. Garzella, M. Negro, C. Spezzani, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, “Full tunability of laser femtosecond high-order harmonics in the ultraviolet spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B108, 43–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

Garzella, D.

B. Mahieu, S. Coraggia, C. Callegari, M. Coreno, G. De Ninno, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, D. Garzella, M. Negro, C. Spezzani, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, “Full tunability of laser femtosecond high-order harmonics in the ultraviolet spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B108, 43–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ghotbi, M.

Herne, C.

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Guided-wave phase-matching of ultrashort-pulse light,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Homann, C.

C. Homann, M. Bradler, M. Förster, P. Hommelhoff, and E. Riedle, “Carrier-envelope phase stable sub-two-cycle pulses tunable around 1.8 μm at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1673–1675(2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Homann, N. Krebs, and E. Riedle, “Convenient pulse length measurement of sub-20 fs pulses down to the deep UV via two-photon absorption in bulk material,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 783–791 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hommelhoff, P.

Horio, T.

Jailaubekov, A. E.

C. G. Elles, A. E. Jailaubekov, R. A. Crowell, and S. E. Bradforth, “Excitation-energy dependence of the mechanism for two-photon ionization of liquid H2O and D2O from 8.3 to 12.4 eV,” J. Chem. Phys. 125, 044515 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, “Tunable 30-femtosecond pulses across the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kanai, T.

Kapteyn, H. C.

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Guided-wave phase-matching of ultrashort-pulse light,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kittelmann, O.

Korn, G.

Kozma, I. Z.

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, U. Schmidhammer, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Compact autocorrelator for the online measurement of tunable 10 femtosecond pulses,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 2323–2327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Widely tunable sub-30 fs ultraviolet pulses by chirped sum frequency mixing,” Opt. Express 11, 3110–3115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krebs, N.

C. Homann, N. Krebs, and E. Riedle, “Convenient pulse length measurement of sub-20 fs pulses down to the deep UV via two-photon absorption in bulk material,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 783–791 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lochbrunner, S.

C. Schriever, S. Lochbrunner, M. Optiz, and E. Riedle, “19 fs shaped ultraviolet pulses,” Opt. Lett. 31, 543–545 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7 fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027–1032 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, U. Schmidhammer, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Compact autocorrelator for the online measurement of tunable 10 femtosecond pulses,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 2323–2327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Widely tunable sub-30 fs ultraviolet pulses by chirped sum frequency mixing,” Opt. Express 11, 3110–3115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mahieu, B.

B. Mahieu, S. Coraggia, C. Callegari, M. Coreno, G. De Ninno, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, D. Garzella, M. Negro, C. Spezzani, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, “Full tunability of laser femtosecond high-order harmonics in the ultraviolet spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B108, 43–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Manzoni, C.

Marsi, M.

J. Faure, J. Mauchain, E. Papalazarou, W. Yan, J. Pinon, M. Marsi, and L. Perfetti, “Full characterization and optimization of a femtosecond ultraviolet laser source for time and angle-resolved photoemission on solid surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mauchain, J.

J. Faure, J. Mauchain, E. Papalazarou, W. Yan, J. Pinon, M. Marsi, and L. Perfetti, “Full characterization and optimization of a femtosecond ultraviolet laser source for time and angle-resolved photoemission on solid surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mero, M.

Murnane, M. M.

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Guided-wave phase-matching of ultrashort-pulse light,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nebel, A.

Negro, M.

B. Mahieu, S. Coraggia, C. Callegari, M. Coreno, G. De Ninno, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, D. Garzella, M. Negro, C. Spezzani, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, “Full tunability of laser femtosecond high-order harmonics in the ultraviolet spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B108, 43–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

Optiz, M.

Papalazarou, E.

J. Faure, J. Mauchain, E. Papalazarou, W. Yan, J. Pinon, M. Marsi, and L. Perfetti, “Full characterization and optimization of a femtosecond ultraviolet laser source for time and angle-resolved photoemission on solid surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Perfetti, L.

