Abstract

We demonstrate the feasibility of coherent spectroscopy experiments in alkali vapors at room temperature by using an automatic all-optical atomic dispenser. The reliability of the system is proved by observing electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) resonances in siloxane-coated cells where large and stable K densities are achieved by light-controlled atomic desorption from the cell coating. The experimental results prove that this technique preserves the orientation of the atomic system, and, at the same time, allows a fine, continuous, and rapid control of the vapor density also suitable for magnetic-sensitive applications.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Vanier, “Atomic clocks based on coherent population trapping: a review,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 81, 421–442 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. J. Seltzer and M. V. Romalis, “High-temperature alkali vapor cells with antirelaxation surface coatings,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 114905 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Haslinger, R. Amsss, C. Koller, C. Hufnagel, N. Lippok, J. Majer, J. Verdu, S. Schneider, and J. Schmiedmayer, “Electron beam driven alkali metal atom source for loading a magneto-optical trap in a cryogenic environment,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 102, 819–823 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. D. Slepkov, A. R. Bhagwat, V. Venkataraman, P. Londero, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of large alkali vapor densities inside bare hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Opt. Express 16, 18976–18983 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Du, M. B. Squires, Y. Imai, L. Czaia, R. A. Saravanan, V. Bright, J. Reichel, T. W. Hänsch, and D. Z. Anderson, “Atom-chip Bose-Einstein condensation in a portable vacuum cell,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053606 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. E. Judd, R. G. Scott, G. Sinuco, T. W. A. Montgomery, A. M. Martin, P. Krüger, and T. M. Fromhold, “Zone-plate focusing of Bose-Einstein condensates for atom optics and erasable high-speed lithography of quantum electronic components,” New J. Phys. 12, 063033 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Telles, T. Ishikawa, M. Gibbs, and C. Raman, “Light-induced atomic desorption for loading a sodium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032710 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Jacob, E. Mimoun, L. D. Sarlo, M. Weitz, J. Dalibard, and F. Gerbier, “Production of sodium Bose-Einstein condensates in an optical dimple trap,” New J. Phys. 13, 065022 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Bogi, C. Marinelli, A. Burchianti, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, S. Gozzini, L. Marmugi, and A. Lucchesini, “Full control of sodium vapor density in siloxane-coated cells using blue led light-induced atomic desorption,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2643–2645 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Gordon, C. Holloway, S. Jefferts, and T. Heavner, “Quantum-based si traceable electric-field probe,” in 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 321–324.
  13. L. Zhao, W. Duan, and S. F. Yelin, “All-optical beam control with high speed using image-induced blazed gratings in coherent media,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 013809 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Zhao, W. Duan, and S. F. Yelin, “All-optical Fresnel lens in coherent media: controlling image with image,” Opt. Express 19, 981–993 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses,” Nature 438, 837–841 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Schempp, G. Günter, C. S. Hofmann, C. Giese, S. D. Saliba, B. D. DePaola, T. Amthor, M. Weidemüller, S. Sevinçli, and T. Pohl, “Coherent population trapping with controlled interparticle interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173602 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Mücke, E. Figueroa, J. Bochmann, C. Hahn, K. Murr, S. Ritter, C. J. Villas-Boas, and G. Rempe, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with single atoms in a cavity,” Nature 465, 755–758 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. T. Kapale and G. S. Agarwal, “Subnanoscale resolution for microscopy via coherent population trapping,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2792–2794 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. I.-H. Bae, H. S. Moon, M.-K. Kim, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Transformation of electromagnetically induced transparency into enhanced absorption with a standing-wave coupling field in an Rb vapor cell,” Opt. Express 18, 1389–1397 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  20. I. Novikova, R. Walsworth, and Y. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-based slow and stored light in warm atoms,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 333–353 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633–673 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  22. N. Castagna and A. Weis, “Measurement of longitudinal and transverse spin relaxation rates using the ground-state Hanle effect,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053421 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Gozzini, L. Marmugi, A. Lucchesini, S. Gateva, S. Cartaleva, and K. Nasyrov, “Narrow structure in the coherent population trapping resonance in sodium,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013812(2011).
    [CrossRef]
  24. F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, “Coherent population trapping with losses observed on the Hanle effect of the D1 sodium line,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710–3718(1997).
    [CrossRef]
  25. S. Gozzini, S. Cartaleva, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, L. Marmugi, D. Slavov, and T. Karaulanov, “Coherent population trapping and strong electromagnetically induced transparency resonances on the D1 line of potassium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 153–161 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  27. J. E. Thomas and W. W. Quivers, “Transit-time effects in optically pumped coupled three-level systems,” Phys. Rev. A 22, 2115–2121 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  28. S. J. Smullin, I. M. Savukov, G. Vasilakis, R. K. Ghosh, and M. V. Romalis, “Low-noise high-density alkali-metal scalar magnetometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033420 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

