H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Shooting algorithm and particle swarm optimization based Raman fiber amplifiers gain spectra design,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3348–3352 (2010).

[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Pump scheme for gain-flattened Raman fiber amplifiers using improved particle swarm optimization and modified shooting algorithm,” Opt. Express 18, 11033–11045 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Efficient extraction of input pump powers from pump power integrals in the optimization of Raman fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1932–1937 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Z. Lalidastjerdi, F. Kroushavi, and M. Rahmani, “An efficient shooting method for fiber amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 1041–1046 (2008).

[CrossRef]

J. Ning, Q. Han, Z. Chen, J. Li, and X. Li, “A powerful simple shooting method for designing multi-pumped fibre Raman amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 2184–2187 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. Bromage, “Raman amplification for fiber communications systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 79–93 (2004).

[CrossRef]

X. Liu, J. Chen, C. Lu, and X. Zhou, “Optimizing gain profile and noise performance for distributed fiber Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Express 12, 6053–6066 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Liu, “Optimization for various schemes of distributed fibre Raman amplifiers,” J. Opt. A 6, 1017–1026 (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. N. Islam, “Raman amplifiers for telecommunications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 548–559 (2002).

[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, C. Lu, P. Shum, and T. H. Cheng, “A simplified model and optimal design of a multiwavelength backward-pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 945–947(2001).

[CrossRef]

B. Min, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Efficient formulation of Raman amplifier propagation equation with average power analysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1486–1488(2000).

[CrossRef]

T. G. Hodgkinson, “Average power analysis technique for erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1082–1084 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins, and I. D. Henning, “Analysis of semiconductor laser optical amplifiers,” IEE Proc. J. 132, 58–63(1985).

[CrossRef]

M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins, and I. D. Henning, “Analysis of semiconductor laser optical amplifiers,” IEE Proc. J. 132, 58–63(1985).

[CrossRef]

C. Headly and G. P. Agarwal, Raman Amplification in Fiber Optical Communication Systems (Elsevier, 2005).

Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1946–1952 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. Ning, Q. Han, Z. Chen, J. Li, and X. Li, “A powerful simple shooting method for designing multi-pumped fibre Raman amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 2184–2187 (2004).

[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, C. Lu, P. Shum, and T. H. Cheng, “A simplified model and optimal design of a multiwavelength backward-pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 945–947(2001).

[CrossRef]

M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins, and I. D. Henning, “Analysis of semiconductor laser optical amplifiers,” IEE Proc. J. 132, 58–63(1985).

[CrossRef]

Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1946–1952 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. Ning, Q. Han, Z. Chen, J. Li, and X. Li, “A powerful simple shooting method for designing multi-pumped fibre Raman amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 2184–2187 (2004).

[CrossRef]

C. Headly and G. P. Agarwal, Raman Amplification in Fiber Optical Communication Systems (Elsevier, 2005).

M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins, and I. D. Henning, “Analysis of semiconductor laser optical amplifiers,” IEE Proc. J. 132, 58–63(1985).

[CrossRef]

T. G. Hodgkinson, “Average power analysis technique for erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1082–1084 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. N. Islam, “Raman amplifiers for telecommunications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 548–559 (2002).

[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Shooting algorithm and particle swarm optimization based Raman fiber amplifiers gain spectra design,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3348–3352 (2010).

[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Pump scheme for gain-flattened Raman fiber amplifiers using improved particle swarm optimization and modified shooting algorithm,” Opt. Express 18, 11033–11045 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Efficient extraction of input pump powers from pump power integrals in the optimization of Raman fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1932–1937 (2010).

[CrossRef]

Z. Lalidastjerdi, F. Kroushavi, and M. Rahmani, “An efficient shooting method for fiber amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 1041–1046 (2008).

[CrossRef]

Z. Lalidastjerdi, F. Kroushavi, and M. Rahmani, “An efficient shooting method for fiber amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 1041–1046 (2008).

[CrossRef]

B. Min, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Efficient formulation of Raman amplifier propagation equation with average power analysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1486–1488(2000).

[CrossRef]

J. Ning, Q. Han, Z. Chen, J. Li, and X. Li, “A powerful simple shooting method for designing multi-pumped fibre Raman amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 2184–2187 (2004).

[CrossRef]

J. Ning, Q. Han, Z. Chen, J. Li, and X. Li, “A powerful simple shooting method for designing multi-pumped fibre Raman amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 2184–2187 (2004).

[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Optimization for various schemes of distributed fibre Raman amplifiers,” J. Opt. A 6, 1017–1026 (2004).

[CrossRef]

X. Liu, J. Chen, C. Lu, and X. Zhou, “Optimizing gain profile and noise performance for distributed fiber Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Express 12, 6053–6066 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Liu and B. Lee, “Effective shooting algorithm and its application to fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express 11, 1452–1461 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Liu, J. Chen, C. Lu, and X. Zhou, “Optimizing gain profile and noise performance for distributed fiber Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Express 12, 6053–6066 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Zhou, C. Lu, P. Shum, and T. H. Cheng, “A simplified model and optimal design of a multiwavelength backward-pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 945–947(2001).

