Abstract

Saturable absorbers exhibiting complex dynamics are shown to provide efficient means for control of soliton interactions. This study, focused specifically on dynamics of vector soliton interactions, demonstrates that a soliton bunch can be efficiently compressed by attractive force generated in a saturable absorber. Effect of absorption recovery time on soliton bunching is explored by using fast and slow semiconductor and carbon nanotube absorbers.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Bunch of restless vector solitons in a fiber laser with SESAM,” Opt. Express 17, 8103–8108 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Guina, N. Xiang, A. Vainionpää, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. Sajavaara, and J. Keinonen, “Self-starting stretched-pulse fiber laser mode locked and stabilized with slow and fast semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1809–1811 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Guina, N. Xiang, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Streched-pulse fiber lasers based on semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S193–S200 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, A. Kaskela, D. P. Brown, A. G. Nasibulin, E. I. Kauppinen, A. Härkönen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Carbon nanotube films for ultrafast broadband technology,” Opt. Express 17, 2358–2363 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Effect of amplified spontaneous emission and absorber mirror recovery time on the dynamics of the mode-locked fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011113 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

O. G. Okhotnikov and R. Herda, “Effect of complex recovery of saturable absorption on the performance of mode-locked lasers,” Quantum Electron. 41, 610–613 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Weill, A. Bekker, V. Smulakovsky, and B. Fischer, “Spectral sidebands and multiple formation in passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043831 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, T. Hakulinen, R. Koskinen, J. Paajaste, M. Karjalainen, S. Marcinkevicius, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Semiconductor saturable absorbers with recovery time controlled by lattice mismatch and band-gap engineering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 147, 156–160 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Effect of amplified spontaneous emission and absorber mirror recovery time on the dynamics of the mode-locked fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Suomalainen, A. Vainionpää, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, S. Karirinne, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. G. Euser, and W. L. Vos, “Long-wavelength fast semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors using metamorphic growth on GaAs substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Okhotnikov and M. Pessa, “Dilute nitride saturable absorber mirrors for optical pulse generation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, S3107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

M. Guina, N. Xiang, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Streched-pulse fiber lasers based on semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S193–S200 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

N. Xiang, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. Vainionpää, M. Guina, and M. Pessa, “Broadband semiconductor saturable absorber mirror at 1.55 μm using Burstein–Moss shifted Ga0.47In0.53As/InPdistributed Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 37, 374–375(2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Guina, N. Xiang, A. Vainionpää, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. Sajavaara, and J. Keinonen, “Self-starting stretched-pulse fiber laser mode locked and stabilized with slow and fast semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1809–1811 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

1999 (2)

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davis, H. H. Tan, C. Jagadish, N. Akhmediev, and J. M. Soto-Crespo, “Multipulse operation of a Ti:sapphire laser mode locked by an ion-implanted semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 895–904 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749–1757 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

1985 (1)

Akhmediev, N.

Akhmediev, N. N.

Bekker, A.

R. Weill, A. Bekker, V. Smulakovsky, and B. Fischer, “Spectral sidebands and multiple formation in passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043831 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

Brown, D. P.

Collings, B. C.

Collings, C.

Cundiff, S. T.

Euser, T. G.

S. Suomalainen, A. Vainionpää, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, S. Karirinne, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. G. Euser, and W. L. Vos, “Long-wavelength fast semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors using metamorphic growth on GaAs substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

R. Weill, A. Bekker, V. Smulakovsky, and B. Fischer, “Spectral sidebands and multiple formation in passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043831 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gray, S.

Grudinin, A.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, B.

Guina, M.

S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, T. Hakulinen, R. Koskinen, J. Paajaste, M. Karjalainen, S. Marcinkevicius, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Semiconductor saturable absorbers with recovery time controlled by lattice mismatch and band-gap engineering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 147, 156–160 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Suomalainen, A. Vainionpää, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, S. Karirinne, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. G. Euser, and W. L. Vos, “Long-wavelength fast semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors using metamorphic growth on GaAs substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Guina, N. Xiang, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Streched-pulse fiber lasers based on semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S193–S200 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Guina, N. Xiang, A. Vainionpää, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. Sajavaara, and J. Keinonen, “Self-starting stretched-pulse fiber laser mode locked and stabilized with slow and fast semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1809–1811 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Xiang, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. Vainionpää, M. Guina, and M. Pessa, “Broadband semiconductor saturable absorber mirror at 1.55 μm using Burstein–Moss shifted Ga0.47In0.53As/InPdistributed Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 37, 374–375(2001).
[CrossRef]

Guina, M. D.