I. Novikova, R. Walsworth, and Y. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-based slow and stored light in warm atoms,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 333–353 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

N. Castagna and A. Weis, “Measurement of longitudinal and transverse spin relaxation rates using the ground-state Hanle effect,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053421 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Gozzini, L. Marmugi, A. Lucchesini, S. Gateva, S. Cartaleva, and K. Nasyrov, “Narrow structure in the coherent population trapping resonance in sodium,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013812(2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Haslinger, R. Amsss, C. Koller, C. Hufnagel, N. Lippok, J. Majer, J. Verdu, S. Schneider, and J. Schmiedmayer, “Electron beam driven alkali metal atom source for loading a magneto-optical trap in a cryogenic environment,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 102, 819–823 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Jacob, E. Mimoun, L. D. Sarlo, M. Weitz, J. Dalibard, and F. Gerbier, “Production of sodium Bose-Einstein condensates in an optical dimple trap,” New J. Phys. 13, 065022 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhao, W. Duan, and S. F. Yelin, “All-optical Fresnel lens in coherent media: controlling image with image,” Opt. Express 19, 981–993 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (7)

H. Schempp, G. Günter, C. S. Hofmann, C. Giese, S. D. Saliba, B. D. DePaola, T. Amthor, M. Weidemüller, S. Sevinçli, and T. Pohl, “Coherent population trapping with controlled interparticle interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Mücke, E. Figueroa, J. Bochmann, C. Hahn, K. Murr, S. Ritter, C. J. Villas-Boas, and G. Rempe, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with single atoms in a cavity,” Nature 465, 755–758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhao, W. Duan, and S. F. Yelin, “All-optical beam control with high speed using image-induced blazed gratings in coherent media,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 013809 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I.-H. Bae, H. S. Moon, M.-K. Kim, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Transformation of electromagnetically induced transparency into enhanced absorption with a standing-wave coupling field in an Rb vapor cell,” Opt. Express 18, 1389–1397 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Kapale and G. S. Agarwal, “Subnanoscale resolution for microscopy via coherent population trapping,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2792–2794 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. E. Judd, R. G. Scott, G. Sinuco, T. W. A. Montgomery, A. M. Martin, P. Krüger, and T. M. Fromhold, “Zone-plate focusing of Bose-Einstein condensates for atom optics and erasable high-speed lithography of quantum electronic components,” New J. Phys. 12, 063033 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Telles, T. Ishikawa, M. Gibbs, and C. Raman, “Light-induced atomic desorption for loading a sodium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032710 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Gozzini, S. Cartaleva, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, L. Marmugi, D. Slavov, and T. Karaulanov, “Coherent population trapping and strong electromagnetically induced transparency resonances on the D1 line of potassium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 153–161 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Smullin, I. M. Savukov, G. Vasilakis, R. K. Ghosh, and M. V. Romalis, “Low-noise high-density alkali-metal scalar magnetometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033420 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Seltzer and M. V. Romalis, “High-temperature alkali vapor cells with antirelaxation surface coatings,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 114905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Bogi, C. Marinelli, A. Burchianti, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, S. Gozzini, L. Marmugi, and A. Lucchesini, “Full control of sodium vapor density in siloxane-coated cells using blue led light-induced atomic desorption,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2643–2645 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

D. Budker and M. Romalis, “Optical magnetometry,” Nat. Phys. 3, 227–234 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

J. Vanier, “Atomic clocks based on coherent population trapping: a review,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 81, 421–442 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses,” Nature 438, 837–841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. Du, M. B. Squires, Y. Imai, L. Czaia, R. A. Saravanan, V. Bright, J. Reichel, T. W. Hänsch, and D. Z. Anderson, “Atom-chip Bose-Einstein condensation in a portable vacuum cell,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053606 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, “Coherent population trapping with losses observed on the Hanle effect of the D1 sodium line,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710–3718(1997).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

J. E. Thomas and W. W. Quivers, “Transit-time effects in optically pumped coupled three-level systems,” Phys. Rev. A 22, 2115–2121 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, G. S.