J. Faure, J. Mauchain, E. Papalazarou, W. Yan, J. Pinon, M. Marsi, and L. Perfetti, “Full characterization and optimization of a femtosecond ultraviolet laser source for time and angle-resolved photoemission on solid surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Piel, J.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, “Sub-20 fs pulses tunable across the visible from a blue-pumped single-pass noncollinear parametric converter,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1494–1496 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pinon, J.

J. Faure, J. Mauchain, E. Papalazarou, W. Yan, J. Pinon, M. Marsi, and L. Perfetti, “Full characterization and optimization of a femtosecond ultraviolet laser source for time and angle-resolved photoemission on solid surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Poletto, L.

B. Mahieu, S. Coraggia, C. Callegari, M. Coreno, G. De Ninno, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, D. Garzella, M. Negro, C. Spezzani, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, “Full tunability of laser femtosecond high-order harmonics in the ultraviolet spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B108, 43–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Polli, D.

Riedle, E.

C. Homann, M. Bradler, M. Förster, P. Hommelhoff, and E. Riedle, “Carrier-envelope phase stable sub-two-cycle pulses tunable around 1.8 μm at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1673–1675(2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Homann, N. Krebs, and E. Riedle, “Convenient pulse length measurement of sub-20 fs pulses down to the deep UV via two-photon absorption in bulk material,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 783–791 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Schriever, S. Lochbrunner, M. Optiz, and E. Riedle, “19 fs shaped ultraviolet pulses,” Opt. Lett. 31, 543–545 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, M. Breuer, and E. Riedle, “Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for broadband pulse compression without dispersion oscillations,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2220–2222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7 fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027–1032 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, U. Schmidhammer, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Compact autocorrelator for the online measurement of tunable 10 femtosecond pulses,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 2323–2327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Widely tunable sub-30 fs ultraviolet pulses by chirped sum frequency mixing,” Opt. Express 11, 3110–3115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, “Sub-20 fs pulses tunable across the visible from a blue-pumped single-pass noncollinear parametric converter,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1494–1496 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ringling, J.

Rundquist, A.

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Guided-wave phase-matching of ultrashort-pulse light,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schenkl, S.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schmidhammer, U.

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, U. Schmidhammer, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Compact autocorrelator for the online measurement of tunable 10 femtosecond pulses,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 2323–2327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schriever, C.

Seifert, F.

Shen, H.

Smith, A. V.

“SNLO nonlinear optics code,” available from A. V. Smith, AS-Photonics, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Spezzani, C.

B. Mahieu, S. Coraggia, C. Callegari, M. Coreno, G. De Ninno, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, D. Garzella, M. Negro, C. Spezzani, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, “Full tunability of laser femtosecond high-order harmonics in the ultraviolet spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B108, 43–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Spörlein, S.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

Stagira, S.

B. Mahieu, S. Coraggia, C. Callegari, M. Coreno, G. De Ninno, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, D. Garzella, M. Negro, C. Spezzani, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, “Full tunability of laser femtosecond high-order harmonics in the ultraviolet spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B108, 43–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Stolow, A.

A. Stolow and J. G. Underwood, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of nonadiabatic dynamics in polyatomic molecules,” Adv. Chem. Phys. 139, 497–584 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

Tzankov, P.

Underwood, J. G.

A. Stolow and J. G. Underwood, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of nonadiabatic dynamics in polyatomic molecules,” Adv. Chem. Phys. 139, 497–584 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

B. Mahieu, S. Coraggia, C. Callegari, M. Coreno, G. De Ninno, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, D. Garzella, M. Negro, C. Spezzani, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, “Full tunability of laser femtosecond high-order harmonics in the ultraviolet spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B108, 43–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Watanabe, S.

Wilhelm, T.

Yan, W.

J. Faure, J. Mauchain, E. Papalazarou, W. Yan, J. Pinon, M. Marsi, and L. Perfetti, “Full characterization and optimization of a femtosecond ultraviolet laser source for time and angle-resolved photoemission on solid surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, J.

Zhou, C.

Zhu, Y.