A. Vainionpää, S. Suomalainen, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, R. Herda, S. Karirinne, M. D. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Metamorphic growth of long-wavelength saturable absorber on GaAs substrates,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS, 2005), paper ThN3.

Hakulinen, T.

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, A. Kaskela, D. P. Brown, A. G. Nasibulin, E. I. Kauppinen, A. Härkönen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Carbon nanotube films for ultrafast broadband technology,” Opt. Express 17, 2358–2363 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, T. Hakulinen, R. Koskinen, J. Paajaste, M. Karjalainen, S. Marcinkevicius, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Semiconductor saturable absorbers with recovery time controlled by lattice mismatch and band-gap engineering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 147, 156–160 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Suomalainen, A. Vainionpää, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, S. Karirinne, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. G. Euser, and W. L. Vos, “Long-wavelength fast semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors using metamorphic growth on GaAs substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Vainionpää, S. Suomalainen, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, R. Herda, S. Karirinne, M. D. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Metamorphic growth of long-wavelength saturable absorber on GaAs substrates,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS, 2005), paper ThN3.

Härkönen, A.

Haus, H. A.

Herda, R.

O. G. Okhotnikov and R. Herda, “Effect of complex recovery of saturable absorption on the performance of mode-locked lasers,” Quantum Electron. 41, 610–613 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Effect of amplified spontaneous emission and absorber mirror recovery time on the dynamics of the mode-locked fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Vainionpää, S. Suomalainen, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, R. Herda, S. Karirinne, M. D. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Metamorphic growth of long-wavelength saturable absorber on GaAs substrates,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS, 2005), paper ThN3.

Holmes, P.

Jagadish, C.

Karirinne, S.

S. Suomalainen, A. Vainionpää, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, S. Karirinne, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. G. Euser, and W. L. Vos, “Long-wavelength fast semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors using metamorphic growth on GaAs substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Vainionpää, S. Suomalainen, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, R. Herda, S. Karirinne, M. D. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Metamorphic growth of long-wavelength saturable absorber on GaAs substrates,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS, 2005), paper ThN3.

Karjalainen, M.

S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, T. Hakulinen, R. Koskinen, J. Paajaste, M. Karjalainen, S. Marcinkevicius, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Semiconductor saturable absorbers with recovery time controlled by lattice mismatch and band-gap engineering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 147, 156–160 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kaskela, A.

Kauppinen, E. I.

Keinonen, J.

Kivistö, S.

Knox, W. H.

Koskinen, R.

S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, T. Hakulinen, R. Koskinen, J. Paajaste, M. Karjalainen, S. Marcinkevicius, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Semiconductor saturable absorbers with recovery time controlled by lattice mismatch and band-gap engineering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 147, 156–160 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kutz, J. N.

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749–1757 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, S. Tsuda, S. T. Cundiff, W. H. Knox, P. Holmes, and M. Weinstein, “Mode-locking pulse dynamics in a fiber laser with a saturable Bragg reflector,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2681–2690 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, M. J.

Lu, C.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davis, B.

Man, W. S.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marcinkevicius, S.

S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, T. Hakulinen, R. Koskinen, J. Paajaste, M. Karjalainen, S. Marcinkevicius, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Semiconductor saturable absorbers with recovery time controlled by lattice mismatch and band-gap engineering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 147, 156–160 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nasibulin, A. G.

Okhotnikov, O.

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Okhotnikov and M. Pessa, “Dilute nitride saturable absorber mirrors for optical pulse generation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, S3107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