Alexandrov, E. B.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Amsss, R.

S. Haslinger, R. Amsss, C. Koller, C. Hufnagel, N. Lippok, J. Majer, J. Verdu, S. Schneider, and J. Schmiedmayer, “Electron beam driven alkali metal atom source for loading a magneto-optical trap in a cryogenic environment,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 102, 819–823 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Amthor, T.

H. Schempp, G. Günter, C. S. Hofmann, C. Giese, S. D. Saliba, B. D. DePaola, T. Amthor, M. Weidemüller, S. Sevinçli, and T. Pohl, “Coherent population trapping with controlled interparticle interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, D. Z.

S. Du, M. B. Squires, Y. Imai, L. Czaia, R. A. Saravanan, V. Bright, J. Reichel, T. W. Hänsch, and D. Z. Anderson, “Atom-chip Bose-Einstein condensation in a portable vacuum cell,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053606 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Andre, A.

M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses,” Nature 438, 837–841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arimondo, E.

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, “Coherent population trapping with losses observed on the Hanle effect of the D1 sodium line,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710–3718(1997).
[CrossRef]

Bae, I.-H.

Balabas, M. V.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bhagwat, A. R.

Bochmann, J.

M. Mücke, E. Figueroa, J. Bochmann, C. Hahn, K. Murr, S. Ritter, C. J. Villas-Boas, and G. Rempe, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with single atoms in a cavity,” Nature 465, 755–758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bogi, A.

Bright, V.

S. Du, M. B. Squires, Y. Imai, L. Czaia, R. A. Saravanan, V. Bright, J. Reichel, T. W. Hänsch, and D. Z. Anderson, “Atom-chip Bose-Einstein condensation in a portable vacuum cell,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053606 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Budker, D.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Budker and M. Romalis, “Optical magnetometry,” Nat. Phys. 3, 227–234 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Burchianti, A.

Cartaleva, S.

S. Gozzini, L. Marmugi, A. Lucchesini, S. Gateva, S. Cartaleva, and K. Nasyrov, “Narrow structure in the coherent population trapping resonance in sodium,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013812(2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Gozzini, S. Cartaleva, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, L. Marmugi, D. Slavov, and T. Karaulanov, “Coherent population trapping and strong electromagnetically induced transparency resonances on the D1 line of potassium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 153–161 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Castagna, N.

N. Castagna and A. Weis, “Measurement of longitudinal and transverse spin relaxation rates using the ground-state Hanle effect,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053421 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Czaia, L.

S. Du, M. B. Squires, Y. Imai, L. Czaia, R. A. Saravanan, V. Bright, J. Reichel, T. W. Hänsch, and D. Z. Anderson, “Atom-chip Bose-Einstein condensation in a portable vacuum cell,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053606 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dalibard, J.

D. Jacob, E. Mimoun, L. D. Sarlo, M. Weitz, J. Dalibard, and F. Gerbier, “Production of sodium Bose-Einstein condensates in an optical dimple trap,” New J. Phys. 13, 065022 (2011).
[CrossRef]

DePaola, B. D.

H. Schempp, G. Günter, C. S. Hofmann, C. Giese, S. D. Saliba, B. D. DePaola, T. Amthor, M. Weidemüller, S. Sevinçli, and T. Pohl, “Coherent population trapping with controlled interparticle interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Du, S.

S. Du, M. B. Squires, Y. Imai, L. Czaia, R. A. Saravanan, V. Bright, J. Reichel, T. W. Hänsch, and D. Z. Anderson, “Atom-chip Bose-Einstein condensation in a portable vacuum cell,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053606 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Duan, W.

L. Zhao, W. Duan, and S. F. Yelin, “All-optical Fresnel lens in coherent media: controlling image with image,” Opt. Express 19, 981–993 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhao, W. Duan, and S. F. Yelin, “All-optical beam control with high speed using image-induced blazed gratings in coherent media,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 013809 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eisaman, M. D.

M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses,” Nature 438, 837–841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

English, D.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Figueroa, E.

M. Mücke, E. Figueroa, J. Bochmann, C. Hahn, K. Murr, S. Ritter, C. J. Villas-Boas, and G. Rempe, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with single atoms in a cavity,” Nature 465, 755–758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses,” Nature 438, 837–841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fromhold, T. M.