[CrossRef]

B. Min, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Efficient formulation of Raman amplifier propagation equation with average power analysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1486–1488(2000).

[CrossRef]

Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1946–1952 (2006).

[CrossRef]

J. Ning, Q. Han, Z. Chen, J. Li, and X. Li, “A powerful simple shooting method for designing multi-pumped fibre Raman amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 2184–2187 (2004).

[CrossRef]

B. Min, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Efficient formulation of Raman amplifier propagation equation with average power analysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1486–1488(2000).

[CrossRef]

Z. Lalidastjerdi, F. Kroushavi, and M. Rahmani, “An efficient shooting method for fiber amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 1041–1046 (2008).

[CrossRef]

S. M. Roberts and J. S. Shipman, Two-point Boundary Value Problems: Shooting Methods (American Elsevier, 1972), Chap. 6, pp. 111–114.

S. M. Roberts and J. S. Shipman, Two-point Boundary Value Problems: Shooting Methods (American Elsevier, 1972), Chap. 6, pp. 111–114.

X. Zhou, C. Lu, P. Shum, and T. H. Cheng, “A simplified model and optimal design of a multiwavelength backward-pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 945–947(2001).

[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Shooting algorithm and particle swarm optimization based Raman fiber amplifiers gain spectra design,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3348–3352 (2010).

[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Pump scheme for gain-flattened Raman fiber amplifiers using improved particle swarm optimization and modified shooting algorithm,” Opt. Express 18, 11033–11045 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Efficient extraction of input pump powers from pump power integrals in the optimization of Raman fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1932–1937 (2010).

[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Efficient extraction of input pump powers from pump power integrals in the optimization of Raman fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1932–1937 (2010).

[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Pump scheme for gain-flattened Raman fiber amplifiers using improved particle swarm optimization and modified shooting algorithm,” Opt. Express 18, 11033–11045 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Shooting algorithm and particle swarm optimization based Raman fiber amplifiers gain spectra design,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3348–3352 (2010).

[CrossRef]

X. Liu, J. Chen, C. Lu, and X. Zhou, “Optimizing gain profile and noise performance for distributed fiber Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Express 12, 6053–6066 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Zhou, C. Lu, P. Shum, and T. H. Cheng, “A simplified model and optimal design of a multiwavelength backward-pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 945–947(2001).

[CrossRef]

J. Ning, Q. Han, Z. Chen, J. Li, and X. Li, “A powerful simple shooting method for designing multi-pumped fibre Raman amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 2184–2187 (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins, and I. D. Henning, “Analysis of semiconductor laser optical amplifiers,” IEE Proc. J. 132, 58–63(1985).

[CrossRef]

M. N. Islam, “Raman amplifiers for telecommunications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 548–559 (2002).

[CrossRef]

T. G. Hodgkinson, “Average power analysis technique for erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 1082–1084 (1991).

[CrossRef]

B. Min, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Efficient formulation of Raman amplifier propagation equation with average power analysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1486–1488(2000).

[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, C. Lu, P. Shum, and T. H. Cheng, “A simplified model and optimal design of a multiwavelength backward-pumped fiber Raman amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 945–947(2001).

[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Efficient extraction of input pump powers from pump power integrals in the optimization of Raman fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1932–1937 (2010).

[CrossRef]

J. Bromage, “Raman amplification for fiber communications systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 79–93 (2004).

[CrossRef]

Q. Han, J. Ning, H. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Novel shooting algorithm for highly efficient analysis of fiber Raman amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1946–1952 (2006).

[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Optimization for various schemes of distributed fibre Raman amplifiers,” J. Opt. A 6, 1017–1026 (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Shooting algorithm and particle swarm optimization based Raman fiber amplifiers gain spectra design,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3348–3352 (2010).

[CrossRef]

H. Jiang, K. Xie, and Y. Wang, “Pump scheme for gain-flattened Raman fiber amplifiers using improved particle swarm optimization and modified shooting algorithm,” Opt. Express 18, 11033–11045 (2010).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Liu, J. Chen, C. Lu, and X. Zhou, “Optimizing gain profile and noise performance for distributed fiber Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Express 12, 6053–6066 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Liu and B. Lee, “Effective shooting algorithm and its application to fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express 11, 1452–1461 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Lalidastjerdi, F. Kroushavi, and M. Rahmani, “An efficient shooting method for fiber amplifiers and lasers,” Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 1041–1046 (2008).

[CrossRef]

C. Headly and G. P. Agarwal, Raman Amplification in Fiber Optical Communication Systems (Elsevier, 2005).

S. M. Roberts and J. S. Shipman, Two-point Boundary Value Problems: Shooting Methods (American Elsevier, 1972), Chap. 6, pp. 111–114.