O. G. Okhotnikov and R. Herda, “Effect of complex recovery of saturable absorption on the performance of mode-locked lasers,” Quantum Electron. 41, 610–613 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, A. Kaskela, D. P. Brown, A. G. Nasibulin, E. I. Kauppinen, A. Härkönen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Carbon nanotube films for ultrafast broadband technology,” Opt. Express 17, 2358–2363 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, T. Hakulinen, R. Koskinen, J. Paajaste, M. Karjalainen, S. Marcinkevicius, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Semiconductor saturable absorbers with recovery time controlled by lattice mismatch and band-gap engineering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 147, 156–160 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Effect of amplified spontaneous emission and absorber mirror recovery time on the dynamics of the mode-locked fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Suomalainen, A. Vainionpää, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, S. Karirinne, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. G. Euser, and W. L. Vos, “Long-wavelength fast semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors using metamorphic growth on GaAs substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Guina, N. Xiang, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Streched-pulse fiber lasers based on semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S193–S200 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Guina, N. Xiang, A. Vainionpää, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. Sajavaara, and J. Keinonen, “Self-starting stretched-pulse fiber laser mode locked and stabilized with slow and fast semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1809–1811 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Xiang, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. Vainionpää, M. Guina, and M. Pessa, “Broadband semiconductor saturable absorber mirror at 1.55 μm using Burstein–Moss shifted Ga0.47In0.53As/InPdistributed Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 37, 374–375(2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Vainionpää, S. Suomalainen, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, R. Herda, S. Karirinne, M. D. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Metamorphic growth of long-wavelength saturable absorber on GaAs substrates,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS, 2005), paper ThN3.

Paajaste, J.

S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, T. Hakulinen, R. Koskinen, J. Paajaste, M. Karjalainen, S. Marcinkevicius, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Semiconductor saturable absorbers with recovery time controlled by lattice mismatch and band-gap engineering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 147, 156–160 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pessa, M.

O. Okhotnikov and M. Pessa, “Dilute nitride saturable absorber mirrors for optical pulse generation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, S3107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Xiang, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. Vainionpää, M. Guina, and M. Pessa, “Broadband semiconductor saturable absorber mirror at 1.55 μm using Burstein–Moss shifted Ga0.47In0.53As/InPdistributed Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 37, 374–375(2001).
[CrossRef]

Sajavaara, T.

Shen, D. Y.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Smulakovsky, V.

R. Weill, A. Bekker, V. Smulakovsky, and B. Fischer, “Spectral sidebands and multiple formation in passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043831 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

Suomalainen, S.

S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, T. Hakulinen, R. Koskinen, J. Paajaste, M. Karjalainen, S. Marcinkevicius, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Semiconductor saturable absorbers with recovery time controlled by lattice mismatch and band-gap engineering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 147, 156–160 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Suomalainen, A. Vainionpää, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, S. Karirinne, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. G. Euser, and W. L. Vos, “Long-wavelength fast semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors using metamorphic growth on GaAs substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Vainionpää, S. Suomalainen, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, R. Herda, S. Karirinne, M. D. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Metamorphic growth of long-wavelength saturable absorber on GaAs substrates,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS, 2005), paper ThN3.

Tam, H. Y.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tan, H. H.

Tang, D. Y.

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Bunch of restless vector solitons in a fiber laser with SESAM,” Opt. Express 17, 8103–8108 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tengvall, O.

S. Suomalainen, A. Vainionpää, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, S. Karirinne, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. G. Euser, and W. L. Vos, “Long-wavelength fast semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors using metamorphic growth on GaAs substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Vainionpää, S. Suomalainen, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, R. Herda, S. Karirinne, M. D. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Metamorphic growth of long-wavelength saturable absorber on GaAs substrates,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS, 2005), paper ThN3.

Tsuda, S.

Vainionpää, A.

S. Suomalainen, A. Vainionpää, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, S. Karirinne, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. G. Euser, and W. L. Vos, “Long-wavelength fast semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors using metamorphic growth on GaAs substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Xiang, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. Vainionpää, M. Guina, and M. Pessa, “Broadband semiconductor saturable absorber mirror at 1.55 μm using Burstein–Moss shifted Ga0.47In0.53As/InPdistributed Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 37, 374–375(2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Guina, N. Xiang, A. Vainionpää, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. Sajavaara, and J. Keinonen, “Self-starting stretched-pulse fiber laser mode locked and stabilized with slow and fast semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1809–1811 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Vainionpää, S. Suomalainen, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, R. Herda, S. Karirinne, M. D. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Metamorphic growth of long-wavelength saturable absorber on GaAs substrates,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS, 2005), paper ThN3.

Vos, W. L.

S. Suomalainen, A. Vainionpää, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, S. Karirinne, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. G. Euser, and W. L. Vos, “Long-wavelength fast semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors using metamorphic growth on GaAs substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weill, R.