T. E. Judd, R. G. Scott, G. Sinuco, T. W. A. Montgomery, A. M. Martin, P. Krüger, and T. M. Fromhold, “Zone-plate focusing of Bose-Einstein condensates for atom optics and erasable high-speed lithography of quantum electronic components,” New J. Phys. 12, 063033 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gateva, S.

S. Gozzini, L. Marmugi, A. Lucchesini, S. Gateva, S. Cartaleva, and K. Nasyrov, “Narrow structure in the coherent population trapping resonance in sodium,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013812(2011).
[CrossRef]

Gerbier, F.

D. Jacob, E. Mimoun, L. D. Sarlo, M. Weitz, J. Dalibard, and F. Gerbier, “Production of sodium Bose-Einstein condensates in an optical dimple trap,” New J. Phys. 13, 065022 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, R. K.

S. J. Smullin, I. M. Savukov, G. Vasilakis, R. K. Ghosh, and M. V. Romalis, “Low-noise high-density alkali-metal scalar magnetometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033420 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, M.

G. Telles, T. Ishikawa, M. Gibbs, and C. Raman, “Light-induced atomic desorption for loading a sodium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032710 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Giese, C.

H. Schempp, G. Günter, C. S. Hofmann, C. Giese, S. D. Saliba, B. D. DePaola, T. Amthor, M. Weidemüller, S. Sevinçli, and T. Pohl, “Coherent population trapping with controlled interparticle interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J.

J. Gordon, C. Holloway, S. Jefferts, and T. Heavner, “Quantum-based si traceable electric-field probe,” in 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 321–324.

Gozzini, S.

S. Gozzini, L. Marmugi, A. Lucchesini, S. Gateva, S. Cartaleva, and K. Nasyrov, “Narrow structure in the coherent population trapping resonance in sodium,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013812(2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Gozzini, S. Cartaleva, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, L. Marmugi, D. Slavov, and T. Karaulanov, “Coherent population trapping and strong electromagnetically induced transparency resonances on the D1 line of potassium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 153–161 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Bogi, C. Marinelli, A. Burchianti, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, S. Gozzini, L. Marmugi, and A. Lucchesini, “Full control of sodium vapor density in siloxane-coated cells using blue led light-induced atomic desorption,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2643–2645 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Graf, M. T.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Günter, G.

H. Schempp, G. Günter, C. S. Hofmann, C. Giese, S. D. Saliba, B. D. DePaola, T. Amthor, M. Weidemüller, S. Sevinçli, and T. Pohl, “Coherent population trapping with controlled interparticle interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hahn, C.

M. Mücke, E. Figueroa, J. Bochmann, C. Hahn, K. Murr, S. Ritter, C. J. Villas-Boas, and G. Rempe, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with single atoms in a cavity,” Nature 465, 755–758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

S. Du, M. B. Squires, Y. Imai, L. Czaia, R. A. Saravanan, V. Bright, J. Reichel, T. W. Hänsch, and D. Z. Anderson, “Atom-chip Bose-Einstein condensation in a portable vacuum cell,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053606 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haslinger, S.

S. Haslinger, R. Amsss, C. Koller, C. Hufnagel, N. Lippok, J. Majer, J. Verdu, S. Schneider, and J. Schmiedmayer, “Electron beam driven alkali metal atom source for loading a magneto-optical trap in a cryogenic environment,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 102, 819–823 (2011).
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J. Gordon, C. Holloway, S. Jefferts, and T. Heavner, “Quantum-based si traceable electric-field probe,” in 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 321–324.

Hofmann, C. S.

H. Schempp, G. Günter, C. S. Hofmann, C. Giese, S. D. Saliba, B. D. DePaola, T. Amthor, M. Weidemüller, S. Sevinçli, and T. Pohl, “Coherent population trapping with controlled interparticle interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Holloway, C.

J. Gordon, C. Holloway, S. Jefferts, and T. Heavner, “Quantum-based si traceable electric-field probe,” in 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 321–324.

Hufnagel, C.

S. Haslinger, R. Amsss, C. Koller, C. Hufnagel, N. Lippok, J. Majer, J. Verdu, S. Schneider, and J. Schmiedmayer, “Electron beam driven alkali metal atom source for loading a magneto-optical trap in a cryogenic environment,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 102, 819–823 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Imai, Y.