Zinth, W.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Stolow and J. G. Underwood, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of nonadiabatic dynamics in polyatomic molecules,” Adv. Chem. Phys. 139, 497–584 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (4)

M. Mero and J. Zheng, “Femtosecond optical parametric converter in the 168–182 nm range,” Appl. Phys. B 106, 37–43 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7 fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027–1032 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Homann, N. Krebs, and E. Riedle, “Convenient pulse length measurement of sub-20 fs pulses down to the deep UV via two-photon absorption in bulk material,” Appl. Phys. B 104, 783–791 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. E. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, “Tunable 30-femtosecond pulses across the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

C. G. Elles, A. E. Jailaubekov, R. A. Crowell, and S. E. Bradforth, “Excitation-energy dependence of the mechanism for two-photon ionization of liquid H2O and D2O from 8.3 to 12.4 eV,” J. Chem. Phys. 125, 044515 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. (1)

C. G. Durfee, A. Rundquist, S. Backus, Z. Chang, C. Herne, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Guided-wave phase-matching of ultrashort-pulse light,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 8, 211–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (10)

P. Tzankov, J. Zheng, M. Mero, D. Polli, C. Manzoni, and G. Cerullo, “300 μJ noncollinear optical parametric amplifier in the visible at 1 kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3629–3631 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Schriever, S. Lochbrunner, M. Optiz, and E. Riedle, “19 fs shaped ultraviolet pulses,” Opt. Lett. 31, 543–545 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Baum, M. Breuer, and E. Riedle, “Brewster-angled chirped mirrors for broadband pulse compression without dispersion oscillations,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2220–2222 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Homann, M. Bradler, M. Förster, P. Hommelhoff, and E. Riedle, “Carrier-envelope phase stable sub-two-cycle pulses tunable around 1.8 μm at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 37, 1673–1675(2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, “Sub-20 fs pulses tunable across the visible from a blue-pumped single-pass noncollinear parametric converter,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1494–1496 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Nebel and R. Beigang, “External frequency conversion of cw mode-locked Ti:Al2O3 laser radiation,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1729–1731 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, F. Noack, G. Korn, and J. Squier, “Tunable femtosecond pulses in the near vacuum ultraviolet generated by frequency conversion of amplified Ti:sapphire laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18, 2035–2037 (1993).
[CrossRef]

F. Seifert, J. Ringling, F. Noack, V. Petrov, and O. Kittelmann, “Generation of tunable femtosecond pulses to as low as 172.7 nm by sum-frequency mixing in lithium triborate,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1538–1540 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Generation of 12 fs deep-ultraviolet pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in neon gas,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2481–2483 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, and F. Noack, “Generation of intense sub-20 fs vacuum ultraviolet pulses compressed by material dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 36, 3726–3728 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

I. Z. Kozma, P. Baum, U. Schmidhammer, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Compact autocorrelator for the online measurement of tunable 10 femtosecond pulses,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 2323–2327 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Faure, J. Mauchain, E. Papalazarou, W. Yan, J. Pinon, M. Marsi, and L. Perfetti, “Full characterization and optimization of a femtosecond ultraviolet laser source for time and angle-resolved photoemission on solid surfaces,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 043109 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

“SNLO nonlinear optics code,” available from A. V. Smith, AS-Photonics, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

B. Mahieu, S. Coraggia, C. Callegari, M. Coreno, G. De Ninno, M. Devetta, F. Frassetto, D. Garzella, M. Negro, C. Spezzani, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and L. Poletto, “Full tunability of laser femtosecond high-order harmonics in the ultraviolet spectral range,” Appl. Phys. B108, 43–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the multistage frequency conversion to generate tunable 30 fs pulses in the deep UV (from 189 to 240 nm).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Experimental setup for the simultaneous variation of the NOPA compression and the delay of the 779 nm Ti:sapphire fundamental. (b) Schematic of the nonlinear mixing scheme. The relevant pulse parameters (center wavelength, linear chirp Φ, and pulse length) are indicated.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Spectra of fully tunable DUV pulses. (b) Fourier limit of the pulses derived from the spectral width. (c) Measured energies.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Spectral and temporal characterization of the DUV and intermediate pulses.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Design Parameters and Actually Measured Values for the Generation of the DUV Pulses

Equations (1)

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d2dω2Φ(ω)=Φvis=2·ΦUV,

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