R. Weill, A. Bekker, V. Smulakovsky, and B. Fischer, “Spectral sidebands and multiple formation in passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043831 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weinstein, M.

Wu, X.

Xiang, N.

M. Guina, N. Xiang, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Streched-pulse fiber lasers based on semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S193–S200 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Guina, N. Xiang, A. Vainionpää, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. Sajavaara, and J. Keinonen, “Self-starting stretched-pulse fiber laser mode locked and stabilized with slow and fast semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1809–1811 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Xiang, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. Vainionpää, M. Guina, and M. Pessa, “Broadband semiconductor saturable absorber mirror at 1.55 μm using Burstein–Moss shifted Ga0.47In0.53As/InPdistributed Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 37, 374–375(2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhao, B.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. M.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Guina, N. Xiang, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Streched-pulse fiber lasers based on semiconductor saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S193–S200 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Suomalainen, A. Vainionpää, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, S. Karirinne, M. Guina, O. G. Okhotnikov, T. G. Euser, and W. L. Vos, “Long-wavelength fast semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors using metamorphic growth on GaAs substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 121106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Effect of amplified spontaneous emission and absorber mirror recovery time on the dynamics of the mode-locked fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011113 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

N. Xiang, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. Vainionpää, M. Guina, and M. Pessa, “Broadband semiconductor saturable absorber mirror at 1.55 μm using Burstein–Moss shifted Ga0.47In0.53As/InPdistributed Bragg reflector,” Electron. Lett. 37, 374–375(2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. N. Kutz, B. C. Collings, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Stabilized pulse spacing in soliton lasers due to gain depletion and recovery,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 1749–1757 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (6)

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

O. Okhotnikov and M. Pessa, “Dilute nitride saturable absorber mirrors for optical pulse generation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, S3107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

S. Suomalainen, M. Guina, T. Hakulinen, R. Koskinen, J. Paajaste, M. Karjalainen, S. Marcinkevicius, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Semiconductor saturable absorbers with recovery time controlled by lattice mismatch and band-gap engineering,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 147, 156–160 (2008).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

O. Okhotnikov, A. Grudinin, and M. Pessa, “Ultra-fast fibre laser systems based on SESAM technology: new horizons and applications,” New J. Phys. 6, 177 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

R. Weill, A. Bekker, V. Smulakovsky, and B. Fischer, “Spectral sidebands and multiple formation in passively mode-locked lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 83, 043831 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 66, 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3988–3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

O. G. Okhotnikov and R. Herda, “Effect of complex recovery of saturable absorption on the performance of mode-locked lasers,” Quantum Electron. 41, 610–613 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. Vainionpää, S. Suomalainen, O. Tengvall, T. Hakulinen, R. Herda, S. Karirinne, M. D. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Metamorphic growth of long-wavelength saturable absorber on GaAs substrates,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS, 2005), paper ThN3.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser. WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer; HR mirror, high reflective mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Spectrum and (b) corresponding autocorrelation of erbium fiber laser with a solitary absorber based on fast SESAM. The red line presents sech 2 fitting of the autocorrelation trace.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Reflectivity response of SESAM with biexponential recovery time dynamics shown at logarithmic scale. The time constants of fast and slow components are 170 and 300 ps , respectively. (b) Pulse train measured by 250 MHz oscilloscope ( 100 ns / div. ); (c) the oscilloscope picture of a soliton bunch observed with 9 GHz detection system ( 1 ns / div. ); (d) the bunch duration versus pump power. Dots limit the upper and lower values of bunch width variation with time.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Output laser spectrum and (b) autocorrelation traces at different pump power of erbium fiber laser mode locked by SESAM with bitemporal response.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Dependence of the bunch width on the pump power and number of pulses within the bunch and (b) the average distance between pulses versus output power.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Tenth cavity frequency harmonic of RF spectrum.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Laser spectrum and (b) autocorrelation trace with separate slow and fast SESAMs in the cavity; (c) RF spectrum of the tenth harmonic of pulse repetition rate frequency.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Laser with slow and fast SESAMs in the cavity. (a) Bunch width of the vector soliton depending on the pump power and variation of the pulse number and (b) the distance between pulses with the output power.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) Spectrum and (b) autocorrelation trace of fiber laser with CNT absorber and slow SESAM in the cavity.

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