S. Du, M. B. Squires, Y. Imai, L. Czaia, R. A. Saravanan, V. Bright, J. Reichel, T. W. Hänsch, and D. Z. Anderson, “Atom-chip Bose-Einstein condensation in a portable vacuum cell,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053606 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Imamoglu, A.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, T.

G. Telles, T. Ishikawa, M. Gibbs, and C. Raman, “Light-induced atomic desorption for loading a sodium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032710 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jacob, D.

D. Jacob, E. Mimoun, L. D. Sarlo, M. Weitz, J. Dalibard, and F. Gerbier, “Production of sodium Bose-Einstein condensates in an optical dimple trap,” New J. Phys. 13, 065022 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jefferts, S.

J. Gordon, C. Holloway, S. Jefferts, and T. Heavner, “Quantum-based si traceable electric-field probe,” in 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) (IEEE, 2010), pp. 321–324.

Judd, T. E.

T. E. Judd, R. G. Scott, G. Sinuco, T. W. A. Montgomery, A. M. Martin, P. Krüger, and T. M. Fromhold, “Zone-plate focusing of Bose-Einstein condensates for atom optics and erasable high-speed lithography of quantum electronic components,” New J. Phys. 12, 063033 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kapale, K. T.

Karaulanov, T.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Gozzini, S. Cartaleva, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, L. Marmugi, D. Slavov, and T. Karaulanov, “Coherent population trapping and strong electromagnetically induced transparency resonances on the D1 line of potassium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 153–161 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kerner, K.

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. B.

Kim, M.-K.

Kimball, D. F.

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kimball, D. F. J.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koller, C.

S. Haslinger, R. Amsss, C. Koller, C. Hufnagel, N. Lippok, J. Majer, J. Verdu, S. Schneider, and J. Schmiedmayer, “Electron beam driven alkali metal atom source for loading a magneto-optical trap in a cryogenic environment,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 102, 819–823 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Krüger, P.

T. E. Judd, R. G. Scott, G. Sinuco, T. W. A. Montgomery, A. M. Martin, P. Krüger, and T. M. Fromhold, “Zone-plate focusing of Bose-Einstein condensates for atom optics and erasable high-speed lithography of quantum electronic components,” New J. Phys. 12, 063033 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, L.

Lippok, N.

S. Haslinger, R. Amsss, C. Koller, C. Hufnagel, N. Lippok, J. Majer, J. Verdu, S. Schneider, and J. Schmiedmayer, “Electron beam driven alkali metal atom source for loading a magneto-optical trap in a cryogenic environment,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 102, 819–823 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Londero, P.

Lucchesini, A.

S. Gozzini, L. Marmugi, A. Lucchesini, S. Gateva, S. Cartaleva, and K. Nasyrov, “Narrow structure in the coherent population trapping resonance in sodium,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013812(2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Gozzini, S. Cartaleva, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, L. Marmugi, D. Slavov, and T. Karaulanov, “Coherent population trapping and strong electromagnetically induced transparency resonances on the D1 line of potassium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 153–161 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Bogi, C. Marinelli, A. Burchianti, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, S. Gozzini, L. Marmugi, and A. Lucchesini, “Full control of sodium vapor density in siloxane-coated cells using blue led light-induced atomic desorption,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2643–2645 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lukin, M. D.

M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses,” Nature 438, 837–841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maichen, W.

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, “Coherent population trapping with losses observed on the Hanle effect of the D1 sodium line,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710–3718(1997).
[CrossRef]

Majer, J.

S. Haslinger, R. Amsss, C. Koller, C. Hufnagel, N. Lippok, J. Majer, J. Verdu, S. Schneider, and J. Schmiedmayer, “Electron beam driven alkali metal atom source for loading a magneto-optical trap in a cryogenic environment,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 102, 819–823 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Marangos, J. P.

M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633–673 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marinelli, C.

S. Gozzini, S. Cartaleva, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, L. Marmugi, D. Slavov, and T. Karaulanov, “Coherent population trapping and strong electromagnetically induced transparency resonances on the D1 line of potassium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 153–161 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Bogi, C. Marinelli, A. Burchianti, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, S. Gozzini, L. Marmugi, and A. Lucchesini, “Full control of sodium vapor density in siloxane-coated cells using blue led light-induced atomic desorption,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2643–2645 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mariotti, E.

Marmugi, L.

S. Gozzini, L. Marmugi, A. Lucchesini, S. Gateva, S. Cartaleva, and K. Nasyrov, “Narrow structure in the coherent population trapping resonance in sodium,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013812(2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Gozzini, S. Cartaleva, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, L. Marmugi, D. Slavov, and T. Karaulanov, “Coherent population trapping and strong electromagnetically induced transparency resonances on the D1 line of potassium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 153–161 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Bogi, C. Marinelli, A. Burchianti, E. Mariotti, L. Moi, S. Gozzini, L. Marmugi, and A. Lucchesini, “Full control of sodium vapor density in siloxane-coated cells using blue led light-induced atomic desorption,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2643–2645 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martin, A. M.

T. E. Judd, R. G. Scott, G. Sinuco, T. W. A. Montgomery, A. M. Martin, P. Krüger, and T. M. Fromhold, “Zone-plate focusing of Bose-Einstein condensates for atom optics and erasable high-speed lithography of quantum electronic components,” New J. Phys. 12, 063033 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Massou, F.

M. D. Eisaman, A. Andre, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses,” Nature 438, 837–841 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mimoun, E.

D. Jacob, E. Mimoun, L. D. Sarlo, M. Weitz, J. Dalibard, and F. Gerbier, “Production of sodium Bose-Einstein condensates in an optical dimple trap,” New J. Phys. 13, 065022 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Moi, L.

Montgomery, T. W. A.

T. E. Judd, R. G. Scott, G. Sinuco, T. W. A. Montgomery, A. M. Martin, P. Krüger, and T. M. Fromhold, “Zone-plate focusing of Bose-Einstein condensates for atom optics and erasable high-speed lithography of quantum electronic components,” New J. Phys. 12, 063033 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moon, H. S.

Mücke, M.

M. Mücke, E. Figueroa, J. Bochmann, C. Hahn, K. Murr, S. Ritter, C. J. Villas-Boas, and G. Rempe, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with single atoms in a cavity,” Nature 465, 755–758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Murr, K.

M. Mücke, E. Figueroa, J. Bochmann, C. Hahn, K. Murr, S. Ritter, C. J. Villas-Boas, and G. Rempe, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with single atoms in a cavity,” Nature 465, 755–758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Narducci, F. A.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nasyrov, K.

S. Gozzini, L. Marmugi, A. Lucchesini, S. Gateva, S. Cartaleva, and K. Nasyrov, “Narrow structure in the coherent population trapping resonance in sodium,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 013812(2011).
[CrossRef]

Novikova, I.

I. Novikova, R. Walsworth, and Y. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-based slow and stored light in warm atoms,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 333–353 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pohl, T.

H. Schempp, G. Günter, C. S. Hofmann, C. Giese, S. D. Saliba, B. D. DePaola, T. Amthor, M. Weidemüller, S. Sevinçli, and T. Pohl, “Coherent population trapping with controlled interparticle interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pustelny, S.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Quivers, W. W.

J. E. Thomas and W. W. Quivers, “Transit-time effects in optically pumped coupled three-level systems,” Phys. Rev. A 22, 2115–2121 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Raman, C.

G. Telles, T. Ishikawa, M. Gibbs, and C. Raman, “Light-induced atomic desorption for loading a sodium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032710 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Reichel, J.

S. Du, M. B. Squires, Y. Imai, L. Czaia, R. A. Saravanan, V. Bright, J. Reichel, T. W. Hänsch, and D. Z. Anderson, “Atom-chip Bose-Einstein condensation in a portable vacuum cell,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053606 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rempe, G.

M. Mücke, E. Figueroa, J. Bochmann, C. Hahn, K. Murr, S. Ritter, C. J. Villas-Boas, and G. Rempe, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with single atoms in a cavity,” Nature 465, 755–758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Renzoni, F.

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, “Coherent population trapping with losses observed on the Hanle effect of the D1 sodium line,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710–3718(1997).
[CrossRef]

Ritter, S.

M. Mücke, E. Figueroa, J. Bochmann, C. Hahn, K. Murr, S. Ritter, C. J. Villas-Boas, and G. Rempe, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with single atoms in a cavity,” Nature 465, 755–758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rochester, S. M.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Romalis, M.

D. Budker and M. Romalis, “Optical magnetometry,” Nat. Phys. 3, 227–234 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Romalis, M. V.

S. J. Seltzer and M. V. Romalis, “High-temperature alkali vapor cells with antirelaxation surface coatings,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 114905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Smullin, I. M. Savukov, G. Vasilakis, R. K. Ghosh, and M. V. Romalis, “Low-noise high-density alkali-metal scalar magnetometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033420 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rosen, Y. J.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Saliba, S. D.

H. Schempp, G. Günter, C. S. Hofmann, C. Giese, S. D. Saliba, B. D. DePaola, T. Amthor, M. Weidemüller, S. Sevinçli, and T. Pohl, “Coherent population trapping with controlled interparticle interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Saravanan, R. A.

S. Du, M. B. Squires, Y. Imai, L. Czaia, R. A. Saravanan, V. Bright, J. Reichel, T. W. Hänsch, and D. Z. Anderson, “Atom-chip Bose-Einstein condensation in a portable vacuum cell,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053606 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sarlo, L. D.

D. Jacob, E. Mimoun, L. D. Sarlo, M. Weitz, J. Dalibard, and F. Gerbier, “Production of sodium Bose-Einstein condensates in an optical dimple trap,” New J. Phys. 13, 065022 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Savukov, I. M.

S. J. Smullin, I. M. Savukov, G. Vasilakis, R. K. Ghosh, and M. V. Romalis, “Low-noise high-density alkali-metal scalar magnetometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033420 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schempp, H.

H. Schempp, G. Günter, C. S. Hofmann, C. Giese, S. D. Saliba, B. D. DePaola, T. Amthor, M. Weidemüller, S. Sevinçli, and T. Pohl, “Coherent population trapping with controlled interparticle interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schmiedmayer, J.

S. Haslinger, R. Amsss, C. Koller, C. Hufnagel, N. Lippok, J. Majer, J. Verdu, S. Schneider, and J. Schmiedmayer, “Electron beam driven alkali metal atom source for loading a magneto-optical trap in a cryogenic environment,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 102, 819–823 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, S.

S. Haslinger, R. Amsss, C. Koller, C. Hufnagel, N. Lippok, J. Majer, J. Verdu, S. Schneider, and J. Schmiedmayer, “Electron beam driven alkali metal atom source for loading a magneto-optical trap in a cryogenic environment,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 102, 819–823 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Scott, R. G.

T. E. Judd, R. G. Scott, G. Sinuco, T. W. A. Montgomery, A. M. Martin, P. Krüger, and T. M. Fromhold, “Zone-plate focusing of Bose-Einstein condensates for atom optics and erasable high-speed lithography of quantum electronic components,” New J. Phys. 12, 063033 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Seltzer, S. J.

S. J. Seltzer and M. V. Romalis, “High-temperature alkali vapor cells with antirelaxation surface coatings,” J. Appl. Phys. 106, 114905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sevinçli, S.

H. Schempp, G. Günter, C. S. Hofmann, C. Giese, S. D. Saliba, B. D. DePaola, T. Amthor, M. Weidemüller, S. Sevinçli, and T. Pohl, “Coherent population trapping with controlled interparticle interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173602 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sinuco, G.

T. E. Judd, R. G. Scott, G. Sinuco, T. W. A. Montgomery, A. M. Martin, P. Krüger, and T. M. Fromhold, “Zone-plate focusing of Bose-Einstein condensates for atom optics and erasable high-speed lithography of quantum electronic components,” New J. Phys. 12, 063033 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Slavov, D.

S. Gozzini, S. Cartaleva, A. Lucchesini, C. Marinelli, L. Marmugi, D. Slavov, and T. Karaulanov, “Coherent population trapping and strong electromagnetically induced transparency resonances on the D1 line of potassium,” Eur. Phys. J. D 53, 153–161 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Slepkov, A. D.

Smullin, S. J.

S. J. Smullin, I. M. Savukov, G. Vasilakis, R. K. Ghosh, and M. V. Romalis, “Low-noise high-density alkali-metal scalar magnetometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033420 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Squires, M. B.

S. Du, M. B. Squires, Y. Imai, L. Czaia, R. A. Saravanan, V. Bright, J. Reichel, T. W. Hänsch, and D. Z. Anderson, “Atom-chip Bose-Einstein condensation in a portable vacuum cell,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 053606 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Telles, G.

G. Telles, T. Ishikawa, M. Gibbs, and C. Raman, “Light-induced atomic desorption for loading a sodium magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032710 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, J. E.

J. E. Thomas and W. W. Quivers, “Transit-time effects in optically pumped coupled three-level systems,” Phys. Rev. A 22, 2115–2121 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Tsigutkin, K.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
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J. Vanier, “Atomic clocks based on coherent population trapping: a review,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 81, 421–442 (2005).
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Vasilakis, G.

S. J. Smullin, I. M. Savukov, G. Vasilakis, R. K. Ghosh, and M. V. Romalis, “Low-noise high-density alkali-metal scalar magnetometer,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 033420 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Venkataraman, V.

Verdu, J.

S. Haslinger, R. Amsss, C. Koller, C. Hufnagel, N. Lippok, J. Majer, J. Verdu, S. Schneider, and J. Schmiedmayer, “Electron beam driven alkali metal atom source for loading a magneto-optical trap in a cryogenic environment,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 102, 819–823 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Villas-Boas, C. J.

M. Mücke, E. Figueroa, J. Bochmann, C. Hahn, K. Murr, S. Ritter, C. J. Villas-Boas, and G. Rempe, “Electromagnetically induced transparency with single atoms in a cavity,” Nature 465, 755–758 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Walsworth, R.

I. Novikova, R. Walsworth, and Y. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-based slow and stored light in warm atoms,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 333–353 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Weidemüller, M.

H. Schempp, G. Günter, C. S. Hofmann, C. Giese, S. D. Saliba, B. D. DePaola, T. Amthor, M. Weidemüller, S. Sevinçli, and T. Pohl, “Coherent population trapping with controlled interparticle interactions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 173602 (2010).
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N. Castagna and A. Weis, “Measurement of longitudinal and transverse spin relaxation rates using the ground-state Hanle effect,” Phys. Rev. A 84, 053421 (2011).
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D. Jacob, E. Mimoun, L. D. Sarlo, M. Weitz, J. Dalibard, and F. Gerbier, “Production of sodium Bose-Einstein condensates in an optical dimple trap,” New J. Phys. 13, 065022 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Windholz, L.

F. Renzoni, W. Maichen, L. Windholz, and E. Arimondo, “Coherent population trapping with losses observed on the Hanle effect of the D1 sodium line,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 3710–3718(1997).
[CrossRef]

Wong, C.

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, Y.

I. Novikova, R. Walsworth, and Y. Xiao, “Electromagnetically induced transparency-based slow and stored light in warm atoms,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6, 333–353 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yashchuk, V. V.

T. Karaulanov, M. T. Graf, D. English, S. M. Rochester, Y. J. Rosen, K. Tsigutkin, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, D. F. J. Kimball, F. A. Narducci, S. Pustelny, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Controlling atomic vapor density in paraffin-coated cells using light-induced atomic desorption,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 012902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Graf, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, K. Kerner, C. Wong, D. Budker, E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Relaxation of atomic polarization in paraffin-coated cesium vapor cells,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 023401 (2005).
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Yelin, S. F.

L. Zhao, W. Duan, and S. F. Yelin, “All-optical Fresnel lens in coherent media: controlling image with image,” Opt. Express 19, 981–993 (2011).
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L. Zhao, W. Duan, and S. F. Yelin, “All-optical beam control with high speed using image-induced blazed gratings in coherent media,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 013809 (2010).
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Zhao, L.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental apparatus. ECDL, external-cavity diode laser; OI, optical isolator; BS, beam splitter; IF, interferential filter; BE, beam expander; PD, photodiode; Stab., Acq. Sys., stabilization, acquisition system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Left: K D 1 line hyperfine structure. Potential losses due to hf optical pumping are indicated by the dashed arrow. Right: Zeeman sublevels of the | F g = 2 | F e = 2 transition involved in the EIT formation at B = 0 . Red thick lines represents the ECDL σ + components, blue thin lines the π ones. Numbers are proportional to oscillator strengths.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Density stabilization at room temperature by means of LIAD. Blue (upper), K vapor density with the stabilization system on; red (lower), LED array intensity; green (intermediate), K density versus time with a fixed LED voltage and no active stabilization.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

EIT resonances as a function of magnetic field obtained for comparable K vapor density with a thermal oven [red (lower)] and with the optically stabilized atomic source [blue (upper)]. A constant level T 0 is subtracted for convenience.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

EIT resonance amplitude (RA) versus K vapor density. Blue circles, optical dispenser data; red triangle, thermal vapor data.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

EIT resonance contrast (C) versus K vapor density. Blue circles, optical dispenser data; red triangles, thermal vapor data.

Equations (2)

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RA = T EIT T 0 ,
C ( % ) = 100 × A 0 A EIT A 0 = 100 × T EIT T 0 I T 0 ,

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